Ad Infinitum: A Biography of Latin

Front Cover
Bloomsbury Publishing USA, May 26, 2009 - History - 400 pages
The Latin language has been the one constant in the cultural history of the West for more than two millennia. It has been the foundation of our education, and has defined the way in which we express our thoughts, our faith, and our knowledge of how the world functions. Indeed, the language has proved far more enduring than its empire in Rome, its use echoing on in the law codes of half the world, in the terminologies of modern science, and until forty years ago, in the liturgy of the Catholic Church. It is the unseen substance that makes us members of the Western world.

In his erudite and entertaining "biography," Nicholas Ostler shows how and why (against the odds, through conquest from within and without) Latin survived and thrived even as its creators and other languages failed. Originally the dialect of Rome and its surrounds, Latin supplanted its neighbors to become, by conquest and settlement, the language of all Italy, and then of Western Europe and North Africa. Its cultural creep toward Greek in the East led it to copy and then ally with it in an unprecedented, but invincible combination: Greek theory and Roman practice, delivered through Latin, became the foundation of Western civilization. Christianity, a latecomer, then joined the alliance, and became vital to Latin's survival when the empire collapsed. Spoken Latin re-emerged as a host of new languages, from Portuguese and Spanish in the west to Romanian in the east. But a knowledge of Latin lived on as the common code of European thought, and inspired the founders of Europe's New World in the Americas. E pluribus unum.

Illuminating the extravaganza of its past, Nicholas Ostler makes clear that, in a thousand echoes, Latin lives on, ad infinitum.
 

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User Review  - NielsenGW - LibraryThing

Nicholas Ostler’s Ad Infinitum is a monumental effort to catalog the travels and metamorphosis of the Latin language throughout European history. Latin changed in varying degrees based on the peoples ... Read full review

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User Review  - gmicksmith - LibraryThing

This is an insightful volume, reviewing the history of the West from an unusual angle, the Latin language. Along the way the reader can discover many gems into language in general and the specific ... Read full review

Contents

Ad infinitumAn Empire Lived in Latin
3
Fons et origoLatins Kin
21
Sub rosaLatins Etruscan Stepmother
30
Cut bono?Romes Winning Ways
46
ExcelsiorLooking Up to Greek
58
Felix coniunctioA Partnership of Paragons
83
Urbi et orbiTaking Over the Church
107
Vox populi vox deiLatin as the Bond of Unity
116
Dies iraeStaying On
128
PART UK WORLDS BUILT ON LATIN
159
LATIN IN A VERNACULAR WORLD
231
Notes on the Latin Tags in Chapter Headings
321
Effects of Sound Changes on Latin Nouns and Verbs
327
Bibliography
359
Index
369
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About the author (2009)

Nicholas Ostler is the author of Empires of the World: A Language History of the World. He is chairman of the Foundation for Endangered Languages, a charity that supports the efforts of small communities worldwide to know and use their languages more. A scholar with a working knowledge of twenty-six languages, Ostler has degrees from Oxford University in Greek, Latin, philosophy, and economics, and a Ph.D. in linguistics from M.I.T., where he studied under Noam Chomsky. He lives in England, in Roman Bath, on the hill where Ambrosius Aurelianus defeated the Saxons for a generation.

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