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and property belonging to him have been traced Edmunds family as shall lead to farther disto a house which has continued ever since in one covery or no, I think we are justified in saying family, where they have remained undisturbed that this part of the inquiry has been overlooked for nearly two hundred years; and we have seen even in the exhaustive analysis to which the subthat Sir Thomas, though willing to communicate ject has been subjected. the contents of his MSS., was careful of them,

J. HENRY SHORTHOUSE. and regretted their loss and whether this noté

Beaufort Road, Edgbaston. is so fortunate as to elicit such a reply from the

ENGLISH CARDINALS. It

may be useful to preserve in “ N. & Q." a list of English Cardinals since the Conquest; I

therefore send the following, which I have carefully compiled, and hope may be found accurate.

F. C. H.

In the Reign of

Created by

Died

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Robert Pullen ...
Nicholas Breakspear, Bp. of Albano (afterwards
Pope Adrian IV.) ..

Boso
Herbert Bosham, Archbp. of Benevento
Robert Curzon
Stephen Langton, Archbp. of Canterbury
Robert Somerset
John Tolet, Bp. of Portua
Robt. Kelwardley, Archbp. of Canterbury
Wm. Maclefield
Walter Winterburn
Hugh Atratus...
Theobald Stampe
Thomas Joyce ...
John Thoresby, Archbp. of York
Simon Langham, Archbp. of Canterbury .
Adam Eston, Bp. of Hereford
Thomas O. P. ...
William Anglicus
Thos. Langley, Bp. of Durham
Robert Hallam, Bp. of Salisbury
Richd. Clifford, Bp. of London
Philip Repington, Bp. of Lincoln
John Kempe, Archbp. of Canterbury
Henry Beaufort, Bp. of Winchester
John Bowet, Archbp. of York
Thos. Bourchier, Archbp. of Canterbury

1287.

Urban V.

[Nov. 6, 1373.)
[July 22, 1376.]

Urban VI.
Boniface XI.

...

Henry II.
Henry II.
Henry II.
Henry III.
John
Henry III.
Henry III.
Edward I.
Edward I.
Edward I.
Edward I.
Edward I.
Edward II.
Edward III.
Edward III.
Richard II.
Richard II.
Richard II.
Henry IV.
Henry IV.
Henry IV.
Henry IV.
Henry VI.
Henry VI.
Henry VI.
Edward IV.
Edward V.
Richard III.
Henry VI.
Edward IV.
Edward V.
Richard III.
Henry VII.
Henry VIII.
Henry VIII.
Henry VIII.
Mary
Mary
Elizabeth
Charles II.
George III.
George III.
William IV.
Victoria
Victoria

Nicholas V., 1452
Martin V. 1426

[Nov. 20, 1437.]
(Sept. 4, 1417.
[Aug. 20, 1421.]
[March 22, 1454.]
(April 11, ) 1447.
(Oct. 20, 1423.]
[March 30,] 1486.

John Morton, Archbp. of Canterbury

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Julius II., 1511 July 14, 1514.
Leo X., 1515

Nov. 29, 1530, æt. 60.
Paul III., 1534 June 22, 1535, æt. 76.
Paul III., 1536 Nov. 25, 1558, æt. 58.
Paul IV.

April, 1558.
Sixtus V., 1587 Oct. 16, 1594, et. 60.
Clement IX., 1675 1690, æt. 61.
Benedict XIV., 1747 1807, æt. 82.
Pius VII., 1801 March 19, 1811, æt. 57.
Pius VIII., 1830 April 10, 1837, æt. 64.
Gregory XVI., 1839 June 23, 1847, æt. 44.
Pius IX., 1850 Feb, 15, 1865, æt. 62.

[To render the above list more useful as an historical document, we have supplied those dates distinguished with brackets. They have been copied from the Rev.

Wm. Stubbs's valuable work, Registrum Sacrum Angli-
canum.—ED. “N. & Q."]

1

1

WILLIAM D'AVENANT ON SHAKSPERE.

stanza into nonsense! In 1810 the old error was

repeated by Chalmers in the work to which he Wishing to refresh my memory on the career

refers as one of his authorities, and it came forth of sir William D'Avenant, the noted poet and once more under the auspices of James Boswell dramatist of the seventeenth century, I had re in 1821. So ends my case. The offence is neither course to the General biographical dictionary of more nor less than this—the promotion of a capMr. Alexander Chalmers. The article occupies tive to the rank of captain without due authority! five pages; the authorities cited being the Bio

I must add that Lowndes misdates the Madagraphia Britannica and the writer himself! After gascar of 1638, and that Mr. W. C. Hazlitt, the à proemial flourish, which calls for no remarks, unsparing Aristarchus of bibliographic literature, we have this exciting statement

gives both the title of the volume, and its curious “ Young Davenant, who was born Feb. 1605, very votive inscription, incorrectly. early betrayed a poetical bias, and one of his first at

BOLTON CORNEY. tempts, when he was only ten years old, was an ode in

Barnes, S.W. remembrance of master William Shakspeare: this is a remarkable production for one so young."

SHAKSPEARIANA. I must here interpose some critical objections to the above statement. 1. Herringman, who

“ The swaggering upspring reels.”

Hamlet, Act I. Sc. 4. collected and published the works of sir William in 1673, and the widow of the poet, who dedi

There has been lately published in Germany cated the volume to his royal highness the duke (Brockhaus, Leipzig) a new edition of Chapman's of York, write D'Avenant. 2. Aubrey and Wood edited by Dr. Karl Elze of Dessau. The learned

Tragedy of Alphonsus, Emperor of Germany, assure us that the poet was born in February editor has added numerous notes and a preface and baptised the 3 March 1606 So also wrote full of research, showing there was a far greater the exact Thomas Birch in 1736. Now Chalmers, intercourse between England and Germany in with the option of two admissible modes of stat-those times than is generally imagined. The ing the historic year, adopts a deceptive mode which contradicts what immediately follows. 3.

work cannot fail to be welcomed in this country

as a valuable contribution to Elizabethan literaThe assumption that the ode in question was written when D'Avenant was only ten years old, ture, especially as both notes and introduction are though made by an editor of twenty-one royal written in English. At p. 83, we read – octavo volumes of English verse, needs no refuta

“An Almain and an upspring that is all.” tion—but I shall produce the plain words which To this passage the editor appends the following gave rise to the travesty:

note: “ Thus much is certain, that our author (D'Avenant)

"Upspring' neither means an upstart, as most admired Shakespear more than any English poet, and Shaksperian editors ( as well as Nares, though he cites that one of the first essays of his muse was a poem upon

the present line from Alphonsus] have imagined, nor the his death, which happened when Davenant was about

German Walzer,' as Schlegel has translated it in Hamlet, ten years old."-John Campbell, esq. 1750. (B. B. vol. iii.)

I. 4, but it is the Hüpfauf,' the last and consequently

the wildest dance at the old German merrymakings. See The authoritative text of the ode on Shakspere Ayrer's Dramen, ed. by Keller, iv. 2840 and 2846 : is contained in Madagascar; with other poems. By Ey, jetzt geht erst der hupffanff an. W. Davenant. London, printed by ohn Haviland Ey, Herr, jetzt kummt erst der hupffauff. for Thomas Walkly 1638. 12o. This small No epithet could therefore be more appropriate to this Tolume has been too much slighted by those who drunken dance than Shakṣpere's swaggering. I need should have examined it, and the consequence has hardly add, that' upspring’is an almost literal transla

tion of the German name.' been a series of errors. In 1648 Moseley published a second edition of it with a mutilated

Robt. CARTWRIGHT, M.D. line, which quite destroys the sense of the stanza; and' in 1673 Herringman adopted the same mu

HAMLET TO GUILDENSTERN:tilation. In 1780 Malone judiciously added the “ I am but mad north-north-west : when the wind is ode to the commendatory poems on Shakspere. southerly, I know a hawk from a hand-saw."--Hamlet, He misplaced it, however; adopted the mutilated Act II. Sc. 2. line of Moseley or Herringman; and in 1790 re As I can find no explanation of this proverb, I peated his former error. In 1793 Steevens set will attempt one, by reading anser for hand-saw. aside his propensity to critical censure, and im- "I know a hawk from an anser,” or goose, this plicitly adopted the error of Malone; and in being the generic name for our domestic water1803 Isaac Reed, who had accepted the literary fowl. In the ignorant mouth it soon became legacy of Steevens, with regard to his revised handser (conveying no meaning), and at last handnotes on the plays of Shakspere, adopted the old saw, bearing á very inadequate one. Had the error, with an addition which converts another expression occurred in a speech of the forgetful

and garrulous, but still shrewd old man, Polo- since. It is in the form of an engraved stamp nius, we might have understood that he knew the composed of brass attached to an ebony handle, difference between Hamlet the royal bird, when bearing on the face of the shield the figure of an himself, and the silly fowl that love had now imperial eagle crowned, with wings extended, and likened him to. As it is, we understand that he clasping in its talons a massive key with the advises his friend that he is only mad for the initials apparently “C. J. P.” in a monogram nonce, as it suits him; and when he chooses to depending from the key. Surrounding the imbe sane, he can distinguish differences as well as press are the words “ Paveur de la Guerre." another.

J. A. G. As a tradition exists that Napoleon delighted, Carisbrooke.

whenever an opportunity allowed, in paying his

troops himself when on active service, is it not “ THE MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR (3rd s. possible that this seal was specially employed, xi. 461.)

honoris causâ, when the emperor so played the paymaster?

C. R. H. « The luce is a fresh fish: the salt is an old coat."

I do not see that it is at all necessary to establish TRIVET: JOHN OF BOLOGNA.—In Trivet, under a connection between the above line and the visit the year 1250, it is said : “Hoc anno primum of the Danish monarch, as is attempted by Mr. celebratum est Londoniis, sub Magistro Joanne, PROWETT. Amongst the decorations at the coro- episcopo Bosonensi, fratrum prædicatorum capitunation of James I., it is very probable that his lum generale." arms were impaled with those of his consort, the A note to this passage in the edition of Trivet, daughter of the King of Denmark, or hers asso- published by the Historical Society, p. 238, indiciated with his collaterally, and so the singular cates that the person referred to is the celebrated charge of the stockfish would be publicly known. Dominican preacher, John of Vicenza. But John It appears to me exceedingly likely that the words of Vicenza was neither a bishop nor master of were added in reference to the queen's arms, and the order of Dominicans. The person mentioned if not before, for the representation before the by Trivet is evidently John, who resigned the king in 1604.

bishopric of Bologna, and was afterwards chosen Nothing which throws the least light on Shake- master of the order, and whose death is recorded speare's writings can be deemed unimportant, and in Baronius, Ann. Eccl. under the year 1253, with

think, thanks to “N. & Q.," a very a quotation from Capistranatus respecting him. interesting fact is educed from what has been

F. B. considered a dark and unmeaning passage.

IRISH ETYMOLOGY.- Permit me, a student of PHILIP E. MASEY.

the Irish language, to correct a singular misappre24, Old Bond Street, W.

hension of the meaning of the compound word,

bolg.an-t-slator (bolg-an-t-slatoir), by the “The gaudy, blabbing, and remorseful day." writer of the interesting review of "Kennedy's King Henry VI., Part II. Act I, Sc. 1.

Legends and Fictions of the Irish Kelts, which The terms “gaudy” and “ blabbing" seem very appeared in The Times of Friday, May 31. The inapplicable to anything remorseful, or even pity- word is a compound of two noans with the article ful, if we must take the word with such a mean- an interposed; bolg, a bag or wallet, and solair, ing. Would not a remorseful man be more the genitive of solair inclined to be sullen and taciturn? Shakspeare a collection, and literally means

a provision, a getting,

a wallet of was a complete master of metaphor; his poetic collections, a magazine, a miscellany, and not instinct was unerring. Query then, 1. Is it “bag-of-dirt,” as the reviewer ludicrously misShakspeare's ? 2. If not, how much more of takes. In the Munster dialect the word is written King Henry VI. is not Shakspeare's? 3. Is the bol3-an-t-rolačair. The last word of the complay of King Henry VI., in three parts, not a single play of Shakspeare's, in five acts,' largely pound, solair, has been obviously confounded interpolated by some unknown hand ? J. S. with solcair, the genitive of the noun s Icar=

dirt. The introduction of the adventitious letter A RELIC OF WATERLOO. — Including amongst the Gaelic called eclipsis, which here silences the

t before solain is owing to a euphonic law of its readers and correspondents so large an infusion of our Continental neighbours, to their kindness

s sibilant by the substitution of the t mute. in a future number of “N. & Q." the writer will

JOHN EUGENE O'CAVANAGH. probably be indebted for an explanation of an LAKE HABITATIONS. -In Lazistan, on the borofficial seal picked up immediately after the battle ders of Asia Minor and Georgia, it is stated by on the field of Waterloo by an English captain of Amedee Jaubert in his Voyage en Arménie et en artillery, in whose family it has remained ever Perse, p. 100, that the Lazes have their habita

in this case,

tions scattered about here and there on the crests were in the habit of convening. Before presenting himof the mountains near the shores of the sea. They self, he peeped into the apartment to discover who were are of wood and raised on posts. The lower part present. He was observed, and the party called on him

to enter. He found assembled Sir William Alexander, is not inhabited on account of the dampness of Sir Robert Kerr, Michael Drayton, and Ben Jonson. the soil

, and the upper story is surrounded by a After an evening's enjoyment, the bards fell a rhyming covered gallery. I may observe that such mode of about the reckoning. They owned that all their verses building is not uncommon in Turkey, but some

were inferior to Drummond's, which ran thus :times the lower part is walled in on two or three

«« « 1, Bo-Peep, sides as a stable for cattle, or as a covered place

See you four sheep, for the use of the men or women servants.

And each of you his fleece:

The reckoning is five shilling ; Xenophon found the Lazian house among the

If each of you be willing, then inhabitants, the Mossunekes, during the re

It's fifteen pence a-piece.'” treat of the ten thousand. It is to be observed that only some of the

Which of these is the true story? They can Lazian dwellings are in the nature of lake houses hardly both be so. Mr. Rogers gives no authority or cranoges.

HYDE CLARKE.

for his version. It is possible that Burns's verses

may have astonished three Cumberland farmers; "IMPERIALE, A TRAGEDY BY SIR RALPA FREE- but it is not very likely that Drayton and Jonson wan.”—The first edition of this work, noticed in

can have gone into raptures over those attributed Mr. Carew Hazlitt's Handbook of Popular Poetical to Drummond. On the face of it, the first is the and Dramatic Literature, is of the date of 1640.

more probable. Is the merit of either epigram I possess a copy of the date of 1639.

sufficient to make the question worth an answer? H. St. J. M.

H. K.

66

Queries.

WHO KILLED GENERAL BRADDOCK ? JOHNNY PEEP: DIFFERENT VERSIONS OF [The following interesting contribution to English STORIES.

biography has reached us in the shape of a cutting from

The Picayune, forwarded to us from Paris. - ED. In Allan Cunningham's one vol. edition of N. & Q.”] Burns' Life and Works, p. 331, I find the fol

LETTER FROM PLAQUEMINES. lowing:

(Special Correspondence of The Picayune.) * Burns was one day at a cattle-market held in a town in Cumberland, and, in the bustle that prevails on these

“ Parish of Plaquemines, May 31, 1867. oecasions, he lost sight of some of the friends who ac

“ In the absence of local news, allow me to entertain companied him. He pushed to a tavern, opened the door your readers to-day with a subject which is not entirely of every room, and merely looked in, till at last he came devoid of interest. to one in which three jolly Cumberland blades were en

“ Who killed Gen. Braddock? Gordon, in his History joying themselves. As he withdrew his head, one of of Pennsylvania, and after him Monette, in his History of them shouted Come in, Johnny Peep!' Burns obeyed the Valley of the Mississippi, answer that a provincial the call, seated himself at the table, and, in a short time,

named Thomas Fawcett was supposed to have committed was the life and soul of the party. In the course of their the deed. The general had cut down a provincial, for merriment, it was proposed that each should write a stanza disobeying orders in sheltering himself from the enemy's of poetry, and put it with half-a-crown below the candle fire. The brother, who witnessed the act, determined to stick, with this stipulation, that the best poet was to have avenge his death, and awaited the first opportunity, his halfcrown returned, while the other three were to be when he lodged his ball in the body of his overbearing expended to treat the party. What the others wrote has commander, now sunk into oblivion. Burns's stanza ran thus:

“ Now, if the following account be correct, a Capt. * * Here am I, Johnny Peep,

Robert Allison it was who shed the blood of Gen.
I saw three sheep,

Braddock.
And these three sheep saw me;

“ The disastrous defeat of this famous general on the Half-a-crown a-piece

9th of July, 1755, in the expedition against Fort DuWill pay for their fleece,

quesne, now Pittsburg, is well known, says a writer in And so Johnny Peep gets free.'

the March number of the Historical Magazine. In his

extreme self-confidence and presumption, disregarding "The stanza of the Ayrshire Ploughman being read, the warnings of Washington, he fell into an ambuscade a roar of laughter followed, and while the palm of victory of French and Indians, seven miles from the fort; and was unanimously voted to Burns, one of the Englishmen after having five horses shot under him, was mortally exclaimed, “In God's name, who are you?' An explana- wounded, and the whole army then retreated in great tion ensued, and the happy party did not separate the disorder, leaving their wounded and baggage to the same day they met.”

mercy of the savage foe. In Traits and Stories of the Scottish People, by

“Now, I am informed by a most respectable gentleman, the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D. (1867), p. 60, 1 a native of Tredell county, North Carolina, where he has

always lived-James S. Allison, Esq., now fifty-four years find the following:

old-that when he was a small boy his father lived on * Sir William Drummond, 'happening to be in London, the same with his grandfather, William Allison, and his proceeded to a tavern where several of his brother poets grandmother, Agnes Allison, whose original name was

Allison, and the cousin of her husband. That she was in Agnus DEI.-
Philadelphia county, Pa., her parents having come from
Ireland and settled there; and that she died in 18 4, aged laume Tell,' after its capture by the English. It was sung

“An ancient Agnus Dei, found on board the "Guilabout eighty years. That she told him, the sai 1 James by two priests, who stood chanting on deck till killed by S. Allison, many a time that she had an old brother by

the shot from our vessel.” – Latrobe, Sacred Music, iii. the name of Robert Allison, who was a captain in Brad

160. dock's army, in the advanced guard ; and that this brother-who was also in several skirmishes with the What is known of this incident, and where can Indians in connection with General, then Col. Washing a full account be seen?

J. T. F. ton, and also a captain in the Pennsylvania troops in the

The College, Hurstpierpoint. Revolutionary War, and was killed near the close of italways told her that when they fell into the ambuscade in

“ARTICLES TO BE OBSERVED," 1549.—At vol. v. Braddock's campaign, and many had been killed, and especially the officers, they could not see the enemy

p. 243 of Mr. Pocock's recent edition of Burnet's among the trees and bushes, nor defend themselves, and History of the Reformation (being No. 33 of the the general would not let them retreat ; then that he, the collection of Records, part ii. book i.) is a docusaid Capt. Robert Allison, directed his orderly sergeant ment headed to shoot him, in order that they might get out of the “ Articles to be followed and observed, according to difficulty without any further useless sacrifice of life.

the King's Majesty's Injunctions and Proceedings." This officer, instead of shooting the general, shot several horses under him; and then that he, the said Capt.

It consists of a series of orders or injunctions, Robert Allison, took the gun out of the hands of the and begins with the words officer and shot Braddock himself. That he told her, his

“That all parsons, vicars, and curates omit in the sister, Agnes Allison, not to make this public at that reading of the injunctions all such as make mention of time, for he would be hung for it.

“ My informant, however, born in 1812, often heard the popish mass, of chantries, &c.” her speak of it, up to 1834, when she died; and he had Burnet appears to have got it in manuscript more knowledge of it than the other grandchildren, for from Dr. Johnstone, an antiquary of that day; but he was the oldest grandchild, and was often in the com such of Dr. Johnstone's papers as are still extant pany of his grandmother. The two families used water from the same spring, in the lower end of Iredell county, appear to be at Campsall Park, near Doncaster, N. C., to which his grandparents had emigrated from

and Mr. Pocock says this document is not among Pennsylvania, before the revolution.

them. Can any of your correspondents tell us “ The name Robert is a prevailing name to various whether the original or any contemporary duplibranches of the extensive Allison family in this country ; the writer has known of at least six of that name. The in episcopal registries or private collections or

cate or authentic copy be now in existence, either allegations of this old lady on other points, so far as they

elsewhere? The document has no date. Burnet go, correspond with the various histories, but she never read any history of the transaction. And no family, treats it as belonging to the year 1549 or thereeither in Pennsylvania or in several adjacent counties in abouts. Cardwell has reprinted it from Burnet in North Carolina, is of higher respectability than the name Documentary Annals of the Church, i. 63. of Allison. There is no essential improbability in the statement, and it is believed that in the Mexican war, Rev. DR. BLOMBERG.-Can any of your corand the more recent war, in our land, cases of this kind respondents inform me as to the authentic parenthave often occurred where officers in the army have been

age of the late Rev. Dr. Blomberg, who was purposely shot by their own men.

“ There would seem to be no motive for Capt. Robert sometime Vicar of Cripplegate ? He was also a Allison to claim this deed for himself, if it were not the Canon of St. Paul's; and he likewise held an fact. He would be liable to condign punishment if the official position at court, viz., as Clerk of the Royal matter came to light ; hence a good reason for not having Closet, or Dean of the Chapel Royal.* Å. it known out of the family for a long time, and till the danger was past.

ROBERT BROWNING'S “ BOY AND ANGEL." By way of conclusion, let it be stated here that, ac Will some student of Browning oblige me with cording to Bancroft, Braddock had five horses disabled

answers to two questions anent this enigmatical under him ; at last a bullet entered his right side, and he little poem ?-1. What is its precise inner meanoff the field, and borne in the train of the fugitives. An ing?. 2. On what legend is it founded ? the first day he was silent ; but at night he roused him

With regard to my first question. I see dimly self to say: Who would have thought of it?'. On the in the poem a comparison of three kinds of praise, night of the 12th of July, he roused from his lethargy to viz., human, ceremonial, and angelic. Further, I say, “We shall better know how to deal with them another time,' and died. His grave may still be seen,

see dimly a contrasting of Gabriel's humility with

Theocrite's ambition. near the national road, about a mile west of Fort Necessity.

With regard to my second question. Is there “ Edward Braddock was born in Perthshire, about the year 1715, and died near Pittsburg, Pa., on the 13th of [*. Dr. Blomberg's father was a British officer quarJuly, 1755. He had served with distinction in Spain, tered in the West Indies, where he died in the earlier Portugal, and Germany.

GLEANER.” part of the reign of George III. There is a marvellous

story told of him, that on the evening of his death his shade appeared to Major Torriano and another officer stationed in St. Kitts. See “N. & Q.” 200 S. vi. 50, and Dr. Whalley's Journals and Correspondence, ii. 449.-Ed.]

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