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formation desired by your correspondent Anglo- been another brother of the notorious James. SCOTUS.

DAVID SEMPLE. Two sons (one Arthur) appear in David's “TestaPaisley.

ment” (Com. Rec. Glasg.) in 1613, when he died,

though his tombstone in Crosbykirk is dated Thanks to the extracts contributed by Mr. V FRE 1619, as stated in the notes to Wishaw. If

So, IRVING, we have now got some very interesting he could not be the avus of Alisona Hamilton, information from the records. From these, and served heir to a David Hamilton in 1602. It is another source to be cited presently, I infer that curious that the local tradition of the ancient the John Hamilton employed to murder Coligni, burgh of Prestwick assigns the murderer his last and called by Mr. Froude "the brother or near resting-place in its seabeaten churchyard, though relative of Chatelherault," was in all probability I presume he died in exile. the “Prepositus de Bothvil," who in the for As for the “card" story, I gave it quantum feiture of Oct. 26, 1579, is styled the “brother” | valeat. It was told me on the spot many years of Bothwellhaugh. He thus turns out to have ago by the late Professor Fleming of the Univerbeen “Provost” of the collegiate church of Both-sity of Glasgow—a gentleman who was tolerably well, and a priest of the ancient faith, possibly versant with the family history of his native outed from his living by the Reformation, and a county.

ANGLO-Scotus. marked man. The following notices from Bannatyne's Journal (edit. 1806) doubtless apply to

In the account of the Muirheads of Lauchhim, p. 35 :

ope, in the Appendix to Nisbet's Heraldry, it "In this meane tyme (August, 1570,) there come from is there stated that James Muirhead, “ linked in Flanderis a little pincke, and in it tuo gentlemen with friendship, blood, and affinity with the HamilMr. John Hamyltoun called the Skyrmisher fra Duck tons," was married to Janet, daughter of James d'Alva. The heidis of thair commissione are not yet notified: but the brute (rumour) is that the lord Sea of the house of Orbiston.

Hamilton of Both wellbaugh, who was a brother toun and some utheris suld pass to Flanderis, that Duck d'Alva suld assist them in rebellione against the King;" for a night with his brother-in-law at Lauchope,

After the murder, Bothwellhaugh took refuge [The chronicler piously adds] “ Lord confound thair malitioues myndis.”

afterwards burnt to the ground by the Regent's Again, on pp. 349 et seq., containing the truce party. His connection with the Orbiston family (for two months from August 1, 1572), procured does not interfere with his relationship to the by the exertions of the French ambassador "La- archbishop, as Calderwood says he was sister crock ” (Le Croc), and “ Maister Drurier (Drury) sonne to the bastard Bishop of Sanct Andrewes." for the Queene of England,” between the Regent

W. R. C. Mar and the lords of Queen Mary's party then

Glasgow. holding the castle and town of Edinburgh, we find the following persons expressly excepted

THE CHEVALIER D'ASSAS. from the truce, viz:

(3rd S. xi. 34.) “James, sometymes erle Bothwell, James Ormistoun, In giving an

answer to SEBASTIAN's query, sometyme of that Ilk; Patrick Hepburne, sometymes of I cannot refrain from going into the whole Beinstoun ; Patrick Wilsoun, sumtyme servand to the said erle; James Hamiltoun, sometyme of Bothwelhauch ; question about the controversy which has been Jhone Hamiltoun, sumtymes provest of Bothwell his brother, raised and the doubts which have been expressed with the whole theives and brocken men, inhabitants of as to the possibility or rather probability of the the bordoris and heilandis," &c.

Chevalier d'Assas's heroic act, and his now hisThe remarkable confession of “ Arthure Hamil- torical exclamation. First of all, who was the ton in Myrritoun” at once explains the territorial Chevalier d'Assas? His family belonged to what connection of Bothwellhaugh with Ayrshire. The the French call la petite noblesse, but dated from lands of Monktoun, with which the commendator the twelfth century, as this is clearly proved by of Aberbrothok bribed the assassin, are in that the genealogist Chérin, who searched the original county, and seem, in 1590 and subsequently, to documents. Louis (and not Nicholas, as some of have been the property of a “David Hamilton of his biographers have baptized him) was born at Bothwellhaugh,” within the paroch of Monktoun, Le Vigan, in the Cevennes, in the year 1733. who appears in the Commissary Records of Glas- Thus he was only twenty-seven years of age when gow as the creditor of a “'Thomas Knicht in he died, for the engagement near Klostercamp (not Prestwick” (in same parish) for rent of lands Kampen) took place in 1760, and not in 1762 as there. The editors of Wishaw, unaware of the SEBASTIAN asserts it. He entered the service case, supposed they saw an error, and altered very early, and was already captain of the Chasconjecturally Monktoun into Monkland, a parish seurs du régiment d'Auvergne at the moment of in Lanarkshire; thus rather misleading inquirers his death. This fatal event happened, as is very like myself till MR. IRVING came to the rescue. well known, during the Hanoverian war, at KlosWho this David was is not stated. He may have tercamp, near Wesel, where his division was cut

to pieces by the enemy under command of the young officer. It was only during the beginning Duke of Brunswick. On the evening of October of the reign of Louis XVI. that people began to 15th d'Assas went quite alone, they say, to a place talk again about the occurrence near Klosternear his camp, where there was a kind of grove, camp. in order to watch the hostile enemy. All at once In 1777, Marie-Antoinette heard of the heroism he found himself surrounded by German soldiers, of the Chevalier d'Assas. She expressed her sinwho put their bayonets on his east, threatening cere admiration, but also her intense amazement to kill him on the spot as soon as he would shout that such an act as his should have remained for or wam his friends by any sign whatever. Pre so long a time completely unknown, and ordered ferring, however, the safety of his regiment to his some one to write about it to the Baron d’Assas, own preservation, he ejaculated with force the brother of the deceased, with the request that he famous “ A moi, Auvergne, ce sont les ennemis !” should gather more details together about Louis and fell at the same moment pierced with bayonet and his noble sacrifice, in order to publish them in wounds.

a kind of memoir. The baron readily responded to This is the plain popular story. I must con the demand, but at the same time availed himself fess that I find a great many improbabilities in of the favourable opportunity to ask an advanceit. First of all, one single man never goes out ment for his two sons, and the authorisation of to reconnoitre the enemy; at least it is a very adding to his own name that of Klostercamp. unusual thing. But even admitting this impro- These particulars will be found in a letter which bable hypothesis as a fact, who is there to prove he wrote to the famous patriot Palloy, in answer to that d'Assas really used the words above-men- certain questions which the latter had put to him tioned? Who is to demonstrate that he had an concerning the family relations and the dramatic interior struggle between the natural instinct of end of the Chevalier d'Assas. Palloy had also preservation and the duty to warn his friends ? requested the baron to tell him whether there Was there time left to him for such an internal were any portraits of the hero in existence, because contest? Did the Germans not assassinate him it was his intention to have one painted on a stone as soon as they had seized him? These questions of the Bastille. The letters form part of the rich are very natural ; they are produced by, spon- and interesting collection of inedited documents taneous induction. But now the truth-the real in possession of M. Feuillet de Conches, the wellabsolute truth-where is it? I do not think that known amateur of autographs. He has recently it will ever be obtained; but what I think commenced to publish them. (Louis XVI, Mariehighly probable is this. A man being seldom or Antoinette, et Madame Elisabeth, 1864-1866, i.-iii. never pathetic at the very last moment of his Paris, H. Plon.) The king wrote to M. Montexistence, I believe that d'Assas, seeing the enemy, barey, Minister of the War Department, about the used perhaps “ Holà !” or “Qui va là ? ” or any pending question, and finally, after a deliberation similar short exclamation sufficient to warn his in council, & perpetual pension was granted to the companions of the impending danger they were in. family of d'Assas, represented by the eldest son of (I do not mean to say at all that I accept this each new generation. They were also admitted version of the occurrence as the only true one. I at court, and received with much distinction. simply try to explain the popular hypothesis in Besides all this, the baron obtained the privilege the most rational manner possible; nothing else.) (one which was very much envied at the time) of It is curious that at the time nobody spoke about hunting with the king, and his eldest son was apthe heroic act of the Chevalier d'Assas. The pointed "capitaine de l'artillerie.” The letters Gazette de France does not mention it; it only patent creating this pension were forwarded on inserts (number of October 25, 1760) the name October 8, 1777, and registered on March 21 of of the hero in the list of the fallen. He was even the following year.* This curious and highly inso obscure a man then that his name is misspelled teresting document now belongs to a private colin the Gazette. We read d'Assar instead of lection. It was sold by Livardet at a public aucd'Assas. Voltaire was the first to call the atten- tion of autographs held in Paris, on February 19, tion of the public to the noble deed of the cheva- 1857. The following is worth quoting, because her in the second edition of his Précis du règne de it contains, so to say, the official version of the Louis XV, published in the year 1769. In 1768 affair near Klostercamp: he had already brought it to the notice of the Duke de Choiseul in a letter, which has been pub- of the French Revolution, but Napoleon I. re-established

* This pension was forgotten during the stormy days lished since; but the French government had too it in 1810, and it has always been acquitted since. Let me much to do then to think or to discuss about such add here that a column was placed during the same year an insignificant subject as the unusual death of a on the very spot where d'Assas fell, and his famous excla

mation is to be found on it as an inscription. Le Vigan

has erected a monument to eternize the name of its I shall examine many other suppositions and versions bero, and a street in Paris has been baptised “Rue of this story afterwards.

d'Assas."

“ Louis par la grâce de Dieu, Roi de France, etc.-De

arms of Argent a chevron gules between three toutes les grandes actions que l'histoire a immortalisées, pheons, the two in chief pointing to each other, Louis, Chevalier d'Assas, capitaine de chasseurs au régi- the one in base point upwards sable, have been ment d'Auvergne, s'est dévoué à la mort. La nuit du 15 assigned, and are also borne by Kadwgan of au 16 octobre 1760, le prince héréditaire de Brunswick Bachan and the Kyffins of Glas-coed. See the voulut surprendre à Klostercamp, près de Wesel, un corps Harl. MS., No. 1143.

PINGATORIS. de l'armée française commandé par le marquis de Castries. Le chevalier d'Assas, en marchant à la découverte RICHARD DEANE, THE REGICIDE (3rd S. xi. pendant l'obscurité, tombe dans une embuscade ennemie. 503.) — Would that the regicidal mark on my Environné de baïonnettes prêtes à le percer, il peut ancestor's name were as apocryphal as is his origin acheter sa vie par son silence; mais l'armée va périr si elle ignore le danger qui la menace.

Il crie à haute from Suffolk ditches or Yorkshire dye-vats! I voix, A moi Auvergne, voilà les ennemis ! et dans l'in- transcribe however, in extenso, his holograph now stant il expire percé de coups. Si cette mort glorieuse before me, referring to “ Ipswich,” where he l'a dérobé à notre reconnaissance, nous pouvons du moins seems to have had authority: more probably as en faire éprouver les effets à son frère," etc.

port-admiral*—the recompense,

I

grieve to say, Where did they derive their information from? of judicial treason-than in the service of the Probably from the Baron d'Assas' notes and Vol- Lord Mayor of London : taire's above-mentioned letter. But then how did

" I doe certifye that ye Hoye Wm and John of Colthe latter manage to get his? This he will tell chester, William Hutchhin (sic) Master, was by my us himself. In a letter to Count Schomberg, order comanded out of Harwich for ye reliefe of the Shipp dated October 31, 1769, we read :

'Lyberty when shee first came aground on Balsey Landes,

and that I was an eye-witnesse of ye Dammage web the “ Je n'ai fait que copier ce que le frère de M. d'Assas sayd Hoy received therein; the charge for repayeing et le major du régiment m'ont mandé."

whereof will amount to 921 10s at least, as I am certifyed Regarding the peculiar construction of the phrase, by two of ye best Master Shipwrights of Ipswich, who by one might be induced to think that already at the my desire made survey of her. Given under my hand

the 23d day of Octobr, i650.-Ri. DEANE. time that Arouet wrote the above, doubts were

“ To all whome it may concerne." entertained as to the probability of the Chevalier d'Assas' heroic act, and also as to the manner in

Three memoranda are endorsed in several which it was executed. Was it really so? Is it scripts : even decided at present whether the story is fact 1. “ Navy Office, 25° Octob, 1650, Comrs for the Navy or fiction ? and if it is a fact, has it been de

to the Comitee (sic) for the Admiralty.

“ Concerning Mr Hutchin's Hoy, Capt Green's men, finitively established now in what way it took

and other thinges.” place ? I shall try to answer these questions in a 2. “ 1st November, 1650. C. N. for allowing 921 10 04 following article.

H. TIEDEMAN. to Wm Hutchins for damage don to his Hoye in boarding Amsterdam.

the Libertie.

“ Yo bill made out on ye Shipw's certificat." THE BELLS OF ST. ANDREWS (3rd S. xi. 437.) to recall the memory of my paternal ancestor,

It is a strong, and to me a pleasurable contrast, I was about to send you my view of these legends, Thomas Swift of Goderich, the father of the Combut my reply has been most satisfactorily antici- monwealth's Admiral Deane's son-in-law, who pated by your valuable and able correspondent sold the larger moiety of his ancient estate in F. C. H., and I would only beg to endorse it by Herefordshire, to raise money for the king in his the weight of my opinion, whatever it may be conflict with the rebel Cromwell, who had the worth, and say that it fully agrees with my own. As for the letters E. o. R. they usually stand decency, be it remembered, of forbearing to put

the crown on his own head. for eorum, which may here be the founder's false

EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE. concord for ejus, sumptibus being understood.

And as for “Kate Kennedy," that is evidently PERJURY (3rd S. xi. 503.) — The prefix is, I a word compounded of the bishop's name and think, intensive, not opposite. In its bad sensethe name of the bell, and with no other reason meaning in these our times its failure-perjuro is, than thinking it a good joke, as the two names I think, pejero=pejus juro. If it be purely preoccurred on the beli, to join them together; and positional, it may follow the general meaning of perhaps as an excuse for a holiday, they were slan- per : derously joined together for the sake of more

the cheap swearer through his open sluice." revelry and such like. H. T. ELLACOMBE.

Herbert. WALSI OF CASTLE HOEL (3rd S. xi. 495.)

Or, ironicè, “thorough" swearing; "through" The hypothesis of Sp. may be very ingenious, but thick and thin ; " through à deal board; I would rather assign the origin of his Welshman's arms to an ancestor-Kadwalader ap Gronwy,

* As I have already observed (antè, p. 482) the date, Lord of Mochnant, co. Denbigh-to whom the ficate-is scratched on the back of the portrait.

“Admiral, 1649”—a year before the date of the certi

3-12

" through” any thing,—so that the perjury brings window, and once, deeply carved, on a bench end. profit.

E. L. S. I mean the coat, argent, three chevronels sable ; HOLY ISLANDS (3rd S. xi. 496.)-On the sub

no colours appearing on the wood.

Whose is it? Lansladron, who had one sumject of the Holy Islands of Pagan times, C. A. C. will find an elaborate dissertation in An Inquiry

mons to parliament as baron in Edward I.'s reign, into the Primeval State of Europe, 1864 (Marl- moned for the last time 16 Edward III. Trerice

bore it. "So did Ercedekne, also a baron, sumborough & Co., Paternoster Row). 0. P.

took the coat of Lansladron; and Trecarrel of TreMICHAEL ANGELO'S “LAST JUDGMENT” (3rd S. carrel bore it also. But as Trecarrel of Trecarrel xi. 439.)— I have the same engraving, but signed had been Esse, a family which bore two chevrowith an 8–Wirings. John Wirings, or Wierix, or nels only, and took the third on coming to TreWiers, was born at Amsterdam in 1550. He was carrel and changing the name, some doubt may the author of many engravings, the best of which be raised as to the name Trecarrel and the coat are - the Redemption; several portraits, those of with three chevronels. I find in Harl. MS. Philip II., King of Spain ; Henry III., King of 1079, in the pedigree of Kelley, among the quarFrance; Catherine of Medicis, &c.; a dead Christ, terings of Kelley, the name Trecarrel als Esse with after Otto-Venius; some after A. Durer.

the coat, argent, two chevronels sable. I have another engraving, with the same head I am inclined to give the coat to Ercedekne, and fur cap, of Michael Angelo, and bearing the because in the top of the centre light of the same same inscription. He holds á compass in his window at St. Winnow I saw a shield of Courhand. It is the frontispiece to a work on archi- tenay. Sir Hugh Courtenay (temp. Hen. VI. and tecture, and is by “Giovanni Battista Montano, Edw. IV.) married Philippa, daughter and coMilanese, A° 1610.”

P. A. L. heir of Sir Warin Ercedekne or Archdeacon, and

with her got Antony in Cornwall and Haccombe NAMES WANTED (3rd S. xi. 313, 430, 487.) - in Devonshire. Their only child, Joan, married I am much obliged to D. P. for his answers. I twice ; first, Carew; secondly, Vere. Í do not took the bugle coat and Sandys of Ombersley know any presumption for the other names which from a book-plate, with the name carefully has so much probability as what I have suggested rubbed out, as D. P.'s. I obtained it, with many for Ercedekne.

D. P. more, from Dr. Wellesley's collection. Looking Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells. over Segoing's Armorial Universel, among the “Armes des plus nobles Maisons d'Angleterre,"

PARVENCHE (3rd S. xi. 139, 238, 345.) - The I came across an odd way for spelling Derby following extract from the Thornton Romances, (evidently from the way it is pronounced) published by the Camden Society, may prove of Stanley Comte d'Arbie.”* John DAVIDSON. some interest :

“ Corteys lady and wyse, FARREN OR FURREN FAMILY (3rd S. xi. 489.)

As thou arte pervenke of pryse, I do not find any of this name in my collections

I do me on thi gentryse, relating to French refugees. I have names of

Why wolt thou me spyll ? "

Romance of Sir Degrevant, lines 729-32. similar sound, which I now add :-Ferand, Jeremie, Canterbury, 1687; Ferrand, Marg', Can

Note, line 730. Pervenke of pryse. The Lincoln MS. terbury, 1690; Fairant, Anne, London, 172?; first word is rather obscurely written as if it were per

reads 'prudeste of pryse,' and in the Cambridge MS. the Ferrand, Josué, London, 1723; Fairon, Louis

, veulte.' The phrase corresponds exactly to the more London, 1706; Feron, Jean, Bristol, 1702; Feron, modern one, the pink of courtesy,' as in Romeo and Aba, London, 1735, 1738; Ferand, Capt“ Ni- | Juliet, Act II. Sc. 4– cholas, in Molinier's regiment in Ireland under

Parvenke de pris e sauntz pier, William III.

JOHN S. BURN.

Sount femmes sur tote autre rien.'

Wright's Lyric Poetry, p. 7. ARMS IN ST. WInnow CHURCH (3rd S. xi. 499.)

*The primerole he passeth, the parvenke of pris.' I cannot tell H. the name of the bearer of the

Ibid. p. 26." coat which he blazons. But I can add my evi

S. L. dence to the fact that he has blazoned it as it is seen. I made notes of all the arms which I could SO-CALLED GRANTS OF ARMS (3rd S. vi. 461, 539; find in St. Winnow several years ago. This coat, xi. 327, 508.)—I cannot agree with P.P. If a man quarterly per cross embattled argent and sable, takes a confirmation of arms, by so doing he admits then stood in glass in the east window of the that he can show no proof of his right to the coat south aisle. It occupied quarters 2 and 3 in a confirmed. Therefore a confirmation is in effect a shield which showed, in 1 and 4, argent three grant de novo, for if the arms confirmed were chevronels sable. I have long wished to be cer- really his by right, he would be a madman who tain whose shield it is. The coat is repeated, as

would
pay

fees to heralds for a grant of what was probably H. knows very well , singly in the same his without it.

G. W. M.

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give up,

THE BATTLE OF BEAUGÉ (3rd S. xi. 120.) — It benefit to myself in that course.” IIe confesses may be interesting to your correspondent J.L.K. he has as vast contemplative ends as he has to know that the Duke of Clarence was unhorsed moderate civil ends; and he says that if Burghat the battle of Beaugé by Sir John Swinton of ley will not help him, he will purchase out of the that ilk :

sale of his inheritance“ some lease of quick “ And Swinton laid the lance in rest

revenue, or some office of gain.” That he will That tamed of yore the sparkling crest

the legal career, and turn "sorry bookOf Clarence's Plantagenet.”

maker," or maybe become a true pioneer in "the Sir W. Scott, Lay of the Last Minstrel,

mine of truth.” Would that he had yielded to canto v. stanza iv.

this severe and simple instinct ! Office and honours Also Lingard, History of England, vol. iii. soon rained thick upon him, and in their slushy chap. vi. p. 260 (Edward VI., Charles Dolman, train dishonour followed.

C. A. W. 1854):

May Fair. “ The Duke, who was distinguished by his coronet of gold and jewels, received a wound from Sir William OBSOLETE PHRASES : CHAMPHIRE Posset (3rd Swynton, and was slain with a battle-axe by the Earl of S. xi. 377.) — May I say that I am as much Buchan."

amused as surprised at the endeavours to explain Also, Burke's History of the Landed Gentry, this phrase, which means neither more nor less vol. ii. p. 1342 (published 1847): –

than camphire or camphor posset — the virtues of “ Sir John Swinton of that ilk."

which may be ascertained by a reference to Bur• At the battle of Beauge in France, in 1420, Swinton ton's Anatomy (part III. sec. 2, mem. 5, subs. 1), unhorsed the Duke of Clarence, the English general, or any medical work of the period. The other brother of King Henry V., whom he distinguished by a explanations offered would take away all the coronet set with precious stones, which the Duke wore of the speech.

point around his helmet; and wounded him so grievously in

A. F. B. the face with his lance, that he immediately expired.... Sir John afterwards fell at the battle of Vernoil, where

ARCHBISIOP WHATELY'S PUZZLE (3rd S. xi.

difficult. the Scots auxiliaries were commanded by the gallant 458.)—I do not think this puzzle very Earl of Buchan, Constable of France, son of Robert Duke The man must have kept his fortune in a strong of Albany, Governor of Scotland, anno 1424."

box, and taken out money as he required it; The same facts are also stated in one of the being probably (like the fisherman mentioned in notes to Sir Walter Scott's drama of Halidon Crabbe's Borough, Letter 5) ignorant of the inHiu.

J. G. LLOYD.

vention of interest. Supposing him at twenty

one to have been possessed of 30001., and to have PASSAGE IN LORD BACON (3rd S. xi. 496.)— lived to the age of eighty-one, spending only 501.

Again, the meanness of my estate doth somewhat a-year, your correspondent will see there was move me; for tho' I cannot accuse myself that I am nothing remarkable in his being buried by the either prodigal or slothful, yet my health is not to spend, parish.

DENKMAL. nor my course to get." D. will excuse me for remarking that those xi. 356.)–On p. 356 there is a question respecting

Hyux: “WIEN GATHERING CLOUDS” (3rd S. who ask a question respecting a difficult passage the authorship of this beautiful hymn, at which ought to give a full reference. This letter of I was surprised. I had not supposed that any Bacon's occurs in the Letters from the Cabala, and in Basil Montagu's edition of Bacon is found

one doubted that it was written by Robert Grant. at vol. xii. p. 5. Bacon's epistolary style is gene

It appeared first in the Christian Observer, Febrally, very cramped, and this sentence is so ab- ruary, 1806. The contributor signed himself breviated that it is next to impossible to be sure

“E-Y. D. R.” In the same publication, Febof the meaning. He says that the narrowness of ruary, 1812, the hymn was again inserted, introhis means troubles him, that he cannot tax him- duced by this note: -self with profuseness nor idleness, and adds, “yet one) of a hymn which you once honoured with insertion

“ I send you an improved edition (at least I hope it is my health is not to spend, nor my course to get." in the Christian Observer. If you are of the same opinion, One difficulty lies in the connectives implying an you will probably insert it when you have a spare antithesis where I can see none to exist. It seems column.-.-Y, V. R.” to be equivalent to saying-My well-being or

In the early volumes of the Observer first aphealth does not consist in expenditure; I am not peared in print many of Heber's hymns, e. g.: -of expensive habits at all ; nor is my course [i. e.

“ Brightest and best of the sons of the morning." pursuit of law], as I am directing my researches in it, calculated to enrich me much. There is

“O Saviour, when this holy morn." another letter of Bacon's to Burghley, given by

“Oh weep not o'er thy children's tomb." Montagu, in the same volume (p. 476), in which

In the sun and moon and stars." he says, speaking of the ordinary practice of law: The first hymn was introduced (October, 1811) “So as I make reckoning, I shall reap no great by a letter from the writer, signing himself “D.R.”

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