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Thou art a fellow of a good respect;
lord. Bru. Farewell, good Strato.—Caesar, now be still: I kill'd not thee with half so good a will.
\He runs on his Sword, and dies.
Alarum. Retreat. Enter Octavius, Antony, Messala, Lucilius, and their Army.
Oct. What man is that?
Mes. My master's man. — Strato, where is thy master?
Stra. Free from the bondage you are in, Messala: The conquerors can but make a fire of him; For Brutus only overcame himself, And no man else hath honour by his death.
Luc. So Brutus should be found.—I thank thee, Brutus, That thou hast prov'd Lucilius' saying true.
Oct. All that serv'd Brutus, I will entertain them. Fellow, wilt thou bestow thy time with me?
Stra. Ay, if Messala will prefer me to you.
Oct. Do so, good Messala.
Mes. How died my master, Strato?
Stra. I held the sword, and he did run on it.
Mes. Octavius, then take him to follow thee,
Ant. This was the noblest Roman of them all:
So mix'd in him, that Nature might stand up,
* And say to all the world, "This was a man!"] This passage bears a striking resemblance to a portion of a stanza in Drayton's "Barons' Wars," first printed under that title, and in that form of stanza, in 1603. The point is more particularly illustrated in the " Introduction" to this tragedy. Drayton commenced his poetical career in 1591: at least such is the date of his earliest known work, "The Harmonic of the Church," reprinted by the Percy Society; and in Mr. P. Cunningham's interesting volume, (printed for the Shakespeare Society,) "Extracts from the Revels' Accounts," is stated the novel fact, in connection with Drayton's history, that he was in the pay of Prince Henry, being allowed an annuity of 10/. per annum. Sylvester, we learn on the same authority, was paid 2W. per annum.
"The Tragedie of Macbeth" was first printed in the folio of 1623, where it occupies twenty-one pages; viz. from p. 131 to p. 151 inclusive, in the division of "Tragedies." The Acts and Scenes are regularly marked there, as well as in the later folios.
The only ascertained fact respecting the performance of " Macbeth," in the lifetime of its author, is that it was represented at the Globe Theatre on the 20th of April, 1610. Whether it was then a new play, it is impossible to decide; but we are inclined to think that it was not, and that Malone was right in his conjecture, that it was first acted about the year 1606. The subsequent account of the plot is derived from Dr. Simon Fonnan's manuscript Diary, preserved in the Ashmolean Museum, from which it appears, that he saw "Macbeth" played at the Globe on the day we have stated:—
"In Macbeth, at the Globe, 1610, the 20th of April, Saturday, there was to be observed, first, how Macbeth and Banqno, two noblemen of Scotland, riding through a wood, there stood before them three women Fairies, or Nymphs, and stinted Macbeth, saying three times unto him, Hail, Macbeth, King of Codor, for thou shalt be a King, bnt shalt beget no Kings, &c. Then, said Banquo, What! all to Macbeth, and nothing to me! Yes, said the Nymphs, Hail to thee, Banquo; thou shalt beget Kings, yet be no King. And so they departed, and came to the Court of Scotland, to Duncan, King of Scots, and it was in the days of Edward the Confessor. And Duncan bad them both kindly welcome, and made Macbeth forthwith Prince of Northumberland; and sent him home to his own Castle, and appointed Macbeth to provide for him, for he would sup with him the next day at night, and did so.
"And Macbeth contrived to kill Duncan, and through the persuasion of his wife did that night murder the king in his own Castle, being his guest. And there were many prodigies seen that night and the day before. And when Macbeth had murdered the King, the blood on his hands could not be washed off by any means, nor from his wife's hands, which handled the bloody daggers in hiding them, by which means they became both much amazed and affronted.
"The murder being known, Duncan's two sons fled, the one to England, the [other to] Wales, to save themselves: they, being fled, were supposed guilty of the murder of their father, which was nothing so.
"Then was Macbeth crowned King, and then he for fear of Banqno, his old companion, that he should beget kings but be no king himself, he contrived the death of Banquo, and caused him to be murdered on the way that he rode. The night, being at supper with his noblemen, whom he had bid to a feast, (to the which also Banquo should have come,) he began to speak of noble Banquo, and to wish that he were there. And as he thus did, standing up to drink a carouse to him, the ghost of Banquo came, and sat down in his chair behind him. And he, turning about to sit down again, saw the ghost of Banquo, which fronted him, so that he fell in a great passion of fear and fury, uttering many words about his murder, by which, when they heard that Banquo was murdered, they suspected Macbeth.
"Then Macduff fled to England to the King's son, and so they raised an