Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus

Front Cover
David M. Richardson
Cambridge University Press, Jul 31, 2000 - Science - 527 pages
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Pinus is a remarkable genus of trees with a very large distribution range in the northern hemisphere. Where they occur, pines usually form the dominant vegetation cover and are extremely important components of ecosystems. They also provide a wide range of products for human use. In many cases exploitation and other human pressures are threatening the survival of natural pine forests, although pines are also widely grown in commercial plantations, both within and outside their natural range. This book presents a definitive review of pine ecology and biogeography written by forty of the world's leading authorities on this important genus. In the face of increasing human pressure and global climate change, it provides an essential source of reference for all those concerned with the management of natural and planted pine forests.

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Contents

III
3
VIII
9
IX
10
X
13
XII
14
XIII
27
XIV
38
XV
40
XCIX
219
C
220
CI
234
CII
239
CIII
242
CIV
251
CV
269
CVII
271

XVI
49
XVII
50
XVIII
51
XX
56
XXI
57
XXII
59
XXIII
60
XXIV
63
XXV
65
XXVI
69
XXVII
73
XXIX
81
XXX
86
XXXI
87
XXXII
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XXXIII
96
XXXV
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XXXVII
101
XXXVIII
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XXXIX
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XL
107
XLI
110
XLII
112
XLIV
115
XLV
117
XLVII
118
XLVIII
119
XLIX
122
L
123
LII
126
LIV
128
LV
131
LVI
133
LVII
137
LX
138
LXI
142
LXII
145
LXIII
146
LXIV
147
LXV
153
LXVI
154
LXVII
159
LXVIII
161
LXIX
163
LXX
165
LXXIV
166
LXXV
171
LXXVI
172
LXXVIII
173
LXXIX
178
LXXX
180
LXXXI
183
LXXXIII
184
LXXXIV
186
LXXXVI
189
LXXXVII
190
LXXXIX
193
XC
196
XCI
197
XCII
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XCIII
202
XCIV
206
XCV
211
XCVII
212
XCVIII
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CVIII
272
CIX
273
CX
281
CXI
288
CXII
292
CXIII
293
CXIV
296
CXV
302
CXVI
306
CXVII
313
CXVIII
315
CXIX
316
CXX
324
CXXI
325
CXXII
327
CXXIII
329
CXXIV
333
CXXV
336
CXXVII
337
CXXVIII
341
CXXIX
343
CXXX
350
CXXXI
354
CXXXII
367
CXXXIII
369
CXXXIV
371
CXXXV
375
CXXXVI
376
CXXXVII
381
CXXXVIII
382
CXXXIX
384
CXL
385
CXLI
388
CXLII
389
CXLIII
392
CXLV
394
CXLVI
397
CXLVII
398
CXLVIII
407
CXLIX
408
CL
410
CLI
413
CLII
414
CLIII
417
CLIV
423
CLVI
425
CLVII
432
CLVIII
433
CLIX
436
CLX
439
CLXII
446
CLXIII
449
CLXIV
450
CLXV
452
CLXVI
458
CLXVII
460
CLXVIII
466
CLXX
469
CLXXI
470
CLXXII
475
CLXXIII
490
CLXXIV
497
CLXXV
519
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