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well as to ourselves. An obligeing and humble disposition is totally different from a servile and cringeing spirit. Our natural defects of body are not chargable upon us. W. We should subject our fancys to the government of reason. We shall not be the happyer for possessing talents and affluence, unless we make a right use of them. If we have denyed ourselves sinful pleasures, we shall be great gainers in the end. We may be plaiful, and yet innocent. When we act against conscience, we become the destroiers of our own peace. VI. When we bring the lawgiver into contempt, we have in effect annuled his laws. By defering our repentance, we accumulate our sorrows. We have all many faillings to lament and amend. There is no affliction with which we are visitted, that may not be improved to our advantage. VII. Restlesness of mind disqualifies us, both for the enjoyment of peace, and for the performance of duty. The arrows of calumny fall harmlesly at the feet of virtue. The road to the blisful regions is as open to the peasant as to the king. A perverse and willful disposition is at once unamiable and sinful. VIII. The vessel is a total wrec: the goods which have been saved, will be exposed to publick auction. Can you name the twelve signs of the zodiak P Ransac the drawer for my stoc. The man of true fortitude may be compared to a castle built on a roc, which defies the attacs of the surrounding waters.

IX. Divide the following words, writing part of each at the end of one line, and the remainder at the beginning of the next:—

Ancient, ashes, beneficent, capricious, cherish, coalition, coeval, dangerous, epistle, February, gridiron, heinously, idleness, jocularly, knighthood, lapidary, musician, nominative, optical, physician, qualify, receive, sovereign, transient, union, voluntary, women, yeomanry, zealous.

Write the following sentences from dictation:—

Neglect no opportunity of doing good. Neither time nor misfortunes should erase the remembrance of a friend. The acknowledgment of our transgressions must precede the forgiveness of them. Let us show diligence in every laudable undertaking. Judicious abridgments often aid the studies of youth. We must resolutely perform our duty, however disagreeable. Few reflections are more distressing than those which we make on our own ingratitude. Strait is the gate, and narrow the way, that lead to eternal life. There is an inseparable connexion between piety and virtue. The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few. Integrity conducts us straight forward, disdaining all crooked paths. To be faithful among the faithless, argues great strength of principle. A steady mind may receive counsel; but there is no hold on a changeable humour."

II.-PUNCTUATION.

THE Points used in Composition are the Comma (,), the Semicolon (;), the Colon (:), the Period (.), the Point of Interrogation (?), the Point of Exclamation(s), the Dash (–), and the Parenthesis ().

SECTION I.

COMMA.

I. When two or more words follow one another in the same construction, commas are placed between them; as, ‘Alfred was a brave, pious, and patriotic prince.” 1. When two words in the same construction are joined by a conjunction, they do not require a comma between them ; as, * Religion purifies and ennobles the mind.” 2. When words in the same construction follow each other in pairs, a comma is placed between each pair; as, “Truth is fair and artless, simple and sincere, uniform and constant.”

II. When a sentence consists of two or more mem

bers or clauses, they are separated by commas; as ‘Virtue supports in adversity, and moderates in pros

* The Teacher will find, that to make his Pupils write from dictation,

is the best mode of giving them a practical . of Orthography. He may multiply exercises at pleasure from any reading-book. - B

RUDIMENTS

or

ENGLISH COMPOSITION.

INTRODUCTION.

CoMPosition is the art of expressing ideas in written language.

To compose correctly, it is necessary to have a practical knowledge of Spelling, Punctuation, the Use of Words, and the Structure and Arrangement of Sentences.

To compose with perspicuity and elegance, it is also necessary to have a practical knowledge of the various qualities of Style, and of the use of Figurative Lan9ttage.

To be able to write with facility, it is further necessary to have considerable practice in Original Composition.

PART I.

I.—SPELLING.

SPELLING is the art of expressing words by their proper letters. Letters are of two forms, capitals and small letters.

. ... SECTION I.

..: '-'. cAPITAL LETTERs.

CAPITAL LETTERs are used in the following situations:— I. The first word of every sentence. II. The first word of every line of poetry. III. The first word of a quotation in a direct form. IV. The names of the Supreme Being. V. Proper names, and adjectives derived from proper names. VI. The names of the days of the week, and of the months of the year. VII. Any very important word; as, the Reformation. VIII. The pronoun I, and the interjection 0. IX. Generally the name of an object personified.

EXERCISES.
Correct the errors in the following passages:—

I. The love of praise should be kept under proper subordination to the principle of duty. in itself, it is a useful motive to action; but when allowed to extend its influence too far, it corrupts the whole character. to be entirely destitute of it, is a defect. to be governed by it, is depravity.

How many clear marks of benevolent intention appear every where around us ! what a profusion of beauty and ornament is poured forth in the face of nature what a magnificent spectacle presented to the view of man what a supply contrived for his wants :

On whom does time hang so heavily, as on the slothful and lazy? to whom are the hours so lingering who are so often devoured with spleen, and obliged to fly to every expedient, which can help them to get rid of themselves?

II. Restless mortals toil for nought;
bliss in vain from earth is sought;
bliss, a native of the sky,
never wanders. mortals, try;
there you cannot seek in vain,
for to seek her is to gain.

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