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on a tour in Scotland, with the old palace of forming No. 6118 of Additional Manuscripts in Linlithgow, so worthy in point of hoary grandeur the British Museum: and situation, on the banks of a lovely lake, of “ Transcript of a Monumental Inscription in the Chapel being a royal residence. True, it is now dis of the Nunnery of Benedictines at Louvain, May 20th,

1792. mantled, having been barbarously set fire to in

"D. O. M. some period of civil dissension ; but I hope an

Hic jacet architect would say that its walls are still sound,

Gulielmus Moor and capable of forming the supports of a noble

Lincolniensis structure. I can only judge from a somewhat

contra perduelles Regi hasty visit to the palace. Adjoining it is one of

centurio militavit

Tandem melior Christi the best preserved and most ancient Gothic

miles patriam ob fidem churches in Scotland, which luckily escaped the

deserens ... militiam fury of the reckless spoliators. A TRAVELLER.

clausit et vitam

Obiit 8 Septem. A.D. 1682. THE RULE OF THE ROAD AT SEA.-Much has

Ætatis suæ 66. been written in “ N. & Q." on the “ Rule of the

Requiescat in pace.” Road” on land. Surely the following is worth

CORNUB. preserving:

SHODDY: MUNGO.-I read in the Third Report * SAILING RULES: AIDS TO MEMORY, IN RIYME, BY of the Commissioners on the Pollution of Rivers, THOMAS GRAY, ASSIST. SECRETARY, BOARD OF TRADE. that shoddy, the produce of soft woollen rags, such * Two Steam Ships Meeting.

as old worn-out carpets, flannels, Guernseys, “ Meeting Steamers do not dread

stockings, and similar fabrics, was first introduced When you see Three Lights ahead

about the year 1813, at Batley near Dewsbury. Port your helm, and show your RED.

Mungo was adopted in the same district, but someTwo Steam Ships Passing.

what later. It is the produce of worn-out broad “Green to GREEN-or, Red to RED

or similar cloths of fine quality, as also of the Perfect safety-Go ahead!

shreds and clippings of cloth. The term is stated Two Steam Ships Crossing.

to have arisen in consequence of the difficulty at “ If to your Starboard red appear,

first of manipulation : a manufacturer gave some It is your duty to keep clear;

of the materials to his foreman, who, after trial in To act as judgment says is proper —

the shoddy machine, came back with the remark, To Port-or Štarboard-Back-or, Stop her!

" It winna go

when the master exclaimed, “ But when upon your Port is seen

“ But it mun go"!

A Steamer's Starboard light of GREEN,
There's not so much for you to do,
The Green light must keep clear of you.

EXECUTION OF CHARLES I. - In a long auto

graph letter I possess, addressed to Johann Coc* General Caution.

ceius of Leyden,

July, 1651, by Johannes Huldricus, “ Both in safety and in doubt

in Eccl. i'iguri

. Verbi Dei Minister, he speaks, Always keep a good look-out ; In danger, with no room to turn,

amongst other important events, of the death of Ease her !-Stop her!-Go astern!”

King Charles I. which he witnessed : (Extracted from The Standard of Oct. 28, 1867.) Lugduno Batavorum Galliam, mox anno vertente


Angliam Theologie practice ergo, petij, ubi, supplicio

Regis securi fracti præsens adstiti; tragedia inaudita, LATE DINNERS.-People who have fallen into et vel auditu ne dicam visu horrenda !” (and he adds] the modern fashion of dining at 8.30 P.M. should

“ Ex Anglia Batavos iterum petij, propter piratarum in

sultus qui tum undiquaque Anglis insultabant," read and digest the following advice, addressed to the great Lord Bacon by his kind, venerable, and from which it would appear it was not very safe sagacious mother, from Gorhambury :

even for peaceable men to live in England in those troubled times.

P. A. L. “Look very well to your health. Sup not, nor sit up, late. Surely I think your drinking to bedwards hindereth your and your brother's digestion very much. I never

Queries. knew any but sickly that used it, besides being ill for heads and eyes. Observe well, yet in time.”

BANKERS, OR MASONS' MARKS. Her letter is dated August 20, 1594, but modern matrons might repeat the admonition.

In November, 1864, when I was last staying SYDNEY SMIRKE.

with my late cousin, the Rev. Canon Hutchinson,

in the Close at Lichfield, a stranger visited the MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTION. The following Cathedral, and passed a considerable time one memorandum, in a modern hand, is bound up be- morning in the pursuit of a branch of archæological tween the 196th and 197th page of the volume of study to which I had not then turned my attenGervaise Holles Lincolnshire Collections, now tion. He examined many parts of the interior

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masons who rebuilt Sidmouth church in 1860, I

men who used them. It would be interesting nor

walls of the building in search of ancient masons' of such as I found. As further tending to give marks scratched or cut on the stone. The subject, interest to the practice amongst workmen of using to me, having the charm of novelty, induced mo such devices, I was told that men jealously adto make inquiry from stone-cutters and others as hered to them through life, and that they were to the employment of such marks, whether in frequently transmitted from father to son. Before ancient or modern times, and whether they were I left Lichfield I had collected nearly thirty of merely fanciful, or were intended to answer any them, all of which I still retain, pasted into a useful purpose. When a man is about to work a book, together with memorandums noting the block of stone, he places it upon a stool or stout places where they occurred. In illustration of this table, or more commonly a heavy junk of wood. I will mention some of them, as, for instance, a This table or support is termed in the trade a plain cross occurring on the south side of the large “ bank," and the men who work at it are called south-west pier of the central tower : the fyllot “ Bankers.” Hence it follows, by an easy se on N. side of presbytery, this

part of the building quence, that the marks of these men should be having been erected about 1325; the saltier

, three termed'" Bankers

' Marks." One or two reasons examples on first pier (from the west door) on N. were given me in explanation of their use. It is side of nave; the saltier crossed again like a crossplain that every man must work his different crosslet, on third pier, S. side of nave, built about pieces of stone as to make them fit well together 1250; a rude Greek 1, two examples on columns when they are placed in the building, and, to know E. side of N. transept, near the organ; figure like those which he has himself worked, he will put a bent bow with string, or chord and arc, two od his own mark upon them. This might be his own seventh pier N. side of nave ; arrow head, two co private reason for their employment, but another W. side of N.W. pier of central tower ; was also given me. The foreman or clerk of the E. side of N. transept; two lines conjoined, making works will sometimes require to know what work a figure like a flail, three examples, from N. tranwas executed by what men ; for where a block of sept, built about 1240, and central tower; two fails stone has been sent up to the building (among saltier-wise, W. side of N. transept; a perpentwenty others) badly shaped or carelessly worked, dicular line with three side lines sloping upwarda the foreman would require to know who did it, in out of it, two or three

on fourth pier on S. side of order to reprimand the bad workman. The use nate; at salier between four perpendicular lines of such marks therefore nails every bit of work two on fifth pier on S. side of nare ; a triangle upon its author. The employment of such marks crossed at the points,

two on N. side of first pier oo in masonry is said to date from a very early period. S. side of nate, nearly twenty feet from floor; Down to about the fourteenth or fifteenth century

, trefoil of three vesica-shaped figures conjoined in I was informed, it was customary to put these point, almost regular enough to have been struck marks on the outside face of the stone,

where they with the compasses, two on S. side of S.W. pier remained risible after the building was completed'; of central tower; a trefoil of three triangles com but subsequently to that time, for some reason of joined in point, one near great west door, N, side other (perhaps because they were thought to be and two behind S. half of chapter-house door unsightly), they were placed on the bed of the a star like eight spokes of a wheel, third pier stone, where they are concealed. When Sidmouth parish church, in Devonshire, was rebuilt in 1860, left side of organ;

a star on six points formed on

side of nave; a star like six spokes of a wheel con by a whim of the clerk of the works the masons' two equilateral triangles, one on left of organ marks were put on the outer face, where they may front on wall in N. aisle of choir, and another com still be seen-that is, in such cases

as where the left of door going to chapter-house, in same alalei lamentably soft stone has not decayed away.

During the process of restoring Lichfield central tower, near the floor. I may also mention been scraped, so as to remove the successive coats V, R, W., &c. occurring in different

places. They of whitewash, by which operation any scratches still retaining the lime revealed themselves clearly of the organ front are apparently the letters Iupon the darker coloured stone. Mr. Yeend

(pro- conjoined by a horizontal line. In looking for ligent man by the way, informed me that the gen- two of the same sort, in order to be certain that tleman who was engaged in the researches alluded the scratches are not accidental. to was named Ford, and that he had it in contem With regard to the modern marks used by the been shown some of the marks by Mr. Yeend, time, and I also took down the names of all the and fired by the newness of the subject, I set to

the stone-work of Lichfield Cathedral more than wich (oldest), Faversham, Southampton, Peven600 years ago.

sey, and especially Winchelsea ?. Instead of proSuch are my notes. By way of query. I would jecting from the stern of the ship, the rudder in ask whether Mr. Ford has gone on with his book ? these examples passes over the side of the vessel

P. HUTCHINSON. in a way which I never heard of or ever before

saw delineated. Any information upon this ANONYMOUS WRITERS (2nd S. iii. 103.)—Under curious point will be of interest to me as a colthis heading MR. BOLTON CORNEY quoted some

lector of medieval seals.

M. D. verses for your readers to identify. As this has never been done, will he now supply the author's authorities of St. Thomas's Hospital, to which he

SIR ROBERT CLAYTON, KNT. - In 1701 the name?


had been a considerable benefactor, erected a BARTLET HOUSE. - In a quotation from The statue in marble to Sir Robert Clayton, Knt. Postman for April 6, 1699 (3rd S. x. 357), Bartlet The work is considered to be one of great merit, House is referred to as being “at the east end of but there is no record as to the artist. If any of Hide Park." Is anything known of the place, or your readers can assist me in discovering the its occupants, previous to the above date ? Whence name of the sculptor, I shall be extremely obliged. did it derive its name? CPL.

W. R. C. DR. BLOW.-I remember to bare heard some HAWK BELLS, — When were these first introtime ago the following story of Dr. Blow, who duced in England ? GEORGE VERE IRVING. was organist of Westminster Abbey about the year 1700. Once, when travelling, a foreigner GENERAL RICHARD MATHEW. — This ill-fated showed him a piece of music, the work of some officer, who was outmanoeuvred by Tippoo Sahib eminent composer on the Continent. Blow bor- at Bednore, and murdered by him in cold blood rowed the manuscript, and returned it the next afterwards, is supposed to have belonged to the day with a second part added to it; whereupon Irish family of Mathew, the representative of the foreigner exclaimed, “ Sir, you are the devil which held the earldom of Llandaff. If

any of or Dr. Blow." Can any of your correspondents the readers of “ N. & Q." could give any infortell me the name of the musician whose work mation respecting the family to which General was thus supplemented, and what composition Richard Mathew belonged," the writer of this can have made Blow's name so famous on the query will feel greatly obliged.

M. M. Continent ?

X. L. D.

MORE AND GUNNE FAMILIES.-Will any reader CINQUE-PORT SEALS.-At the Congress of the of “N. &Q.” inform me if they can enlighten me British Archæological Association, held at Hast

on the following query? - Sir John More, Lord ings in August, 1866, a paper was read by T. H. Chief Justice of England, in his will mentions Cole, Esq., M.A., on the « Antiquities of Hast

the name of Gunne. In the State Papers of ings," which has been printed in the volume of Henry VIII. Christ Gunner or Gunier is menthe Transactions of the Association. In his re

tioned between King Henry VII. and VIII. and marks upon the town-seal of Hastings, Mr. Cole Wolsey, when the latter was in Calais in 1627, alludes to the representation given on the seal of and Sir T. More was acting with them, and a note the victory gained in 1267 by Hubert de Burgh in vol. i. p. 279 states that he was sometimes over the feet of Prince Louis of France (the called Mores. I wish to ascertain if his real name device on the seal being that of one vessel run

was Abel Gunne. There was a William Gonel, ning down another), and believes the Hastings the friend of Erasmus, and who came from Sir T. seal to be unique in this characteristic. On this More's family, who was a learned man, familiar point, however, he is in error, as this nautical

at Cambridge College, and was supposed to be feat is still more clearly given on the town-seal the clergyman who was collated by Nicholas West, of Pevensey, a cinque-port under Hastings. The Bishop of Ely, to be rector of Conyngton in French ship on the Pevensey, seal has for its Cambridge

, and remained rector there for many solitary occupant a bishop, with mitre and pas- years. Can he be the same as Abel Gunner or toral staff; perhaps intended to represent Eustace Gunne ? Any particulars explaining why Gunner le Moine, or “the Monk," who had the command

was called Mores, &c., will be thankfully received of the Dauphin's fleet, but who is said to have by A. Ridge, Mrs. Maxwell's, Stationer, Museum been beheaded after the engagement as a mere Street, W.C. sea-rover, and no true knight entitled to the honours of war.

PHILOLOGY. - Can any


readers tell me May I further draw the attention of such of of any book or paper treating fully of a subject your readers as have access to any collection of which Trench, in English Past and Present, touches mediæval seaport seals, to the position of the slightly upon, viz., " words formerly good English ship’s rudder in the seals of Bristol, Dover, Dun- now become provincial or vulgar"? J. B. L.

I may

obtain a copy

POEM.-Can anyonė oblige me with informa “ Such souls as shards produce, such beetle things, tion respecting a poem, I believe Cornish, some

As only buzz to heaven with evening wings."

Hind and Panther, Part I. part of which runs thus? “ Crossbows, tobacco-pipes,

This is a description of dissenting sects, which And round about you see

he has before called -
His wife, good dame,

“ A slimy-born and sun-begotten tribe.”
And a litter of cats,
And he looked like the head

Shard also means a hard shell, like the beetle's
Of an ancient family."

covering; and the “sharded beetle" of Shakebe wrong in the rhyme, but I heard it speare (Cymbeline, Act III. Sc. 3), is doubtless

CH. many years ago, and should like, if possible, to the hard-cased or mailed beetle.



in the biography of Sheridan that he materially “Perchance such may be in via perficiendorum, which promoted his election as M.P. for Stafford in 1780 Divines allow to Monasticall life, but not perfectorum, by providing places for some of his constituents at which by them is only due to the Prelacy."

“ Drury Lane and the Opera House." Was SheriWhạt divines are here referred to as drawing dan either proprietor, manager, or director of the this distinction between the life of monks and Opera House as well as Drury Lane? And if so, prelates ?

CPL. was the Opera House in question that in the RICHARD, KING OF THE ROMANS.—Can any one

Ilaymarket, built by Sir John Vanbrugh circo

J.A. inform me whether any engraving of Richard, 1728, and burnt down in June 1789 ?

Peckham. King of the Romans, brother of Henry III. of England, exists; and if so, whether it is to be ob SHOOTING STARS: THE BATTLE OF SEDGMOOR. tained ? Also, where Professor Gebauer's Life of - The following lines in Dryden's “Hind and the same prince can be procured ?

H. L. Panther," part II., describing a celestial phenoRosny. - In a window at Charmouth I saw

menon seen by himself on the night of the battle an old-fashioned bracket in plaster, bought a few

of Sedgmoor (July 6-7, 1686), seem to be a deyears ago at the sale of a French lady's furniture. scription of a shower of shooting stars : There was nothing remarkable about it except

“Such were the pleasing triumphs of the sky

For James his late nocturnal victory : the inscription, which ran thus—the letters in

The pledge of his almighty Patron's love, capitals, well formed and gilt:

The fireworks which His angels made abore. * Relevez-vous, mais relevez-vous donc, Rosny. Ils

I saw myself the lambent easy light vont croire que je vous pardonne.”

Gild the brown horror and dispel the night." To what event in the life of Sully, or any other It is singular that there is no other known Rosny, can these words refer?

contemporary allusion to what is here referred to The bracket did not seem older than the period by Dryden. Lord Macaulay has not noticed this of Louis Quinze.

K. B. passage in his account of the battle of Sedgmoor. CROKER AND GUTHRIE FAMILIES. Richard

Sir Walter Scott says in his note on the passage, William Croker of Croom Castle, co. Limerick

"The author seems to allude to some extraor(youngest son of John Croker of Ballynaguard, by dinary display of the

Aurora Borealis on the evenSarah Pennefather), is said

to have married, about ing of the battle of Sedgmoor, which was chiefly the year 1790, Miss Guthrie. Can any of your fought by night.” In a learned paper on ShootIrish correspondents give me further information ing Stars" just published in the Cornhill Magasine about her and the children of this marriage ? I the showers of July 25-30 are mentioned. CH. am endeavouring to complete the pedigree of the SYMPREE: FRAYT. -- In a certain document, ancient family of Croker in all its branches. It endorsed "Burg' Shaston, 1565," relating to a became extinct in Devon, I believe, on the mar- tripartite division of the conventual buildings riage of Mary, daughter and heir of Courtenay there, published in Hutchins's Dorset (1st edit. Croker, with James Bulteel of Flete. C. J. R. vol. ii. p. 21), one or two unusual words occur,

SHARD.-"Shard-borne" or "shard-born beetle" e. g. sympree: (Macbeth, Act III. Sc. 2): does it, or does it not, “ The scite & precincts of the late monastery of Shasmean born of dung? That is clearly a meaning ton, with all maner of houses &c., & also the sympree & of shard. See Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic the ground called Park Gardens,” &c. Words, where he cites for this meaning North,

“ Item, the ground of the sympree & of the Church." who explains shard by cow-dung; and Elyot, Also frayt' : "the great chamber next to the "sharde and dunge.” Mr. Halliwell says also, frayť', called the frayt' chamber.” that Harrison calls the beetle the “turd-bug.” I should be glad of an elucidation of these two This is also clearly the meaning of shard in words, which I cannot find in the glossaries. Dryden's lines:


Queries with answers.

mons had declared the throne vacant; and doubtless was

intended to influence the decision of the Upper House. THE EARLDOM OF Devon.-In an account of Edmund Bohun replied to Collier in the tract possessed the see of Bristol, recently published, is the fol- by our correspondent, entitled “A History of the Deserlowing passage respecting Bishop Henry Reginald tion, &c.,” containing an account of all the proceedings Courtenay:

connected with the Revolution, and a review of the king's “ His family, one of the most ancient in Europe, lost acts, which led to the attempt of the Prince of Orange. for two centuries and more, through a singular circum Bohun's pamphlet is reprinted in the State Tracts of stance, the earldom of Devon, to which they were en William III., I. 39-98.] titled, and which was at length recovered by his son." What was this singular circumstance ?

EOBANUS.—A few days ago I saw in the library

of a friend a small curious work, entitled UNEDA.

“De tuendâ bonâ valetudine Libellus Eobani Hessi, Philadelphia.

commentariis doctissimis a Joanne Placobomo Professore [The earldom of Devon was in abeyance two hundred Medico quondam in Academiâ Regiomontanâ illustratus. and seventy-four years. Sir Edward Courtenay, created

Franc. Anno M.D.LXXXII. . ... Earl of Devon Sept. 3, 1553 (the grantee of the patent Of Eobanus I know little, and that not to his under which Viscount Courtenay in 1830 claimed the credit. He died in 1540. Some of his writings earldom) was an object of jealousy to the crown during are mentioned in a very brief account of him in the reign of Edward VI., in consequence of his proximity Lemprière's Universal Biography, but not the to the throne, and was confined in the Tower. Upon above.

S.S. S. the accession of Queen Mary he was immediately released [Helius Eobanus Hessus, a Latin poet of Hesse, was and received into her especial favour, which circumstance born Jan. 6,1488, under a tree in the fields, and therefore prohas been attributed by historians to her entertaining a bably of obscure parents. He became, however, so famous personal affection for him. Not long after the patent by his poems, as to be called the German Homer. He taught creating him earl was issued, having incurred the queen's the belles lettres at Erfort and Nuremberg, then at displeasure, he was induced to go abroad, and died at Marpurg, where the landgrave of Hesse loaded him with Padua in 1556, without issue. This unfortunate noble- favours. Eobanus was given to his country vice of exman seemed to be born to be a prisoner; for, from twelve cessive drinking, in which he prided himself. He died years of age to the time of his death, he had scarcely Oct. 5, 1540, at Marpurg. A list of his works is given in enjoyed four entire years of liberty.

the Biographie Universelle, ed. 1855, xii. 497, and Watt's Sir William Courtenay, of Powderham, third Viscount Bibliotheca Britannica. His De Tuendâ bonâ Valetudine Courtenay, descended from Sir Philip Courtenay, son has been frequently reprinted, 1555, 1564, 1571, 1582, and of Hugh XI., second Earl of Devon, claimed the earldom particularly admired. The Life of Eobanus was written in 1830 as heir male of the above Edward XX., fourth by Joachim Camerarius, Nuremb. 1553, 8vo.] Earl of Devon; and the House of Lords resolved, March 14, 1831, that he had established his claim. He died un

RAGNAR LODBROG. – Can you tell me where married at Paris, May 26, 1835, when the earldom de- I can get an English version of Lodbrog's Sword volved on his cousin William Courtenay, son and heir of Song? Also whether there is any good English Henry Reginald Courtenay, D.D., Bishop of Exeter.]

poem on the death of Ignatius the martyr?

W. P. WALSA. “THE DESERTION," 1689.—Who was the author Sandford Parsonage, Dublin. of The Desertion, or account of all the public [By the Sword Song our correspondent no doubt affairs in England from Sept. 1688 to February alludes to Lodbrog's Epicedium, or Death Song, of which following," by a Person of Quality, 4to, London, every stanza began “ Hiuggom ver med hiaurvi” (We 1689?


hewed with our swords), or, according to Olaus Wormius' [This is one of the tracts occasioned by the abdication Latin version, “ Pugnavimus ensibus” (We have fought of James II. The controversy was commenced by Bishop with swords). The following versions of this famed song Burnet, in a pamphlet entitled “An Inquiry into the have been published: (1.) “The Death-Song of RagnarPresent State of Affairs ; and, in particular, whether we Lodbrog, King of Denmark. Translated from the Latin owe Allegiance to the King in these Circumstances ? of O. Wormius, by H. Downman. Latin and English. And whether we are bound to treat with him, and call Lond. 1781, 4to.” (2.) “Lodbrokar-Quida: or the Deathhim back again or not? Printed by Authority, 1688, Song of Lo roc, now first correctly printed from various 4to.” In this work King James is considered as a deser- manuscripts, with a free English translation. To which ter of the crown. Jeremy Collier was one of the first to are added the various readings, a literal Latin version, support publicly the claims of King James. This he did an Islando-Latino Glossary, and Explanatory Notes. By in a tract under the title of “The Desertion Discussed, in J. Johnstone. Printed at Copenhagen, 1782, 16mo." a Letter to a Country Gentleman, 1688, 4to,” which was We have never met with any good English poem on the first direct attack upon the principles of the Revolu- | the death of Ignatius. There is a tragedy entitled The tion. It appears to have been written just after the Com- Martyrdom of Ignatius, by the late John Gambold, M.A.

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