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fait ces belles toiles, qu'on transporte dans toutes les logical Society visited Long Stratton (St. Mary's) parties de l'Europe, et qu'on appelle ordinairement toiles church, a pair of wheels in every respect similar de Hollande parce que les Hollandois viennent les enlever,

was shown us in the vestry. The two were et en font un très-grand commerce."- l’oyage littéraire de deux religieux bénédictins de la congregation de Saint brought together cymbal-like, and hung up by a Maur.. [Dom Edmond Martene et dom Úrsin Durand]. ring at the end of a handle, the lower part of the A' Paris, 1717–24, 4° ii. 221.

handle forking from the circumference to the I do not find Gladbach in Malte-Brun or Balbi : centre, where it was fixed by a strong pin. I it must be near Dusseldorf.—The old names of can compare it to nothing but to the familiar textile fabrics may sometimes lead to erroneous

trundle that children are seen with in the streets. notions, but the holland of former times was no

I fear, notwithstanding my diffuseness, that I doubt similar to that of our own times. In the have scarcely made myself intelligible to readers ; Unton inventories we read of holland sheets (1596), but I shall be much obliged for any help from and holland towels (1620); and in one of the those who have understood me. wardrobe accounts of prince Henry, eldest son of

P.S. Does this extract throw any light on the James I. we have holland for small furnishings at puzzle ? 10/ an ell, and holland for shirts at 13/4 an ell. “ MIDSUMMER EVE.— Durand, speaking of the sites of Such were the charges of master Alexander Wil- the Feast of St. John Baptist, informs us of this curious son, tailor to the Princes

in 1608.

circumstance, that in some places they roll a wheel about BOLTOX CORNEY.

to signify that the sun, then occupying the highest place in the zodiac, is beginning to descend, and in the amplified account of these ceremonies given by the poet

Naogeorgus, we read that this wheel was taken up to the Queries.

top of a mountain, and rolled down from thence; and

that, as it had previously been covered with straw, twisted UNKNOWN OBJECT IN YAXLEY CHURCH, about it and set on fire, it appeared at a distance as if the SUFFOLK.

sun had been falling from the sky. . . . . People imagine

that all their ill-luck rolls away from them together with Some time since there were found in the par this wheel.”—Bohn's Brand, Pop. Antiq. i. 298, quoting vise of the north porch of this church two orna Harl. MS. 2345, art. 100. mental iron wheels, which I will endeavour to

W. H. SEWELL. describe more particularly.

Yaxley. Each wheel, made of sheet iron, consists of two circles and two Greek crosses rivetted around

PORTRAITS OF YORKSHIREMEX. and upon a convex boss, or umbo, pierced in the centre. From the centre of the umbo to the cir

Can any of your readers inform me where cumference of the inner circle is eight and a half portraits of the undermentioned persons are to be

found ?inches, and of the outer circle fourteen and threequarter inches. Between each of the intersections 1. Joel Bates, by Dance; born at Halifax, and of the crosses is rivetted upon the centre umbo a conducted Handel's “Messiah" in Westminster leaf, cusped, five inches in length ; and upon the Abbey. inner (or middle) circle two similar leaves also 2. Þr. John Berkenhout; born at Leeds, aupointing outwards, falling in the eight compart- thor of the Synopsis, and Commissioner to the ments on each side of a fleur-de-lis rivetted on American States. the outer circle and pointing inwards. These 3. John Bigland; born in Holderness. Author, wheels are separate and injured; there is but one eighteenth century. fleur-de-lis remaining, and that not perfect. Both 4. William Blanchard, by De Wilde, actor ; wheels together weigh thirteen pounds.

born at York, 1800. I am very desirous to know the use of these 5. Dr. Thomas Burnet, by Kneller; Chaplain strange objects. The accomplished author of De- to King William III. corative Painting in the Middle Ages (E. L. Black 6. Rev. Francis Fawkes, writer; born 1721burne, Esq.), who is now engaged in the renova 1777. tion of the church, is of opinion that they are the 7. John Flaxman, sculptor ; born at York, 1755. hinge-plates or hinge-fronts of one of the church 8. John Harrison, inventor of the chronometer; doors ; but I do not feel persuaded that this was born 1693; died 1776. their use, for I cannot find any indication upon 9. Thomas Harrison, architect; born 1744. the wheels to show that they have been wrenched Designed the bridge over the River Dee, and off as from a door, or were ever fastened to one. other works. Died 1829. My own belief is that for some purpose they 10. George Holmes, Record Keeper; born at were intended to be fastened together, either for Skipton, 1662; died 1749. use or for ornament. Both the central bosses are 11. Henry Jenkins, centenarian. pierced by a hole a quarter of an inch in diameter. 12. John Kettlewell, Nonjuring divine, 1653–

Last Sept. (1866), when the Norfolk Archäo- | 1695.

13. William Lodge, of Leeds, painter, engraver, heraldic work within my reach, at all confirmaand traveller; born 1688.

tory of such an origin. May I beg for any specific With the engraved portraits I am acquainted; information upon this point ?

M. D. but any information respecting portraits in oil of the above-named persons, either through your treatise by Sir John Fortescue, the author of the

PASSAGE FROM FORTESCUE. --In an unpublished columns or direct, will be a favour.

De Laudibus Legum Anglia, which bears the title EDWARD HAILSTONE. of De Natura Legis Nature, the following passage Horton Hall, Bradford, Yorkshire.

occurs as part of a statement intended to prove that a woman has no right of succession to a

kingdom :LORD DARNLEY.-Sandford says, in his useful " Philosophus” (meaning, I take for granted, Ariswork, that Darnley was not five months in Scot- totle) “ in libro de Animalibus dicit quod mulierum land before his marriage with the

membra quæ ad actus generationis, gestus, et nutrimenti

queen ; and that he," at the time, did not exceed his nine- sed cetera earum membra .....

prolis ordinantur

grossiora sunt quam virorum,

minora existunt quam teenth year."

virorum ; scilicet ossa et nervi minora sunt, deCan

you inform me what was the exact date of biliora, et minus virtuosa in fæminis quam in viris ; dicit his birth, which is said to have occurred at Temple etiam quod mulier est mas occasionatus.” Newsome in 1545, as I am desirous of ascer What is the sense of this phrase? I have taining his age at the time of his assassination ? looked through the De Animalibus in vain for

Mary's marriage with Darnley was most pro- the original passage. One is tempted to render bably political. He was a dangerous rival: his occasionatus", with a specialty." But the descent from Margaret Tudor had placed him too word is not to be found in Facciolati

, and is near the crown of England. Had he remained in found in Ducange, with the sense of tributis grathe South, and propitiated Elizabeth, it is very | vatus, taxed for the king's “occasions.” Should probable he would have been her successor. I therefore translate “ a mulcted male"?-a male

That Darnley passionately loved Mary, appears with something taken away—an imperfect male ? certain. He was young, accomplished, and, un

C. P. F. fortunately for himself, credulous. This was soon EARL OF HOME. - In Lodge's Genealogy of the found out; and the whispers as to Rizzio's inter- Peerage, voce “ Home,” occurs this statement : course with his wife brought about the cata

“ Maldred left three sons, of whom Dolphin, the eldest, strophe that ultimately ended in his own murder.

was ancestor of the Nevilles and Cospatrick, the J. M.

youngest, who, with his descendants, are styled Earls, was

great-grandfather of Waldave, Earl of Dunbar ... DEPLEDGE.— I wish to learn, through your in- which title was forfeited in 1435 by George eleventh structive journal, the meaning of a term used by earl,” &c. the villagers for a portion of the place in which My object is not to put forward my own opinion, I live. It is called “the depledge." I find but to call in the aid of others to rectify what nothing to help me in the dictionaries but the seems like a succession of mistakes obsolete word "pleached,” used by Shakspeare, 1. Was Dolphin the eldest son ? and reintroduced into poetry by Emerson in his 2. Was Cospatrick the youngest ? last volume of verses, where he writes of his 3. Were they not "called Earls " (the descend"pleached garden”; while Shakspeare had writ- ants of C.), and as good titles as any other earls ; ten "the pleached bower,” and of "pleached nay more, as kings of Northumbria, were they arms.” In my deeds the field is called the not, previously to their exile, of superior rank? “ depleach,” which comes nearer to the ancient 4. Were not these Earls of Dunbar, at that term for woven or plaited work. My“ depledge” early period, what the Douglases afterwards beused to be a “boggart place”-a dark mass of came? trees; and I wonder often whether the term 5. Was not the royal House of Stuart descended “depledge,” or “depleach,” arose from this cir- from “ Alan the Steward” of the then Earl of cumstance: if so, why the prefix de- ? None of Dunbar ? the old inhabitants can tell me why the place is 6. Did George, eleventh Earl of Dunbar, really called the “ Depledge"; so I ask you, Mr. Editor, forfeit bis title, and was it not rather unjustly is the name elsewhere used for a tangled collec- taken from him, and the inferior one of Earl of tion of trees, a pleached "natural" bower? Buchan (which he refused to accept) offered in

D. S.

exchange ? Cheadle, Cheshire.

Setting aside Drummond's Noble Families, there

is a pedigree of this Northumbrian family in a ERMINE IN HERALDRY.—I am told that an work generally admitted to be comparatively acermine field in a coat armorial is indicative of curate—I allude to Surtees' Durham, and Lord regal descent; but I can find nothing, in any Kame's well-known Essay on a cognate subject

(so to speak) seem to confirm my impressions. Pink, or lake, is another transitory colour. This However, I should be glad to know how the is rather an important one, as it is a component ancient earldom of Dunbar stands in the estima part of the purples and grays. What is the best tion of Scottish antiquaries, for I am at a loss to recommended at the present time to stand, withdiscover any more noble or ancient, and yet the out waiting for our great-grandchildren? A year statements quoted are at least equivocal. Sp. or so ago, I recollect that some correspondent of “ FRIGHTENED Isaac."-In what book, play, or

“N. & Q.," who was amusing himself with illu

minating, made some inquiry on the subject of a song does this once proverbial phrase first occur?

brilliant scarlet. My own object just now is the I dare say yourself, or some of your readers, can instruct me as to the origin of a comparison, heraldic decoration of the panels of a flat Gothic “You look like frightened Isaac"-which I can

ceiling, where a good scarlet is a necessary colour.

I think that Dr. HUSENBETH recommended a remember to have heard as many as thirty years ago.

C. T. B.

particular scarlet, on the assurance of his own

personal experience. If this article should meet SIR GODFREY KNELLER. Can any of your his eye, would he mind repeating the name of readers inform me if a list exists of the paintings that particular scarlet, as I have not got a file of of the above artist? I am anxious to identify a “N. & Q.” by me?* There is a pigment in powder painting (evidently a portrait), of which the sub

known in the trade as pure scarlet,” some of ject is a child playing with a lamb. H. G. M.

which I have obtained, and its appearance is very Whitehall Yard.

good. Can this

be the same as that recommended PASSAGE IN “Don JUAN."—What is the mean by the learned D.D.?

P. HUTCHINSOx. ing of the passage within a parenthesis in the fol

A PHILOSOPHIC BRUTE. — What Greek author lowing lines from Don Juan, canto vii. stanza 5 ?

gives this designation, and to what brute ? “Newton (that proverb of the mind), alas !

B. J. T. Declared with all his grand discoveries recent, That he himself felt only like a youth

POEM CONCERNING Sr. SEPULCHRE's, LonPicking up shells by the great ocean, Truth.” DON.—Perhaps some of the numerous readers of

JAYDEE. N. & Q.” might be able to inform me where I PERMANENT COLOURS. — It is as easy for a

shall find a poem concerning the above church, painter to put good colours on his canvass as bad, respecting a culprit repeating over the acts of inif he has them. It is satisfactory for a painter

justice of the law which brought her to crime. I who expends a deal of time and trouble upon a

think it is entitled “Legends of St. Sepulchre,” large subject, especially if it be of a historical and part of the poem runs someway thus : nature, to feel that his work will last. There is

“ England robbed me of my son, no doubt that in many of the old paintings, exe

I robbed enough to save my life. cuted by most of the greatest names of past ages,

And for this I hung and for some of the colours have blackened by time, some

This I swung," &c. &c. &c. have altered, and some have faded out. Warned The author's name also will oblige by these changes, modern artists and modern

CHARLES Jas. HILL. chemists have more or less turned their attention

Dublin Friends Institute. to the discovery of new pigments which it is QUALIFICATIONS FOR VOTING.–Can

any hoped shall be of a more permanent nature. As readers afford me a complete list of qualifications I am only an amateur, I have not advanced to for voting under the old system ? In Preston, the higher walks of artistic knowledge; but my &c., the suffrage was practically universal. In present object is directed rather to the chemistry Andover, &c., the town council were the electors. of colours than to their manual application to In Dowton, &c., the burgage holders. In Lon

All the yellows made of that cheap don, liverymen. In Wootton Bassett, scot and and common but beautiful substance, chrome, I lot. In counties, freeholders. Were there any believe are very evanescent. I should like to other rights ? If so, what were they? know what yellow was used by the ancients.

ANTIQUARY. Cadmium yellow, strontian yellow, and one or two others, are vaunted in the present

day, but volumes

, Sketches of Young Ladies, and Sketches of

Who is the author of two little what do chemists and the best painters think of Young. Gentlemen, both illustrated by “Phiz"? their permanency? Perhaps it may be said that

The former is said to be by “Quiz"; the latter is sufficient time has not yet elapsed to have enabled artists to judge and decide on this particular sub

anonymous, but obviously written by the same ject, and that nothing but a long space of time

person. The publishers are Messrs. Chapman and

Hall; and the date of publication of the copies can settle it. I dare say I am an unreasonable

before me, which are each of the second edition, and an impatient fellow, but I cannot wait till our great-grandchildren have given their opinion.

[* See “ N. & Q." 3rd S. x. 116.]

of your



is, of the former 1837, of the latter 1838. I It is not generally known that James VI., about remember, when they came out, they were com a century before, had made an attempt to tamper monly attributed to the then young author of with the laws of his country in relation to the Pickwick; but as they have never, I think, been Earldom of Eglinton, which had originally beincluded by Mr. Dickens in his collected Works, longed to the family of Montgomery; but which I suppose common belief was incorrect. Perhaps the last heir male had transferred by a territorial some of your readers can answer my question. charter to his cousin, a Seton—who took the

C. T. B. name of Montgomery, and assumed the earldom Royal CHRISTIAN NAMES. The Times of upon the death of his relative. July 29 announced the baptism of the daughter

James, who had begun to relish the English of the Prince of Teck, who received eight Chris- fashion of patents, took umbrage at this, and intian names. When did the custom of giving so

sisted that the new earl should abandon his many names to royal children come into vogue ? peerage. This he boldly but respectfully refused In Spain the absurdity is carried to a greater Council to take the refractory nobleman to task.

to do, whereupon the monarch desired the Privy height than in any other country. In Germany six or eight names are commonly given; but four

After giving the matter their deliberate consideris the largest number hitherto bestowed upon the ation, the members unanimously refused to interinfants of our royal family. Private persons often fere, as they had no jurisdiction ; and said that, give sereral baptismal names to their children ;

if his majesty wished to take further steps, he but of these one or two are generally surnames, however he did not venture to do; and it is under

must proceed before the Court of Session, which for the purpose of marking the connection with the mother's or paternal grandmother's family. the original charter, infestment and retour, that

the Seton Montgomeries now hold the peerage. As princes are not known by their surnames, can any reason of a similar character be assigned for The books of the Privy Council

, and the protest giving a string of ordinary Christian names to of the earl, distinctly prove the above statement.

What I am desirous of knowing, is, at what royal children? At the marriage of princes and princesses who rejoice in many names, is it usual

time was any statute passed in the British Par(as in the case of private persons with only two liament removing the original jurisdiction in such or three names) for the officiating clergyman to

question of the Court of Session to the House of

Lords ?-for I have not been able to find any one. pronounce them all at the appointed places in the service ? H. P. D.

J. M.


ning —“To thee, fair Freedom, I retire” - are Wanted any sources of information on this worthy

stated, in the collection of Shenstone's poems, to and voluminous writer. I know Wood's Athene,

have been “written in an inn at Henley-onCalamy, Palmer, and Davids' Essex. He died Thames.” They are inscribed on the centre pane and was buried in Dudley, Worcestershire, after

of the second row (from the bottom) of a room the Restoration. Shropshire and Worcestershire

on the first floor of the Red Lion—the large old readers of “X. & Q.” will kindly aid."

inn by the church at Henley. But is this copy of STUDENT.

the verses in Shenstone's handwriting? Many & SCOTISH PEERS: EGLINTON EARLDOM. — In pane of glass has endured more than a hundred looking carefully over the Articles of Union, I years, but the chances against a pane in the have been unable to find any clause annulling or

window of a much frequented hotel are heavy. superseding the previously existing jurisdiction of Comparison with a letter of Shenstone's would the Court of Session in questions of Scotish peer

nearly settle the question. ages. I have been told that, during the discus

ABRAHAM DE REMENIAM. sion which preceded the framing of these articles, VENT. — Narrow roads are called vents in some it was proposed to introduce a clause transferring parts of Kent. Thus, at Ightham, Seven Vents is the jurisdiction in such matters to the future

the name of a spot where seven roads meet. House of Peers of Great Britain; but this idea Huntington, S. S. in his Kingdom of Heaven taken was abandoned in the apprehension that such an by Prayer, tells us of " a place called the Four attempt would have led to the breaking off of the Wents, where four roads or ways meet,” near Union altogether. Thus the Court of Session re Cranbrook. Is this word vent one of the “Holmesmained untouched, and retained precisely the dale provincialisms,” or is it common in other same jurisdiction it possessed before the union of counties? Huntington gives a new rendering of the two crowns. This is distinctly proved by the the Weald of Kent. In many parts of his book clause relative to the College of Justice.

from which I have quoted, he calls it the Wild of

Kenta name perhaps not inappropriate to this (* A short account of Samuel Smith is given in wooded and remote tract of the county. “X. & Q.” 3rd S. iv. 501.-Ev.]


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WELLS IN CHURCHES.- In the church of Saint to have as much sense as other people, and the poet Eloi at Rouen (now used for Protestant worship), wanted his money back. there was formerly in the choir a well, now filled “ Morio dictus erat: viginti millibus emi. up, from which the water was drawn by means

Redde mihi nummos, Gargiliane : sapit.” of a chain. From this is derived the proverb

On this epigram the scholiast savagely remarks, that still used in Rouen, “ It is cold as the chain of

“ fools and jesters were bought either for pleasure and the well of Saint Eloi.” The doors of this church

amusement, or else, as now, that the house may contain were closed, although I visited it on Sunday, so

some bigger fool than its master” (“vel, sicut hodie, ut I could not enter, though I found no difficulty in

sit in ædibus aliquis domino ipso stultior”). seeing any of the Roman Catholic places of wor

Foolishness, in fact, appears to have been so much in ship. Would any correspondent inform me if any other instance of a well in a church is known, and request amongst the Romans, that there were whether the church of Saint Eloi contains any

persons who feigned themselves simpletons, in order to

raise their own selling price: “ Hæc addemus, quum in other object of interest ? John Piggot, Jun.

deliciis apud divites essent stupidi et hebetes viri, simulasse mox quosdam, ut magno venirent, stultitiam "

(Commentator on Martial, xiv. 210.) Queries with answers.

We may remark that, in addition to those fools or THE FOOL IN PAGAN TIMES.

jesters who formed part of the household, there were

others who used to drop in, or were introduced by the “ • You know,' says Seneca, writing to Lucilius, that

Romans at their feasts :Harpaste, my wife's fool, lives upon me as an hereditary charge; for, as to my own taste, I have an aversion to “ Balatrones were paid for their jests, and the tables of those monsters; and if I have a mind to laugh at a fool,

the wealthy were generally open to them for the sake of I need not seek him far-I can laughi at myself. This fool has suddenly lost her sight.'”—Quoted from Mon

the amusement they afforded." - Dr. Smith, Dictionary of taigne's Essays, book ii, ch. xxv., W. Hazlitt's ed. 1842.

Greek and Roman Antiquities. Much has been written of the fool of the middle

It has been suggested that the mediæval practice of ages; but what is known of that usher of mirth having a fool or jester attached to the household came in earlier times, particularly among the Greeks

in from the East after the time of the Crusades.-Meyer, and Romans ? A lady's fool, and this fool a

Conv. Lex. on “ Hofnarren." See more particularly Flöfemale, are peculiarities, it appears to me. Should gel's Geschichte der Hofnarren, s. 90, et seq.] the subject have an interest for others, I confess

St. JOHN OF BEVERLEY, I shouid much like myself to have it developed address at Hull, says, speaking of St. John of

Mr. Trollope, in his by some of the learned pens of “N. & Q.". The Beverley, that buffoonery of Thersites, and the clever mimicry of

Henry V. attributed his victory at Agincourt to the the Athenians, have nothing to do with my query intercession of the saint, on whose day the battle was any more than the Pasquin of papal Rome. fought, and whose festival the monarch afterwards directed

J. A. G. to be kept over all England." Carisbrooke.

In King Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 3, Henry says: [The Philistines sent for Samson that he might "make “ This day is call'd the feast of Crispin." sport,” and David feigned himself foolish at the court of “And rouse him at the name of Crispin." Achish. Patroclus is represented by Shakspeare as per

“These wounds I had on Crispin's day." forming the part of a mimic for the amusement of

Which is correct?

S. Achilles, and Thersites as doing the same for Ajax. In [Mr. Trollope's statement is quite correct. In 1037 Greek we have the name uwpiwv (as distinguished from the bones of St. John of Beverley were translated from the natural fool, uậpos), but no good authority for its his grave at York to his monastery at Beverley by Alfric, use. Under the Empire, but not in earlier times, pro- Archbishop of York, and the anniversary of this translafessed fools or jesters appear to have been frequent among tion was celebrated in the province of York on the 25th the Romans: the difficulty is to distinguish with accu of October, the feasts of SS. Crispin and Crispinian. (See racy between the various terms, balatrones, fatui, copreæ, Calendar prefixed to the Sarum Use.) scurræ, moriones, &c.—the meaning of which, though As King Henry V. attributed to the intercession of St. they may be verbally defined, appears to have been John of Beverley the glorious victory of Agincourt, it occasionally convertible.

was ordered in a synod held in the year 1416, that his On the passage cited from Seneca by Montaigne, the festival should be solemnly kept throughout England on commentator in Lemaire remarks: “Hæc fatua, ver the 7th of May, the day of his death in 721.-Lyndwood, nula ut videtur, joci causa alebatur, gEAWTOTOLOWDA, | Provinciale, ed. 1679, p. 103, and Appendix, p. 70. An hæreditate tamen ad Senecam transmissa. Luxus enim English translation of Archbishop Chichley's Constituambitionisque (causa ?] nanos, nanas, copreas, etc., in tion for the change of the festival is printed in John familiis habuisse Romanos, præsertim hujus ævi, patet." | Johnson's Laws and Canons of the Church of England, ed. Martial bought a man for a fool; but the fool turned out 1851, ii. 485.]

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