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has been-should be forgotten, nobody has a right a moral point of view, could not have any mato be astonished at. It is a well-known fact that terial influence on the ultimate issue), but also in olden times, and up to the French revolution of to the talent of their officers, to the valour of 1789, the illustrious actions of the plebeians did their troops, and last, though not least, to the not count; those of the nobility only were re many heroic deeds of their soldiers, which in a corded and rewarded. If Dubois has really been battle remain almost always unknown. The a hero, his heroism will for ever be lost in the Auvergne regiment alone lost fifty-eight out of obscurity which surrounds the Klostercamp affair; eighty officers, and 800 men killed and wounded. but D’Assas cannot be deprived of his glorious The other divisions of the army fought with the attribute, that is quite certain. His noble sacri same bravery, and sustained equally heavy losses. fice is a fact, but a fact altered and embellished I end with a quotation from Jules Simon, conby poetical and imaginary details in the popular taining a universal and everlasting truth: as well as in the official version. So D'Assas did

“ Les hommes aiment naturellement tout ce qui vient not go to watch the enemy in a wood, for the du cæur, tout ce qui est grand, tout ce qui éblouit, et simple reason that there was no wood in the même tout ce qui est étrange. Une action héroïque, neighbourhood of Klostercamp. Between the ou simplement un acte de générosité, les émeut infailAuvergne regiment, which formed the extremity actions ; ils ne voient pas la justice dans le coeur du juste.

liblement et provoque leur enthousiasme. Ils voient ces of the left wing, and the canal of Rheinberg, Soyez D'Assas, et votre nom sera immortel pour un there were only a few hedges and a heath. Be moment de courage sublime. Mais Aristide, si le sort ne sides, the most elementary knowledge of strategy le place pas à la tête de la république, peut n'emporter would tell us that an army does not encamp near

au tombeau qu'une froide estime.” a wood without occupying it, at least by outposts.


H. TIEDEMAN. The measures of M. de Castries were perfectly sound: the French army was in a good position,

TOOTH-SEALING. corered by a vanguard of 3000 men at Rheinberg, (3rd S. x. 391; xi. 450, 491, 523.) by advanced posts on the canal, and by a division which had taken possession of the abbey of Camp

The doubt of Anglo-Scotus whether this pracon the other side of the canal. It is true that the tice ever existed may be removed by reference to French were on the point of being overtaken by the Rev. E. H. Dashwood's Sigilla Antiqua the enemy: the Germans had surrounded silently Second Series), where, in plate will be found the abbey of Camp, and driven in some of the out a representation of “The impression of the teeth posts; but, says Rochambeau, "ces premières fusil

on the wax, in place of seal, of Agnes, the daughlades suffirent pour donner l'alarme.” The com

ter of Agnes, the daughter of William Fiz of bat was progressing when D’Assas's death oc Fyncham, to a deed by which she enfeoff's Adam curred; there is not the slightest doubt left about de Fyncham, in one acre and three roods there, that. All the brigades were fighting, or ready to

s. d. temp. Edw. II.” do so, at a moment's notice. Thus, that brave

This would, however, be the resource only of officer could not well have saved the army, “en people of inferior rank, and who were actually l'empêchant d'être surprise ;" for there was no

unprovided with a seal: for the same collection, surprise, it was no longer possible . The following derived from the

muniments of Sir Thomas Hare, words of the official account, therefore, contain Bart. of Stowe-Bardolph, shows how very cusan evident and monstrous exaggeration : "L'armée tomary it was for persons to use any seals of va périr si elle ignore le danger qui l'a menacé."

which they had become possessed, at secondAnd the “environné de baionettes prêtes à le hand, even if bearing the names and arms of their

At an earlier date the percer, il peut acheter sa vie par son silence,” is former (original) owners. also obviously a licentia poetica. Nobody has humblest parties who required seals for the transseen or told that. Dubois and D'Assas were dead, fer of lands, had them engraved in lead with a and the only witnesses who could have testified flower or other simple device, surrounded by their to it consisted of the German soldiers who put the parish of Arlesey, in Bedfordshire, described

For a remarkable series see the deeds of them to death. They have never been examined, as far as I know; and even if they had, it is not in the Collectanea Topog. et Genealogica. at all likely that they would have recollected or

The rhyming charters attributed to William eren understood D'Assas's exclamation ; for a

the Conqueror, John of Gaunt, and others are, of common German soldier (in those days especially) course, medieval pleasantries ; but it may be remust not be presumed to know foreign languages

. marked, with regard to that printed in p. 524, that In concluding this inevitably long article, I in the line must add, that the successful result of the engage

To me that art both Line and Dear," ment near Klostercamp, for the French, was not there is an obvious error in the word Line," only due to the personal intrepidity of D'Assas which should be “live” or “ lieve,” an old word (which, however valuable it may have been from nearly synonymous with " dear.” The name



Marode” is evidently a misreading for “Mawde;" considers that his hypothesis of the disputed aubut whether Miss Strickland be correct in inter- thorship is in some degree fortified by the propreting “Jugg" as Judith, I am not satisfied. bable unwillingness of Burke to retort upon JohnThe line

son--namely, on the score of friendship, but that “Give to the Norman Hunter"


suppose gives no colour to the assertion, that means, "I William the King give to thee, Nor- the anonymous writer felt himself to have been man Hunter, who art so lieve and dear,” &c.; and destroyedin other words, worsted in the encounso in the first line also,“ the

means thee.

ter of sarcasm and invective There is a place named Hope Baggot, not many

“Snuffed out by an article,” miles from Hopton-in-the-Hole, otherwise called which certainly was not the case. Hopton Cangeford, in Shropshire. Whether

The inquiry was surely a very narrow one to these were the places intended by the rhymes I the contemporaries of Junius

. Who had been cannot determine, nor do I know whether Mr. specially aggrieved by the ministers principally Eyton has condescended to notice this apocry- assailed? and, in that class, what individual phal charter in his History of Shropshire. I agree could have been singled among the number by with Anglo-Scotus that Hope and Hopton have the mark of intellectual competency ? . There been engrafted on the verses, which originally be

were not “six Richmonds in the field.” We longed to Ettrick Dale and the banks of Yarrow.

might as well believe that any contemporary of J. G. N.

Shakespeare (“whose magic could not copied

be ") could have written Macbeth, as that several “CONSPICUOUS BY ITS ABSENCE” (3rd S. xi. 438, opponents of the Grafton_administration could 508.) — This phrase occurs in Lord J. Russell's have wielded the pen of “Junius.” Besides, the address to the electors of the city of London, mere discord of opinion, the “non idem sentire de dated April 6, 1859, soliciting re-election. Allud- Republicâ," could scarcely, in the political waring to Lord Derby's Reform Bill which had just fare of those times, have instigated the use of been defeated, he writes :

such envenomed weapons. The bitterness of perAmong the defects of the Bill, which were numerous, sonal hatred, the sense of intolerable wrong, are one provision was conspicuous by its presence, and one by conspicuous throughout. its absence."

“The satire point, and animate the page." In the course of a speech delivered at a meeting of Liberal electors at the London Tavern, Bishop Markham, an early friend and patron of April 15, he justified his use of the words thus:- Burke (resentful, no doubt, of the aggravated

It has been thought that by a misnomer or a "bull' calumnies on his firm patron, the Duke of Grafon my part I alluded to it as “a provision conspicuous by ton), taxed him, almost in direct terms, with its absence,' a turn of phraseology which is not an origi- the authorship of “ Junius nal expression of mine, but is taken from one of the his house was a “nest of adders.”

- telling him that greatest historians of antiquity."


It is remarkable that the long and elaborate JUNIUS AND DR. JOHNSON (3rd S. xi. 444.) -I reply (fifty pages) was never communicated to the quite agree with your correspondent that the right reverend accuser, and that we find no posisooner Sir Philip Francis is acknowledged, by tive denial on the part of Burke of the imputed general consent, to have been an “unmitigated slanders. Yet the piece is finished with all the

(qu. impostor) the better for the credit of force of his genius ; indeed, it may be said that political investigation and literary criticism in

no other essay of his pen exhibits in a more unthis country. But how the discussion, with merited qualified degree, the astonishing power of the contempt, of the hypothesis first broached some writer. fifty years after Junius had ceased to write, and only assignable reason, in my judgment, is that

For the suppression of this letter, the favoured, we are told, by the silly octogenarian, it lacked the “ one thing needful,” the disavowal can tend to accelerate the appearance of Junius of any share in the production of the " Letters.” in propria personá is beyond al reasonable

appre On a reperusal of them (having given many hension.

days and nights in the interval, to the pages of In Croker's Boswell (p. 122, 1 vol. edition, 1859) Burke) I am struck with coincidences of thought, it is stated on the authority of Mrs. Piozzi's Anec- diction, and even cadence, such as seem to condotes, that“he (Johnson), delighted his imagination duct to only one conclusion, namely, that Johnson with the thought of having destroyed Junius.

narrowed the question with his usual force of Is there any other evidence to support the notion discrimination, when he remarked that he “knew that the “ mighty boar of the forest” was terrified of no other man than Burke capable of writing into silence by the Johnsonian thunder in the False

those letters." Burke admitted to Sir Joshua Alarm ? or can you specify any commentator of Reynolds that he knew the author, thereby conJunius who has attributed to the pamphlet the cessation of the Letters ? Mr. Prior, I am aware, [* What evidence is there of this ?—ED.“ N. & Q.”]



trorerting the assertion of the writer (in his dedi. borne was once thatched. (Gentleman's Magazine, cation), that “ he was the sole depositary of his Sept. 1865, p. 337.) I think I have heard of two or secret, and that it would die with him

three thatched churches in Lincolnshire, but they tradicting it, that is, unless he referred to himself. may have been “restored.”

J. T. F. Your space would not allow the setting forth of parallel passages; but on reading Burke, you Scott's Border Antiquities of England and Scotland,

IRON HAND (3rd S. xi. 496.) — It is stated in will often come upon single sentences which have a familiar sound. As in music, the air is taken;

vol. ii. p. 206, that the family of Clephane of but it is a repetition by the same composer.

Carslogie —

have been in possession, time immemorial, of a hand made

in the exact imitation of that of a man, curiously formed INSCRIPTIONS ON ANGELUS BELLS (3rd S. xi.

of steel. This is said to have been conferred by one of 410, 531.)

the kings of Scotland, along with other more valuable

marks of his favour, on the laird of Carslogie, who had quod=quoth. " In God is all, quoth Gabriel.” | lost his hand in the service of his country.” See St. Luke, i. 37.

An engraving of this interesting relic is given. J. T. F.

EDWARD PEACOCK. CHURCHES WITH THATCHED Roofs (3rd S. xi. The iron hand of the valorous Götz von Ber517.)-Your correspondent states that the roof of lichingen, of the sixteenth century, immortalized the church of Little Melton, Norfolk, is thatched, by Goethe, is preserved at Jaxthausen, near Heiland asks if it is unique. This kind of roofing is bronn. A' duplicate is in the celebrated Schloss by no means uncommon, and prevails in Norfolk, at Erbach in the Odenwald, famous for its antique Suffolk, and in a few churches in Cambridgeshire

This extraordinary character died 1562 and Lincolnshire. The following are examples: at Hornberg Castle, near Mosbach, some short Norfolk, S. Margaret, Paston; S. Peter, Ridlington; distance from Heidelberg, now the property of S. Nicholas, Swafield; S. Ethelred, Norwich; S. the Gemmingen family, who are Freiherrn or Michael, Ormesby, and Belton. Suffolk, S. An- Barons; and here, with a collection of family pordrew, Garleston ; Pakefield ; Gisleham, and Kirt- traits, late mediæval weapons, &c., is the complete ley. Lincolnshire, S. Margaret, Somersby, near

suit of armour of Götz von Berlichingen at the Horncastle.

JOHN Piggot, Jun.

farm house, “die volstandige Rüstung Götzens." Thatched churches are by no means unco This castle is in the village of Neckarzimmern. in Norfolk, although I know of none covered in Here he married, in 1518, Dorothea Gailing, and like way in any other county. In the next wrote his own life. The castle, it may be inparish to Little Melton, Marlingford, the church teresting to know, was a fief of Spire, and Götz roof is thatched. I could give a dozen instances became possessed of it by purchase after the of thatched churches, if I had the good fortune raiibritter (robber knight), Küntz of Schottestein, to be in that county just now, but I do not like to was beheaded by the Schwabian Bund or Conspeak at bap-hazard. The chancel of Horning federacy, being the previous proprietor. The church is, I know, thatched. The custom of MSS. of Götz are preserved among the archives thatching has doubtless arisen from the ease with of the town of Heilbronn.

COURTOIS. which reeds are procured in the great marshes

“To SLAIT” (3rd S. xi. 520.) – A short time which even now form so marked a feature in the since, being out rabbiting with my keeper, on county. The beams supporting the chancel roof crossing a field we found several wires set, when at Little Melton are arranged like those of a

my man remarked, “I know whose these are ; common barn, but those of the nave are placed he allows to slait this piece for himself.” And together in a way which is very effective in an

I found he meant that the poacher named conarchitectural point of view. Instead of being sidered that ground his own, and would look on shaped like the letter A, they are arranged in a

any other poacher as a trespasser. This meaning figure somewhat like that of the “


seems to differ from that given ut supra. in Euclid. There are faint traces of painting, too,

E. V. on some of the beams in the nave at Little Melton.


JEFWELLIS (3rd S. xi. 355.) - This word is evi

dently a corruption of diabhol (the d pronounced The old church of Rigsby, near Alford, Lin- in the original like j, and bh exactly like v), which colnshire, whic was rebuilt in 1863, afforded an

is the Gaelic name for devil. The statement of example of the above-named roof; and I believe Lord Argyle's men, as quoted by your corresponthat CUTHBERT BEDE would find one still existing dent, when they speak of “the malice and device at Markby in the same neighbourhood. J. T. M.

of those jefwellis," just means the malice and deCommon “in Norfolk and Suffolk, and the vice of those devils. The Scotch etymologists to northern parts of Cambridgeshire.”Handbook of whom your correspondent refers—Jamieson and English Ecclesiology, 1847. The choir of Sher- Laing—were but little acquainted with the Celtic


language, from whence a great many words were ' epigraphy” than draw attention to my defiimported into the ancient dialect of the Lowland ciencies in this respect, real or supposed. Scots; words which are still in common use, and DR. Wilson will be pleased to observe that I which, in some cases, are supposed to be derived am not the author, but the expounder, of the infrom the French, though they may be traced to a scription. I am not bound to explain why the nearer and more natural source. This also ex characters týr and hagl have been used, in this plains the meaning attached to javel or jevel by instance, in place of the usual thurs. Sufficient Way, Nares, and Bishop Kennet, and gives consi- for my purpose that I have accurately represented derably more significance to the lines quoted from the fact. I answer, once for all, that I submitted Christ's Kirk

a cast of this inscription to a gentleman well “ Lat be, quoth Jock, and call'd him jevel, skilled in Northern Runic literature, who quite And by the tail him tugged.”

confirmed my reading. The letters of the interW. M. S.

mediate word certainly are, as I read, t, h, a, n, e. Aberdeen.

If your correspondent Dr. Wilson can find in “ Morning's PRIDE” (3rd S. xi. 457, 529.)— these anything other than the Norse word thane, This rusticism (to coin a word which, I venture he must possess a fertile imagination. I have not think, is needed) has been made classical by seen the new edition of the Prehistoric Annals, but Keble's introduction of it into The Christian Year. do not accept Dr. Wilson's representation of the The third stanza of the poem for the twenty- character in dispute, as given in the first. fifth Sunday after Trinity runs :

I cannot help what Professor Munch may have “Pride of the dewy morning!

said in regard to this—to me at least-apocryphal The swain's experienced eye

saint. I am a disciple and tributary of Professor From thee takes timely warning,

Fact. So far as I am aware, Professor Munch Nor trusts the gorgeous sky,

did not say that this inscription does not contain For well he knows, such dawnings gay

the word thane.

J. C. Rr.*
Bring noons of storm and shower,
And travellers linger on the way

As I have occasionally contributed to "N. & Q.,"
Beside the sheltering bower."

and have usually signed my, communications Keble's lines tally with what MR. J. M. Cows with the initials of my name, it may be well to PER has heard said in Kent. On the other hand, state that the article on “ Scottish Archæology Mr. John CAMDEN HOTTEN (at Hampstead), MR. (p. 334) is not by me.

J. C. ROBERTSON. H. FISHWICK (in Lancashire), and A. H. (men Precincts, Canterbury. tioning no county or place in particular), have found the expression used of a morning mist that joinder to your correspondent J. C. R. with refer

I have been attracted by DR. Wilson's reis supposed to promise a fine day. And it was with this latter view of it that the gardener, or

ence to the Runic inscription in St. Molio's cave. the farmer, or the farm-labourer in the east of I beg leave to suggest that the character which Somersetshire used to say to me as a child, DR. WIlson reads as a in the imaginary word “That's the pride of the morning,” or “ That's ahane, is not accurately represented in the Prehisonly the pride of the morning."

toric Annals. No doubt, as there given, it is the John HOSKYNS-ABRAHALL, JUN.

character ár in one of its forms; but in the in

scription itself the diagonal line, projecting downThis phrase can scarcely be called a provin- ward, proceeds from a point nearer to the top of cialism, as Mr. HOTTEN supposes. He heard it in the perpendicular line, and certainly suggests to Middlesex, I have heard it in numerous parts of me the idea of a carelessly-formed t. Another Devon and Cornwall, and a few days ago, when I circumstance in favour of this view is that the spoke of it in a somewhat large party, it was stated, actual letter a in the same word, and also that in on competent authority, to be a common expres- the word raist, are in another form of the chasion in Kent, Norfolk, and Dorset-, Worcester-, racter, represented by a diagonal line intersecting and Herefordshires. The prevalent form seems to the perpendicular line (projecting downward from be the “Pride of the morning."

before, and upward from behind). In anything

WM. PENGELLY. of this kind which has fallen under my notice I Torquay.

have found the same form of character preserved RUNIC INSCRIPTION AT ST. MOLIO (3rd S. xi. in every recurrence of the same letter throughout 194, 334, 499.)-So long as DR. Wilson fails to the entire inscription. Upon the whole I am recognise the Icelandic sign týr, in the first letter inclined to adopt J. C. R.'s reading of the interof the intermediate word of the Runic inscription, mediate word thane, which makes sense of it, and carved within the water-wom recess on Holy accords with the ordinary import and style of Island, and confounds the Greek eta with the letter H, from its apparent resemblance to that the signature of our more recent correspondent, to avoid

[* We have ventured to make a slight alteration in character, he has more reason to correct his own future mistakes as to identity of communication.-E..]

Runic inscriptions. No doubt the th is usually William Blake, in one of his Songs of Experience, represented by the character thurs. In this in- / where he relates how that a little girl lost her way scription, however, we appear to be presented and was succoured by wild animals, goes on to with an exception.

tell that The idea that two of the words are Norse and

* The lion old one Celtic seems rather far-fetched and fanciful,

Bow'd his mane of gold,

And did her bosom lick." and, as it appears to me, not very probable.

Your learned correspondent Dr. Wilson seems In one of the Songs of Innocence by the same to set great store on an acquaintance with the poet we meet with the following invocation: Northern Runic alphabet. A knowledge of this

“ Little lamb, might be acquired by any one during a lesson of

Here I am ; a quarter of an hour.

S. M.

Come and lick Glasgow.

My white neck." NUMISMATICS (3rd S. xi. 497.)—The figures on

It is stated in Cowper's admirable prose piece Victoria sovereigns, as, "33, 17, 45, and so on, are

respecting his pet hares, that on two occasions

one of the hares testified his gratitude for kindplaced immediately below the ribbon that attaches the laurel branches on the reverse,” first appear and that in a most elaborate manner.

ness received by licking the hand of his master, on coins of 1864, and, since that date, occur on all silver and gold coins (I have not examined the the work for several years past), a somewhat

If I remember rightly (though I have not read Maundy money), and are what may be termed similar incident is recorded in the episode in “check numbers.

Tristram Shandy with reference to the poor overEvery die has its consecutive number.. When worked and ill-fed ass by the roadside, to whom the minter has a die given him to use, his name is registered against the number borne by the die ;

a maccaroon is given, accompanied by kind words. so that if, on examination, a coin is found to be in this kind is that which is contained in Cow

But perhaps the most extraordinary ascription defectively struck, from the die wanting cleaning per's fine paraphrase of the prophetic vision, in or otherwise, the number in question shows at * The Winter Walk at Noon": once who is to blame.

“ No foe to man The florin bears this “check number” on the

Lurks in the serpent now: the mother sees, obverse, under the neck, at the side of the en

And smiles to see, her infant's playful hand graver's initials, and it' reads “ 7. W.W.," or Stretch'd forth to dally with the crested worm, * 25. W.W.”

To stroke his azure neck, or to receive On the half-sovereign this number is below The lambent homage of his arrowy tongue." the shield on the reverse; on the shilling and the

J. W. W. sixpence on the reverse, same as on the sovereign,

LEGEND OF THE BOOK OF JOB (3rd S. xi. 524.) i.e., below the tie of the laurels. F. J. J.

I am obliged by MR. Ellis's reply, but it is NIGHT A COUNSELLER (3rd S. xi. 530.)—Will scarcely satisfactory. The legend I inquired after F. C. H. allow me to point out that no such pas

has several points in common with the history of sage as that attributed by him to “ Achilles in Job other than their respective "sufferings under Homer"

adverse circumstances.” Bouchet (Letters on Re

ligious Ceremonies) says “Αμ' ήoί φαινομένη επιφρασσόμεθα,

“That the gods met one day in Chorcan, the paradise exists in any part of Homer's poems. The words of delights, when the question came up whether it were

All denied it are incapable of scansion. A passage in Il. ix. possible to find a faultless prince or no.

except Vachichten, who maintained that Achandiren 614, 615, was probably in F. C. H.'s mind

his disciple—had no fault. On this Vichoura Moutren άμα δ' ήoί φαινομένηφι

said that if Achandiren were placed in his power, he

would show how much Vachichten was mistaken. The φρασσόμεθ' . '.

D. P.

gods consented, and Vichoura Moutren put the victim to Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells.

every conceivable trial; dethroned him ; reduced him to

poverty ; killed his only son; carried off his wife,” &c. A QUERY ON POPE (3rd S. xi. 519.)—The action Achandiren, however, remained steadfast through of licking the hand, &c. has been poetically at- all his trials, and was eventually rewarded by the tributed, not only to lambs, but to lions—the gods in an extraordinary manner, and had his natural antitheses of the former.

wife and son restored to him. Whence did the Thus Spenser, in book i. of the Faery Queen, legend originate, and what is its age ? says that the lion that beautiful unprotected Una

WM. PICKARD. came upon in the wood, instead of devouring her

SWORD QUERY: SAHAGUM (3rd S. xi. 296, 431.) « Kissed her weary feet,

The Irish are particularly famous for absurd deriAnd licked her lily hands with fawning tongue.” vations, and their language being almost unknown

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