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In case of the death of a grand master, the same order of succession and precedency takes place, as is above set forth, until a new grand master is duly chosen and installed.

Old grand officers may be again chosen officers of private lodges, and this does not deprive them of any of the privileges to which, as old grand officers, they are entitled in the grand lodge; only, an old grand officer, being the officer of a private lodge, must depute a past officer of his particular lodge to act for him in the grand lodge, when he ascends to his former rank in the same.

SECTION 1X.

of Grand Visitations, Communications, Annual Feasts, &c.

The grand master with his deputy, the grands wardens and grand secretary, shall, if possible, annually, go at least once round, and visit all the lodges under his jurisdiction; or, when this laudable duty becomes impracticable, from the extent of his jurisdiction and large number of lodges, he shall, as often as necessary, and if possible annually, appoint visiters, of different districts, composed of his grand officers, and such other assistants as he may think proper, who shall make faithful report of their proceedings to the grand lodge, according to the instructions given them.

When both the grand masters are absent, the senior or junior grand warden may preside as deputy in visiting lodges, or in constituting any new lodge.

The brethren of all the regular lodges, in the same general jurisdiction and grand communication, shall meet in some convenient place on St. John's day, to celebrate their festival; either in their own or any other regular lodge, as they shall judge most convenient. And any brethren, who are found true and faithful members of the ancient craft, may be admitted. But only those who are members of the grand lodge must be present during the installation of grand officers.

ANCIENT CEREMONIES.

CHAPTER I.

Ceremony of constituting and consecrating a Lodge, installing

the Officers, &c. Any number of master masons,

not under seven, ro solved to form a new lodge, must apply, by petition to the grand master; setting forth, “that they are regular* masons, and are at present, or have been, members of regular lodges: that, having the prosperity of the fraternity at heart, they are willing to exert their best endeavours to promote and diffuse the genuine principles of masonry: that, for the conveniency of their respective dwellings, and other good reasons, they have agreed to form a new lodge, to be named -, and have nominated, and do recommend A. B. to be the first master: that, in consequence of this resolution, they pray for a warrant of constitution, to empower them to assemble as a regular lodge, on the of every month, at —, and then and there to discharge the duties of masonry in a regular and constitutional manner, according to the original forms of the order, and the laws of the grand lodge; that, the prayer of the petition being granted, they promise a strict conformity to all the regulations and commands of the grand master, and to all the constitutional laws of the grand lodge.”

This application being properly signed, and recommended by brethren of approved reputation, who are acquainted with the petitioners,t is to be laid before the grand lodge; and, if it meet their approbation, a warrant

By regular masons, is to be understood persons initiated into masonry in a constitutional manner, agreeably to the ancient charges and regulation's of the order.

It is usual for those who petition for a new lodge, to be recommended by the brethren of three lodges, nearest to the place where the new lodge is intended to be holden; or by the masters of them.

is granted. In case the grand lodge is not in session, the grand master, or, in his absence, his deputy, can form the said brethren by dispensation, which, however, cannot remain in force any longer than the time specified therein.

FORM OF A WARRANT.

From high and undoubted Authority. The following form of a warrant is copied verbatim et lit

teratim from a warrant, now in the possession of the compiler of this work, issued by Lawrence Dermot, Esq. D. G. M. of the G. L. of England:

SEAL,

To all whom it may concern:

We, the grand lodge of the state of T. E. W. of the most ancient and honourable fraGrand-Master. ternity of free and accepted masons, ac

cording to the old institution duly established, constituted and organized for the said state, according to the resolutions,

and by the authority of a grand convention, held at in the year of masonry

do hereby constitute and appoint our trusty and well beloved brethren, A. B. master, C. D. senior warden, and E. F. junior warden of a new lodge, number —, to be held at

and we do hereby authorise and empower our said trusty and well beloved brethren to hold their lodge, at the place hereby directed and appointed, at such times as they shall think necessary and convenient, and according to the constitutions of masonry, and to admit and make free masons according to the most ancient and honourable custom of the royal craft in all ages and nations throughout the known world, and not contrarywise—and we do further authorize and empower our said brethren and their successors to hear and determine all and singular matters and things relating to the crast, within the jurisdiction of the said lodge, number —; and lastly, we do hereby authorise and empower our said trusty and well beloved brethren A B, C D, and EF, to nominate, choose, and install their successors, to whom they shall deliver this warrant, and invest them with all their powers and dignities as free masons, and such successors shall, in like manner, nominate, choose, and install their successors, &c. &c. &c. such in

stallations to be upon or near St. John, the evangélist's day, during the continuance of this lodge, forever. Provided always, that the said above named brethren, and their successors, pay due respect to the right worshipful grand lodge, from whom they have their authority, otherwise this warrant to be of no force or virtue. Given under our hands, and the seal of the grand lodge, at

day of

in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and

and of masonry, five thousand sevon hundred and

W. H. W. Senior Grand Warden.
C. W. Junior Grand Warden.

E. G. W. Grand Treasurer.
P. L. Deputy Grand Master.
B. C. H. Grand Secretary.

-, this

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COPY OF A DISPENSATION.

To all whom it may concern: WHEREAS it appears to me from the petition of sundry brethren of --, within the state of , who are recommended and vouched to me as worthy and fit master masons, by the master, wardens, and other members of —, constituted under our jurisdiction, that the congregation of the said petitioners and others, whom they may think proper to admit into their society, will have a tendency to further and promote the craft; and as such a congregation can be formed during the recess of the grand lodge, by virtue of a special dispensation only-i, therefore,

- G. M. of the said grand lodge of do hereby, as right worshipful grand master of the said grand lodge, and agreeably to the constitution of Ancient York Masons, grant this dispensation, thereby authorising and empowering our trusty and well beloved brother Esq. in the town of to congregate a sufficient number of worthy brethren at some certain place in the town of —, to form and open a lodge after the manner of ancient masons, and in the said lodge, while thus open, to admit, enter and make free masons according to the true ancient custom, and not otherwise, with the sole intent and view, that the brethren so congregated, admitted, entered, and made, when they become a sufficient number, may, in good order and time, be duly warranted and constituted for being and holding a regular lodge for the further promot

ing the craft, and increasing the number of worthy breth-
ren; provided, that this dispensation do continue, and be in
force, until the next session of the grand lodge, and no
longer.
Given under my hand and the seal of the grand lodge,

and countersigned by the grand secretary at
this
day of

in the

year of our Lord and of masonry

T. E. W. Grand Master. B. C. H. Grand Secretary.

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In consequence of this charter, a lodge may be held, at the place therein specified; and, the transactions being properly recorded, are equally valid, for the time being, with those of a regularly constituted lodge; provided they are afterwards approved by the brethren convened at the time of constitution.

The grand lodge having signified its approbation of the new lodge, the grand master appoints a day and hour for its constituting and consecrating, and for installing the master, wardens, and other officers. *

If the grand inaster and all his officers attend the ceremony, the lodge is said to be constituted in ample form; if the deputy grand master only, and the other grand officers, attend, it is said to be constituted in due form; but if the power of performing the ceremony is vested in any subordinate lodge, it is said only to be constituted in form; in which case he grants his authority in the following words:

• No new lodge is acknowledged, nor can their officers be admitted into the grand lodge until such new lodge is first regularly constituted, and registered by the authority of the grand lodge.t-Vide Dermot new regula. tions, article 12, page 49.

† It too frequently happens that innovations creep into our excellent ceremonies, not so much for the lack of information, as owing to a loose and in. different mode of work too prevalent among the masons of the present day. True it is, that the more important parts of our ceremonies and mysteries, being derived from oral tradition, require an uncommon degree of retention, and the strictest regard to ancient custom, to prevent that most mischievous evil, an infringement upon the ancient land marks. But surely this cannot be urged as any apology, for the least deviation from laws which are printed and promulgated, and which should be found not only in the library, but in the mouth and heart of every zealous member of our ancient and honourable society.

Nothing short of the strictest adherence, not only to the spirit but to the letter, will keep alive and transmit to future ages our excellent regulations, which, "like the laws of the Medes and Persians,” should be declared to be unsusceptible of the slightest alteration.--Compiler.

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