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make a diversion in Scotland, 47. Defeats Lord Elcho, ib. Defeats Lord Burley, 48. Routs Argyle's forces, and is joined by great num. bers of them, 49. Takes and plunders Dundee, 50. Defeats Urrey and Baillie, ib. Defeats the covenanters at Kilsyth, 63. Is conquered by David Lesley, 64. Retires abroad, 76. Raises levies to assist Charles II., 177. Lands in Scotland, defeated and taken prisoner,

178. His cruel treatment, 179. Is executed, 181. Morcar and Edwin rebel against the injustice of Tosti Duke of Northum

berland, i. 176. Morcar justifies their cause, and is made Duke, ib, Head the English against the Normans, after the battle of Hastings, 232. Submit to William the Conqueror, 236. Attend him to Normandy, 239. Excite a rebellion in the North, 245. Reduced, 246.

Their deaths, 261. More, Sir Thomas, remarks on his account of Jane Shore, iii. 274, note.

When speaker of the House of Commons, joins the persuasions of Cardinal Wolsey to obtain the grants to Henry VIII., iv. 47. The great seal taken from Wolsey, and committed to him, 92." Resigns the great seal on the prospect of alterations in religion, 109, Refuses to subscribe the oath regulating the succession of the crown, enjoined by parliament, 119. Is attainted by parliament, 121. His cruel per secution of James Bainham, for heresy, 132. Is tried and executed for denying the King's supremacy, 139.

Roger, an Irish gentleman, forms a conspiracy to expel the Eng. lish from Ireland, vi. 433. His design of seizing the castle of Dublin discovered, 436. Is shocked at the barbarities of O'Neale, abandons

the cause, and retires to Flanders, 439. Morrice, attorney of the court of wards, makes a motion in the House of

Commons against abuses of ecclesiastical power, v. 365. Is divested of his employments, and imprisoned, 366.

a gentleman of Devonshire, is the only friend with whom Ge. neral Monk consulted concerning the restoration of Charles II.,

vii. 322. Is made secretary of state by the King, 351. Mortimer, Roger, his history, ii. 351. His first acquaintance with

Isabella Queen to Edward II., ib. His intimacy with her, ib. Joins Isabella in a conspiracy against the King, ib. Invades England with

Procures the death of the Earl of Arundel, and the Chancellor Baldock, 356. Takes the King out of Leicester's custody and delivers him to the Lord Berkeley, Mautravers, and Gournay, 358. Orders the two latter to murder him, 359. Attends Ed. ward III. in his army to oppose the Scots, and checks his ardour to engage them, 375. 'Arrogates to himself all authority in government, ib. Concludes a treaty with Robert Bruce, 376. His measures to disappoint any combinations against him, ib. Contrives the de. struction of the Earl of Kent, 377. Is seized by the King, 379. Twied and executed, ib.

Roger Earlof March, declared successor by Richard II., iii. 28. Killed in Ireland, 38. His sons kept prisoners in Windsor-castle, by

Henry IV., 62. Mortimer's Cross, battle of, between Jasper Tudor Earl of Pembroke,

and Edward Duke of York, iii. 210. Mortmain, the first statute of, when passed, ii. 322, The probable


her, 354:

motives of Edward I. in this law, 322. How eluded in the time of

Richard II., iii. 56. Morton, John, his character, iii. 319. Becomes confidant of Henry VII., ib. Made Archbishop of Canterbury, 320. Created a Cardinal, 374.

-, Earl of, chancellor of Scotland, becomes jealous of David Rizzio, v.96. Advises Darnley to get him cut off, 97. Takes the coronation oath in the name of the young King James VI., 125. Is appointed commissioner in the cause of Mary, 134. How he became possessed of a casket of Mary's letters, 142. Is appointed by the Scots parliament a commissioner to manage a treaty with Elizabeth concerning Mary, 171. Is dismissed by Elizabeth without concluding on any thing, 172. Is chosen Regent on the death of the Earl of Mar, 202.

Resigns the regency into the hands of the young King, and retires, 231.

Returns and resumes an influence over government, ib. Is tried and condemned for being an accomplice in Darnley's murder, by the influence of the Earl of Lenox, 232. His execution hastened in opposition to the interposition of Elizabeth,

233 Mountford, Count de, half brother to John III. Duke of Britany,

acknowledges Charles de Blois as successor to that dutchy, ii. 416. Endeavours to acquire possession of the dutchy, ib.

Engages Edward III. of England to patronise his pretensions, ib. Goes to Paris to plead his cause, 417.

Is taken and confined in the tower of the Louvre, ib. See the next article.

Jane Countess of, her vigorous efforts to support her husband's interest in Britany, ii. 417. Is besieged by Charles de Blois at Hennebone, 418. Her vigorous defence, 419.

Is relieved by an English feet, 420. Goes to England to solicit farther succours, ib. Edward goes over to Britany in person, 421. A truce concluded for three years, ib. Takes Charles de Blois prisoner, 438. Her son obtains possession of Britany, and is acknowledged by France,

473. Mountjoy, Lord, protests against the bill establishing a council to judge

offences against the King's proclamations, the only protest against any public bill during the reign of Henry VIII., iv. 238.

- Lord, is sent lord deputy to Ireland, on the precipitate return of the Earl of Essex, v. 413. Drives Tyrone and his party into the woods and morasses, ib. His successes against the rebels, 435. Reduces the Spaniards and defeats Tyrone, 438. Tyrone surrenders

himself up to him, 445. Mowbray, John de, ejected from his inheritance of the barony of Gower, by Edward II., at the instance of Hugh le Despenser, ii

. 345. ., Robert, Earl of Northumberland, excites a conspiracy against William Rufus, i. 292. Dies in confinement, ib. Munster, Bishop of, invades the Dutch territories at the instigation of Murray, Earl of, appointed by Robert Bruce joint commander of the

Charles II., but makes peace with the States, vii. 407. Murden, his account of the military force of England, at the time of

the Spanish armada, v. 481. Murder, a list of the legal compositions for, among our Saxon ancestors,


i. 219.

Scots army with Lord Douglas, invading England on the death of Edward II., ii. 372. His reply to the defiance of Edward III., 374. Retires home, ib. Is appointed guardian to David Bruce, 381. Dies, 383.

Lord James, created Earl of, and enjoys the chief authority under Mary Queen of Scotland, v. 47. Becomes discontented at the mar. riage of Mary with Lord Darnley, 90. Joins a confederacy of malcontents at Stirling, ib. Is ill-used by Elizabeth on the occasion, 91. Obtains a restoration to favour, 92. 'Is invited back to Scotland by Darnley, 98. Is reconciled to Mary, ib. Obtains leave to retire into France, 119. Is appointed Regent, on the first resignation of Mary, 124. Arrives, and treats Mary harshly, 125. Summons a parliament, which condemns Mary to imprisonment, ib. Demolishes the fortress of Dunbar, ib. Raises forces on Mary's escape from Lochleven-castle, 128. Defeats her at Langside, ib. Is required by Elizabeth to justify his conduct toward Mary, 132. Promises to come with other commissioners to submit his cause to Elizabeth, ib. Is appointed a commissioner by the kingdom for this purpose, 134. The secret reasons of the weakness of his allegations against Mary, 137. Lays his full evidence privately before the English commissioners, and requests Elizabeth's protection, 138. Proposes queries to Elizabeth. ib. The conferences transferred to Hampton-court, 139. Accuses Mary more explicitly, 140. Her commissioners refuse to reply, 141. Produces Mary's letters to Botliwel, with the confession of Hubert, 142. Is dismissed by Elizabeth, with a present for his charges, 145. Proposes to the Duke of Norfolk a marriage with Mary, 156. His political motives in this proposal, 157. Discovers Norfolk's design to Mary, 160. Is assassinated, 167. His character, ib. Vindi.

cated from the accusations of Queen Mary and her advocates, 502. Muscovy, a profitable trade established with, iv. 447. An embassy ar

rives from, to Queen Mary, ib. And exclusive trade with, granted to the English, v. 477. This privilege withdrawn, 478.


NAJARA, battle of, between Edward the Black Prince and Henry

de Transtamare, ii. 477. Names, Christian, strange modification of, at the time of the common

wealth, vii. 230. Nantz, the edict of, revoked by Lewis XIV., viii. 242. Naples, conquered by the joint force of France and Spain, iii. 414.

Seized by the latter, ib. Naseby, battle of, between Charles I. and the Generals Fairfax and

Cromwel, vii. 57. Navarre, situation of that kingdom, iii. 420. Crafty invasion of, by Ferdinand of Spain, 421.

-, Anthony, King of, is excluded from all office and favour at the court of France by the influence of the Guise family, v. 40. Declares


in favour of the Protestants, 41. Is made Lieutenant-general of the kingdom, on the accession of Charles IX., 42. Joins the Duke of Guise against the Protestants, 68. Is mortally wounded at the siege of Roiien, 71. For his son, see Henry Prince of. Navarre, Henry Prince of, is placed by Coligni at the head of the Pro

testants after the defeat of Jarnac, v. 186. Is married to Margaret, sister to Charles, 205. His mother poisoned by order of the court, ib. Is obliged by Charles to renounce the protestant religion at the price of his life, during the massacre of Paris, 206. Flies from the court, and places himself again at the head of the Hugonots, 211. Defeats the King at Coutras, 355. Obtains the crown of France on the death

of Henry III., 357. See Henry IV. Navigation act, one of this nature rejected by Henry VI., iii. 215. Is

passed by the commonwealth parliament, vii. 211. Is suspended by

Charles II., 477. Navy, English, state of, in the time of Queen Mary, iv. 446. The im

provement of, by Queen Elizabeth, v. 480. Harrison's account of her navy, 533. A view of the state of, during the reign of James I., vi. 180. The number of seamen then employed in the merchant's service, 181, Account of the state of, from the restoration to the revo.

lution, viii. 327. Naylor, James, a Quaker, his extravagances, vii. 336. Is restored to

his senses by punishment, 337. Nazan Leod, the British chief, defeated by Cedric the Saxon, i. 24. Neile, Bishop of Lincoln, occasions disputes between the two Houses

of Parliament, by reflecting on the Commons, vi. 73. Anecdote of

him, 75.

Nero, Emperor, sends Suetonius Paulinus over to Britain, i. 7. Recalls

him, 9.

Netherlands, the foreign commerce of England at the time of Henry

VIII. confined to those countries, iv. 273. The arbitrary and severe behaviour of the Emperor Charles V. toward the Protestants there, v. 191. The Dutchess of Parma left governess of, by Philip, 122. Thé Flemish exiles become masters of the Brill, 214. Revolt of Hol. land and Zealand, 215. See Orange. Duke of Alva recalled, 216. The treaty called the pacification of Ghent, 219. A treaty concluded with Elizabeth, 220. The Duke of Anjou comes over to their assistance, 242. Anjou expelled for an attempt on their liberties, 247. See United Provinces. Spanish, rapid conquests of Lewis XIV. in, vii. 431. Settlement of, by the triple league, and treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle,

435. Dutch, over-run by Lewis XIV., 487. Nevill

, Sir John, executed for an insurrection in Yorkshire, iv. 213. Neville, Hugh de, a fine paid to the King by his wife, for leave to pass a night with him while in prison, ii. 133.

the power, connexions, and branches of that family, iii. 181. Honours bestowed on, by Edward IV. Neville's Cross, battle of, between Queen Philippa and David King of

Scotland, ïi. 439. Neustria, a province in France, granted to Rollo the Dare, i. 138. See Normandy.


vii. 14•

Newark, is besieged by the parliamentary forces, but relieved by Prince

Rupert, vii. 9. Surrenders to the Scots army by the King's order,

74. Newburn, Lord Conway routed there, by the Scots covenanters, vi. 357. Newbury, battle of, between Charles I. and the Earl of Esssex, vi. 532.

Second battle of, vii. 17. Newcastle, the first charter granted to the inhabitants of, to dig coal, ii. 230. Is taken by storm, by the Earl of Leven, the Scots General,

Earl of, commands for the King in the north of England, and takes possession of York, vi. 513. Is created Marquis, 534. Is repulsed in an attack upon Hull, 535. Is besieged in York by the parliamentary army, vii. 11. Leaves the kingdom in disgust after

the battle of Marston-moor, 14. New England, the colony of, how peopled, vii

. 341. New Forest, how and when made, i. 278. Remarkable accidents hap.

pening to the family of William the Conqueror in, 308. Newfoundland, first discovery of, iii. 405. New York, is taken from the Dutch by Sir Robert Holmes, vii. 399. Is

ceded to the English by the treaty of Breda, 422. Newton, the mathematician and philosopher, his character, viii. 334.

His death, ib. Nicholas, Sir Edward, is made secretary of state by Charles II. on his

restoration, vii. 351. Is displaced by the influence of the Dutchess

of Cleveland, 392. Nimeguen, congress there, under the mediation of Charles II., viii. 21.

Peace concluded there, 46. The treaty ratified, ib. Nobility, Saxon and Norman, wherein they differed, i. 211. The titles of, sold to supply James I. with money, vi.

71. Non-addresses, the vote of, passed by the long parliament, vii. 113. Is

repealed, 121. Non-conformists, their ministers ejected out of their livings, vii. 384.

Five-mile act, 408. Act against conventicles, 456. Declaration of indulgence, 476. The declaration recalled, 504. A bill for their

relief passed, 506. See Puritans. Norfolk, an insurrection there against inclosures, headed by Ket, a tanner, iv. 331. The insurgents defeated by Dudley Earl of Warwick, ib.

Duke of, challenges his accuser the Duke of Hereford, iii. 35. The duel prevented by Richard II., 36. Banished for life, ib.

Bigod, Roger, Earl of, is appointed agent for Henry III. to the council of Lyons, ii. 170. Objects to King John's right of subjecting England to the supremacy of Rome, ib. His address to Henry III. on the parliament assembling in armour, 183. Is gained over to the royal party by Prince Edward, 200. Refuses to serve in the expedition to Gascony, and quarrels with the King, 289. Refuses to attend the King to Flanders, ib. A new mareschal appointed in his place for that ser. vice, 290. He and the Earl of Hereford present a remonstrance to him on his departure, ib. Demands of parliament a confirmation of the charters, and indemnity for himself, which are granted, 291. Obtains a full confirmation of them from the King on his return, 292.


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