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in the lowest depths of affliction, that the white man came and reared his dwellings influences of the Dove had descended where their forgotten clay was moulderupon it, and that solemn voice was utter- ing. But the eye of the Eternal is still ed, that, in pronouncing her well-pleasing over them; and it is to man a subject for in the sight of Heaven, had consecrated gratitude, that, however blotted from huall her future life to do the will of God. man records may be the life of the indi
They had pledged their first vows by vidual, the soul can never be forgotten by that grave; and Eric knew that the heart Him who created it, — the Ever-living of Brynhilda was now his own. The God! long gloom that had passed over him had also tended to refine and hallow his affec
A SURE ROAD TO COMPETENCY, tion, and blend with it more of the thoughts that belong to immortality, as
Not one man in five hundred will make well as to teach Brynhilda the worth of a fortune; but a competency and an inconstancy, goodness, and truth. When, dependent position is within the reach of on their return to Heriulfsness, they re
most men. This is obtained most surely newed, in a public manner, the vows of by patient industry and economy. the wilderness, their future lives bore man has ordinary talents and ability in witness to the value of the lessons any profession or trade, he can, by pursurevealed there by Him who orders all ing an economical, persevering course, be events for good.
pretty sure of finally obtaining an indeSoon after the burial of Thorwald, the pendent position in life. Let his expenship of the Northmen was on a home ses fail below his income. Let him live ward passage ; but they left their best cheap, very cheap if necessary; but let and bravest in the lone forest, there to him be sure and make his income more slumber till the earth and sea give up
than cover his expenses, which can be their dead. Other expeditions of the done in almost all cases, notwithstanding Northmen visited New England; but they the positive denial of ever so many housefinally abandoned the idea of colonizing keepers. A man may not have more it; and the records of their stay are only than two or three hundred dollars a year, found in the writings of Eric and the and may have a family as large as that rhymes of their ancient Skalds.
of John Rogers, and he can find a way to Thorwald and Therida slept on their live comfortably and lay up something into beautiful promontory; but Time came by, the bargain. There is much-nay, all and demolished the memorials of their - in knowing how the thing is done; and place of rest. The wooden crosses crum
that is the thing people who are going to bled and mingled with the soil. The lit- make money have got to learn. tle mound sunk to a level ; but the wild
It is wonderful how few real wants we bird and the flowers and the squirrel re
have, and how little it takes to give genturned annually to enliven the quiet spot. uine happiness. If we could get rid of Year after year, the trees shed down the our artificial, senseless, and expensive way same peculiar shadow, until Time had of living, we should find ourselves better eaten a way their vitality, and made their off in purse, in prospects, and in heart.
Lone in the future when the Let any one who has any ambition to go
Oh, violets, blue-eyed violets !
I will believe it so, Believe that only the mortal
Sleepeth beneath the snow;
"A YEAR AGO TO-DAY."
By C. A. S.
Scented with sweetest breath,
To whisper, “ There is no death."
That the precious friend I buried
Under the last year's sod
And liveth now with God!
I gathered you by the handfuls,
A year ago to-day, And sprinkled you in the coffin Of the friend they carried away.
Yet here again I find you,
As the prairie path I tread, Green leaves and dewy blossoms,
Low in a grassy bed.
Whence come you every springtime,
Leaf and blossom and breath,Springing, at voice of wild bird,
From out of the damps of death?
Oh, speak to me, little flowerets,
And say if it's truly so, That, seenuing to fall by the wayside,
It's up to heaven we go!
Say if the friend I buried
A year ago to-day, The friend whose coffin I sprinkled
All over with flowers of May,-.
PICKING UP CRUMBS. Dr. FRANKLIN tells us most charmingly in his autobiography how he picked up his early education. His father had been able to give him two years' schooling, from his eighth to his tenth year, and then he went into the soap-boiler factory, and from that to the printing-office. In the latter place, he laid the solid foundation of his subsequent character. He used to borrow a book at a time of the booksellers' apprentices, whom he was on friendly terms with, and sit up late to read it, so as to return it before the storekeeper should miss it in the morning. Such a lad could not be kept down by all the combined powers of the world. He ate his dinners at the printing-office, while the rest of the hands had gone home, and saved time enough on such occasions to study arithmetic, some of geometry, history, rhetoric, and logic. He taught himself to read pure English, by reading the essays of the Spectator, noting down their leading thoughts and sentiments, and then, after a few days, taking his written notes and putting them in the best English he could command of his own. By comparing his productions with those of the Spectator authors, he could at once detect his own faults, and became alive to their bcauties. Thus he became a clear and engaging writer ; and thus he made himself the man he was in
Siy, if like you he's risen
From out of the grave so drear; If now, in the angel's heaven,
He knoweth por pain, nor tear,
But side by side with the dear ones
Who died in the long ago, He kneeleth and thanketh the Father,
And saith, “It is even so.
“We pass away like the blossoms,
The blossoms of enrly May: But the night of death's soon over,
And then comes eternal day!”
ESSAY ON THE CIVIL WARS OF FRANCE.
militia. Philip II., King of Spain, acBy Rev. C. F. LeFevre.
cording to the policy of sovereigns who always concur in the ruin of their neighbors,
encouraged the League, to the extent of (Concluded.)
his power, in the prospect of rending As soon as Henry III. heard of the France to pieces and enriching himself death of his brother, he hastened from with the spoils. Thus Henry III., always Poland, and came to France to take pos- the enemy of the Protestants, was himsession of the dangerous heritage of a self betrayed by the Catholics, besieged country rent by factions fatal to its sov- by secret and open enemies, and of less ereign, and flooded with the blood of its authority than a subject, who, submissive inhabitants. He found nothing on his in appearance, was really more a king arrival but parties and troubles continu- than himself. The only way of escaping ally. Henry IV., King of Navarre, put from this trouble was, perhaps, to join himself at the head of the Protestants, Henry of Navarre, whose fidelity, courand gave new life to the party. On the age, and indefatigable spirit were the other hand, the young Duke of Guise be- only barrier to oppose the ambition of gan to astonish the world by his great Guise, and who could retain for the king but dangerous qualities. His genius was all the Protestants, which would have more enterprising than that of his father; been a great weight in the balance. The he seemed, moreover, to have a favorable king, ruled by Guise, whom he mistrusted opportunity of reaching the summit' of but dared not offend, intimidated by the greatness to which his father had opened pope, betrayed by his council and bad the way for him. The Duke of Anjou, policy, took an opposite course. He then Henry III., was looked upon as in- placed himself at the head of the Holy capable of issue, from infirmities, the re- League, in hope of becoming its master; sult of youthful debaucheries. The Duke he joined Guise, his rebellious subject, of Alencon, who had taken the name of against his successor and brother-in-law, Duke of Anjou, died in 1584, and Henry whom nature and good policy pointed out of Navarre was legitimate heir to the as his ally. Henry of Navarre then comthrone. Guise endeavored to secure it manded in Gascony a little army,
while a for himself, at least after the death of large body of troops came to his succor IIenry III., and to take it from the house from the Protestant princes of Germany. of the Capets, as the Capets had usurped He was already on the frontiers of Lorit from the house of Charlemagne, and as rain. The king thought that he could, the father of Charlemagne had taken it at the same time, subdue Henry of Nafrom his lawful sovereign. Such a bold varre, and get rid of the Duke of Guise. project never seemed better, or more like. In this design, he sent the Duke of Lorly to succeed. Henry of Navarre and rain, with a very weak and feeble army, all the louse of Bourbon were Protes- against the Germans, by whom he must tants. Guise began to get the good-will be inevitably routed. At the same time, of the nation, by affecting a great zeal he sent his favorite Joyeuse against Henfor the Catholic religion. His liberality ry of Navarre, with the flower of the gained the populace, while the clergy, the French nobility, and with the most pow. friends in the Parliament, the spies at erful army that had been seen since Francourt, and the office-holders throughout the cis the First. He failed in both instances. kingdom, were devoted to him. His first Henry IV. entirely defeated this redoubt. political step was an association, under able army at Coutras, and Guise gained the name of the Holy League against a victory over the Germans. Henry of Protestants, for the security of the Cath- Navarre made no other use of his victory olic religion. Half the kingdom cagerly than to offer a sure peace to the kingilom,
prince. Guise returned to Paris victo- isters of his vengeance.
They killed rious, and was received as the saviour of Guise in the king's cabinet; but these the nation. His party became bold, and same men who had killed the duke, refused the king more contemptible; so that it to stain their hands with the blood of his looked as if Guise had conquered the brother, because he was a priest and a king instead of the Germans. The king, cardinal. As if the life of a man who pressed on all sides, awoke, but too late, wore a long gown and a band was from his lethargy. He tried to put down more sacred than that of a man who wore the League ; he wished to secure some of a short one and a sword! the seditions of the citizens; he forbade The king found four soldiers, who, at Guise to enter the city; but he found to the offer of the Jesuit Mainbourg, not his cost what it is to command without being so scrupulous as the Gascons, killed power. Guise, in spite of his orders, the cardinal for a hundred crowns apiece. came to Paris; the citizens took up arms; It was under the apartment of Catherine the king's guards were arrested, and he de Medicis that the two brothers were was made a prisoner in his palace. Men killed ; but she was entirely ignorant of
are seldom good enough, or bad enough. the design of her son, having the confi• If, at that time, Guise had taken away dence of no party, and being deserted by
the liberty or the life of the king, he the king. would have been master of France; but If such a revenge had been clothed he suffered him to escape, after having with the formalities of the laws which are besieged him, and thus did too much, or the natural instruments of the justice of too little. Henry III. fled to Blois, kings, or the natural veils of their iniquiwhere he convened the States General of ties, the League would have been territhe kingdom. These States resembled fied; but wanting this solemn form, the the Parliament of Great Britain in their act was regarded as a frightful assassiconvention; but their operation was differ- nation, and only irritated the party. The ent. As they seldom met, it was gener- blood of the Guises strengthened the ally an assembly of inefficient people, League, as the death of Coligni had wanting the experience of taking just strengthened the Protestants. Many measures, and all was confusion. Guise, towns in France openly revolted against after having driven his sovereign from his the king. He came to Paris; but he capital, dared to face him at Blois, in the found the gates closed against him, and presence of a body representing the na- the people in arms. The famous Duke tion. Henry and he became reconciled; of Mayenne, younger brother of the dethey went to the same hotel; they there ceased Duke of Guise, was then in Paris. had intercourse together. One promised, He had been eclipsed by the glory of on his oath, to forget all past injuries, Guise during his life; but after his death, the other to be faithful and obedient for the king found him as dangerous an enemy the future; but at this very time, the as his brother.
He had all his great king projected the assassination of Guise, qualities, and only needed his lustre and and Guise was planning to dethrone the eclat. The party of the Lorrains was king. Guise had been sufficiently cau- very numerous in Paris. The great name tioned to beware of Henry; but he had of the Guises, their magnificence, their too contemptible an opinion of him to liberality, their apparent zeal for the think him bold enough to attempt his Catholic religion, had rendered them the murder. He was the dupe of his secur- favorites of the citizens.
Priests, women, ity. The king had resolved to avenge citizens, magistrates, - all united with himself of him and his brother, the Car- Mayenne in the pursuit of a vengeance dinal of Guise, the companion of his they esteemed lawful. The wife of the ambitious designs, and the boldest pro- duke presented a request to the Parliamoter of the League. The king himself ment against the murderers of her husprovided the poignards, which he gave to band. The suit commenced in the ordisome Gascons, who offered to be the min- nary course of justice. Two counsellors
were appointed to learn the circumstances called Sorbonne. He was twenty-four of the crime; but the Parliament went years of age. His stern piety and dark no further, the principals being in the and melancholy temperament soon led interest of the king.
him to fanaticism, aided by the importuThe Sorbonne did not follow this exam- nate clamors of the priests. He took ple of moderation. Seventy doctors pub- upon himself to be the liberator and marIished a writing, in which they declared tyr of the Holy League. He communithat Henry of Valois had forfeited his cated his project to his friends and superight to the crown, and that his subjects riors. They all encouraged hiin, and were released from their oath of allegi- canonized him in advance. Clement preance to him. But the royal authority pared himself for this regicide by fasting had no such dangerous enemies in Paris and prayer for whole nights together. He as those called the Sixteen, not because confessed himself, took the Sacrament, of their number, for there were forty of and then provided himself with a good them, but because of the sixteen districts knife. He went to St. Cloud, where the of Paris into which they had divided the king's quarters were, and asked to be adgovernment. The most prominent of all mitted to the prince under pretext of these citizens was a certain Le Clerc, who revealing to him a secret which it was had usurped the great name of Bussi. important for him to know immediately. He was a bold citizen and a bad soldier, Being brought into the presence of His like the rest of his companions. These Majesty, he prostrated himself before him, Sixteen had acquired absolute authority, and with a modest blush on his face, preand in the result became as insupportable sented him with a letter, said to be writto Mayenne as they had been terrible to ten by Achilles de Harlay, first president. the king. Moreover, the priests, who While the king was reading, the monk have always been the trumpeters of all thrust the knife in his body, and left it revolutions, thundered from the pulpit sticking in the wound. Afterwards, with and gave their assurance from God that a confident air, and his hand on bis breast, whosoever should kill the tyrant would he raised his eyes to Heaven, patiently inevitably enter paradise. The sacred awaiting the result of his assassination. and dangerous examples of Jehu and Ju- The king rose up, plucked the knife from dith, and all the assassinations consecrat- his body, and struck the murderer with it ed in Holy Writ, were sounded all over the across his forehead. Many of the cournation.
tiers ran to him at the noise. Their duty In this fearful extremity, the king was required that they should have arrested at last obliged to seek the aid of that the murderer to question him and endearsame King of Navarre whom he had be- or to discover his accomplices; but they fore refused. This prince was more sen- instantly killed him, which led to the sussible to the glory of protecting his brother- picion that they were but too well acin-law and his king than to the victory quainted with his design. Henry of he had obtained over him.
Navarre then became King of France by He led his array to the king; but be- right of birth, acknowledged by one parfore the arrival of his troops, he sought ty of the army, and deserted by the other. him alone, with a single page to accom- The Duke of Epernon and some others pany him. The king was astonished at left the army alleging that they were too this mark of generosity, of which he him- good Catholics to take up arms in favor self was incapable. The two kings march- of a king who did not go to mass.
They ed toward Paris with a powerful army. secretly hoped that the overthrow of the The city was not in a condition to defend kingdom, the object of their desires and itself. The League tottered to its fate, hopes, would afford them an opportuwhen a young religionist, of the order of nity of becoming sovereigns in their counSt. Dominic, changed the whole face of try. In the mean time, the murder by affairs. His name was James Clement. Clement was approved of by Rome and He was born in a village of Bourgogne, consecrated in Paris. The Holy League