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RECENT WORKS RELATING TO THE PSYCHOLOGY

OF ARISTOTLE.

BÄUMKER (C.): Des Aristoteles Lehre von den äussern und innern Sinnesvermögen. Pp. 91, Leipzig, 1877.

BECK (H.): Aristoteles de Sensuum Actione. Pp. 55, Berol., 1860. BONITZ (H.): Aristotelische Studien. Wien, 1863-67.

BRENTANO (F.): Die Psychologie des Aristoteles, insbesondere seine Lehre vom Nous TоTIKÓS. Pp. 250, Mainz, 1867.

EBERHARD (E.): Die Aristotelische Definition der Seele und ihr Werth für die Gegenwart. Pp. 62, Berlin, 1868.

FREUDENTHAL (J.): Ueber den Begriff des Wortes parraría bei Aristoteles. Pp. 59, Göttingen, 1863.

GRATACAP (A.): Quae fuerit Aristotelis de Sensibus Doctrina. Pp. 110, Monspelii, 1866.

GROTE (G.): Aristotle (especially Chapter XII.) 2 vols. London, 1872. HERTLING (G. F. v.): Materie und Form und die Definition der Seele bei Aristoteles. Pp. 178, Bonn, 1871.

HEYDER (C. L.): Kritische Darstellung der Aristotelischen Dialektik. Pp. 352, Erlangen, 1845.

KAMPE (F. F.): Die Erkenntnisstheorie des Aristoteles.

Leipzig, 1870.

Pp. 334,

LEWES (G. H.): Aristotle: A Chapter from the History of Science. London. Pp. 404, 1864.

MEYER (J. BONA): Aristoteles' Thierkunde. Pp. 520, Berlin, 1855. NEUHÄUSER (J.): Aristoteles' Lehre von dem sinnlichen Erkenntnissvermögen und seinen Organen. Pp. 132, Leipzig, 1878.

X

RECENT WORKS ON ARISTOTLE.

PHILIPPSON (L.): "Yλŋ ȧv0pwñívn. Pars I. De internarum humani corporis Partium Cognitione Aristotelis cum Platonis sententiis comparata: Pars II. Philosophorum veterum usque ad Theophrastum Doctrina de Sensu. Pp. 252, Berol., 1831.

SCHLOTTMANN (K.): Das Vergängliche und Unvergängliche in der menschlichen Seele nach Aristoteles. Pp. 57, Halle, 1873. SCHNEIDER (L.): Unsterblichkeitslehre des Aristoteles. Pp. 141, Passau, 1867.

SCHRADER (W.): Arist. de Voluntate Doctrina. Pp. 23, Brandenburg, 1847.

SIEBECK (H.): Aristotelis et Herbarti Doctrinae Psychologicae quibus rebus inter se congruant. Pp. 23, Halis Sax., 1873.

Geschichte der Psychologie. Theil 1. Die Psychologie vor Aristoteles. Pp. 284, Gotha, 1880. TEICHMÜLLER (G.): Studien zur Geschichte der Begriffe. Pp. 667,

Berlin, 1874.

Die practische Vernunft bei Aristoteles. Pp. 453,

Gotha, 1879.
VOLKMANN (W. F.): Die Grundzüge der Aristot. Psychologie. Pp. 49,
Prag, 1858.

WADDINGTON-KASTUS (C.): De la Psychologie d'Aristote. Pp. 384,

Paris, 1848.

WEISSENFELS (O.): Quae partes ab Aristotele r@ v tribuantur. Pp. 30.
WILDAUER (T.): Die Psychologie des Willens bei Socrates, Platon und
Aristoteles. Theil 1. Socrates' Lehre, pp. 102: Theil 11. Platon's
Lehre, pp. 243. Innsbruck, 1877-79.

Translations by C. COLLIER (Cambridge, 1855), M. W. VOIGT (Prag, 1794), C. H. WEISSE (Leipzig, 1829), J. H. v. KIRCHMANN (Berlin, 1871), BARTHÉLEMY SAINT-HILAIRE (Paris, 1847).

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VI. The Unifying Work of Thought

VII.

Reason as related to its Sensuous Materials

VIII. Ideas as embodied in Things

IX. Erroneous explanations of Man's Active Powers
X. Desire and Reason as united in Will

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Notes

Appendix A. The Additional Version of MS. E
Appendix B. Aristotle's Dialogue Eudemus

Index to Text

Index to Introduction

PAGE
58

THE INTELLECTUAL AND ACTIVE POWERS.

I. The Adequacy of the Senses for knowing all Sensible Qualities. 128

II. The Consciousness of Sensation and the Discrimination of Per-

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XI. The Comparison of Mental Images in Will

XII. How the Different Faculties are adapted to the Conditions of
Human Life

XIII. The Sense of Touch as determining the Animal Organism

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I.

INTRODUCTION.

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATISES OF ARISTOTLE AND
THEIR RELATION TO HIS OTHER WORKS.

PSYCHOLOGY is not the science which the name of Aristotle most immediately suggests. We think of him as the author of that exhaustive analysis of thought and reasoning which we know as Logic, as the encyclopædic worker who first mapped out with any definiteness the limits of first philosophy or metaphysic, or as the writer of that most suggestive text-book of the moralist-the Nicomachean Ethics. But, if psychology be not so directly associated with the name of Aristotle, there can be no doubt but his labours first gave a satisfactory basis for a science dealing with the problems which we now describe as psychological. He is, in short, the founder of Psychology just as surely as he is the founder of Logic: or, at any rate, it is to Aristotle that we owe the first clear conception of a science which should confine itself to the phenomena connected with what we may for the moment call the mind. There had, it is true, been scattered remarks upon psychology spread throughout the observations of the pre-Socratic thinkers: and Plato had not only discussed such questions generally in his writings, but had devoted great part of several dialogues-especially the Phædrus, Phado and Timæus, to this subject.

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