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Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, 10 because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them, and said unto

them, Sirs, 1 perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, 11 not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives. Nevertheless the centurion

believed the master and the owner of the ship, more than those things which 12 were spoken by Paul. And because the haven was not commodious to winter

in, the more part advised to depart thence also, if by any means they might attain to Phenice, and there to winter; which is an haven of Crete, and lieth

toward the south-west and north-west. 13 And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they had obtained their 14 purpose, loosing thence, they sailed close by Crete. But not long after there 15 arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. And when the ship 16 was caught, and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive. And running

under a certain island which is called Clauda, we had much work to come by 17 the boat: which when they had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the

ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, strake sail, and so 18 were driven. And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next day 19 they lightened the ship; and the third day we cast out with our own hands the 20 tackling of the ship. And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared,

and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was then taken

away. 21 But after long abstinence Paul stood forth in the midst of them, and said,

Sirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and not have loosed from Crete, and 22 to have gained this harm and loss. And now I exhort you to be of good cheer : 23 for there shall be no loss of any man's life among you, but of the ship. For

there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve, 24 saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Cæsar : and, lo, God hath 25 given thee all them that sail with thee. Wherefore, sirs, be of good cheer: for 26 I believe God, that it shall be even as it was told me. Howbeit we must be

cast upon a certain island. 27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in

Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country; 28 and sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little 29 further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms. Then fearing lest

we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.

And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors 31 out of the foreship, Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these 32 abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the

boat, and let her fall off. 33 And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take meat, say.

ing, This day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, 94 having taken nothing. Wherefore I pray you to take some meat: for this is

for your health: for there shall not an hair fall from the head of any of you. 35 And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in 36 presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat. Then were 97 they all of good cheer, and they also took some meat. And we were in all in 88 the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls. And when they had eaten

enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea. 39 And when it was day, they knew not the land: but they discovered a certain

creek with a shore, into the which they were minded, if it were possible, to thrust 40 in the ship. And when they had s taken up the anchors, they committed them

selves unto the sea, and loosed the rudder bands, and hoisted up the mainsail to 41 the wind, and made toward shore. And falling into a place where two seas met,

they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmove42 able, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves. And the

soldiers' counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, 43 and escape. But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their

purpose ; and commanded that they which could swim should cast themselves 44 first into the sea, and get to land : and the rest, some on boards, and some on

1 Or, injury.

2 Or, beat,

3 Or, cut the anchors, they left them in the sea, &c.




broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to

land. 28 AND when they were escaped, then they knew that the island was called

Melita. And the barbarous people showed us no little kindness: for they 2 kindled a fire, and received us every one, because of the present rain, and because of the cold.

And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, 4 there came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand. And when the

barbarians saw the venomous beast hang on his hand, they said among them

selves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the 5 sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live. And he shook off the beast into the 6 fire, and felt no harm. Howbeit they looked when he should have swollen, or

fallen down dead suddenly: but after they had looked a great while, and saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds, and said that he was a god.

In the same quarters were possessions of the chief man of the island, whose name was Publius; who received us, and lodged us three days courteously. 8 And it came to pass, that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever and of a

bloody Aux: to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid his hands on hirn, 9 and healed him. So'when this was done, others also, which had diseases in the 10 island, came, and were healed: who also honoured us with many honours; and when we departed, they laded us with such things as were necessary.

And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had 12 wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux. And landing at 13 Syracuse, we tarried there three days. And from thence we fetched a compass,

and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we came 14 the next day to Puteoli: where we found brethren, and were desired to tarry 15 with them seven days: and so we went toward Rome. And from thence,

when the brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii Forum, and The Three Taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage.

AND when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier 17 that kept him. And it came to pass, that after three days Paul called the chief

of the Jews together: and when they were come together, he said unto them, Men and brethren, though I have committed nothing against the people, or

customs of our fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner from Jerusalem into the 18 hands of the Romans. Who, when they had examined me, would have let me 19 go, because there was no cause of death in me. But when the Jews spake

against it, I was constrained to appeal unto Cæsar; not that I had aught to 20 accuse my nation of. For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see

you, and to speak with you : because that for the hope of Israel I'am bound 21 with this chain.--- And they said unto him, We neither received letters out of

Judæa concerning thee, neither any of the brethren that came showed or spake 22 any harm of thee. But we desire to hear of thee what thou thinkest: for as concerning this sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.

And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading

them concerning Jesus, both out of the Law of Moses, and out of the Prophets, 24 from morning till evening. And some believed the things which were spoken, 25 and some believed not. And when they agreed not among themselves, they

departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by 26 Esaias the prophet unto our fathers, saying, Go unto this people, and say,

Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye sball see, and 27 not perceive : for the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull

of hearing, and their eyes have they closed ; lest they should see with their eyes,

and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, 28 and I should heal them. Be it known therefore unto you, that the salvation 29 of God is sent unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear it. And when he had

said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves.

And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received all 31 that came in unto him, preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those

things which conoern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.







1 PAUL, & servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the 8 Scriptures,) concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the 4 seed of David according to the flesh; and I declared to be the Son of God with 5 power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: by

whom we have received grace and apostleship, 2 for obedience to the faith among 6 all nations, for his name: among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ : 7 to all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints : Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is 9 spoken of throughout the whole world. For God is my witness, whom I I serve

s with my spirit in the Gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention 10 of you always in my prayers; making request, if by any means now at length I Il might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. For 1

long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye 12 may be established; that is, that I may be comforted together 4 with you by the

mutual faith both of you and me. 13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to

come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit 5 among 14 you also, even as among other Gentiles. I am debtor both to the Greeks, and 15 to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. So, as much as in me

is, I am ready to preach the Gospel to you that are at Rome also. 16 For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ : for it is the power of God unto

salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

FOR the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and 19 unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness. Because that

which may be known of God is manifest 6 in them; for God hath showed it unto 20 them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly

seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and 21 Godhead; 7 so that they are without excuse : because that, when they knew God,

they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their 22 imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing themselves to be 23 wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into

an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their 25 own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves : who changed the



truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature & more than the 26 Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto

vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which 27 is against nature: and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the

woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that

which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error 28 which was meet, And even as they did not like to retain God in their know.

ledge, God gave them over to 10a reprobate mind, to do those things which are :: 29 not convenient; being filled with all unrighteousness, foruication, wickedness,

1 Gr. determined.
2 Or, to the obedience

of faith.

3 Or, in my spirit. 6 Or, to them. 9 Or, to acknowledge. 4 Or, in you. 7 Or, that they may be. 10 Or, a mind void of 5 Or, in you. 8 Or, rather.


11, 12

covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; 30 whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of 31 evil things, disobedient to parents, without understanding, covenantbreakers 32 ) without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: who knowing the judgment

of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the

same, but have pleasure in them that do them. 2

THEREFORE thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou 2 that judgest doest the same things. But we are sure that the judgment of God 3 is according to truth against them which commit such things. And thinkest thou this

, 8 man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, 4 that thou shalt escape the judgment of God? Or despisest thou the riches of his

goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of 5 God leadeth thee to repentance? But after thy hardness and impenitent heart

treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the 6 righteous judgment of God; who will render to every man according to his deeds: 7 to them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and 8 immortality, eternal life: but unto them that are contentious, and do not obey 9 the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, tribulation and

anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the 10 » Gentile; but glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the 4 Gentile.

For there is no respect of persons with God. For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law 13 shall be judged by the law; (for not the hearers of the law are just before God, 14 but the doers of the law shall be justified. For when the Gentiles, which have

not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the 15 law, are a law unto themselves : which show the work of the law written in their

hearts, 5 their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts 6 the mean while 16 accusing or else excusing one another ;) in the day when God shall judge the

secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my Gospel. 17 Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of 18 God, and knowest his will, and 7 approvest the things that are more excellent, 19 being instructed out of the law; and art confident that thou thyself art a guide 20 of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, an instructor of the foolish,

a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law. 21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that 22 preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? thou that sayest a man should

not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost 23 thou commit sacrilege? thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking 24 the law dishonourest thou God? For the name of God is blasphemed among the

Gentiles through you, as it is written. 25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker 26 of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. Therefore if the uncir.

cumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be 27 counted for circumcision? And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if

it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress 28 the law ? For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circum29 cision, which is outward in the flesh: but he is a Jew, which is one inwardly;

and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose

praise is not of men, but of God. 3 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision ?

Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of 3 God. For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of 4 God without effect? God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as

it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.

But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we 6 say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man) God 1 Or, unsociable. 4 Gr. Greek.


6 Or, betereen themseires. 5 Or, the conscience witnessing 7 Or. triest the things that


2 Or, consent with them. 3 Gr Greck,

with them.



7 forbid : for then how shall God judge the world? For if the truth of God hath

more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a 8 sinner? and not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.

What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before 10 proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; as it is written, 11 There is none righteous, no, not one: there is none that understandeth, there is 12 none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together 13 become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Their throat

an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of 14, 15 asps is under their lips: whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: their 16, 17 feet are swift to shed blood: destruction and misery are in their ways: and the

18 way of peace have they not known: there is no fear of God before their eyes. 19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are

under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become 20 guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no Aesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

BUT now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being 22 witnessed by the Law and the Prophets; even the righteousness of God which is

by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no 23, 24 difference: for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; being 25 justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom

God hath S set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare

his righteousness for the 4 remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance 26 of God; to declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just,

and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. 27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but 28 by the law of faith. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith 29 without the deeds of the law.Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of 30 the Gentiles ?. Yes, of the Gentiles also: seeing it is one God, which shall justify 31 the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.-Do we then make

void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law. 4 WHAT shall we then say that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?

For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not 3 before God. For what saith the Scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was 4 counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him that worketh is the reward 5 not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth


on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God , 7 imputeth righteousness without works, saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities 8 are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord

will not impute sin. 9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncir

cumcision also ? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteous, 10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircum11 cision ? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. And he received the sign

of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being

uncircumcised : that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they 12 be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: and

the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had

being yet uncircumcised. 13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, 14 or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. For if

they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of 15 none effect : because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no 16 transgression. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the

promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but 17 to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, (as it 1 Gr. charged. 2 Or, subject to the judgment of God. 3 Or, foreordained. 4 Or, passing over.


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