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THE

ANCIENT HISTORY

OF THE

EGYPTIANS, CARTHAGINIANS,

ASSYRIANS, BABYLONIANS, MEDES AND PERSIANS,

MACEDONIANS AND GRECIANS.

BY CHARLES ROLLIN,
Late Principal of the University of Paris, Professor of Eloquence in
the Royal College, and Member of the Royal Academy

of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

VOLUME II.

FROM THE LATEST LONDON EDITION

CAREFULLY REVISED AND CORRECTED.
ILLUSTRATED WITH MAPS OF ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY

AND ENGRAVINGS ADAPTED TO THE WORK.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY LEAVITT & ALLEN.
27 DEY STREET.

1853.

HARVARU V UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

CONTENTS.

Pasi

CHAP !. The History of Darius, connected with that of the Greeks,

Sect. !. Darius's Marriages, &c.

il. Revolt and Reduction of Babylon, - - .

- III. Darius prepares for an Expedition against the Scythians.

Digression upon the Manners and Customs of that Nation,

A Digression concerning the Scythians, · ·

Sect. IV. Darius's Expedition against the Scythians,

-V. Darius's Conquest of India, • • • • •

Vi. The Revolt of the Ionians,

-VII. The Expedition of Darius's Army against Greece, ..
1. The State of Athens. The characters of Miltiades, Themistocles and

Aristides, • - • •

2. Darius sends Heralds into Greece, in order to sound the People, and

to require them to submit,

3. The Persians Defeated at Marathon by Miltiades,

Sect. VIII. Darius resolves to make War in person against Egypt and

against Greece, &c. - -

Chap. II. The History of Xerxes, connected with that of the Greek

Sect. l. Xerxes reduces Egypt, &c. .

- II. Xerxes begins his March, and passes from Asia into Europe, b

crossing the Strait of the Hellespont upon a Bridge of Boats, .

Sect. III. The Number of Xerxes's Forces, &c. &c. : .

- IV. The Lacedæmonians and Athenians send to their Allies in vain

to require succours from them. The Command of the Fleet given to

the Lacedæmonians, •

Sect. V. The Battle of Thermopylæ. The Death of Leonidas,

VI. Naval Battle near Artemisium,

vii. T'he Athenians abandon their City, which is taken and burn:
by Xerxes,

Sect. VIII. 'The Battle of Salamin, &c.

IX. The Battle of Platææ, .

X. The Battle near Mycale. The defeat of the Persians,

XI. The Barbarous and Inbuman Revenge of Amestris, the Wife
I of Xerxes,

Sect. XII. The Athenians rebuild the Walls of their City, notwithstand

ing the opposition of the Lacedæmonians,
Sect. Xll. The black design of Themistocles rejected unanimously by

the People of Athens, ..

Sect. XIV. The Lacedæmonians lose the Chief Command through

Pride and Arrogance of Pausanias, -
Sect. XV. The Secret Conspiracy of Pausanias with the Persiane. His

Death,

Sect. XVI. Themistocles flies for Shelter to King Admetus,

XVII. Disinterested Administration of the Public Treasure by
Aristides. His Death and Eulogium, ...

Sect. XVIII. Xerxes killed by Artabanus. His Character, - •.

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