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him; that they will repent, when they see how kind, and generous, and wise be meant to be for them, that they were ever froward, and fractious, and rebellious; and that his book will not only vindicate himself, but make other people ashamed of themselves. If such a motive had any influence in causiog Earl Grey to take the trouble of writing his book, we fear we cannot congratu. late him on bis object being accomplished. Nevertheless we must still congratulate ourselves and our colonial brethren on the book having been pub. lished, both for the information which it contains and for the weakness and imperfections which it exposes.

this little passage in his colonial history, Lord Grey goes on to speak of the Kaffir war, and among other things mentions his letter of recall to Sir I. Sinith, which at the time made soine little stir, and was the occasion of much obloquy being cast upon his lordship. In our opinion, Lord Grey was perfectly right, and we always thought so. It mattered little whether Sir Harry Smith was right or wrong, capable or incapable-if Lord Grey came honestly and fairly to the conclusion that Sir Harry Smith had made mistakes, or had not done so well as he might have done, he was not only justified in recalling bim, he was bound by his duty to do so, and also publicly to reprove him for what he disapproved in his conduct.

If governors are to be sent out to our colonies as the servants of the colonial minister for the time being, no one can complain of his treating them as his servants.

One of the strongest reasons we have for objecting to the appointment of the governors of colonies by the minister here at home is, that they must always necessarily look to him as their master-consider his dictates, humour his whims, and concede to his crotchets, rather than study the in. terests and wishes of the colony over which they rule. We wish to see the system altered, and much power taken out of the Colonial Minister's hands; but while he retains it, we shall never be so illogical or so childish as to quarrel with him for exercising it.

The remainder of Earl Grey's book is occupied with some notice of Hong Kong and Labuan ; of our posts on the west coast of Africa, of which he men tions some very interesting facts; and of Malta, which he likewise describes as improving.

He then sums up rather hastily, and when after having read the book, we come to ask ourselves why it was written, we really are at a loss for any definite answer. We are almost inclined to suspect that one strong motive for writing it, was to relieve himself of some of the bile accumulated during a five years' sitting at the Colonial Office, We do not mean to say that there occur any ill-tempered or embittered ex. pressions in the book-all is smooth, and courtly, and official ; but we really do think that Lord Grey fancies the colonists will have reason to regret

We had hoped and intended to have closed this article with some exposition of our own ideas as to the coloniesto have propounded a theoretical clas. sification of them, which might have been found useful in practice, and a few general principles as to their form of government which might be usefully discussed at all events, even if they were never adopted. The limits of our space, and probably also those of the reader's patience, forbid us to enter at any length upon this subject. Our classification would be something like the following:

1. Free Colonies.
2. Convict Colonies.

3. Mixed Colonies. 1. By free colonies we would mean all colonies peopled mainly by Britons, such as our North American colonies.

la. We would put into a subdivision of this class all conquered colonies of European races.

2. By convict colonies, we would mean all British colonies to which a large population of convicts was transported, and in which they were emancipated.

3. By mixed colonies we would mean all countries where the British race was a dominant few, ruling over and employing a coloured labouring population.

To Class No. 1, after the first few years of early settlement, say the first five, were overcome, we would at once assign the most ample freedoin in the management of their own affairs. They should elect their own governor, as well as their own council, assembly, or whatever else they choose to call it. Their institutions should at firet be of the utmost simplicity, cheapness, and rudeness if you please -- rough and ready, like their life - with provision for their gradual extension, and com. plexity, and refinement, as the population and wealth of their community increased. The sole restraint upon them should be that they should con. fine their legislation strictly to their own affairs, and that their laws should be subject to the ultimate revision of Parliament, and pending that, to temporary suspension by the Crown.

As to subdivision la, in the case of a new conquest, it would for some time require to be held by the strong hand; but provision could easily be made either for infusing our own blood into it, or incorporating it with one of our own colonies, and thus gradually assimilating it to No. 1.

Class No. 2 would require a special system of management, much more nearly resembling the present one. As long as a great convict establishment was kept up in a colony, and a large proportion of the population consisted of emancipated convicts, any govern. ment founded on the free action of the people, the unrestrained voices of free men (neither thralls nor felons) is obviously a contradiction in terms as well as in fact. It must be governed from without; and before it can be trusted with its own freedom it must go through a period of quarantine, as it were, in which its blood must be most thoroughly purged and purified of its previous contamination. It would be by no means difficult to make provision in any case for the transition of every colony from Class 2 to Class 1.

As to Class 3, the management becomes more difficult and complicated, and more dependent on the special cir cumstances of the case. The granting of the power of self-government to any colony of this class is rather to be de precated than otherwise, as it will be sure to fall into the hands of the few, and thus be used for the oppression of the

many. We would far rather at once see them placed under a gentle despotism, or even under the management of the Colonial Office, strictly supervised by Parliament. Our present Colonial Office, indeed, seems rather specially devised and adapted for the manage. ment of colonies such as these, whence it naturally comes that it looks upon all the colonies as peopled by men who do not know how to take care of them. selves, and require its benevolent and protecting aid.

To mixed colonies, we think our Colonial Office might be so adjusted and reformed as to become a worthy guide, protector, and guardian; and we would gladly see the whole of them, including Jamaica, placed directly under it, when it is so reformed and ad. justed. It would, however, require most stringent supervision by the Par. liament and people of these realms, to see that it did not become a “roi faineant," that it exercised its guardian. ship wisely and well-neither suffering the coloured part of the population to fall back into indolence and savagery, nor allowing the white portion to be too lordly, and practically and inju. riously oppressive.

With ihese few words we cease. We have in this last part rather hinted at than developed our ideas, and doubtless before they could be reduced to practice they would require the examination and discussion of many minds, the introduc. tion of many modifications and of many improvements. It is one thing for a man to scheme in his closet, and quite another when he comes to put his schemes in practice in the busy stir of life, and among the shock of men. Still the theory of politics is so far from being useless, that no great practical politician ever attained success without it, and no great practical political measures or institutions ever had an abiding existence that contradicted its principles, and were not founded, knowingly or by accident, in accordance with its rules.

INDEX TO VOL. XLI.

Aiton, John, D.D., The Lands of the Messiah,

Mahomet, and the Pope, as visited in

1851, reviewed, 218.
Allingham, William, Lines addressed to

Walter Savage Landor, 235.
America, a Flying Shot at the United States,

by Fitzgunne, Fifth Round, 255; Sixth

Round and last, 507.
Archytas and the Mariner, translated from

Horace, 506.

Dennistoun, James, Memoirs of the Dukes

of Urbino, illustrating the Arms, Arts, and
Literature of Italy, from 1440 to 1630,

reviewed, 196.
Devereux, the Hon. Walter Bouchier, Lives

and Letters of the Devereux Earls of Es-
sex, in the Reigns of Elizabeth, James I.,

and Charles I., 1540–1646, reviewed, 583.
Donegal Highlands, a Pilgrimage to the

Part I., 528 ; Part II., 701..
Dying Year, the, 121.
Edda, Rhymes from the, Thor and Thrym,

578.
Edifices, on Certain Ancient, 248.
Edmeston, James, Sonnet, 121.
Elrington, Stephen Nolan, jun., Poems and

Lyrics, reviewed, 117.
Exhibition, the Great Industrial, of 1853, 655.

Bartlett's Pictures from Sicily, reviewed, 115.
Belfast, Earl of, Poets and Poetry of the

Nineteenth Century, reviewed, 290.
Bourbon, Charles, Duke of, Character of, in

comparison with Caius Marcius Coriola-

nus, 418.
Buckingbam, the Duke of, 684.
Burke's Fame and Cobden's Folly, 386.
Burns, Robert, Life and Works of, edited by

Robert Chambers, reviewed, 169.

Fairy Gifts, the, by Tiny, 342.
Feltus, B.B., Sonnets on the Thirty Years'

War, 50.
Flowers of February, Chant of the Snow-

drops — Lay of Anticipation - On an
Early Violet, from the Italian of Moffei
The Ruined Temple-The Hills of Erin,
from the Irish of Denis Macnamara-

Song from the Spanish of Gongora, 184.
Forsyth, William, a Little Galliambic, 687.
France, the Crown Matrimonial of, 269.

Carew, Sir Jasper, Knt., bis Life and Ex-

periences : Chap. XIII., A Midnight Ren-
contre, 58; Chap. XIV., A Conference,
65; Chap. XV., Circumstantial Evidence,
213 ; Chap. XVI., An Unlooked-for Dis-
closure, 347; Chap. XVII., A Friend's
Trials, 351; Chap. XVIII., Disappoint-
ments, 405 : Chap. XIX., Fum's Alley,
near the Poddle, 410; Chap. XX., Pros-
perity and Adversity, 601; Chap. XXI.,
At Rest, 607 ; Chap. XXII., The Village
of Reichenau, 611; Chap. XXIII., A
Mountain Adventure, 726 ; Chap. XXIV.,

“ The Herr Robert," 734.
Christmas, by Tiny, 118.
Clonmacnoise, Clare, and Arran, Part I., 95;

Part II., 492.
Collier, J. Payne, Notes and Emendations to

the Text of Shakspeare's Plays from early
Manuscript Corrections in a copy of the

Folio, 1632, reviewed, 857.
Collins, Mortimer, The Doom of Maud Mau.

leverer, 119; The Daffodil, 334; The Pile

grim of Art, 334.
Collins, Wilkie, Basil, a Story of Modern

Life, reviewed, 77.
Colonies, our, by an English Radical, 758.
Coriolanus, Caius Marcius, Character of, in

comparison with Charles Duke of Bour-

bon, Constable of France, 418.
Crown Matrimonial of France, the, 269.

Getting on in Ireland, 472.
Gisborne, Lionel, the Isthmus of Darien in

1852, reviewed, 718.
Glen-Swilly, a Ride to the Head of, 528.
Golden Guillotine, the, 22.
Grey, Earl, the Colonial Policy of Lord

John Russell's Administration, reviewed,

758.
Grote, M., his New Theories respecting the

Ancient Sophists Condemned, 691.

Hall, Mrs. S. C., Pilgrimages to English

Shrines, reviewed, 112 ; Stories of the

Governess, reviewed, 116.
Hebrews, on the Ancient Music of the, in

general, and their Temple Music in par-

ticular, Part I., 675.
Hereditary Misfortunes in Certain Families,

on, 236.
Heroes, Ancient and Modern, No. JII., Ju-

lius Cæsar and Napoleon Bonaparte, 147;
No. IV., Caius Marcius Coriolanus and
Charles Duke of Bourbon, Constable of
France, 418.

30

Dawn, Sonnet by Fitzjames O'Brien, 299.
Death, Sonnet by James Edmeston, 299.

VOL. XLI.NO. CCXLVI.

“ Horn, the," a Day upon, and a Ride Napier, Mr., his Bills in Reference to the
amongst the Mountains, 701.

Land Question in Ireland, 122.

Napoleon Bonaparte, Character of, in Com-
Indian Archipelago, 315.

parison with Julius Cæsar, 147.
Ireland, Getting on in, 472.

Nature's Teachings, 336.

Jerusalem, the Taking of, Stanzas, 488.
Julius Cæsar, Character of, in Comparison

with Napoleon Bonaparte, 147.

Oehlenschlager, Sir Axel and Lady Ilse, from

the German, 338.
Our Past, our Present, and our Future-In-

troductory to the Commencement of our

Twenty-first Year, 1.
Our Portrait Gallery, No. LXIX., Right

Honourable Joseph Napier, M.P., 300.

Kennedy, James, Esq., Modern Poetry and

Poets of Spain, reviewed, 436.
Keppel, Hon. Capt., Visit to the Indian

Archipelago, in H. M. Ship Mæander, re-
viewed, 315.

Lament, the, of the Irish Mother, Stanzas

by Tiny, 636.
Land Question, the, Mr. Napier's Bills,

122.
Lang, John Dunmore, D.D., Historical and

Statistical Account of New South Wales,
reviewed, 453; Freedom and Indepen-
dence for the Golden Lands of Australia,

reviewed, 453.
Layard, Austen H., M.P., Discoveries in the

Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon, with
Travels in Armenia, Kurdistan, and the
Desert, being the results of a Second
Expedition, undertaken for the Trustees

of the British Museum, reviewed, 740.
Legends, a Chapter on, 42.
M'Carthy, Denis Florence, to the Bay of

Dublin, 346; April Fancies, 395 ; Do-
lores, 396; The Resurrection of the Dead,
396; The First of the Angels, 398; The
Awaking, 400; Spirit Voices, 402; All
Fools' Day, 404 ; May Melodies, 522 ;
The Arraying of May, 522; Welcome
May, 523; The Search, 524 ; The Tid-

ings, 526.
Macgillivray, John, Narrative of the Voyage

of H. M. S. Rattlesnake, commanded by
the late Capt. Owen Stanley, R.N., re-

viewed, 315.
Mechanics' Institutes, Lectures at, by Lord

Carlisle and Lord Belfast, reviewed, 285.
Meredith, Mrs. Charles, My Home in Tas-

mania, reviewed, 453.
Michael Kohlhaas, 556.
Miscellanea Literaria, No. II.-On Heredi-

tary Misfortune in Certain Families-On
Certain Proverbial and Colloquial Expres-
sions-On Certain Ancient Edifices_Wo-
men as described by the Ancient Poets,

236.
Miserrimus, Stanzas, 635.
Moore, Thomas, Memoirs, Journal, and Cor-

respondence of, Edited by Lord John Rus-
sell, reviewed, Vols. I. and II., 95 ; Vols.

III. and IV., 615.
Mother's Tale, a, 340.
Music, the Ancient, of the Hebrews, Part I.,

675.

Parallels by a Pilgrim, 479.
Poetry.--Sonnets-Miton Humbly Imitat-

ed-Written during illness, 49; Sonnets
on the Thirty Years' War, by B. B. Fel-
tus, 50; Christmas, by Tiny, 118; A Vi-
sion of the Year, 119; The Doom of Maud
Mauleverer, by Mortimer Collins, 119;
Sonnet, by James Edmeston, 121 ; The
Dying Year, 121; A Song of Labour,
138; On Jones's Statuette of William
Dargan, 141; Madrigal, 142; The Chant
of the Snowdrops, 187; Lay of Anticipa.
tion, 188; On an Early Violet, from the
Italian of A. Maffei, 189; The Ruined
Temple, 191; The Hills of Erin, from
the Irish of Denis Macnamara, 193 ; Song
from the Spanish of Gongora, 195 ; * To
Walter Savage Landor,” Lines, by Wm.
Allingham, 235; Mrs. J. E. R-d-e's
Dream, by Patrick Scott, 253; Dawn, by
Fitzjames O'Brien, 299; Death, by James
Edmeston, 299; The Breeze of Spring, by
R. Townley, 332; The Daffodil, br Morti.
mer Collins, 334; The Pilgrim of Art,
334 ; Nature's Teacbings, 336; Sir Axel
and Lady Ilse, Translated from Oehlen-
schlager, 338; A Mother's Tale, 340 : The
Fairy Gifts, by Tiny, 342 ; To the Bay of
Dublin, by D. F. M'Carthy, 846; Dolores,
by D.F. M.Carthy, 396; The Resurrection
of the Dead, by D. F. M'Carthy, 396; The
First of the Angels, by D. F. M.Carthy,
398; The Awaking, by D. F. M'Carthy,
400; Spirit Voices, by D. F. M'Carthy,
402; All Fools' Day, by D. F. M*Carthy,
404; The Taking of Jerusalem, 488;
Archytas and the Mariner, a translation
of Horace, Ode I. 28, 506 ; May Melodies,
by Denis Florence M.Carthy - I. The
Arraying of May, 521; II. Welcome May,
523; 111. The Search, 524; IV. The Tid-
ings, 526; Rhymes from the Edda-Thor
and Thrym, or Thor's Hammer Brought
Home, 578; Miserrimus, 635; Lament of
the Irish Mother, by Tiny, 636 ; A Little

Galliambic, by William Forsyth, 637.
Proverbial and Colloquial Expressions, 244.

Reviews_Esmond, a Story of Queen Anne's

Reign, by W. M. Thackeray, 70; Reaben
Medlicot, or The Coming Man, by M.

W. Savage, 74; Basil, a Story of Modern
Life, by Wilkie Collins, 77; Memoirs, Jork.
nal, and Correspondence of Thomas M an

Napier, Right Honourable Joseph, M.P., our

Portrait Gallery, No. LXIX., 800.

distan, and the Desert, being the results
of a Second Expedition, undertaken for
the Trustees of the British Museum, by
Austen H. Layard, M.P., 740 ; The
Colonial Policy of Lord John Russell's
Adininistration, by Earl Grey, 758.

St. Sylvester's Eve, 112.
Savage, M. W., Reuben Medlicott, or the

Coming Man, reviewed, 74.
Scott, Patrick, Love in the Moon, a Poem,

reviewed, 116.
Scott, Patrick, Mrs. J. E. R-d-e's Dream,

a Poem, 253.
Shakspeare, Improvements in the Text of,

356.

edited by the Right Hon. Lord John Rus-
sell, 95, 615; Pilgrimages to English
Shrines, by Mrs. S. C. Hall, with Notes
and Illustrations, by F. W. Fairholt,
F.S.A., 112 ; Stories of the Governess, by
Mrs. S.C. Hall, 115 ; Pictures from Sicily,
by the Author of Forty Days in the Dee
sert, 115; The Story of Reynard the Fox,
a New Version, by David Vedder, 116;
Love in the Moon, a Poem by Patrick
Scott, 116; Original Poems and Lyrics,
by Stephen Nolan Elrington, jun., 117;
Life and Works of Robert Burns, edited
by Robert Chambers, 169; Memoirs of
the Dukes of Urbino, illustrating the
Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from
1440 to 1630, by James Dennistoun, of
Dennistonn, 196 ; Life and Times of Fran-
cesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, with a Pre-
liminary Sketch of the History of Italy,
by William Pollard Urquhart, 196; The
Lands of the Messiah, Mahomet, and the
Pope, as Visited in 1851, by John Aiton,
D.D., 218; Poets and Poetry of the
Nineteenth century, by the Earl of Bel-
fast, 290; A Visit to the Indian Archi-
pelago, in H. M. S. Mæander, by Captain
the Hon. H. Keppel, R.N., 315; Narra-
tive of the Vovage of H. M. S. Rattle-
snake, commanded by the late Captain
Owen Stanley, R.N., by John Macgilli-
vray, F.R.G.S., 315 ; Notes and Emenda-
tions to the Text of Shakspeare's Plays,
from Early Manuscript Corrections, in a
Copy of the Folio, 1632, in the possession
of J. Payne Collier, Esq., F.S.A., 357 ;
Modern Poetry and Poets of Spain, by
James Kennedy, Esq., H. B. M. Judge
in the Mixed Court of Justice at the
Havana, 436 ; An Historical and Statisti-
cal Account of New South Wales, by John
Dunmore Lang, D.D., 453; Freedom
and Independence for the Golden Lands of
Australia, by John Dunmore Lang, D.D.,
453; My Home in Tasmania, by Mrs.
Charles Meredith, 453 ; The Cloister Life
of Charles V., by William Stirling, 539;
Lives and Letters of the Devereux, Earls
of Essex, in the Reigns of Elizabeth,
James I., and Charles I., 1540-1646, by
the Hon. Walter Bouchier Devereux,
Captain, R.N., 583; The Isthmus of
Darien in 1852, by Lionel Gisborne, 718;
Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and
Babylon, with Travels in Armenia, Kur

Slingsby, Jonathan Freke, Another Night

with the Mystics-A Song of Labour-On
Jones's Statuette of Willam Dargan-

Madrigal – A Stage-Coach Story, 135.
Sonnets-Milton Humbly Imitated, 49 ;

Written during illness, 49; On the
Thirty-Years' War (twenty-five), by B. B.
Feltus, 50; by James Edmeston, 121;
Dawn, by Fitzjames O'Brien ; Death, by

James Edmeston, 299.
Sophists, Ancient, and Modern Liberals,

691.
Spanish Poets Garroted, 436.
Spring-time Flowers, 332.
Stage-Coach Story, a, 143.
Stirling, William, the Cloister Life of Charles

V., revieved, 539.

Thackeray, W. M., Esmond, a Story of Queen

Anne's Reign, reviewed, 70.
Thor and Thrym, or Thor's Hammer brought

home, 578.
Tolerance and Intolerance, 638.
Tom Cluggins's Two Antipathies, 374.
Townley, R., The Breeze of Spring, 332.
Tree of Knowledge, the, 663.
Twenty-first Year, Our, Introductory Ar-

ticle, 1.

United States, the, a Flying Shot at, Fifth

Round, 255; Sixth and last Round, 507.
Urquhart, W. P., Life and Times of Fran-

cesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, with a Preli-
minary Sketch of the History of Italy, re-
viewed, 196.

Vedder, David, New Version of the Story of

Reynard the Fox, reviewed, 116.
Vision, a, of the Year, 119.

DIRECTION TO THE BINDER.

Portrait of the Right Honourable Joseph Napier, M.P., to face page 800.

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