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Satan now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where he

must now attempt the bold enterprise which he undertook alone against God and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passons, fear, envy, and despair; but at length confirms himself in evil, journeys on to Paradise whose outward prospect and situation is described, overleaps the bounds, sits in the shape of a cormorant on the tree of life, as highes in the garden, to look about him. The garden describ'd; Satan's first sight of Adam and Eve; his wonder at their excellent form and happy state, but with resolution to work their fall; overhears their discourse, thence gathers that the tree of knowledge was forbidden them to eat of, under penalty of death; and thereon intends to found his temptation, by seducing them to transgress: then leaves them a while, to know further of their state by some other means. Mean while Uriel descending on a fun-beam warns Gabriel, who had in charge the gate of Paradise, that some evil Spirit had escap'd the deep, and passd at noon by his sphere in the shape of a good Angel down to Paradise, discovered after by his furious gestures in the mount. Gabriel promises to find him ere morning. Night coming on, Adam and Eve discourse of going to their rest: their bower describ'd; their evening worship. Gabriel drawing forth his bands of night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appoints two strong Angels to Adam's bower, lest the evil Spirit should be there doing some harm to Adam or Eve sleeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Gabriel; by whom question'd, he scornfully anfwers, prepares resytance, but hinderd by a sign from Heaven, flies out of Paradise.

BOOK IV.

10

For that warning voice, which he who saw

Th’Apocalyps,heard cry in Heav'n aloud, Then when the Dragon, put to second rout, Came furious down to be reveng’d on men, Woe to thinhabitants on carth! that now, While time was, our first parents had been warn’d The coming of their secret foe, and scap'd, Haply so scap'd his mortal snare: for now Satan, now first inflam'd with rage, came down, The tempter ere th’accuser of man-kind, To wreck on innocent frail man his loss Of that first battel, and his flight to Hell: Yet not rejoicing in his speed, though bold Far off and fearless; nor with cause to boast, Begins his dire attempt, which, nigh the birth 15 Now rolling, boils in his tumultuous breast, And, like a devilish engin,back recoils Upon himself; horror and doubt distract His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom-sir The Hell within him; for within him Hell 20 He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell

One

One step, no more than from himself can fly
By change of place: now conscience wakes despair
That slumber'd, wakes the bitter memory
Of what he was, what is, and what must be 25
Worse; of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue.
Sometimes tow’ards Eden, which now in his view
Lay pleasant, his griev'd look he fixes fad;
Sometimes tow'ards Heav'n and the full-blazing fun,
Which now sat high in his meridian tower: 30
Then,much revolving, thus in sighs began.

O thou that with surpassing glory crown'd,
Look's froni thy sole dominion, like the God
Of this new world; at whose fight all the stars
Hide their diminish'd heads; to thee I call, 35
But with no friendly voice, and add thy name
O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams,
That bring to my remembrance from what state
I fell, how glorious once above thy sphere;
Till pride and worse ambition ,threw me down 40
Warring in Heav'n against Heav'n's matchless king:
Ah wherefore! he deserv'd no such return
From me, whom he created what I was
In that bright eminence, and with his good
Upbraided none; nor was his service hard. 45
What could be less than to afford him praise,
The easiest recompense, and pay him thanks,
How due! yet all his good prov'd ill in me,
And wrought but malice; lifted up so high

1 sdeind subjection, and thought one step higher 50
Would set me highest, and in a moment quit
The debt immense of endless gratitude,
So burdensome, still paying, still to owe;
Forgetful what from him I still receiv'd,
And understood not that a grateful mind '55
By owing,owes not, but still pays, at once
Indebted and discharg'd; what burden then?
O had his pow'rful destiny ordain'd
Me some inferior Angel, I had stood
Then happy; no unbounded hope had rais'd 60
Ambition. Yet, why not? some other Power
As great might have aspir’d, and me, though mean,.
Drawn to his part; but other Pow’rs as great
Fell not, but stand unshaken, from within
Or from without, to all temptations arm’d. 65.
Hadft thou the same free will and pow'r to stand?
Thou hadft: whom haft thou then or what to accuse,
But Heav'n's free love dealt equally to all?
Be then his love accurs’d, since love or hate,
To me alike, it deals eternal woe.
Nay curs'd be thou; since against his, thy will
Chose freely, what it now so justly rues.
Me miserable! which way shall I fly
Infinite wrath, and infinite despair?
Which way I fly is Hell; myself am Hell;

75 And in the lowest deep, a lower deep, Still threatning to devour me,opens wide,

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70

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