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Now faith is the'substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good report.

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. 4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which

he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it

he being dead | yet speaketh. 5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found,

because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, 6 that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he

that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of thern

that diligently seek him. 7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, s moved with

fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned

the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith. 8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should

after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither 9 he went. By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange coun

try, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the 10 same promise : for he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder 11 and maker is God. Through faith also Sara herself received strength to con

ceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she 12 judged him faithful who had promised. Therefore sprang there even of one,

and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as

the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable. 13 These all died 4 in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen

them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed 14 that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. For they that say such 15 things declare plainly that they seek a country. And truly, if they had been

mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had oppor16 tunity to have returned. But now they desire a better country, that is, an

heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath

prepared for them a city. 17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had 18 received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 5 of whom it was said, 19 That in Isaac shall thy seed be called : accounting that God was able to raise

him up, even from the dead; from whence also be received him in a figure. 20,21 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come. By faith

Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, 22 leaning upon the top of his staff. By faith Joseph, when he died, 6 made men

tion of the departing of the children of Israel; and gave commandment con

cerning his bones. 23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents,

because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king's 24 commandment. By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be 25 called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; choosing rather to suffer affliction with 26 the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; esteeming

the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had 27 respect unto the recompence of the reward. By faith he forsook Egypt, not

fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible. 28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that

destroyed the firstborn should touch them. 29 By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land: which the Egyp.

tians assaying to do were drowned. 90 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about

seven days. 31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them 8 that believed not, when

she had received the spies with peace.

1 Or, ground, or, con

? Or, is yet spoken of.

3 Or, being wary.
4 Gr. according to faith.
5 Or, to.

6 Or, remembered.
7 Or, for Christ.
8 Or, that were disobedient


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92 And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon,

and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae ; of David also, and Samuel, and 33 of the prophets: who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, 34 obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence of fire,

escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant 35 in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. Women received their dead

raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that 36 they might obtain a better resurrection : and others had trial of cruel mockings 37 and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: they were stoned,

they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wan

dered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented; 38 (of whom the world was not worthy :) they wandered in deserts, and in moun. tains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the 40 promise: God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us

should not be made perfect. 12 WHERE FORE seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud

of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset 2 us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, looking unto

Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, 4 lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, 5 striving against sin. And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh

unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, 6 nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: for whom the Lord loveth he chasten7 eth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. If ye endure chastening,

God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasten 8 eth not? But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are

ye bastards, and not sons. 9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave

them reverence : shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of 10 spirits, and live? For they verily for a few days chastened us S after their own 11 pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness. Now

no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous : nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are

exercised thereby. 12, 13

Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; and make 4 straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; 14 but let it rather be healed. Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without 15 which no man shall see the Lord: looking diligently lest any man 5 fail of the

grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby 16 many be defiled ; lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who 17 for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. For ye know how that afterward,

when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected : for he found no 6 place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned 19 with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, and the sound of a

trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the 20 word should not be spoken to them any more: (for they could not endure that

which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall 21 be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: and so terrible was the sight, that Moses 22 said, I exceedingly fear and quake :) but ye are come unto mount Sion, and

unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable 23 company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which

are ' written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just 24 men made perfect, and to Jesus the Mediator of the new 8 covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. 1 Or, foreseen.

5 Or, fall from. 2 Or, beginner.

6 Or, way to change his mind. 3 Or, as seemed good, or, meet to them.

7 Or, enrolled. 4 Or, cuen.

8 Or, testament. K


See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not, who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away 26 from him that speaketh from heaven : whose voice then shook the earth: but

now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also 27 heaven. And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things

that lare shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be 28 shaken may remain. Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved,

? let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and 29 godly fear: for our God is a consuming fire. 13 LET brotherly love continue. Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for

thereby some have entertained angels unawares. Remember them that are 3 in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being 4 yourselves also in the body. Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed unde 5 filed: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. Let your conversation

be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath 6 said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto ine.

Remember them which s have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you

the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of their conversation. 8, 9 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever. Be not carried about

with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be estab

lished with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that hare been 10 occupied therein. We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which

serve the tabernacle. 11 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by 12 the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. Wherefore Jesus also, that 13 he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate. Let 14 us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach. For 15 here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come. By him therefore

let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips * giving thanks to his name.

"But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God 17 is well pleased. Obey them that ' have the rule over you, and submit yourselves:

for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do 18 it with joy, and not with grief : for that is unprofitable for you. Pray for us :

for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly. 19 But I beseech you the rather to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.

Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 make you perfect in every good work to do his will, 7 working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and

Amen. 22 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation : for I have written a letter unto you in few words.

Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come 24 shortly, will see you. Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the 25 saints. They of Italy salute you. Grace be with you all. Amen.

Written to the Hebrews from Italy by Timothy.





1 Or, may be shaken.
2 Or, let us hold fast.
3 Or, are the guides.

4 Gr. confessing to.
5 Or, guide

6 Or, testamen!
7 Or, doing



J A M E S.

2, 3

9, 10

1 JAMES, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes

My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; knowing 4 this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her

perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. 5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liber6 ally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. But let him ask in

faith, nothing wavering: For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven 7 with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any 8 thing of the Lord. A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

Let the brother of low degree 'rejoice in that he is exalted: but the rich, in 11 that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away, For

the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also

shall the rich man fade away in his ways. 12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation : for when he is tried, he shall

receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. 13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be 14 tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: but every man is tempted, 15 when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust hath

conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth

death, 16, 17

Do not err, my beloved brethren. Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no va18 riableness, neither shadow of turning. Of his own will begat he us with the

word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. 19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to 20 speak, slow to wrath: for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of 21 God. Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive

with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. 22 BUT be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own 29 selves. For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a 24 man beholding his natural face in a glass : for he beholdeth himself, and goeth 25 his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. But whoso

looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a

forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed. 26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but 27 deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain. Pure religion and undefiled

before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their

affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. 2 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory,

with respect of persons. For if there come unto your 4 assembly a man with a 2 gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; 3 and ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit

thou here 5 in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here 4 under my footstool: are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become 5 judges of evil thoughts? Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of 6 the kingdom which he hath 1 Or, glory. 3 Or, doing.

5 Or, well, or, seemly. 3 Or, evils. 4 Gr. synagogue,

6 Or, that

6 promised to them that love him? But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich 7 men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats? Do not they blas8 pheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? If ye fulfil the royal

law according to the Scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do 9 well : but if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the

law as transgressors. 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is 11 guilty of all. For the that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill.

Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor

of the law. 19, 13

So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty. For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath showed no mercy; and mercy * rejoiceth against judgment.

What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have 15 not works ? can faith save him? If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute 16 of daily food, and one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed

and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to 17 the body; what doth it profit? Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, 18 being alone. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works : show

me thy faith 4 without thy works, and I will show thee my faith by my works. 19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also beliere, 20 and tremble. But wilt thou know, ( vain man, that faith without works is 21 dead? Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered 22 Isaac his son upon the altar? 5 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, 23 and by works was faith made perfect? And the Scripture was fulfilled which

saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness : 24 and he was called the Friend of God. Ye see then how that by works a maa is 25 justified, and not by faith only. Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot

justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out 26 another way? For as the body without the 6 spirit is dead, so faith without

works is dead also, 3 MY brethren, bę not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater

? condemnation. For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not 2 in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. 3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and 4 we turn about their whole body. Behold also the ships, which though they be

so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very 5 small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth. Even so the tongue is a little

member, and boasteth great things, Behold, how great 8 a matter a little fire 6 kindleth! And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among

our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course 7 of nature; and it is set on fire of hell. For every 10 kind of beasts, and of birds,

and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of 8 " mankind: but the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly 9 poison. Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we 10 men, which are made after the similitude of God. Out of the same mouth

proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be. 11, 12 Doth a fountain send forth at the same 12 place sweet water and bitter? Can

the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him show 14 out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. But if ye

have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the 15 truth. This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, 13 sensual, devilish. 16,17 For where envying and strife is, there is 14 confusion and every evil work. But

the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be

intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, 15 without partiality, and without hypo18 crisy. And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace. 1 Or, that law which said.

6 Or, breath. 11 Gr. nature of man. 2 Or, glorieth.

7 Or, judgment. 12 Or, hole, 3 Gr. by itself.

13 Or, natural. 4 Some copies read, by thy works. 9 Gr. wheel.

14 Gr, tumult, 07, unquietness. 3 Or, Thou seest.

10 Gr. nature. 15 Or, without wrougliny.


8 Or, toood.

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