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xii PREFACE.

short notices of the subjects of his engravings; and I have preferred repeating them here, to breaking the thread of the narrative by referring the reader to another work. The map is coloured somewhat in imitation of that of Csaplovics, to whom any merit it may possess is due ; and, although I am aware that it is not strictly accurate, yet it is a sufficiently near approximation to the truth, to give a clear idea of one of the greatest national questions in Hungary, - the division of its population into several distinct races, for the most part inhabiting different districts. To save the trouble of quoting in the body of the Work the authors from whom I have derived information, and to indicate to such as are desirous of a further acquaintance with Hungary, the means by which they may acquire it, I add a list of those Authors, with the titles of their books, in this place. Geschichte des Ungarischen Reichs, von Johann Christian von Engel, 5 vols. 8vo. 1834.—Die Geschichte Ungarns, von Dr. J. F. Schneller, 12mo. 1829. — Gemälde von Ungarn, von Johann von

Csaplovics, 2 vols. 8vo. 1829.-Neuste statistischPREFACE. Xiii geographische Beschreibung des Königreichs Ungarn, Croatien, Slavonien und der Ungarischen Militär-grenze, 1 vol. 8vo. 1832. – Erläuterungen der Grundgesetze für die Militär-gränze, von Mathias Stopfer, k. k. Gränz-Werwaltungs-Oberlieutenant, 1 vol. 8vo. 1831. – Ungarns gesetzgebende Körper auf dem Reichstage zu Pressburg im Jahr 1830, von Joseph Orosz, 2 vols. 8vo. 1831. –Terra Incognita, Notizen über Ungarn, von J. Orosz, 1 vol. 8vo. 1835.–Ueber den Credit, vom Grafen Stephan Széchenyi; aus dem Ungarischen übersetzt von Joseph Vojdisek; 2nd. ed. 1 vol. 8vo. 1830.–Malerische Reise auf dem Waagflusse, von Freyherrn von Mednyánsky, 1 vol. 4to. 1826.– Erzälungen, Sagen, und Legenden aus Ungarns Vorzeit, von Freyherrn, von Mednyánsky, 1 vol. 8vo. 1829. As guide-book I always used Rudolph von Jenny's Handbuch für Reisende in dem österreichischen Kaiserstaate, Zweite Auflage, von Adolf Schmidl, 1835. The second volume treats of Hungary, and is a work of great labour and wonderful accuracy. To the English traveller down the Danube, especially if he does not read German, Mr. Murray's “ Handbook for Southern

Germany" will be found exceedingly useful.

xiv. PREFACE.

To the artists and engravers who have been employed in this Work, I have to return my best thanks for the manner in which they have executed their several duties, and particularly to Mr. Alexander Fussel, who has transferred Mr. Hering's sketches to the wood, and to Mr. Orrin Smith, who has cut them. Nor can I in justice refuse my printer his share in these thanks, for the success of wood-cuts depends almost as much on the skill and attention of the printer as on those of the

artist and engraver.

LONDON, SEPTEMBER, 1839.

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Viennese Reports of Hungary.—Presburg.—Castle.—Inhabitants —Members of the Diet. — Dinner Party. — Youth of Hungary.— Theben.—Theatre.—Promenade,-Booksellers.-Journals—Page 1

CHAPTER II.

THE DIET OF 1 S35.

Ball-room Studies. – Chamber of Deputies. – Deák. — Debate on Wesselényi's Process.—Kossóth. — MS. Journal,—Prorogation. —Tour to the Neusiedler Lake.—Posting.—Bauern Post.—Lake.— Ruszt and its Wine. — Prince Eszterházy's Palaces. – Eisenstadt. — Eszterház. — Haydn.-Wild Boy. — Castle of ForchtensteinEszterházy Jewels.-Watchman at OEdenburg . * . 26

CHAPTER III.
WALLEY OF THE WAAG.

Valley of the Waag. — Hungarian Travelling Waggons. – Freystadtl — Country Houses. – Erdödy Horses. – Vorspann: its origin — advantages and disadvantages. – Haiduk. - The River Waag.—Pillory. — Pistjan. — Numbering the Houses and Kaiser Joseph. — Csejta. — Murders of Elizabeth Báthori. — Betzko: its origin.—The Fate of Stibor.—Trentsin.--Stephan: his virtues and vices.—St. Stephen's day.—Peasant Costumes . g . 53

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