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As late with open mouth it lay, And warm'd it in the sunny ray; Stretch'd at its ease the beast I view’d, And saw it eat the air for food.” “I’ve seen it, sir, as well as you, And must again affirm it blue; At leisure I the beast survey'd, Extended in the cooling shade.” “'Tis green, 'tis green, sir, I assure ye.”— “Green 1” cries the other in a fury— “Why, sir, d'ye think I’ve lost my eyes 2" “”Twere no great loss,” the friend replies; “For, if they always serve you thus, You'll find them but of little use.” So high at last the contest rose, From words they almost came to blows; When luckily came by a third : To him the question they referr'd; And begg'd he'd tell them if he knew, Whether the thing was green or blue. “Sirs,” cries the umpire, “cease your pother; The creature's neither one nor t'other : I caught the animal last night, And view’d it o'er by candle-light: I mark'd it well,—’twas black as jet— You stare—but, sirs, I’ve got it yet, And can produce it.” “Pray, sir, do; I'll lay my life the thing is blue.” “And I’ll be sworn, that when you've seen The reptile, you'll pronounce him green.” “Well then, at once to ease the doubt,” Replies the man, “I’ll turn him out; And when before your eyes I’ve set him, If you don't find him black, I’ll eat him.” He said; then full before their sight Produced the beast, and, lo l 'twas white l Both stared ; the man look'd wondrous wise. “My children,” the chameleon cries, (Then first the creature found a tongue), “You all are right, and all are wrong : When next you talk of what you view, Think others see as well as you;

Nor wonder if you find that none
Prefers your eyesight to his own.”

ExPREssion of IDEAs (continued).

Let the Pupil amplify the following passages, expressing the ideas in sentences of his own construction and arrangement:—


In whatever state I am, I first of all look up to heaven; I next look down upon the earth; I then look abroad into the world: and thus I learn where true happiness is placed ; where all our cares must end; and how very little reason I have to repine or to complain.

In whatever condition or situation Divine Providence places me, I first of all look up to heaven, and reflect that my principal business here is to get to that blest abode. I next look down upon the earth, and call to mind that, when I am dead, I shall occupy but a small space in it. I then look abroad into the world, and observe what multitudes there are, who, in every respect, are less fortunate than myself. . Thus I learn where true happiness is placed; where all our cares must end; and how very little reason I have to repine or to complain.


1. Our needful knowledge, like our needful food,
Unhedged, lies open in life's common field,
And bids all welcome to the vital feast.

2. A fox, being inclined to play a practical joke upon his neighbour the stork, asked him to dinner, which he caused to be served up in broad shallow dishes. The stork, perceiving the trick, took no notice, but, at parting, pressed the fox very much to return the visit. When the day arrived, and he repaired to his appointment, reynard was very much displeased to see the dinner served up in long narrow-necked glasses. “They that cannot take a jest,” said the stork, “should never make one.”

3. Alexander the Great, having taken Sidon, ordered one of his generals to bestow the crown upon the citizen who seemed to be most worthy, when he offered it to two brothers in whose house he was quartered. Both, however, refused it, stating that it was contrary to the laws for any one to wear the crown, who was not of the royal family, and, at the same time, recommending Abdolonymus, whom misfortune had reduced to the necessity of cultivating a small garden in the suburbs of the city. Abdolonymus was weeding his garden, when the messengers went to him, and at first thought that they were insulting his poverty, when they saluted him as king; but at last he was prevailed upon to go to the palace, and accept the regal office. Pride and envy created him so many enemies, that Alexander sent for him, and inquired with what temper of mind he had borne his poverty. “I pray,” replied Abdolonymus, “that I may bear my crown with equal moderation.” Alexander was so highly pleased with his answer, that he confirmed him in the throne, and added a neighbouring province to his government.

4. Once I beheld a captive, whom these wars
Had made an inmate of the prison-house,
Cheering with wicker-work (that almost seem'd
To him a sort of play) his dreary hours.
I ask'd his story : in my native tongue
(Long use had made it easy as his own),
He answer'd thus:–Before these wars began,
I dwelt upon the willowy banks of Loire:
I married one, who, from my boyish days,
Had been my playmate. One morn,--I'll ne'er forget —
While busy choosing out the prettiest twigs,
To warp a cradle for our child unborn,
We heard the tidings, that the conscript-lot
Had fall'n on me: it came like a death-knell,
The mother perish'd, but the babe survived ;
And ere my parting day, his rocking couch
I made complete, and saw him sleeping smile,
The smile that play’d upon the cheek of her
Who lay clay-cold. Alas! the hour soon came
That forced my fetter'd arms to quit my child :
And whether now he lives to deck with flowers
The sod upon his mother's grave, or lies beneath it
By her side, I ne'er could learn :
I think he's gone; and now I only wish

For liberty and home, that I may see,
And stretch myself, and die upon that grave.

5. Androcles, the slave of a noble Roman, who was proconsul of Africa, having fled into the deserts to escape punishment for some offence, went into a cave, in which he had scarcely seated himself, when a huge lion entered, and, coming up to him, laid its paw upon his lap. When he had recovered from his fright, he pulled out a large thorn, which he observed had caused the lion's foot to swell; upon which the grateful animal went away, and soon after returned with a fawn, which it had just killed. For many days he was supported in the same manner; till, tired of this savage society, he determined to give himself up to his master. He was condemned to fight with wild beasts in the amphitheatre at Rome. When the day at last arrived, and every thing was ready, a monstrous lion sprung from its den; but it no sooner saw Androcles, than it fell to the ground, and began to lick his feet. It was his friend of the African deserts; and the spectators having heard the story, interceded for the slave, who was immediately set at liberty, and received the lion as a present. He used to lead it through the streets of Rome, the people saying to one another, as they passed, “This is the lion, who was the man's host; this is the man, who was the lion's physician.”

6. Then Commerce brought into the public walk
The busy merchant; the big warehouse built;
Raised the strong crane; choked up the loaded street
With foreign plenty; and thy stream, O Thames,
Large, gentle, deep, majestic, king of floods !
Chose for his grand resort. On either hand,
Like a long wintry forest, groves of masts
Shot up their spires; the swelling sheet between
Possess'd the breezy void; the sooty hulk
Steer'd sluggish on ; the splendid barge along
Row'd regular, to harmony; around,
The boat, light-skimming, stretch'd its oary wings;
While deep, the various voice of fervent toil
From bank to bank increased; whence, ribb'd with oak,
To bear the British thunder, black and bold,
The roaring vessel rush'd into the main.

ExPREssion of IDEAs (continued).

Let the Pupil write from the following hints, expressing the ideas in sentences of his own construction and arrangement:— EXAMPLE.

The Rein-deer; in what countries found; importance to the inhabitants; what animals it supplies the place of; in what respects; what got from it; what trained to draw ; mode of travelling.

The rein-deer is a native of the icy regions of the north, where, by a wise and bountiful arrangement of Providence, it exists for the support and comfort of a race of men, who would find it impossible to subsist among their frozen lakes and snowy mountains, without the advantages which they derive from this inestimable animal. To the Laplanders, the horse, the cow, and the sheep, are unknown; but the rein-deer supplies the place of them all. It supplies the place of the horse, in carrying them over tracks that would otherwise be impassable; that of the cow, in affording them milk; and that of the sheep, in clothing them. Its flesh affords excellent food; its very sinews supply them with thread; and there is scarcely any part of the animal that is not, in some way, conducive to their comfortable existence. The rein-deer are, at an early age, taught to draw the sledge, which is an extremely light sort of carriage, that can be used only in winter, when the ground is covered with snow. The person who sits in it, guides the animal with a cord fastened to its horns, and drives it with a goad. The Laplander will in this manner travel about thirty miles a-day, without forcing the rein-deer to make any extraordinary effort.


1. The Camel; where found; the varieties of this animal found in some countries; description of countries in which found; what got from it; what its special use; how adapted for travelling; its docility; anecdotes of the camel.

2. The Cotton-plant; where cultivated; how raised; what it yields; how produce gathered; how prepared; cotton-manufactures; where carried to greatest perfection; by what means; improvers of cotton-manufactures; influence upon comfort, habits, and civilisation of mankind.

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