Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics
This book presents a systematic treatment of a broad area of modern optical physics dealing with coherence and fluctuations of light. This field has largely developed since the first lasers became available in the 1960s. The first three chapters cover various mathematical techniques which are needed later. A systematic account is then presented of optical coherence theory within the framework of classical optics, and this is applied to subjects that have not been treated systematically before, such as radiation from sources of different states of coherence, foundations of radiometry, effects of source coherence on the spectra of radiated fields, coherence theory of laser modes and scattering of partially coherent light by random media. A semiclassical description of photoelectron detection precedes the treatment of field quantization and of the coherent states, and this is followed by a discussion of photon statistics, the quantum theory of photoelectric detection and applications to thermal light. This includes a discussion of correlation measurements and antibunching, and of the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen locality paradox. There is a chapter devoted to the interaction between light and a two-level atom and the problem of resonance fluorescence, and this is followed by treatments of cooperative radiation effects. After describing some general techniques for tackling interacting quantum systems, such as the regression theorem and master equations, the book goes on to treat single-mode and two-mode lasers and the linear amplifier. The concluding chapters deal with squeezed states of light and their generation and detection, and with some quantum effects in nonlinear optics such as parametric down-conversion and quantum non-demolition experiments. Each chapter concludes with a set of exercises.The authors are well-known scientists and have made substantial contributions to many of the topics treated in the book. Much of the book is based on courses given by them at universities, scientific meetings and laboratories throughout the world. This book will undoubtedly become an indispensable aid to scientists and engineers concerned with modern optics, as well as to teachers and graduate students of physics and engineering.
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