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Whose wisdom ineffable looks over all,

Henry still had his doubts, and prayed that, Bids empires rise, or determines their fall,

from Heaven, Now turned, from his radiant throne in the The light to his mind might be graciously given. skies,

. The truth, in all time, though divinely reOn the hero of France, his compassionate eyes. vealed," Himself is his uide. At his sovereign com- He said, “ by the errors of men was concealed. mand,

While on God I depend for his guidance alone, The vessel in safety soon reaches the land. He shuts up the path that conducts to his 'Tis the Island of Jersey which seems to emerge

throne. From the bed of the ocean whose waves round Alas! Could not God, if our worship he will,

As the Master of man, his own purpose fulfil?”

it surge.

Not far from the shore is a sylvan retreat, “ God's designs," said the sage, we devoutly Whose shadows exclude from the sun's fervid

must own; heat;

Our wisdom is folly; God is perfect alone. The influx of waves by the rocks is confined, The dogmas of Calvin in F. .nce I have seen, Which a shelter afford from the blasts of the From their earliest stage, weak, obscure, and wind.

mean; A grotto is nigh, which no ornament shows, Unaided and banished, secret power they But such as the rude hand of Nature bestows. swayed Here, far from the court, dwelt a reverend sage, By a hundred dark ways; slow progress they Who had found this asylum to solace his age.

made; Shut out from the world, and regardless of From the dust of the earth, where the phantom relf,

was bred, His sole business now was to study himself, - I have seen it exalt its presumptuous head; To think with regret on his youth's wasted And that which was lately degraded and low, hours,

Now scornful with insult, would our altars o'erHis libertine course, and his mind's abused throw.

powers. 'Midst meadows enamelled and murmuring “Then far from the court this asylum I gained, streams,

To weep o'er the insults religion sustained; Life’s stormy passions were scattered like Here my last years are cheered by hope’s flatdreams;

tering tale, And no other desire now entered his breast That so novel a worship cannot always prevail; Than to pass from this life to his beavenly rest. As from human caprice it has first drawn its The God whom he worshipped took care of his breath, age,

Those who witnessed its birth will, too, witness Shed a wisdom divine on the head of the sage:

its death. And lavish of gifts for bis desolate state, Man's works, like himself, are fragile and For perusal unfolded the volume of fate.


The factious purpose God will not sustain. The sage, whom, by God's will, the hero should God only is steadfast; and while in this age

The numberless sects a relentless war wage, meet, Now partakes of a meal in his humble retreat; At the footstool of God truth will humbly reAnd often before had it been his choice lot To taste such plain fare in the laborer's cot,

But seldom enlightening a man in his pride. Who seeks her in earnest shall not seek in vain;


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The incense refuse when by flattery assailed; King and people had suffered, and anarchy
'Tis a weakness by which the most potent have reigned.

O'er this land, by the blood of her heroes de-
Of your passions beware; for not distant the day tended,
You must conquer your love with an absolute On this unstable throne, whence her kings had

In short, when, by efforts no dangers appall, A woman the sceptre as sovereign sways,
You have conquered the League, and yourself And in spite of the fates, fills the world with

above all, In that terrible siege when your foes you re- Elizabeth named, who, with consummate skill, lieve,

The balance of Europe can turn at her will; And the people, astonished, your bounty re

Whose yoke the indomitable English can love; ceive,

Who despots despise, nor republics approve; Then the wars of the nation shall happily end; Who their losses forget, and secure she reigns. To the God of your fathers your thanks shall The cattle now cover the pastures and plains; ascend;

Corn waves in her fields; the seas her keels In him you will find there is aid for the just.

sweep; Go; those who are godlike in God's arm may Respected on land, she yet rules o'er the deep;

Her imperious navy that Neptune controls

Her commerce extends from the line to the Every word the sage uttered our hero inspired,

poles. As aflame from the altar his great soul is fired; London, barbarous once, is the focus of art, Transported he seemed to those innocent days

The temple of Mars, and the mercantile mart. When God spake with man, and directed his Where Westminster echoes the voice of the

throne," ways; When, lavishing miracles, virtue alone

Three powers exist, but united as one; Its oracles uttered, and governed the throne.

King, nobles, and commons, must each and all


Where interests conflict, by the laws of the The time had arrived from the sage to depart,

land. And a tear in his eye speaks regret in his heart. This invincible body no danger can know, From that moment, the dawn of a day met his But what springs from itself, while it crushes gaze

the foe. That should finally shine with meridian blaze.

How happy the state where the people, wellMornay was surprised; but his heart did not

taught, feel;

The sovereign power respect as they ought ! It was not God's purpose himself to reveal.

And happier still, when a king, nuild and just, His title to wisdom was vainly secured;

Owns the rights of the subject consigned to his For his virtues, though great, were by error trust! obscured.

“Alas !” said Bourbon, “when will France While the sage to the prince was thus speaking understand the word

To join glory with peace, as in this happy land ? That entered the heart, since it came from the Ye monarchs, behold the example proposed ! Lord,

The portals of war by a woman are closed, His voice the wild tumult of winds bid to cease; And leaving all discord and horror with you,

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He speaks, and with eloquence frankness in- But such varied rumors are spread in her spires,

flight, For the succor of France he makes known his That falsehood and truth but too often unite. desires.

For receiving such rumors I have no reason He even disdains not to supplicate aid;

seen; By submission, his great heart is still greater But you to these quarrels a witness have been. made.

A friend now to Valois, yet for so long a foe,

The cord that now binds you I'm curious to “You Valois obey ?” said the queen in sur- know. prise;

From no other source I the statement can gain, “ At his mandate you visit the Thames for sup- And you only are worthy yourself to explain. plies ?

The wars and successes your experience brings What? is Henry pleading the cause of his foes Deign now to recite; 'tis & lesson for kings.” And the man to whose malice his troubles he owes?

“ Alas !” said the Bourbon,“ must memory, From the rise of the sun to its bed in the west

too true, The bruit of your strifes has the nations pos. The reign of those terrors again bring to view ? sessed;

Far better to shut out those horrors from sight, And the arm that the trembling Valois has In Lethe's dark stream, or in endless night! scared,

Oh! why am I asked with my lips to proclaim, In his cause I behold now in friendship is from the kings whence I sprung, their madness bared!”

and shame?

From the bare recollection I shrink with dis• His misfortunes,” said Henry, “ have my

may; enmity slain;

But as you give command, it is mine to obey. Valois once was a slave; he has broken his Another in speaking might artifice use, chain.

Their crimes might disguise, or their frailties Had he on my faith or his valor relied,

excuse; He had found all the aid which he needed sup- But I cannot descend to a measure so weak, plied;

And as soldier, and not as ambassador, But he intrigues and strategems weakly em

speak.' ployed,

(End of the First Canto.) Baseness made him my foe, and all friendship

destroyed. His faults I forget, since his danger I know; NOTES TO CANTO THE FIRST, BY VOLTAIRE. I have conquered him, madam, now I'll conquer

Valois reigned, etc. Henry III., King of his foe.

France, one of the principal characters in this In this contest, great queen, we your sympathy poem, is always called Valois, being the name claim,

of the royal branch to which he belonged. And England fresh lustre will add to your while Duke of Anjou, commanded the armies

2. bero from youth, etc. Henry III. (Valois),

of Charles IX. against the Protestants, and at Your virtues you'll crown as our rights you the age of eighteen gained the battles of Jarnac defend;

and Montcontour. In avenging the king you are royalty's friend." elected King of Poland at the iustance of John

3At his feet, etc. The Duke of Anjou was

۱, 13


de Montluc, Bishop of Valence, ambassador of A recital Elizabeth asks at his hands,

France at the court of Poland; and Henry And, impatient, the cause of the troubles de

went reluctantly to receive the crown. Having




L! Lue las La

Henrici Tertii Abdicatione,” is bold to assert Little boy, the eye that you have give to the that the hatred of Henry III. for the Cardinal damsel, of Guise had no other foundation than the refu- Then you will be blind Cupid, and she will be sal he had experienced from him in his youth ; Venus." but this story is like all the rest of the calumnies with which the book of Boucher is filled.

Maugiron was killed in taking the part of Henry III. mixed, with his mihions, religion Quelus in a quarrel. to his debaucheries. With them he retired to

Paul Stuart de Caussade de St. Maigrin, 3 seclusion, made pilgrimages, and inflicted on gentleman from the neighborhood of Bordeaux, himself flagellations. He instituted the order

was beloved of Henry III. equally with Quelus of the “ Brotherhood of Death," either on ac

and Maugiror, and his death was also as tragicount of the death of bis minions, or of that of cal. He was assassinated the 21st of July of the Princess of Conde, his mistress. The capu- the same year in the street St. Honore, about chins and monks were the directors of the eleven o'clock at night, on his return from the brotherhood, among whom some of the citizens Louvre, He was carried to the same hotel of of Paris were admitted. This order was clad in Boissq, where his two friends had died. The black bolting-cloth, with a hood. In another next morning he died, having received, the prebrotherhood, on the contrary, that of the vious evening, thirty-four wounds. The Duke “White Penitents,” his courtiers only were ad- of Guise, who was called the Balafre (a word mitted. He believed, like many theologians of which signifies a dash on the face), was susthat day, that these mummeries expiated habit pected of this assassination, because St. Maiual sins.

It is asserted that the statutes of grin had boasted of too great intimacy with the these fraternities, their dress, and their rules, Duchess of Guise. The memoirs of that time were the emblems of their amours, and that the assert that the Duke of Mayenne was recognized poet Desportes, Abbot of Tyron, one of the as one of the assassins, from his broad beard most finished courtiers of that day, had ex

and shoulder-of-mutton fist. The Duke of Guise plained them in a book which he afterwards

was not considered as a man very jealous of his committed to the flames.

wife's conduct; and there is no reason for beHenry III. lived in effeminacy, and affected lieving that Mayenne, who had never been the part of a coquette. He slept in gloves of a

guilty of a cowardly act, would so far debase particular kind of skin to preserve the beauty bimself as to act in concert with a band of of his hands, which were actually more deli- twenty assassins to murder a single

man. cate than those of the ladies of his court. He

The king kissed St. Maigrin, Quelus, and covered his face with a paste prepared for the Maugiron after their death, had them shorn, purpose, over which he wore a mask; at least, from Quelus the earrings he had attachtd with

and kept their light-colored hair. He took it is so written in the book of the Hermophradites, which gives the minutest description of

his own hands. M. de l'Etoile says these his sleeping, rising, and dressing. He observed three men died destitute of religion, Mugiron the most punctilious neatness and propriety in blaspheming, Quelus exclaiming continually, his dress, and so important did he esteem these

“O my king, my king !" without once mentrifles, that he one day dismissed the Duke of tioning Jesus Christ or the Virgin Mary. They Esperon from his presence because he appeared

were buried at St. Paul's; they erected to their without pumps, and in a coat not properly but- memory three marble tombs, on which there

were three figures in the act of kneeling. Their Quelus was killed in a duel, 27th of April, tombs were covered with epitaphs in verse and 1578.

prose, in Latin and in French. Maugiron was Louis of Maugiron, Baron of Ampus, was

compared to Horatius, Cocles, and Hannibal, one of the minions for whom Henry had the Mention is not made here of these epitaphs,

because like them he was blind of one eye. greatest weakness. He was a young man, of which are only found in the antiquities of great courage and high expectations. He distinguished himself at the siege of Issoire, where Paris, printed during the reign of Henry III. he had the misfortune to lose an eye. Notwith There is nothing remarkable or excellent in standing this mishap, he had still sufficient these monuments. The best is the epitaph of beauty remaining to make him acceptable to

Quelus, Non injuriam sed mortem patienter the king. He was compared to the Princess of

tulit.' In English, “ He would not suffer an Eboli, who, though, like himself, blind of one insult, but with constancy suffered death." eye, was at the same time mistress of Philip II..

5 That virtuous Bourbon, etc. Henry IV., King of Spain. It is said that for this princess the hero of this poem, is called indifferently and Muugiron, an Italian wrote these four fine Bourbon, Henry, and the hero. verses, since revived.

Henry IV., called the Great, was born in

1553, at Pau, a little town, the capital of Bearn. “Lumine Acon dextro, capta est Leonida sin- Anthony of Bourbon, Duke of Vendorne, his istro,

toned up.

father, was of the royal blood of France, and Et poterat forma vincer uterque deos.

the head of the house of Bourbon (which forlumen quod babes, concede puellæ, merly signified bourbeux, that is, in English, Sic tu cæcus amor, sic erit illa Venus. muddy), so called from an estate that fell to

their house by a marriage with the heiress of Literally translated in English

Bourbon. The house of Bourbon, from the

time of Louis IX. to that of Henry Il., had al“ Acon has lost his right eye, Leonida her left most always been neglected and reduced to

such a degree of poverty that it is pretended And each could conquer the gods in beauty; that the famous Prince of Conde, brother of

Parve puer,


Anthony of Navarre, and uncle of Henry the rope of those romantic and dangerous diverGreat, had only six hundred francs (that is a sions. hundred dollars) revenue for his patrimony. He left four sons, Francis II., Charles IX., The mother of Henry was Jane d'Albret, daugh- Henry III., and the Duke of Alencon. Ali ter of Henry d'Albret, King of Navarre, a these unworthy descendants successively mountprince without merit, but a good man, rather ed the throne, except the Duke of Alencon, indolent than peaceable, who sustained with too who fortunately died at an early age and left much resignation the loss of his kingdom, tak- | no issue. en away from his father by a bull of the pope, The reign of Francis II. was short but reassisted by the arms of Spain. Jane, the markable. It was at that period that those facdaughter of this weak prince, had a still weak- tions began, and those calamities succeeded, er husband, to whom she brought in marriage which for thirty successive years wasted the the principality of Bearn, and the empty title kingdom of France. of King of Navarre.

He married the celebrated and unfortunate This prince, who lived in the times of factions Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, whose weakand civil war, when firmness of mind is so ness and beauty led her to commit great faults, necessary, exhibited in his conduct only insta- followed by still greater misfortunes, and lastbility and irresolution. He uever knew to what ly to a tragic death. She was absolute master party or to what religion he belonged. With- of her young husband, a prince of eighteen out talent for the court, and without capacity years, without virtues and without vices, born for the place of general of the army, he passed with a delicate constitution and a weak mind.. his whole life in assisting his enemies and in Incapable of governing alone, she placed herruining his adherents. The tool of Catharine self without reserve in the hands of the Duke de Medicis, amused and tyrannized over by the of Guise, the brother of her mother. Through Guises, and always the dupe of himself, he re- her he influenced the mind of the king, and ceived a fatal wound at the siege of Rouen, this laid the foundation of the greatness of his where he fought in the cause of his enemies own house. It was at this time that Catharine against his own house. He showed at his death de Medicis, widow of the late king and mother the same uneasy and fluctuating spirit that had of the reigning king, showed the first symptoms agitated him in his lifetime.

of her ambition, which she had sedulously stiJane d'Albret was of an entirely different filed during the lifetime of Henry II. But seecharacter, full of courage and resolution, dreading that she could not control the mind of her ed by the court of France, beloved by the Prot- son and a young princess that he tenderly loved, estants, and respected by both parties. She she deemed it more to her advantage to be for had all the qualities that constitute a great some time their instrument, and to use their politician, devoid, however, of the little arti- power to establish her authority, than to opfices of intrigue and cabals. It is worthy of pose them uselessly. Thus the Guises governed remark that she became a Protestant at the the king and the two queens. Masters of the same time her husband returned to Catholicism, court, they became masters of the kingdom. and was as constant in her religion as Anthony In France, one is a necessary consequence of was inconstant in his. Thus it happened she the other. was at the head of one party, while her hus- .6 Louis, first of Bourbons, etc, St. Louis, the band was the sport of the other.

ninth of that name, King of France, is a shoot Jealous of her son's education, she charged of the branch of Bourbons. herself with it. Henry, from his birth, had all Religion, whose terrible power, etc. Henry the excellent qualities of his mother, and in the IV., King of Navarre, had been solemnly exsequel carried them to a higher degree of per- communicated by Pope Sextus V., since 1585, fection. He had only inherited from his father three years previous to the events here record 1 certain easiness of disposition, which in An- ed. The pope, in his bull, calls him a “ bastard thony had degenerated into instability and and detestable offspring of the house of Bourweakness, while in Henry it became benevolence bon,” deprives him and the whole house of and good-nature.

Conde of their fiefs and domains, and declares He was not brought up, like a prince, in that them incapable of succeeding to the throne. base pride and effeminacy which enervate the Although the King of Navarre and the Prince body, weaken the mind, and harden the heart of Conde were in arms at the head of the ProtHis food was coarse, and his dress plain. He estants, the Parliament was jealous of the always went uncovered. He was sent to school honor and dignity of the State, and made the with lads of the same age; he climbed with most decided remonstrance against this bull; them the rocks and hills round about, as was and Henry IV. caused to be placed in Rome, at the custom of the country.

the door or the Vatican, a placard. saving that


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