Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era

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K. Jaishankar, Natti Ronel
CRC Press, Mar 25, 2013 - Law - 414 pages
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Global criminology is an emerging field covering international and transnational crimes that have not traditionally been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era is a collection of rigorously peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV) that took place in Jaipur, India in 2011. Using a global yardstick as the basis for measurement, the fundamental goal of the conference was to determine criminological similarities and differences in different regions.

Four dominant themes emerged at the conference:

Terrorism. In a topic that operates at the intersection of international law, international politics, crime, and victimization, some questions remain unanswered. Is terrorism a crime issue or a national defense issue? Should terrorists be treated as war criminals, soldiers, or civil criminals? How can international efforts and local efforts work together to defeat terrorism?

Cyber Crimes and Victimization. Cyber space provides anonymity, immediate availability, and global access. Cyber offenders easily abuse these open routes. As cyber space develops, cyber-crime develops and grows. To achieve better cyber security, global criminologists must explore cyber-crimes from a variety of perspectives, including law, the motivation of offenders, and the impact on victims.

Marginality and Social Exclusion. Globalization is manifest in the fast transition of people between places, societies, social classes, and cultures. Known social constructions are destroyed for new ones, and marginalized people are excluded from important material, social, and human resources. This section examines how we can provide inclusion for marginalized individuals in the global era and protect them from victimization.

Theoretical and Practical Models of Criminal Victimization.

The process of globalization, as mentioned above, creates new elements of victimization. But globalization can also become an opportunity for confronting and defeating victimization through improved sharing of knowledge and increased understanding of the humanity of the weak.

The emerging global criminology comprises diversity of attitudes, explanations, and perspectives. The editors of this volume recognize that in the global village, there is room for solid contributions to the field of criminology and criminal justice. This collection is a move in this direction. It is hoped that these articles will help to expand the boundaries of criminology, criminal justice, and victimology with a view towards reducing crime worldwide.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 How Nonstate Are Terrorist Groups in Pakistan? Analysis of State Responsibilities and Accountability
3
Chapter 2 Sea Maritime Piracy in the Southern African Development Community Region
37
Putting an End to Unilateral Misuse of the Precautionary Principle
57
African Commitment to Combating Terrorism
69
Embracing Technical Change
85
Qualitative Analysis of Online Offending and Victimization
93
Preliminary Study
115
Who Are They and What Is Their Relationship with Islamic Jihadists and Terrorists?
137
A Critical Look at the Indian Legal Approach
219
Victimization of Indian Students in Australia
241
Chapter 14 Forced Displacement and Its Implications for Youths Distress and Posttraumatic Growth
253
Victimization of Women and Struggles for Justice and Equity in Selected African Countries
271
VictimOffender Identities in the Criminal Justice Process
289
A Theoretical Model to Explain the Victimization Process during an Indian Witch Hunt
315
Chapter 18 From Criminal Spin to Positive Criminology
335
Perspectives from Spouses of Alcohol Dependents
353

A Survey of Women in Dhaka City
151
Challenges of Program Implementation
177
Global Feminist Perspectives on Women and Imprisonment
199
Conclusion
365
Back Cover
369
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

K. Jaishankar, Ph.D., is a senior assistant professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India and President of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV). He was a Commonwealth Fellow (2009–2010) at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law, University of Leeds, UK.

Natti Ronel, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Criminology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel. He is also a licensed clinical criminologist who has a private practice with the criminal population, youth, and adults who exhibit addiction, violence, and/or victimization. He leads training courses for criminal justice and victim assistance professionals.

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