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Vapor, and mist, and exhalation hot,
Corrupt and pestilent: Now from the north 695
Of Norumbega, and the Samoed shore,
Bursting their brazen dungeon, arm'd with ice,
And snow, and hail, and stormy gust and flaw,
Boreas,and Cæcias, and Argestes loud,
And Thrascias, rend the woods and seas upturn; 700
With adverse blast upturns them from the south
Notus and Afer, black with thundrous clouds
From Serraliona; thwart of these as fierce
Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds
Eurus and Zephyr with their lateral noise, 705
Sirocco, and Libecchio. Thus began.
Outrage from lifeless things; but Discord first
Daughter of Sin, among th’irrational,
Death introduc'd through fierce antipathy: 709
Beast now with beast 'gan war, and fowl with fowl,
And fish with fish; to graze the herb all leaving,
Devour'd each other; nor stood much in awe
Of Man, but fled him, or with count'nance grim
Glar'd on him passing. These were from without
The growing miseries, which Adam saw : 715
Already in part, though hid in gloomiest shade,
To sorrow abandon’d, but worse felt within,
And in a troubled sea of passion tost,
Thus to disburden fought with sad complaint.

O miserable of happy! is this the end
Of this new glorious world, and me so late




The glory of that glory, who now become Accurs’d of blessed, hide me from the face Of God, whom to behold was then my highth Of happiness! yet well, if here would end 725 The misery; I deserv'd it, and would bear My own deservings; but this will not serve; All that I eat or drink, or shall beget, Is propagated curse. O voice once heard Delightfully, Increase and multiply, Now death to hear! for what can I increase Or multiply, but curses on my head? Who, of all ages to succeed, but feeling The evil on him brought by me, will curse My head? Ili fare our ancestor impure,

735 For this we may thank Adam; but his thanks Shall be the execration; fo besides Mine own that bide upon me, all from me, Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound; On me, as on their natural center light, Heavy, though in their place. O fleeting joys Of Paradise, dear bought with lasting woes! Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay To mold me Man, did I solicit thee From darkness to promote me, or here place 745 In this delicious garden? as my will Concurr'd not to my being, it were but right And equal to reduce me to my duft, Desirous to resign and render back

X x



What I have done, what suffer'd, with what pain
Voyag'd th’unreal, vaft, unbounded deep
Of horrible confusion, over which
By Sin and Death, a broad way now is pav'd
To expedite your glorious march; but I
Toil'd out my uncouth passage, forc'd to ride
Th’untractable abyss, plung'd in the womb
Of unoriginal Night and Chaos wild,

That, jealous of their secrets, fiercely oppos'd
My journey ftrange, with clamorous uproar
Protesting Fate supreme; thence how I found
The new created world, which fame in Heaven
Long had foretold, a fabric wonderful
Of absolute perfection; therein Man
Plac'd in a Paradise, by our exile
Made happy: Him by fraud I have seduc'd
From his Creator, and the more to increase
Your wonder, with an apple; he, thereat
Offended, worth your laughter, hath giv’n up
Both his beloved Man and all his world,
To Sin and Death a prey, and so to us,
Without our hazard, labor, or alarm,
To range in, and to dwell, and over Man
To rule, as over all he should have rul'd.
True is, me also he hath judg’d; or rather
Me not, but the brute serpent in whose shape
Man I deceiv’d: that which to me belongs,
Is enmity, which he will put between

Me and mankind; I am to bruise his heel;
His seed, when is not set, shall bruise my head:
A world who would not purchase with a bruise, 500
Or much more grievous pain? Ye have th’account
Of my performance: What remains, ye Gods,
But up and enter now into full bliss?

So having said, a while he stood, expecting
Their universal shout and high applayse 505
To fill his ear, when contrary, he hears
On all sides, from innumerable tongues,
A dismal universal hiss, the sound
Of public scorn; he wonder'd, but not long
Had leisure, wond’ring at himself now more; 516
His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare,
His arms clung to his ribs, his legs intwining
Each other, till, supplanted, down he fell
A monstrous serpent on his belly prone;
Reluctant, but in vain; a greater power

515 Now ruld him, punish'd in the shape he sinn'd, According to his doom: he would have spoke, But hiss for hiss return’d with forked tongue To forked tongue; for now were all transformid Alike, to serpents all, as accessories

520 To his bold riot: dreadful was the din Of hissing through the hall, thick swarming now With complicated monsters, head and tail, Scorpion, and Asp, and Amphisbæna dire, Cerastes horn'd, Hydrus, and Elops drear, 525 U u


And Dipsas (not so thick swarm’d once the foil
Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the ile
Ophiusa) but still greatest he the midst,
Now Dragon grown, larger than whom the sun
Ingender'd in the Pythian vale on slime,
Huge Python, and his pow'r no less he feem'd
Above the rest still to retain; they all
Him follow'd issuing forth to th'open field,
Where all yet left of that revolted rout,
Heav'n-fall'n, in station stood or just array,
Sublime with expectation when to see
In triumph issuing forth their glorious chief;
They saw, but other sight instead, a crowd
Of ugly serpents; horror on them fell,
And horrid sympathy; for what they saw,
They felt themselves now changing; down their
Down fell both spear and shield, down they as
And the dire hiss renew'd, and the dire form,
Catch'd by contagion; like in punishment,
As in their crime. Thus was th’applause they n
Turn'd to exploding hiss, triumph to shame
Cafton themselves from theirown mouths. Ther
A grove hard by, sprung up with this their ch
His will who reigns above, to aggravate
Their penance, laden with fair fruit, like that
Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve
Us’d by the Tempter: on that prospect strang
Their earnest eyes they fix’d, imagining

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