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OCTAVIUS Cjesar, T m . . _ . ~ . - T ,.
„.„ . „„, ,„,„ 1 Tnumvirs, after the Death of Julius
MARCUS ANTONIUS, >
M. .EMIL. LEPIDUS, J
CICERO, PUBLIUS, POPILIUS LENA; Senators.
TREBONIUS, \ Conspirators against Julius Caesar.
FLAVIUS and MARULLUS, Tribunes.
ARTEMIDORUS, a Sophist of Cnidos.
CINNA, a Poet.. Another Poet.
LUCILIUS, TITINIUS, MESSALA, young CATO, and VO
LUMNIUS; Friends to Brutus and Cassius. VARRO, CLITUS, CLAUDIUS, STRATO, LUCIUS, DAR
DANIUS; Servants to Brutus.
CALPHURNIA, Wife to Caesar.
Senators, Citizens, Guards, Attendants, &c.
SCENE, during a great part of the Play, at Rome: afterwards at Sardis; and near Philippi.
1 A list of characters was first prefixed by Rowe.
ACT I. SCENE I.
Rome. A Street.
Enter Flavius, Marullus1, and a body of Citizens.
Flav. Hence! home, you idle creatures, get you home. Is this a holiday? What! know you not, Being mechanical, you ought not walk Upon a labouring day without the sign Of your profession ?—Speak, what trade art thou?
1 Cit. Why, sir, a carpenter.
Mar. Where is thy leather apron, and thy rule?
2 Cit. Truly, sir, in respect of a fine workman, I am but, as you would say, a cobbler.
Mar. But what trade art thou? Answer me directly. 2 Cit. A trade, sir, that, I hope, I may use with a safe conscience; which is, indeed, sir, a mender of bad soles.
Flav. What trade, thou knave2? thou naughty knave, what trade?
1 — Marullus,] The folios call him Murellus; but it is an obvious error, and Theobald changed it to "Marullus," on the authority of Plutarch. The "Citizens" in the old copies are called Commoners.
* Flav. What trade, thou knave I] We follow the old copy in this and in the next speech but one, by giving the first to Flavius, and the second to MarulIns. Most of the commentators seem to have thought that both should be given to the same person, either both to Flavius or both to Marullus. The necessity for this change does not strike us, because, as Johnson remarks, the object of giving "What trade, thou knave !" &c. to Flavius might be, that he should not stand too long unemployed upon the stage.
2 Cit. Nay, I beseech you, sir, be not out with me: yet, if you be out, sir, I can mend you.
Mar. What mean'st thou by that? Mend me, thou saucy fellow?
2 Cit. Why, sir, cobble you.
Flav. Thou art a cobbler, art thou?
2 Cit. Truly, sir, all that I live by is, with the awl: I meddle with no tradesman's matters, nor women's matters, but with all5. I am, indeed, sir, a surgeon to old shoes; when they are in great danger, I re-cover them. As proper men as ever trod upon neats-leather have gone upon my handywork.
Flav. But wherefore art not in thy shop to-day? Why dost thou lead these men about the streets?
2 Cit. Truly, sir, to wear out their shoes, to get myself into more work. But, indeed, sir, we make holiday, to see Caesar, and to rejoice in his triumph.
Mar. Wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he
* — but With All.] Printed aithal in the old editions, and without any stop, so that the reading may merely be, * but withal I am indeed, sir, a surgeon to old shoes.''
Have you not made an universal shout,
Run to your houses, fall upon your knees,
Flav. Go, go, good countrymen; and for this fault
Mar. May we do so?
Flav. It is no matter; let no images
* See, Whe'r—] Printed where in the old copies, to indicate that it wan to be considered a monosyllable. See Vol. ii. p. 149 ; and Vol. v. p. 173. The folio, 1633, is by no means uniform in this practice.
Enter, in Procession, with Music5, Cesar; Antony, for the course; Calphurnia, Portia, Decius, Cicero, Brutus, Cassius, and Casca; a great Crowd following, among them a Soothsat/er.
Cosca. Peace, ho! Caesar speaks.
Cal. Here, my lord.
Cces. Stand you directly in Antonius' way, When he doth run his course.—Antonius.
Ant. Caesar, my lord.
Cces. Forget not, in your speed, Antonius,
Ant. I shall remember:
When Caesar says, "Do this," it is perform'd.
Cces. Set on; and leave no ceremony out. [Music.
Cces. Ha! Who calls?
Cosca. Bid every noise be still.—Peace yet again!
Cces. Who is it in the press that calls on me?
Sooth. Beware the ides of March.
Cces. What man is that?
4 — with Music,] In the old copies nothing is said about music ; but from what follows it is evidently necessary.