How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science

Front Cover
SUNY Press, Jan 1, 1996 - Science - 249 pages
How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science specifies the characteristics of fruitful interdisciplinary theories in cognitive science and shows how they differ from the successful theories in the individual disciplines composing the cognitive sciences. It articulates a method for integrating the various disciplines successfully so that unified, truly interdisciplinary theories are possible. This book makes three contributions of utmost importance. First, it provides a long-overdue, systematic examination of the field of cognitive science itself. Second, it provides a template for linking domains without loss of autonomy. This philosophical treatment of integration serves as a blueprint for future endeavors. Third, the book provides a solid theoretical foundation that will prevent future missteps and enhance collaboration.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Cognitive Science Is Not Cognitive Psychology
1
The Dilemma of Mental Causality
13
Hierachies in the Brain
15
Privileged Regularities and Ceteris Paribus Clauses
18
Screening off Causes
24
Ignoring the RealismAntirealism Debate
29
Hierarchies in the Brain
33
The Neuron
34
Arguments against Reductionism
88
A Test Case
91
Explanatory Extension
95
The Dual Memory Hypothesis and the Structure of Interdisciplinary Theories
105
Developmental Studies for a Dual Processing System
106
The Distinction between Implicit and Explicit Memory
111
Neural Evidence for the Dual Memory Hypothesis
121
The Theoretical Framework
131

The Methodological IndividualismAntiIndividualism Debate
36
Hierarchies in Neuroscience
41
Privileged Causality in Neuroscience
54
Explanation in Cognitive Science
60
Computationalism and Functional Analysis A Pragmatic Approach
63
Formal Accounts of Computationalism
64
Computational Satisfaction and True Computation
69
Functionalism and Functional Analysis
71
Philosophical Functionalism
73
An Example
75
The FunctionStructure Distinction
79
Reductionism in the Cognitive Sciences
85
Reductionism in Philosophy of Mind
86
TwoPart Interdisciplinary Theories
132
Putting It All Together
138
Interdisciplinary Theories and Bridge Sciences The Case of Event Related Potentials
141
The Challenge
143
ERPs
146
The Timing of Priming
150
Bridge Sciences
169
Cognitive Science and the Semantic View
175
Notes
181
References
205
Index
241
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 222 - Scheich, H. (1983). Acoustic imprinting leads to differential 2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake in the chick forebrain.
Page 223 - Bateson, PPG (1982). Amnesic effects of bilateral lesions placed in the hyperstriatum ventrale of the chick after imprinting.

About the author (1996)

Valerie Gray Hardcastle is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Bibliographic information