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The following particulars respecting this family who gave in Sir James's, the “cautioners” being of Smyth, which, as far as can be ascertained, is James Anderson, merchant, David Somervill, now extinct, have been gleaned almost entirely merchant, and John Somervill, writer; the last from original records and registers, and may two being, probably, cousins, ás his mother was therefore be deemed worthy of preservation in a Somervall. (See suprà.) the pages of “N. & Q." Some particulars of The testament contains a long list of debtors the Stansfields are added, in the hope of eliciting and creditors, which is here re-arranged alphasome more information about them.

betically for convenience of reference, occasional I. The Rev. James Smyth, born 1613, died notes being added to some of the names. 1673, was minister of the parish of Innerleithen, Debts were owing to the deceased by the folin Tweedale, and afterwards of the neighbouring lowing persons, all residing in St. Andrews : parish of Eddlestone, where he died and was Jas. and Robert Carstairs ; Baillie Findlay; buried. In 1643, when at Innerleithen, he mar Mr. Jas. Hamilton; Mrs. Livingstone; Mr. David ried Euphemia Somervall, of the parish of New- M'Gill; Thos. Rankillour, skipper ; John Sangston in Midlothian, and had the following children ter; James Smyth (qy. his brother?); Dr. Skene; (from Registers of Innerleithen):

Dr. Waddel; and William Watson. 1. (Name torn out), baptized by Mr. Theodor And by the following, residing in various other Hay: witnesses William Givan of Cardrona; Mr. places : John Hay, minister of Peebles; Geo. Tait of Andrew Aitkin; Sir David Arnot; the Laird Pirn; and Alexander Murray of Kirkhouse. of Balroune (who was this?); Jas. Buird ;

No doubt this entry is that of the birth of Alexander Brown, merchant; Chas. Chalmer, William Smyth, who gave in Sir James Stans- writer; William Cockburn, merchant in Edinfield's testament dative, and of whom some par- burgh' (he was banished, Lord Fountainhall ticulars are given, infrà.

tells us, in 1674, for defaming Lady Oxfurd—“ not 2. James, 1646. I find in 1680 a James Smyth without reason,” says Robert Mylne in a notein Leith, who, with his wife Isobel Allan, leaves and prayed for a remission of sentence in 1679. that and settles in St. Andrews, and is appre- His brother-in-law, William Clerk, advocate, was hended for debt there; George Fogo, late baillie the Stansfields' lawyer); Lady Craigleith ; Pat. of St. Andrews, being his friend and helper Crawford, merchant; Lady Crimstain (Crim(General Register of Deeds, “ Dalrymple," 1680). stain is in the parish of Dunse, Berwickshire; the There is little doubt that these two Jameses are lady was probably a Home or a Bredfoot); Mr. one and the same.

James Dalrymple (no doubt Mr. James Dal3. Margaret. (No account.)

rymple of Killoch, one of the clerks of session, 4. George, 1650. In 1682 he appears before mentioned also in Sir James Stansfield's testathe Presbytery of Peebles with a certificate from ment dative; brother of Sir John Dalrymple, Mr. William Fogo, minister of St. Ninians, and afterwards first Earl of Stair, and of Mr. Hugh is “entered for his trials.” In 1684 he is pre- Dalrymple, one of the Commissaries of Edinsented to the parish of Dawick (now broken up burgh. To the latter, Sir James Stansfield bebetween the parishes

of Stobo and Drumelzier) by queathed all his estate, after cutting off his eldest the Archbishop of Glasgow, being inducted by son Philip, the parricide; and failing his second one Mr. Robert Smith or Smyth, minister of son John, who seems to have been nearly as bad Manor in the same county (Peebles). This Robert as the elder. Sir James was probably associated Smith was formerly schoolmaster at Peebles, and with the Dalrymples from holding leases over the appears to have been a relation of the family of lands of Hailes, Morhame, and others, in East which we are speaking. His wife's name was Janet Lothian ); Mr. Robert Douglas, and Mr. George Buchanan, and they had, with other children, a Douglas, brothers of the Earl of Morton (afterdaughter Agnes, born in 1664; and as I find from wards seventh and eighth Earls. Their mother the Register of Manor parish that in 1690 Mr. was a Hay of Smithfield, in Peeblesshire); WilGeorge Smyth of Dawick was married, at Kil- liam Donne, writer; James Elies (probably the bucho, by Mr. William Alieson, to Agnes Smith father-in-law of the celebrated James Anderson, of Manor parish, I have no doubt it was to his compiler of the Diplomata Scotie); the Laird of daughter Agnes that George of Dawick was mar Gredoun (probably Ker of Graden, in Berwickried. George was dead before 1717, leaving a shire); Thomas Hamilton, of Aliestob;. . . daughter Ann, and, possibly, other children. Hunter, in Polmood; Charles Kinnaird; the (Presbytery Record.)

Laird of Kinnaldie (Kinnaldie is in the parish 5. Alexander, 1652, afterwards a merchant in of St. Viglaus; the laird was probably a RenEdinburgh, the “cautioner” for Sir Jas. Stans- nald); Rob. Kyll, W.S.; James Linton, merfield's testament. He died at Edinburgh in 1689, chant; Geo. Livingstone; Geo. Marshall; Wilunmarried. His “ testament dative and in- | liam Masman; John Morrison, writer; James, ventar &c. is given in by his brother William, Earl of Morton (sixth earl); Robert Murray,

merchant ; James Nasmyth in Posso (no doubt minister at Ethelston Kirk.”

The arms are, the “Deil of Dawick," father of Sir James, first Azur, a book expanded, proper, between three baronet of Posso); John Oliphant; the Laird of flames of fire, or; all within a bordure engrailed Prestoungrange (Morrison of Prestoungrange, in argent, charged with mullets and cross-crosslets Haddingtonshire); Mr. Duncan Robertson (sheriff- of the first. The arms of the family of Braco, clerk of Argyll; he married Alison, youngest Azure, a burning cup between two chess-rooks daughter of James Aitkin, Bishop of Moray and fessways, or," were granted about the same date. Galloway, who died 1687); Mr. Patrick Smyth, About 1686, William married Jean Todrig, advocate, and Anna Rutherford, his wife, relict daughter of James Todrig, indweller in Newof James (Aitkin), Bishop of Galloway (see bottle, afterwards of Edgefield (qy. where is “N. & Q.” 3rd S. viii. 533). Was this Patrick this ?) and Margaret Syme his wife ; and had the Sir James Stansfield's brother-in-law? Unfortu- following children (from the Edinburgh renately at this date there was another Mr. Patrick gister): Smyth, advocate, who married Lillias, daughter 1. Margaret, 1687; baptized by Mr. Alexander of Bishop Aitkin. This was Patrick Smyth of Ramsay; witnesses, Mr. William Smyth, minister; Rapness, in Orkney, a cousin of Patrick Smyth Mr. George Smyth, at Daick Kirk®(see suprà); of Braco in Perthshire, now represented by Wil- Mr. Patrick Smyth, advocate (which of them) liam Smythe of Methven Castle. He was also of and James Todrig. (William Smyth, minister, Burruine or Burwane, in the parish of Culross, was no doubt William, parson of Moneydie in and had a house on the south side of the Castle- Perthshire, brother of Patrick Smyth of Braco; hill of Edinburgh; and had been Commissary- he also married a daughter of Bishop Aitkin.) principal of Wigton from 1682 to 1687. Both he 2. James, 1689; witnesses, Mr. Duncan Robertand his wife Lillias were dead before 1723, son (son-in-law of Bishop Aitkin, see suprà); leaving Archibald, Ann, and Lillias, who married David Plenderleath of Blyth (in Peeblesshire); one George Cheyne, surgeon in Leith. Any in- Andrew Aitkin, and James Todrig of Edgefield. formation as to the descent of the first Patrick will 3. Jean, 1691; same witnesses. be esteemed a very great favour. There were 4. Marion, 1699; witnesses, Mr. Duncan other two Patrick Smyths of the Braco family, Robertson ; Mr. John Plenderleath (a brother of probably also living at this time, both nephews of Mr. David's above; he died at Dalkeith, in 1728); Patrick, the laird of Braco, viz. Patrick, son of and John Henrie, Cordiner. John Smyth of Huip, in Orkney; and Patrick, It appears highly probable, from the way the son of Alexander Smyth of Strynzie in Orkney, two families seem to have been mixed up, that and Isobel Gladstones his wife, born 1665. (Re- this Peeblesshire family of Smyth was a branch of gisters of Edinburgh.) Robert Sharpe ; Mr. the family of Braco in Perthshire. A satisfactory A ndrew Smyth, doctor at .... (undecipherable); identification of the two “ Patrick Smyths, adAlexander Thomson; Thomas Thomson, student vocates," will throw much light on the question ; in divinity; Patrick Tailziefer; and Thomas and it would be interesting to determine which Young, tailor.

of them was Sir James's brother-in-law, both for Debts were owing to the deceased by the fol- genealogical considerations, and on account of the lowing persons : Mr. William Bullo, as person horrible rumours afloat respecting Lady Stansof Stobo; Alexander Campbell, merchant (he field at the time of the murder. was one of the persons present in Morhame church James Smyth of Innerleithen and Eddlestone when Philip Stansfield assisted to raise his father's appears to have had brothers or cousins, as under, body); John and Lawrence Gellitie ; Robert for he baptizes some of their children, and apHalyburton ; Patrick Johnston; William Men- pears to have been otherwise mixed up with them. zies; Mr. Robert Smyth, minister (this may (See Register of Peebles, 1660-80): have been Mr. Robert of Manor, mentioned above, 1. Thomas Smyth, town clerk of Peebles : his or Mr. Robert, minister of the parish of Long- wife was Isobel Todrig; and their son John was formacus, near Dunse: I should much like to served heir to his father in 1677. (Retours.) discover which); and Alexander Wood, brewer. 2. John Smyth, dean of guild of Peebles.

Mention is made in the testament of a legacy 3. Another Thomas Smyth, whose wife's name to the defunct by the deceased Charles Smyth, was Margaret Turnbull, and who left probably an uncle or near kinsman.

I. Thomas, served heir 1099, as “Thomas To return now to the eldest son, William, who Smyth generosus vir, filius nat. mat. et haer. carried on the line of the family. There appears Thomae Smyth quondam lanionis in Peeblis." to be no doubt that it is the entry of his birth II. Robert, 1662. (What became of him?) which is torn out of the register of Innerleithen; III. Barbara, 1665. for circ. 1675, he receives a grant of arms from This last Thomas appears to have been twice the Lord Lyon of Scotland, being described in married, his second wife being one Margaret the grant as "son to the deceast Mr. James Smith, Aitkins.

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Sir James Stansfield came from Yorkshire. England, is very common amongst the Greeks, as Was he one of the Stansfields of Stansfield in well as those of Cantacuzene, Comnenus, Ducas, that country ? (See Pedigree, Harl. MS. No. Phocas, &c., without anyone imagining their 4630.) When young he was secretary to General bearers to be descendants of the emperors who Morgan, but soon after took to trade and married bore them. & Scotch lady. Philip the parricide was sent to The frequency of these ancient names of extinct college at Saint Andrews. He was of age, and illustrious families of the lower empire arose from married, in 1680-82; and before 1687 had been the vanity of the Phanariots-traitors of their a soldier abroad, and in several prisons. As early emperor, and cause of the fall of Constantinopleas 1683, he attempted his father's life. John, the christening their children with them; who, after second son, was also an "evil youth.” Sir James the lapse of years, either dropped their vulgar had a nephew named James Mitchell, aged twenty surname, substituting the illustrious one given to at the time of the murder ; wanted, his mother's them in baptism — and so a Démétrius Comnenus name.

Stephanoupolos became Démétrius ComnenusAny information relative to the Stansfields or simply changed their position, as for instance Smyths will be thankfully received by me, if Démétrius Stephanopoulos Comnenus. addressed care of the Publisher of “N. & Q.” I conclude, observing that the anecdote men

F. M. S. tioned by Sir Robert Schomburgk in his History

of Barbadoes, that during the last conflict for

Grecian independence and deliverance from the THE PALÆOLOGI.

Turkish yoke, a letter was received from the (3rd S. xi. 485.)

provisional government at Athens, addressed to After a careful investigation, I have come to the authorities in Barbadoes, inquiring whether the conclusion that the report that descendants

a male branch of the Palæologi was still existing of this illustrious Byzantine family are at present in the island, and conveying the request that, if existing in Cornwall, and Cargreen near Ply- such were the case, he should be provided with mouth, earning a miserable existence as miners the means of returning to Greece, and the governand bargemen, is as groundless as the claims ment would, if required, pay all the expenses of (see Morning Star, February 6, 1863,) of a W. T. the voyage—is merely an anecdote and nothing Palæologus, medical officer in the English army, more, no such letter ever having been written. and some others in different parts of Europe, who

RHODOCANAKIS. boast of such imperial descent without, as it can clearly be proved, their having had any just claim

ABBESSES AS CONFESSORS. to that distinction.

(3rd S. xi. 516.) What gave rise to such assertions in England, I am at a loss to imagine - most probably the An abbess cannot exercise “ecclesiastica et spismall brass tablet * fixed against the wall in the ritalia munera, quibus eam sexus ineptam reddit. parish church of Landulph, to the memory of (Ludov. Richard, Analysis Concilior., tom. iii, sub Theodore Palæologus, whose English marriage voce “ Abbatissa." with Mary Balls, it may be worth noting while Abbesses are forbidden-1. “Benedictiones imon the subject, according to the ecclesiastical and pertiri cum manus impositione; et 2. Signaculo civil laws of the Byzantine empire, was illegal.

sanctæ crucis.” (Aquisgranense, “Aix-la-Chapelle," The name of Palæologus,t though rare in capitulare i. an. 789.) Both are required from a

confessor. * Have any of your antiquarian readers examined per They cannot even select a priest to hear the sonally this tablet? And if so, did they conclude from confessions of their nuns without the authorisaits vetustity that it was really erected at the time of the tion of their superiors. In fact, they possess no death of Theodore Palæologus? The non-mention in it of the name of his first wife and daughter (“N. & Q.," spiritual jurisdiction whatever—“quia nulla cla3rd S. vii. 506), and the nonconformity in the date of his vium potestate gaudent.” (L. Richard, loc. cit.) death, which according to the inscription took place the Priests only can hear confessions, says the Coun21st of January, 1636, with the entry of his burial in cil of Trent; such is, according to that famous the Landulph registry book, a copy of which was discovered by the Rev. F. Vyvyan Jago, deposited of the assembly, “ perpetua Ecclesiæ praxis et traditio, room of the archives in Exeter Cathedral, and from

seu universorum patrum consensus.” (Concil. Triwhich we learn that he was buried the 20th day of Octo- dent. sess. xiv. c. 1.) ber, 1636, or rather 1637—as, from the mode of calculating in use at that time, the year commenced at Lady (“ N. & Q.," 3rd S. iii. 172), amongst whom were some Day (Archæologia, vol. xviii. p. 92),-give grounds to bearing the name of Palæologus, of course not related to suspect its erection, near the mortal remains of Palæo the imperial family. This must account for the occasional logus, to be more recent.

entries of that name in the registry books of the parishes † During the reigns of King Charles I. and II., many of St. Katharine Tower, London, St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, Greeks came over to England from Italy and Spain | &c.; also of its mention elsewhere.

St. Ambrose says, “ Jus absolvendi solis per- affair, and while so doing have tried to explain it missum est sacerdotibus.' (Lib. I. De Pænit. as much as was in my power. Afterwards I have c. 2.) We find the same doctrine maintained

by— reported the official one. Between the two tales Cyprian (lib. De Lapsis), Chrysostom (De Sacer- there is no material difference. I now shall have dotio, iii. 5); Jerome (Epist. I. ad Heliodorum); to examine the testimonies on which ulterior and Augustin (Epist. 128), Leo (Epist. 82), &c. entirely distinct accounts have been founded.

The following canon of the Council of Nar- Some have questioned the Chevalier d'Assas's bonne, in France, 1609, seems sufficiently ex heroic deed altogether, because of a passage which plicit :

occurs in Grimm's inedited memoirs. I must not * Ad fidelium confessiones audiendas nullus, sive sæcu forget to state that these memoirs are very suslaris, sive regularis sacerdos sit, aut quacunque dignitate, picious, and are generally taken for apocryphal

. vel auctoritate fulgeat, admittatur, nisi qui per Episco- I have read that no one can produce the original absolvere

, sed confitentem decipere ; excepto mortis peri- manuscript. I am not in a position to verify that culo, in quo quilibet sacerdos vere pænitentem potest ab assertion; besides, here is not the place to settle omnibus peccatis absolvere.” —Concil. Narbonense, De that matter. As an impartial judge I must regisPænitentiæ Sacramento, cap. 16.

ter all the evidence of the case, whether suspicious A very learned French theologian, l'Abbé C. or not. All I can do is to evince my individual Bandeville, says:

opinion on the probable and improbable sides of “La plapart des règles monastiques, celles de saint the question; the ultimate decision must be left to Benoit, de saint Colomban, de saint Basile, &c., pour the grand jury—the public at large. mieux inculquer l'obéissance et l'humilité, assujétis I transcribe word for word the passage in saient les religieux à faire tous les jours leur examen de

Grimm's memoirs referred to: conscience, en présence de leurs supérieurs, à leur découvrir ce qui se passait dans leur âme, et à se soumettre

“ J'étais au camp de Rhinberg le jour du combat si aveuglément à leurs décisions. Cette pratique a pu

connu par le dévouement d'un militaire français. Le être appelée confession, parce qu'elle demande aussi des mot sublime, A moi, Auvergne, ce sont les ennemis ! apaveux ; mais elle n'a jamais été confondue avec la con partient au valeureux Dubois, sergent de ce régiment; fession sacramentelle, et n'a jamais fait partie du sacre

mais, par une erreur presque inévitable dans un jour de ment de pénitence. Ce n'est donc que dans ce sens qu'on doit

bataille, ce mot fut attribué à un jeune officier nommé entendre ce qui a été dit que des abbesses auraient eu la

d'Assas. M. de Castries le crut comme tant d'autres ; permission d'entendre les confessions de leurs religieuses.”— mais quand, après ce combat, il eut forcé le prince héréDiction, de la Conrersat. Paris, 1853; art. “ Confession." ditaire à repasser le Rhin et à lever le siège de Wesel,

A. D. F.

des renseignements positifs apprirent que le Chevalier

d'Assas n'était pas entre seul dans le bois, mais accomMartene says that the abbesses in early times pagné de Dubois

, sergent de la compagnie. Ce fut celui-ci

qui cria A nous, etc. Le chevalier fut blessé en même exercised some of the spiritual functions of the

temps, mais il n'expira pas sous le coup, comme Dubois ; priesthood, and even confessed their nuns. This et une foule de témoins affirmèrent à M. de Castries que practice, having led to various inconveniences, cet officier avait souvent répété à ceux qui le transporwas suppressed. Bingham (Antiq. b. vii. c. 3, taient au camp: Enfants

, ce n'est pas moi qui ait crie, c'est 8. 13), referring to the statement in the Saxon

Dubois. A mon retour à Paris, on ne parlait que du

beau trait du Chevalier d'Assas, et il n'était pas plus Chronicle, that abbesses were present at the coun

question de Dubois que s'il n'eût jamais existé. Je ne pus cil held at Becancelde or Baccancelde in 694, convaincre personne,” etc. remarks:

Now, first of all, I find it very curious that M. "It is justly noted by learned men as a new thing to de Castries, being so well acquainted with the find abbesses, as well as abbots, subscribing in the Council of Becancelde in Kent, anno 694, and that before both

facts of the case, did not offer any opposition at presbyters and temporal lords, as the author of the Saxon all to the letters patent of 1777 rewarding the Chronicle reports it. For this is the first time we meet chevalier's family. On the contrary, I read in the with any such thing in the records of the ancient letter of the Baron d'Assas, mentioned by me in church."

the first article: I have before mentioned in “N. & Q." (3rd S. “M. de Castries ne vit pas sans doute avec plaisir ri. 277) that in Fosbroke's British Monachism, sortir du sein de l'oubli une action qui ternissait un peu p. 292, a drawing from the Louterell Psalter is l'éclat de la sienne. La demande de la jonction du nom de given representing an abbess holding her staff in Clostercamp au mien ne l'amusa pas davantage; mais the right hand, and giving the benediction with the j'en reçus deshonnêtetés. Il en fit même de marquées à

mon fils le chevalier, dans son voyage à Brest, et en présence left. Is not this a unique instance ?

de tout le corps de la marine." JOHN PIGGOT, JUN.

Well, how is this? It would have been quite

natural, if M. de Castries had protested against an THE CHEVALIER D'ASSAS.

undeserved honour being conferred on D'Assas's

family. I do not for a moment believe that a (3rd S. xi. 34; xii. 12.)

military man of reputation, like M. de Castries, In my first article on D'Assas I have repro- would have liked to share the honours of a glodaced the popular version of the Klostercamp rious engagement with a fictitious hero. But, I

ask it once more, if it was his interest to tell the stamp of veracity; but it is, I believe, not at all truth according to Grimm, why then did he not superfluous, and only fair, to state that the Dutch do so ? If he knew the exact details of the case, ambassador was, above all, notorious for his being why did he not publish them, were it even only an anecdotier, as the French call it. He liked to to redress the wrong done to Dubois ? Grimm compile such matters as Contes militaires, Anecsays: —

dotes secrètes, Niaiseries historiques, &c. Some "A mon retour à Paris, on ne parlait que du beau of his assertions brought him into serious trouble. trait du Chevalier d'Assas, et il n'était pas plus question He was once, for instance, compelled by Fieldde Dubois que s'il n'eût jamais existé,” &c.

marshal Lefebvre to disavow himself concerning No, I think that I have established the fact, certain details which he alleged to hold from his that people in Paris at that time neither talked (Lefebvre's) own mouth. about D'Assas nor about Dubois. The Gazette de

The Bibliophile Belge (vol. iii. p. 130) has furFrance merely mentions the chevalier's name

nished another version. According to this enamong the fallen, and misspells it. Voltaire re

tirely different one, D'Assas shouted “Tirez, cords his heroic 'deed for the first time in his Auvergne, c'est l'ennemi,” after Dubois had done Précis du règne de Louis XVI, which was pub- the same, and was deadly wounded, in the darkness lished in 1763. Mind, that at the same time he de- of the pight, by his own gens de piquet. clares in the most positive manner that he learned

At last I find, in the Mémoires de Dumouriez D'Assas's extraordinary death long after it had (edited by MM. Berville and Barrière), a note occurred. This is, I should say, perfectly opposed in which the learned editors, after having mento Grimm's statements. But then also I should tioned the chevalier's heroic act, go on as fol

lows: be glad to learn his motives for not making generally known the circumstances of the event, “On regrette que les Mémoires de Rochambeau such as he alleges to have witnessed them. If [which were published two years after the death of the it was his conviction that Dubois, and not D'Assas, apparence de fondement, des doutes sur la réalité d'une

field-míarshal,' in the year 1809) jettent, avec quelque merited the title of “hero of Klostercamp,” why si belle action.” then did he not express this conviction publicly? These various important contradictions in Grimm's

Rochambeau was colonel of the Auvergne regimemoirs induce me to think that they ought ment when the engagement near Klostercamp not to be taken as an authority in the pending know things best. In referring to his memoirs,

took place; so, of course, he was in a position to question.

The same version of the affair is to be found in I find the following (vol. i. p. 162): the memoirs of Lombard de Langres, who was " Je dois à la vérité, dont j'ai toujours fait profession, Dutch ambassador at the French court during the de détailler ici le trait

connu du Chevalier d'Assas dans Directoire. (Perhaps Grimm has gathered his fut le premier qui découvrit l'ennemi dans cette nuit details from this source.) Lombard published très-noire ; il me mena sur cette colonne, qui fit feu sur his work in 1823. He states (vol. i. p. 230 and Je revins aux grenadiers et chasseurs, je leur following) that his father, who filled the place of ordonnai de faire feu par demi-compagnie alternativesergeant-major in Auvergne, told him 'several ment, et surtout de périr à leur poste plutôt que de tinies very positively that D’Assas did not go quite D'Assas, un des capitaines de chasseurs, placé à l'extré

l'abandonner, en attendant l'arrivée de la brigade. alone to watch the enemy in the wood, that

mité de l'aile gauche de ce bataillon, fut attaqué et se Dubois accompanied him, that it was he who défendait vigoureusement. Un officier lui criant qu'il shouted “A nous Auvergne," &c., and that after- tirait sur ses propres gens, il sortit du rang, reconnut wards D'Assas had time before he died for nobly l'ennemi et cria : Tirez, chasseurs, ce sont les ennemis ! testifying in favour of his companion. Here, at

Il fut criblé de coups de baïonnette, et voua ainsi à sa least, we do not read about the presence of M. de patrie le sacrifice de sa vie avec cet héroïsme qui a été si

.” Castries, who interferes in so unlucky a manner in Grimm's narrative. I believe Loinbard to be

It is quite true that the chevalier does not play bona fide: he says (and I fully agree with him

as prominent a part in this narrative as in the there) that he could not see the use of his father others, but still his deed remains a praiseworthy

and noble sacrifice. uttering a continual falsehood, for the mere pleasure of lying. He finally tells us : –

Thus, according to the above clear and probable “ J'ai hésité à rendre ce fait public. J'ai prié un ami, regiment in order to examine the position of the

account of the event, D'Assas left the ranks of his M. Crétu, employé au ministère de la guerre, de faire toutes les recherches possibles pour savoir s'il ne décou

enemy; as a gallant officer he did it himself, and vrirait point sur les registres du temps quelque indice qui was killed before he could rejoin his soldiers. pût jeter du jour sur un fait si remarquable : ses soins Perhaps Dubois was with him. It is even very ont été infructueux ; ces registres sont muets. Enfin j'ai | likely that an officer should take some one with cru devoir parler."

him in such a case. That D'Assas's act should No doubt Lombard's account has a certain be remembered, and Dubois's deed--if any there


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