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Red Sea


always during excessive heat that the drops were

seen to fall. Of course it is well known that the CONTENTS.-No 290.

woods of Calabria supply large quantities of NOTES:- Manda, 41 — Folk.Lore: Herring Folk-LoreAncient Musical Custom at Newcastle -- Mid-day “ Stick

manna, which is collected from two species of ing" - Yose bleeding Bonfires on the Eve of St. John. ash, Ornus Europea and Frarinus rotundifolia. 49 - The Rev. John Healey, Bromby, A.M., &c., 16.- Cul Is it possible that great heat may suck up the pepper Tomb at Feckenham - Literary Larceny Neal” in Latin - An End to all Things -- Cont Cards, or juice into the atmosphere, and that, being in some Court Cards - Letter from Kimbolton Library - Source way condensed, it may fall in the way I witof Quotation wanted – Esparto Grass - Emigration, 43.

nessed ? I found during my conversation with QUERIES:- Alfred's Marriage with Alswitha - Authors some of the natives that there appears suddenly wanted - Battle of Bunker's Hill -- Inscription at Blen. heim - "Leo pugnat cum Dracono" - Name, &c. wanted at times on the leaves of plants, in a way they - National Portrait Exhibition: the Fortune Teller Poenus, Anonymous – The Popedom - Portraits of Percy; sweetish flavour, which stops their growth and

cannot explain, a kind of glutinous substance of a and the Genii - Sprouting Plates and Jars - Stains in is otherwise injurious. They call these leaves old Deeds, &c.—John Stephens – Wallace, 45.

“ foglie ammanate (leaves affected by manna); QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: – Lucifer Hops in BeerGideon Ouseley - Birthplace of Cromwell's Mother

and they speak also of “vino ammanato,” from Archbishop of Spalatro's Sermon on Romans xiii. 23 = 24th the grapes acquiring a peculiar flavour when of February – Leasings Lewd - Quotation, 47.

covered with this substance. There is one shrub REPLIES:- Ælius Donatus de Grammatica: History of more particularly on which it appears, which they Printing, 49 - Cornish Name of St. Michael's Mount, 51 Cara Cowz in Clowze, Ib. - Parc aux Cerfs, 52 - Battle

call “Fusaro" or“ fusaggine,” growing luxuriantly of Baugé and the Carmichaels of that Ilk, 53—"Manuscrit in their hedges. It is so called from spindles being venu de Ste Hélène"--Palæologus – “Olyinpia Morata". made of it, and is, I believe, the "spindel-baum Bourbon Sprig - Highland Pistols -- Robert Browning's * Boy and Angel:" * Kynge Roberd of Cysille" – The

of the Germans. I heard also that during the Word "Dole" - Chevers Family - Johannes Scotus Eri. continuance of great heat a kind of dew falls, gena - Dryden Queries : "Neyes” — Laying Ghosts in the Engraved Outlines Bishop Butler's best

which they call “ sinobbica,” but in what way it Book – Family of De Toni : Arms - Johnny Peep - The differs from manna I could not make out. Poslate Rev. R. H. Barham: "Dick's Long-tailed Coat”Walsh of Castle Hoel, &c., 54.

sibly some of your correspondents may be able to Yotes on Books, &c.

throw light on some of these points which I have

started. fotes.

It is curious to find Ælian (De Naturâ Ani

malium, book xv. chap. 7) giving an account of a ΜΑΝΝΑ. .

natural phenomenon in India not differing much Is it known whether manna is ever found to from my statement. He says: fall in large drops from the atmosphere? I ask " In India, and particularly in the country of the Prasii this question, as I witnessed a curious natural phe- (who extended through the richest part of India from nomenon in the South of Italy, respecting which falling on the grass and leaves of reeds, produces won

the Ganges to the Panjab), it rains liquid honey, which, I have never been able to satisfy myself. On a scorching forenoon of the month of May, as I was

derfully rich pastures for sheep and oxen ; the cattle are

driven by the herdsmen to the parts where they know slowly wending my way towards the small vil- quantities of this sweet dew (n opóoos ń yaukeia) have lage of Scalea, which will be found on the northern fallen. The animals enjoy a rich banquet on these pasfrontier and western coast of Calabria, I was sur tures, and furnish very sweet milk (nepiyAÚKLOTOV yára). prised to observe a number of large drops fall There is no necessity to mix it with honey as the Greeks around me-such drops as sometimes precede a

do." thunder-storm. There were no clouds, no wind; l of a tree not unlike the oak, which distils

Diodorus Siculus (book xvii. chap. 75) tells us everything was calm, and the sun shone in unclouded splendour about midday. I was much (drodeiße) honey from its leaves.” Can any of astonished, and exclaimed to my guide, “ What your Indian correspondents tell us anything about is this? Whence came these drops ?

He at

this tree, or confirm Ælian's account ? Athenæus once said, without a moment's hesitation, and as (book xi. chap. 102, ed. Schweighäuser, 1804,) if he were accustomed to the phenomenon, “ It is quotes from Amyntas, the writer of an Indian manna.”... I was of course incredulous, and having itinerary, to the following effect:much difficulty in carrying on a conversation with · Amyntas in his first book, speaking of the honey from one who spoke the Calabrese dialect, I dropped the atmosphere (åepouéditos) writes thus :—They colsubject.

lect it with the leaves, making it into the form of a Afterwards, however, I found, on conversing Syrian cake (Taldens Suprarñis); some make it into the with intelligent natives, that such drops of manna,

form of a ball; and when they wish to enjoy it, breaking or what they called manna, were not uncommon.

off a portion, they melt it in wooden cups called tabætæ,

and, after they have passed it through a sieve, drink They could give no explanation of the manner it. It is much like diluted honey, though somewhat in which it was generated in the atmosphere; sweeter." but they had no doubt that it was so, and it was




a wood in the early morning of May-day, for the Herring FOLK-LORE.Vuch has been written purpose of gathering May-dew—a custom which, concerning the folk-lore of the herring, from the those that obtain in a mixed agricultural gang of

for its morality, must have been on a par with time of Martin, who told of the King of the Iler- the present day.

CUTHBERT BEDE. rings, to Mr. J. F. Campbell's “Popular Tale” of how the fluke got his mouth curled for sneering

NOSE BLEEDING. A few years ago I knew a at the herring king; and Pennant has mentioned man engaged on the Brighton line, who informed some of the traditions that were believed in rela me that he always wore a red riband round his tion to the migratory habits of the herring. These throat to stop his nose from bleeding. E, L. traditions are not unfrequently grafted on to the BONFIRES ON THE EVE OF St. John. - The West Highland reverence for the local laird and custom of making large fires on the eve of St. chieftain, an instance of which is recorded in some John's day is annually observed by numbers of “Reminiscences of the Isle of Skye” (dating to the Irish people in Liverpool. Contributions in about half a century since), published in the either fuel or money to purchase it with are colArgylshire Herald, June 1, 1867. The writer is lected from house to house. The fuel consists of speaking of the Macleods of Dunvegan :

coal, wood, or in fact anything that will burn: “ I found that a curious tradition prevailed in the dis- the fireplaces are then built up with bricks in the trict in connection with the return of the laird to Dun- streets, and lighted after dark. I believe the vegan after a considerable absence, but of course no one

custom is common to every county in Ireland, so is now found to attach any importance to the strange I have been informed by many Irish resident superstition. It was at one time believed by the people here; and the only reason for the observance 1 of Macleod's country, that a visit from their chief after a lengthened sojourn in another part of the kingdom would can get is, that “it is Midsummer.” I subjoin a produce a large take of herrings in the numerous lochs short notice of the custom from the Liverpool which indent the west side of Skye; and it also formed Mercury of June 29 :part of the tradition, that if any female, save a Macleod, should cross the water to a small island opposite the

“FIRE-WORSHIP IN IRELAND.-The old Pagan firecastle, the fact would prove disastrous to that season's worship still survives in Ireland, though nominally in fishing."

honour of St. John. On Sunday night bonfires were CUTHBERT BEDE.

observed throughout nearly every county in the province

of Leinster. In Kilkenny, fires blazed on every hillside ANCIENT MUSICAL CUSTOM AT NEWCASTLE.

at intervals of about a mile. There were very many in

the Queen's County, also in Kildare and Wexford. The I send the following extract from The Newcastle

effect in the rich sunset appeared to travellers very grand. Daily Journal of June 17, and inquire whether The people assemble and dance round the fires, children there is any record of a similar performance in jump through the flames

, and in former times live coals any other town:

were carried into the cornfields to prevent blight. Or “The Trinity HOUSE AND ALL Saints. - Yesterday

course the people are not conscious that this midsummer being Trinity Sunday, in pursuance of a time-honoured

celebration is a remnant of the worship of Baal. It is custom, the Master, Deputy-Master, and Brethren of the

believed by many that the round towers were intended Ancient and Honourable Corporation of the Trinity House for signal fires in connection with this worship.” attended officially in All Saints' parish church Newcastle,

J. HARRIS GIBSON. The Rev. Walter Irvine, M.A. preached on the occasion.

Liverpool. The Master and Brethren were received and escorted to the church gates by the church officers, Messrs. Hails and Renwick. A noteworthy relic of the past' in con

THE REV. JOHN HEALEY BROMBY, A.M., nection with the service was the performance on the SEVENTY YEARS VICAR OF HOLY TRINITY, HULL. organ (on the entrance and exit of the Master and

On June 22 last, I availed myself of an opporBrethren) of the national air, Rule Britannia.' The rendering of a secular air-even as an evidence of re- tunity which previous flying visits to Hull had spect_has been objected to, but Mrs. Watson, the organist, denied of visiting this aged clergyman, now in cites the custom of half a century, and the example, his ninety-seventh year, as he himself told me. within herown knowledge of three generations of organists On presenting my card, after an interval of nearly in All Saints' church-illustrating the saying that old thirty years, his daughter informed me that her customs die hard.'"


father's memory had failed ; and that, unless my Newcastle-on-Tyne.

business was urgent, be begged to decline the

interview. I said my business was simply to MAY-DAY “STICKING."—It is the custom at shake hands, and say farewell; and I was sure Warboys, Huntingdonshire, for certain of the poor that, if she' named Clemens Alexandrinus, he of the parish to be allowed to go into Warboys would remember me. I was then immediately Wood on May-day morning, for the purpose of admitted. His hand, attenuated indeed, was cool gathering and taking away bundles of sticks. and healthy to the touch, his dark eye bright This annual May-day "sticking," as it is termed, and clear; he sat on a small elbow chair, and in was observed on May-day last, 1867. It may, a light coloured tight morning gown. I recalled possibly, be a relic of the old custom of going to many circumstances to his recollection — as his

approval of the laws and questions of a debating is quoted in Nash's History, but the Culpeppers society which he allowed to hold meetings in the have long been extinct in the district, and their ricar's school; a sermon he published with the title property has passed into other hands. "EIPHNIKON," which, being printed in English

THOMAS E. WINNINGTON. for want of Greek type, I had read as eiphnikon, and had applied to a clergyman who lodged in tiful and well-known poem, entitled "Rock me

LITERARY LARCENY.—The authorship of a beauthe same house with me and had been master of to sleep, Mother," is now in dispute in the Unit a grammar school at Leicester to know its meaning, which he could not tell me, but which States. Two persons claim to have been the I afterwards, on learning Greek, 'found to be author; one, Mrs. Elizabeth A. C. Akers, of Washeirinikon. The aged vicar repeated this word the eminent firm of Ticknor & Fields includes it

ington, the edition of whose works published by sipnyikov twice, and said Ah!

yes, cipovikov." This sermon was said to have given offence to the written it in Italy in 1860, whence she sent it to

as one of her productions. Mrs. A. claims to have Archbishop of York, before whom it was preached, the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post. As pubas containing too comprehensive and liberal views lished there it consisted of six stanzas. In a for a churchman. I recalled Clemens Alexandrinus to his recollection, and the interview I had vindicates the claims of M. W. Ball,' of Elizabeth,

pamphlet which has just appeared, 0. A. Morse with him and my Greek teacher, the Rev. John New Jersey, to its authorship: In this pamphlet Blezard, on the grammatical construction of a passage quoted by the vicar as a motto to one of it is claimed that Ball wrote it in 1857, and read his sermons, when they gave me some better in- it in manuscript to a number of friends, who now sight into the doctrine of " attraction of cases of testify to the fact. The poem as he wrote it connouns." granted, and the name of my father-in-law, Major parties is guilty of á literary larceny, but which

I alluded to the marriage licence he tained fifteen stanzas, and is now for the first time Jackson, R.M. - all which he bore in mind as freshly as a young man. The only point in which much that both respectively had the talent to

one is a question. It complicates this matter very he failed, although I tried it twice, was the expression in Hebrew, "we are men and brethren,'

have produced this poem. Has this poem been for I always considered him a Hebrew scholar. republished in England, or is anything known of

its authorship? It is a very remarkable Rabbi Hassan, reading with me, always so spoke has any other like it ever before been known


case, of his interviews with the vicar. On one occasion,

Frankfort-on-Main. with the aid of my late accomplished wife (a

W. W. M. pupil of Mozart through Attwood), I supplied



the followthe vicar with the musical notes of the Hebrew ing from a penny paper called Pasquin, published accents, as chanted by Hassan in a manner which in 1847. As only eight numbers appeared, it is even the German Jews at Hull admired. The perhaps as well that this “fly" should be prelate vicar, for he retired a few months ago, was

served in the “amber” of “N. & Q. :" particularly interested when I stated to him the

Carmina Canino-Latina Æthiopica. literary acquisitions I had made, and that I had “ Alabamæ * natus sum, heri nomen Beale,t. communicated more replies to “ N. & Q.” than

Puellam flavam | habuit, cui nomen erat Neale ; any other contributor. He would have arisen at

Decrevit ut me venderet, quòd furem me putavit,

Sic fatum, me miserrimum, crudeliter tractavit ! parting, but I restrained him and said : “Nothing

0! mea dulcis Neale, carior luce & Neale, can prevent our soon meeting again.” He then Si mecum hic accumberes, quam felix essem, Neale ! replied: “I am happy to have seen you, and hope

“ Epistolam accepi, nigrâ signatum cerâ, we shall meet in a better world."

Eheu! puellam nitidam abstulerat mors fera,

T. J. BUCKTON. Nunc vitam ago miseram, et cito moriturus,
Streatham Place, S.

Sed semper te meminero, ut Hadibus futurus.
0! mea dulcis Neale, carior luce Neale,

Si mecum hic accumberes, quam felix essem, Neale! CULPEPPER TOMB AT FECKENHAM. — The tomb

(Hiatus haud deflendus.) of Sir Martin Culpepper at Feckenham, in Wor

Notæ, a Doctissimo Dunderhead scripta. cestershire, has been subjected to worse treatment than the Porter monument at Claines in the same

* Alabama. Regio notissima Transatlantica. Incolæ

sane mirabiles sunt. Æs alienum grande conflant, sed county, for it has been (as I am informed by mem solvere semper nolunt. Libertatis gloriosi, servitutem bers of the Worcester Diocesan Architectural So- sanctissime colunt. ciety) buried under the chancel floor during some “ + Quis fuerit Bælius, incertum est. Non dubito quin recently so-called restoration of the building. The repudiator fuerit, ut Alabamiensis. quaint inscription written by the Lady Joyce Cul- capilli, sed cutis, colorem, poeta describit.

"I Cave, lector, ne in errorem facilem incidas. Non pepper, bis wife, beginning –

Luce. Verbum ambiguum hoc est. Consule doctis· Weep, whoever this tomb doth see,

simum Prcut, literarum et roris Hibernici peritissimum." Unless more hard than stone thou be,"

Jr. WN.

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