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to Abraham out of Paradise when he offered
Ismael (not Isaac, as we have it) in sacrifice.
Isaac, the Mahometans say, was not then born.
The horns of this ram were hung up on the spout
of the Caaba till they were burned, together with
that building, in the days of Abd'allah Ebu
Zobeir. I can find nothing on the subject of
Moses's ox, nor of the Queen of Sheba's (Bal-
kis's) ass. Solomon had been informed that
Balkis's legs and feet were covered with hair
"like those of an ass," which he tested by her
entering his palace where it was floored with
glass, which she mistook for water (surat xxvii.
p. 312, Sale). Neither can I find anything of her
cuckoo; although the lapwing carried messages
between her and Solomon (surat xxvii. p. 310,
Sale). In a dispute which was to be settled by a
miracle, Saleh overcame the Thamudites by set-
ting a rock in labour, which was delivered of a
she camel answering the required description of
his opponents; and which immediately brought
forth a young one, ready weaned, as big as her-

self. This camel never raised her head from a
well or river till she had drunk up all the water
in it; and thus, being well charged with milk,
she went about the town crying it: "If any
wants milk let him come forth" (Koran, surat vii.
p. 124 n., Sale).

Streatham Place, S.

DOLE (3rd S. xii. 7, 55, 79.) — Will MR. JONATHAN BOUCHIER forgive me for questioning whether the "dole" of his quotation from Hood is not rather the Anglo-Saxon del than the Latin dolor of his most apposite quotation from Tennyson?

Hood is rather fond of using "dole" in this sense of pittance or charity. In his "Ode to Rae Wilson, Esquire," we have

"Playing the Judas with a temporal dole," and again, in "Miss Kilmansegg," —

"Stolen, borrowed, squandered, doled."

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"Dole" (=dolor) seems of the very rarest occurrence in modern poetry. I have looked through half-a-dozen poets without finding a single in

stance of it.
Shakspeare uses the word in both senses:—

when I consider
What great creation and what dole of honour
Flies where you bid it."
All's Well that Ends Well, Act II. Sc. 3, 1. 165.
“In equal scale weighing delight and dole."
Hamlet, Act I. Sc. 2, I. 13.

I think I am correct in saying that the word dole, in its Scottish form dool, dule, meaning grief or sorrow, is sometimes used at the present time, in poetry written in the Scottish dialect. I cannot

lay my hands just now on a more recent example than the following verse of a beautiful little ballad:


"Row weel, my boatie, row weel;
Row weel, my merry men a';

For there's dool and there's woe in Glenfiorich's bowers,
And there's grief in my father's ha'."

The ballad from which this verse is taken was first published in The Wanderer (Glasgow, 1818). I quote from The Harp of Renfrewshire (Paisley, 1819), a collection of poetry, original and selected. William Motherwell was one of the editors of this now scarce work, for which he wrote an essay on the "Bards of Renfrewshire."



RICHARD DEAN (3rd S. xi. 482.)- Is your correspondent aware that escutcheons on a herse are not reliable evidences of a right to bear those certificates can be shown, in several instances, to arms, and that even the arms mentioned in funeral have been the wrong ones. I do not mean by these remarks to impugn the correctness of the arms in question, but merely to canvass the reliability generally of such genealogical-heraldic evidence. I inclose a note of an incorrect funeral certificate for the Editor's satisfaction, but do not wish to bring forward cases which even in their errors betray rather ignorance than wilful corruption.* SP.

WALTHAM ABBEY (3rd S. xii. 25.) — The arch mentioned by your correspondent C. is the western arch of the lantern, which remains perfect though blocked. The church of which the present building is only a mutilated portion, was probably built by Harold, and consecrated in 1059 or 1060. The confirmation charter bears date 1062. Some consider that Harold's church was replaced by another in 1177, and that therefore the present church is not the remains of Harold's edifice. But if the architecture looks too much advanced for 1060, it does not look advanced enough for 1177. The enrichment is confined to surface ornament, and is the elaboration of ornament which might be exof simple, almost rude, character, and totally lacks pected in a building of 1177. Waltham Abbey church, though built in 1060, belongs to the Norman branch of the Romanesque family, this branch existing simultaneously with the Saxon in England during a considerable portion of the eleventh century. Your correspondent will find much information respecting this church and the burial of Harold in a valuable paper by Mr. E. A. Freeman, in the Transactions of the Essex Archaological Society, vol. ii. part 1.


*So at p. 488 (names wanted) it ought to be considered that book plates are no authority. They generally mean nothing at the present day.

This arch, which forms part of the east end of the present church, appears upon researches made, from various authors, to be quite primitive, having escaped the hands which time and fashion bring; part of this end belongs to the lord of the manor, and is kept in repair by the same. Before the surrender of the abbey the tower stood near the east end in conjunction with the choir, or, as Farmer says, some eastern chapel, and other old buildings coeval with the monastery, which were destroyed in 1562, according to the imprimis given by Dr. Thomas Fuller, when the tower was removed to the west end. This arch, which is now entirely exposed to the weather, was doubtless a medium into some of those places above named, as it is recorded by the same quaint historian, that the church typified the Church Militant, and the chancel represents the Church Triumphant, and all who will pass out of the former into the latter must go under the rood-loft, that is carry the cross and be acquainted with the affliction. This is the most authentic account I have in my possession to give. W. WINTERS.

Churchyard, Waltham Abbey.

PHILOLOGY (3rd S. x. 494; xi. 99.) —A satisfactory reply has been given by MR. BATES to the query as to the authority for patum as a Latin word for tobacco; but two other questions have not been answered, namely, (1) How bad occurs in English and Persian only, and not in the cognate tongues? and (2) what is the derivation of archipelago, and when was it first called the holy sea?

The reply to the first is, that the word bad in Persian means desire, and is placed at the end of imperatives to supply the place of our may or let, as zindeghiani-i padishah diraz BAD -long life to the king! In Persian the word bed corresponds in sense with the English bad, but like the Persian abōd, and the English abode, must be treated as an accidental resemblance, for the affinity cannot be traced through the German or Sanscrit. Since the time of Leibnitz there has been, however, no reason to doubt the relationship of the German and Persian languages.

The reply to the second query is more difficult. The term archipelago, as a Greek derivative, would mean chief sea, but it could only be so considered in reference to the Black Sea and not to the Mediterranean or Atlantic. The word, however, is now used geographically to designate clusters of islands in many parts of the globe, for which the Grecian archipelago is remarkable. Gibbon considers archipelago to be a corruption of ayov Téλayos, holy sea, the name given to it by the modern Greeks, from its being frequented by monks and caloyers (x. c. 53, p. 102 n.). But both may be considered as corruptions of the name by which it was known to Eschylus, Egæan,” πέλαγος


Alyaîov (Agam. 670). So Mount Ida is styled by
Hesiod "the Egman mountain" (Theog., 484,
Gaisford's ed.). Strabo (viii. c. 7. s. 5), who uses
the same word, considers it as derived from
Ege in Euboea (Homer, I., xiii. 21). So does
Damm (Lex. 1040).
Damm (Lex. 1040). Perhaps it is originally the
plural form of hyn, ai yaîai, lands as distinct from
sea and sky; also islands (Homer, Odys., viii. 284;
Dammii Lex., 182).
Streatham Place, S.

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COMMANDER OF THE NIGHTINGALE (3rd S. xi. 440, 523.) The Nightingale was a sixth-rate frigate, carrying twenty-four guns and one hundred and ten men. Capt. Thomas Smith, a Jacobite, was dismissed the service March 17, 1689; he entered that of France, and was in command of the Nightingale when she was captured by Capt. Haddock of the Ludlow Castle, Dec. 30, 1707: Smith was tried for high treason and hanged. Capt. Charles Guy, or Gay, was appointed to the Nightingale March 23, 1709; he died in 1712, and was succeeded in the same year by Ezekiel Wright, who died in 1736. J. HARRIS GIBSON.


MOTTOES OF COMPANIES (3rd S. xii. 65.) — Mr. J. MANUEL gives as the motto of the Amicable Society "Esto perpetua." If this is the Amicable Society "for a perpetual Assurance Office established in London in the year 1706," it has at last, after 160 years of existence, belied its motto by becoming merged by Act of Parliament in the Norwich Union Assurance Office.



of Balgony have certainly the "At spes solamen,' PUNNING MOTTOES (3rd S. xii. 74.)-The Hopes lour have substituted for this "At spes infracta.” but the Hopes of Hopetoun and those of RankilLooking to the crest, a shattered globe suridea, and reminds one of Horace, from whom the mounted by a rainbow, this is certainly a better



have been taken

"Si fractus illabatur orbis."

One of the most atrocious of these punning mottoes is that of Cave, "Cave, Deus adsit."

BUSHEY HEATH has entirely missed the jingle in that of the Cockburns, whose motto is not "Ascendit cantu" (which would rather apply to Lark or Larkins), but "Accendit cantu."

The "Nihil verius" of the Scotch Veres I

have already mentioned in "N. & Q." when treating of a different subject. GEORGE VERE IRVING.


The "Quid rides" reminds me of the story, in my schooldays, of an usher seeing one of the boys with a thick lump in one of his cheeks, who asked "Quid est hoc? To which the lad, spattering out a large piece of chewing tobacco, replied Hoc est quid," for which repartee the master forgave him. P. A. L. Bishop Burgess's brother had made his fortune by the sale of pickles and sauces at his house in the Strand, which respectable firm still continues. It is said that he was thinking of setting up his carriage, and asked his brother, the bishop, for a motto to his arms, who gave him the following from Virgil:


"Gravi jamdudum saucia cura."


"CONSPICUOUS FROM ITS ABSENCE" (3rd S. xi. 438, &c.) The recurrence of this phrase in "N. & Q." has several times recalled to me a story of the Emperor Galerius, which contains a parallel idea. The story is a favourite one of De Quincey; so I give it in his words:


"Sir,' said that emperor to a soldier who had missed the target in succession I know not how many times (suppose we say fifteen), allow me to offer my congratulations on the truly admirable skill you have shown in keeping clear of the mark. Not to have hit once in so many trials, argues the most splendid talents for missing."-Works, vol. xiv. p. 161 note, ed. 1863.

JOHN ADDIS, JUN. BUTTERFLY (3rd S. xi. 342, &c.) — Two more quotations from Chaucer to append to that of MR. ŠKEAT (xii. 58): –

"I sette right nought of the vilonye,
That Je of wommen write, a boterflie."

Canterbury Tales, 1. 10,178, ed. Wright. "Such talkyng is nought worth a boterflye." Ib. 1. 16,276. JOHN ADDIS, JUN.

NOSE BLEEDING (3rd S. xii. 42.)-When I was a boy at school the remedy for this efflux was to put a bunch of keys down the back while the clothes were on. The cold metal-never very rapid in its descent-produced, as it was considered, “a chill” to the blood. CHISWICK.

STAINS IN OLD DEEDS (3rd S. xii. 47.) — If he could have done so, ADAMAS should have explained something of the nature of the stains that he wishes to remove. Are they ink stains, wine stains, or the stains only attributable to age? He may try the following recipe, I think, with advantage:-Dissolve a quarter of an ounce of oxalic acid in a wineglassful of boiling water; when the solution is cold apply it lightly to the stains with a camel's-hair pencil; afterwards wash

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La Lyre Française. By Gustave Masson. (Macmillan.) This is a new volume of Macmillan's favourite Golden

Treasury Series, and, thanks to the merit and beauty of its contents and the zeal and good taste of its editor, will certainly not be the least popular among them. We doubt whether, even in France itself, so interesting and complete a repertory of the best French lyrics could be found. A rapid but clear and intelligent sketch of French chanson literature precedes the collection, which contains no fewer than thirty-six Religious Songs and Hymns; twenty-three Patriotic and Warlike Songs; sixty-four Bacchanalian and Love Songs; fifty-three Satirical Songs, Epigrams, &c.; twenty Historical Songs, Vaudevilles, Parodies, and Complaintes; and lastly, some thirtyfour Miscellaneous Poems. These are followed by a series of valuable Notes; a Chronological Index; an Index of the first lines, and an Index of Writers. It is a beautiful little volume for a travelling companion. History of Dudley Castle and Priory, including a Genealogical Account of the Families of Sutton and Ward. By Charles Twamley. (Russell Smith.)

Mr. Twamley is a native of Dudley, and the history of its Castle having long been to him a source of great interest, he has for some years been collecting information respecting it and the two families of Sutton and Ward, whose names are so intimately associated with it. The present little volume, the result of his labours, will be received with welcome by his fellow townsmen, and referred to with satisfaction by all who desire to know the history of Dudley Castle and Priory. Tinsley's Magazine, conducted by Edmund Yates. No. 1. (Tinsley Brothers.)

This is a new candidate for the favour of the Magazineloving public, conducted by Mr. Yates, with a spirit which not only deserves success, but bids fair to command it. With "The Adventures of Dr. Brady," by W. H. Russell, whose vigorous pen here deals as readily with fiction as it has heretofore done with the stern realities of life; and "The Rock Ahead," which gives promise of being one of the Editor's best stories-there is abundant interest for those who regard a good story or two as the backbone of a magazine; while the rest of the Number is characterised by papers, many of which treat of topics of

the day; and we suspect the last article of all will not be the least popular "Paris Fashions," with such "loves of bonnets!"

"He that fights and runs away May live to fight another day." OR an exhaustive Discussion as to the Author

7, Whalley View, Whalley Range, Manchester.

The Broadway, London and New York. No. 1, August. (Routledge.)

The ink with which we had written the preceding WANTED TO PURCHASE.

Editions of SEASONS:-
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notice was scarcely dry when we received the first Number of Messrs. Routledge's new International Magazine: and a thoroughly good first Number it is. It opens with five chapters of a new story, "Brakespeare; or, The Fortunes of a Free Lance," by one of the most vigorous and popular of modern writers; which is followed by some dozen other papers of great variety, including a graceful little poem, "Charmian," by Robert Buchanan; and "A Wonderful Crab," with eight woodcuts, by Ernest Griset, which is worth the price of the whole Magazine, and more. How Messrs. Routledge can afford such a miscellany for sixpence, passes comprehension; but their expectation of an enormous sale, based on the acknowledged fact that there are in the world twice as many sixpences as shillings, will, we have no doubt, be realised.

MESSES. VIRTUE & Co. purpose commencing, in October, the publication of a new Monthly Magazine, under the Editorship of ANTHONY TROLLOPE. It will be called The New Metropolitan Magazine.

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Notices to Carrespondents.

OUR SECOND SERIES. Subscribers who want Numbers or Parts to complete their Second Series are recommended to make early application for the same, as the few copies on hand are being made up into sets; and when this is done, no separate copies can be sold.

SCISCITATOR. Ignoramus, Comedia, Lond. 1630, is by George Ruggles, and was acted before King James I. at Cambridge in March, 1614-15. Vide" N. & Q." 1st S. iii. 518, and the biographical dictionaries.

P. HUTCHINSON is thanked for the pedigree of the Duke family.

A. SMITHER. The quotation will be found in Macbeth, Act III. Sc. 2. R. C. L. For the slang word "Bunkum," see "N. & Q." 2nd S. vi. 92; 3rd S. iii. 427; and for the origin of the song Yankee Doodle," 2nd S. vi. 57.

ERRATUM. 3rd S. xii. p. 76, col. ii. line 29, for "Renè de Moutiers de Mérinville " read" Démontiers de Merinville."

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