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to its settlement; but such is not the case. “There pamphlet, when it occurred to me that, after all, seem to have been four editions,” he says, “ the the tract intended, and so unhesitatingly ascribed second and third undated." Undated, yes; but to Junius, might only be a copy of a very common merely because the binder's knife has shorn away one, namely, the 1774 edition of the Irenarch of the lower part of the imprint of the only two Dr. Ralph Heathcote, the author of Sylva. It copies of these editions that are known to be ex- corresponds exactly in' title, size, date, and chatant. There is no direct reason for supposing that racter with the one mentioned by Mr. Parkes, and they were dateless at their publication. In his it is most improbable that there should be two description of the Bodleian copy of the first edition perfectly distinct tracts with every circumstance he appears to have been guided by Bohn's Lowndes, of resemblance. In Dr. Heathcote's short Autofor he adopts (as I did myself, in the first instance, biography (Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, 1812, from want of evidence) one of the blunders of that 8vo, vol. iii. p. 539), he observes : authority. The copy in question is not Milner's copy, which Manual. In 1774 was published the second edition of the
“In 1771 I published The Irenarch, a Justice of Peace's is thus described in his sale catalogue:-“ Denny's Irenarch with a large dedication to Lord Mansfield. This Secrets of Angling, a Poem, augmented with many dedication contains much miscellaneous matter relating approved Experiments by Lawson, frontispiece, written with a view to oppose and check that outrageous,
to laws, policy, and manners, and was at the same time date cut off.” This was evidently, therefore, a
indiscriminate, and boundless invective which had been mutilated copy of the edition of 1652, in which repeatedly levelled at this illustrious person. But the alone the woodcut figures as a frontispiece. The public was disposed, perversely as I imagined, to misBodleian copy, on the other hand, is complete ; understand me. They conceived that, instead of dehas no mention of Lawson on the title-page (hé fending, I meant to insult and abuse Lord Mansfield, and comes in with the second edition), and bears the this, as should seem, because writing under a feigned cha
racter, I did by way of enlivening my piece, treat the imprint of 1613. It must have found its way into noble Lord with a certain familiarity and gaiety of spirit. the library at an earlier date, for two compilers of Upon this
, in 1781, I published a third edition of the angling-book lists, Mr. White, of Crickhowell (in Irenarch, setting my name at full length, and frankly 1806-7), and Mr. Appleby (in 1820), refer to it. avowing my real purpose.” The former states that it was entered under the
Sir P. Francis's copy may be without the titlename of Jobn Davies, of Kidwelly.
page. Mr. H. Merivale will probably have seen T. WESTWOOD. it, and if so, can say whether my conjecture is
correct, and whether the two Irenarchs are not
identical. JUNIUS: “CANDOR LETTERS”: “IRENARCH.”
I have been forcibly reminded, in carefully In the first volume of the Memoirs of Sir Philip going over Sir Philip's Memoirs, which I have Francis, p. 344, note, a pamphlet is mentioned, read with great interest, of a conversation I had printed about 1774, with the following title: with my late friend Joseph Parkes some time be
“ The Irenarch, a Justice of Peace's Manual ; addressed fore his death, on the theory he so perseveringly to the Gentlemen in the Commission of Peace for the espoused. He explained to me the variety of County of Leicester, by a Gentleman of the Commis- proof which he was bringing to bear, in his forthsion.”
coming work, in support of Sir Philip's claim, To which is prefixed “A dedication to Lord which he considered would for ever settle thé Mansfield by another hand.” Of this “singular subject by a process amounting to a moral devolume" (according to Mr. Parkes), one copy only monstration. I in reply quoted Bishop Warburis known to exist, which belonged to Sir P. Francis.
ton: “ The Irenarch," he also observes, “ could be written by “Of all visionary projects, the pretending to settle a pone but Junius himself. It is one of and the last of the point, to end the disputes about it, is the most foolish. Candor and Junius pamphlets, and appears on the whole One half of your readers, from stupidity, cannot see it, the most remarkable of all the Candor and Junius pro
and the other half, from malice, will not acknowledge it. ductions. There is no publisher's name. It is not entered
So the old Mumpsimus still goes on.” at Stationers' Hall. No copy has hitherto come to light
I hoped, I told him, that his Demonstration, except Francis's own copy: Was it ever published, or was Francis afloat to India before its publication ? "
like many others that I could name, would not
create more fresh doubts than it would afford After this exciting description, enough to in- solution of old ones, and that, as regarded myflame the cupidity of an old collector, like myself, self in particular, it would not, what, however, to the verge of distraction, I was about to ring it actually has done, convert a mere sceptic into a my bell and prepare for an immediate journey to thorough and settled unbeliever. London, with full intention, dark November as it
JAS. CROSSLEY. is, to rummage every tract depot in the metropolis, from Goswell Street to Hotten's in the far west, in search of this unique and most covetable
“ VENA SCRITTA."
thus particular as to the position of the inscripI am aware that rock inscriptions are found in tion, that future travellers who may have seen this
note may have no difficulty in finding the spot various parts of Italy, and among them I may men
The marauders of Garibaldi must bave passed it tion Corneto and Castel d'Asso, and also Ferentino, the other day in their approach to Tivoli. where there is a very interesting inscription on
CRAUFURD Tart RAMAGE. the natural rock called by the peasantry "La Fata," "the Fairy," recording the munificence of Aulus Quinctilius Pal. Priscus to the inhabitants of Ferentinum. The inscription, however, of
GARIBALDI FAMILY. which I am going to speak has never, so far as I The following story, from the Historia Ludicra am aware, been noticed by any traveller. Rhodigini, may be interesting at the present time.
I had spent the night pleasantly in the hospit- He professes to take it from Sigonius de Regno able house of the priest of Licenza, the site of Ital. 1. 2, ann. 661 :Horace's Sabine farm, and proceeded in the morn “ Omnium verò perfidorum perfidiam vicit Garibaldus ing on foot with a' guide along the slopes of
Taurinatium Princeps. Is enim a Gundeberto, cum fratre Campanile, the ancient Lucretilis, to the Fontana
Pertharito de Regno Longobardorum contendente, missus Bella, which gushes, like many other springs of suasit Beneventano ut regnum sibi ex opportuna fratrum
ad Grimoaldum Ducem Beneventanum petitum auxilium, Italy, suddenly from the side of the hill. This
discordia vindicaret. Hinc ad Gundebertum rediens, was the fourth fountain which I had seen claiming Beneventani sibi suppetias ferentis nuntiavit adventum; to represent the celebrated Fons Bandusia of cauto tamen usurum consilio monet, si loricam sub veste Horace (Carm. iii. 13); and if coolness and pic- tegat, nondum expertæ fidei ne se inermis committat. turesqueness of scenery are to decide the question, sibi sagaciter caveat, nam ejus occidendi causa, GundeI do not hesitate to give my vote to Fontana bertum armatum ei occursurum. Itaque in amplexu Bella. There are indeed no trees overhanging its mutuo sentiens Grimoaldus loricam subesse, quasi de inwaters, but it is in a position where they might sidiis jam certus, confestim Gundebertum gladio stricto very well be, and where they would afford an
confodit. Nec ita multo post a sicariis obtruncatus est agreeable shade to the weary oxen and wander
Garibaldus, de cujus nomine. Gran Ribaldo' hodie dicitur
quisquis est insigniter sceleratus." (Balthass. Bonif. ing flocks. Its coolness and freshness are such
Rhodigini Hist. Ludic. lib. viii. ch. xx. De Principum “ ut nec
Perjuriis, p. 243, ed. Bruxellæ, Mommart. A.D. 165ti, Frigidior Thracam nec purior ambiat Hebrus." 4to.] I had stated to my host that I intended to cross
“ But the perfidy of all perfidious princes was outdone the summit of Lucretilis, and, proceeding along by Gundebert, 'who was at that time disputing the king;
by GARIBALDI, PRINCE OF TURIN. This man was sent the slopes of the mountains, to make my way to dom of Lombardy with his brother Pertharit ( some call Correse, the site of the ancient Cures, the birth him Pentharit), to ask assistance from Grimaldi, Duke of place of Numa Pompilius. Inquiring whether he Benevento (or Friuli]. He persuaded the Beneventan to could point out any interesting remains on my
take advantage of this quarrel between the brothers, and way, he drew my attention to å rock inscription ported the approach of the Duke of Benevento with sup
to seize the kingdom for himself. On his return, he recalled “Vena Scritta,” “ the engraved rock," as it plies; but advised Gundibert to take precautions for his is known among the peasantry. It is about four own safety by wearing a shirt of mail beneath his vest, miles from Fontana Bella, and close to an old and not to trust himself unarmed to one whose good faith castle, La Sponga, which I found very pictur- had not yet been proved. Gundebert approved of this esquely placed among the hills. Here, on the solid advice; and GARIBALDI then secretly wars Grimaldi to rock, I found an inscription like that which I provide carefully for his own safety, as Gundebert meant
to come armed to the meeting for the purpose of assassinhad seen at Ferentinum, but the meaning is enig- ating him. And so when they met, and mutually emmatical. The rock was in its natural state, twelve braced, Grimaldi feeling the mail-shirt beneath the dress, feet in height, and ten in breadth. The letters and being thus convinced of the intended treachery, inare four inches in height, and at a distance of stantly drew his sword and pierced Gundebert through. eight inches from each other. They are well formed, assassins, and from his name any remarkable villain is to
But not long after GARIBALDI himself was slain by and most of them very distinct. The letters are this day called Gran Ribaldo. ** the following:
There are, of course, many opponents of the
Italian patriot who would cordially endorse the There seemed to be three or four letters more, opinion of Rhodiginus, and who would not be but they are nearly obliterated. The peasantry slow to assert that the modern bearer of the name have no tradition respecting the meaning of these betrays his true descent from the perfidious prince letters, nor yet how they came to be on a rock so of Turin; but setting aside all party-feeling and far removed from human habitations; they have the fanciful derivation of the expression “Gran been there from time immemorial
. On the oppo- Ribaldo,” does, or does not, Garibaldi really besite side from La Sponga rises Monte Morrone, long by descent to the family of the man menwith the remains of a Gothic castle. I have been tioned in this history?
E. A. D.
MINIATURE OF GEORGE III.--I had this year also made clothes for him, and the two amused themselves the good fortune to meet with a very nicely- writing verses together. Ebenezer came to Arran eighty painted enamel miniature of George III. when a
years ago as a weaver, but farmed a little, and in summer very young man. It seems to have been an ad-weaving till he was ninety years of age. For the last
employed himself at the herring fishing. He worked at mirable likeness, if one may judge from the strong six years he has mostly been confined to bed, but the resemblance it bears to him in after-life, as well other day he was sufficiently well to sit on a chair and as to the portraits of his two sisters which were have his likeness taken by a photographer. His faculexhibited among the portraits at South Kensing- ties, we are told, are all sound ; and as he is intelligent ton this year. He is represented with his hair and has a correct memory, he can talk freely of events powdered, and dressed in three roll curls on each well built head, has been a temperately living man, and
which happened ninety years ago. He has a large and side, and wears a coat of crimson velvet enriched notwithstanding his great age, has the appearance of with gold embroidery, together with the star and living for some time yet.-A. & S. Herald.” ribbon of the Garter. On the back of the minia
J. MANUEL. ture, painted in the enamel, is the inscription :
“ DIFFERENT To.” — Several years ago, I called Gaetano
attention in “N. & Q.” to this corruption. It has Manini. Mse F. G 2.
spread greatly since then: in the numbers of The date 1755 shows it to have been painted How can one person or thing differ to another?
“N. & Q." for August are three instances of it. when he was eighteen years of age, and it is the
UNEDA. earliest portrait of him which I remember to have
Philadelphia. seen. There is also an additional interest from the artist Gaetano Manini, Milanese. In Bryan's
THE PRONUNCIATION OF SOVEREIGN. - I was Dictionary he is stated to have been born about somewhat surprised the other day to hear a friend 1730; to have "painted history in the gaudy and of mine defending suvvereign as being the correct frivolous style of the modern Italian school;” to pronunciation of sovereign. It strikes me that this have come to England a little before 1775, and an exploded idea,” which should be put aside to have died between 1780 and 1790. Edwards with Room, Lannon, and the other maltreated words states that he was commonly called Cavaliere lately discussed in your pages. Surely, by this Manini; gives a similar description of his artistic time, sovereign has been long enough in use to be qualities, and adds that he was an improvisatore. thoroughly anglicised. Granted that the word Neither, however, mention anything of his being a came to us through the French souverair, it seems painter of portraits or miniatures, or an artist in to me great affectation to allow our pronunciation enamel. As George III. was not in Italy in 1755, it to be constantly referring to this etymological seems clear that Manini was in England at an earlier fact. What is the opinion of your
learned time than the date given in those works, and spondents ?
Sr. SWITHIN. moreover that he was no bad painter of miniature in enamel. I should like to know whether any
EDWARD BARTON. – Looking through some other works by this artist exist. The enamel memoranda written some years ago, I came across painters of that time do not seem to have been the following inscription on the 'monument of much noticed except Zincke, but there was a good Edward Barton, Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth school of enamel painting in England as well as
to the Ottoman Porte, who, to avoid the plague on the Continent at that time. I have a very raging during the year 1597 at Constantinople, took large and fine enamel by Craft, and a beautiful refuge in the adjacent islet of Halke (Xámkn), miniature by Bechdolf, a German: persons of whom
where he, however, shortly afterwards fell a victim little or nothing is known, and no mention of to the scourge, and was interred outside the printhem made in work. any OCTAVIUS MORGAN.
cipal door of the church attached to the convent 10, Charles Street, St. James's.
dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and situated in a
forest of cypress and pines, on the summit of one EBENEZER BAILLIE.—Associated with the name of its two mountains : of the poet Burns, the following newspaper ex
“ Eduardo Barton, tract may not be without interest in the pages of Illustrissimo Serenissæ Anglorum Reginæ Oratori, “ N. & Q." I found it in The Scotsman of October
Viro Præstantissimo, 26, 1867:
Qui post reditum à bello Hungarico quo cum
Invicto Turcar. Imperatore “A CENTENARIAN, AND COMPANION OF THE POET
Profectus fuerat, BURNS.— It may not be generally known that there lives
Diem obiit pietatis ergo, at Whiting Bay, Island of Arran, a centenarian who was
Ætatis An: 35, a companion of Robert Burns. His name is Ebenezer
Sal: verò MDXCVII. Baillie, and he is a native of Dalrymple, near Ayr. He was
XVIII. Kal. Januar." born May 7th, 1767, thus making him one hundred years and five months old. When a boy he was at school and
This Edward Barton, whom I have been unslept in the same bed with the poet ; his brother, a tailor, able to find noticed anywhere, was, if I am not
mistaken, the first ambassador from the English phical particulars of the following lawyers all Court to the Ottoman.
authors: It is curious that many gravestones forming
BALINGTox, Richard, On Auctions, 1826; On Set Ofis the pavement of the Trinity Abbey, on the same 1827. (Died 1829?) islet of Halke, bear epitaphs without mentioning BABINGTON, Zachary, Advice to Grand Jurors, 1677.
Bacox, Matthew, A new Abridgment of the Lar, 1736. the names of the persons buried there, but simply
BALDWIN, Walter J. (a prisoner in the King's Bench), soliciting prayers for the repose of their soul.
Punishment without Crime, 1813.
BALLANTINE, William, Statute of Limitations, 1810. Bath.
(Died 1827–8 ?) A NEW WORD.-Sensation novelists have much
Banks, Percival Weldon, On Controrerted Elections, to answer for: not content with the construction 1838. (Born 1806 ?) Died 1850.
BARBER, J., On Tithes, 1816. of improbable plots, they put spurious and ill
BARNARD, Thomas, Obserrations on ... the Friends of sounding words in circulation. Prominent among the Liberty of the Press, 1793. (On the Poor Laws, 1807?) these verbal barbarisms is thud, which, to the BARNARDISTON, Thomas, Serjeant-at-Law, Reports
1742. credit of lexicographers, has not yet found its
BARNES, Henry (a secondary of the Court of Common way into any dictionary. It has an affected Pleas), Practice, 1741, 3rd edit. 1790. sound, and seems the fragmentary portion of the
BARNHAM, J. C. (solicitor, Norwich), Questions for word soap-sud, pronounced with a lisping accent, Law Students, 1836. thoap-thud. I do not know to whom the credit BARRETT, C. P., Orerseer's Guide, 1840.
RALPI THOMAS. of inventing this ugly word belongs, but it is satisfactory to think that it is not recognised by 1, Powis Place, W.C. any masters of style, and has no place in the
BLOODY.–Any person who has mixed with the writings of Froude, Macaulay, Hallam, Alison, lower orders, as well as with soldiers and sailors, Scott, and other formers of national taste.
must have remarked how generally and offensively WILLIAM GASPEY.
the epithet bloody is applied to all kinds of persons Keswick.
and things as meaning everything and yet meanARMS OF THE KING OF ABYSSINIA.—In a set of ing nothing, for it has nothing to say to blood. A French plates on heraldry, of about the end of
man is a bloody fool, or a bloody rascal, without last century, I find an engraving
of the coat borne any supposition that he is an assassin. A bloody by " Roi Abyssin, où d'Éthiopie." They are: sight of clothes or money, or anything else, does Argent, a lion rampant gules, holding in its right not the least indicate that there is any paw a crucifix (the cross or, Our Saviour on it, them. Let any one translate this epithet in these argent). The shield is placed over two crossed phrases into any other language, and be will imscourges, and the wreath of thorns surmounts it mediately see how absurd and incomprehensible as a crest. I suppose this is quite an imaginary it is, though his own ear may have got accustomed coat of arms.
JOHN DAVIDSON. to it. Can any reader give an explanation of its origin?
CLERY.-In the Edinburgh Review, vol. xxxix. " LES AMOURS DE GOMBAUD ET DE MACÉE.” p. 102, mention is made of this person, the author In Molière's L'Avare, Act II. Sc. 1, mention is of the well-known journal of the imprisonment made of“ Une tenture de tapisserie des amours de of Louis XVI. and his family in the Temple, and Gombaud et de Macée."
reference is made to “his long services afterwards, Can you give me any information respecting and the fate he suffered for their sake "-2. e. the Gombaud et Macée ? Am I right in identifying
Bourbons. What was the nature of these serGombaud as Gondebaud, king of the Burgundians, vices, what the fate he so suffered, and is there 463-516, who slew his three brothers, and was any printed memoir or other publication where vanquished by Clovis ? He decreed“ la loi Gom- | these are detailed ?
C. F. M. Edinburgh, Brewood.
CREST. - To what name does the following ANONYMOUS. The King's Treatment of the crest belong ? — On a mount, under a palm-tree Queen shortly stated to the People of England (2nd fructed, a lion statant
, guardant. I am unable to edit.); London, for W. Hone, 1820, 8vo. A com- specify the tinctures. This crest is not to be met parison with The Queen's Case stated, 1820, seems to show that the above anonymous work is by have access.
with in any work on British Heraldry to which I Charles Phillips, the author of the latter. Can
It may possibly be foreign, as I observe in
2cd S. ii. 514 an account of Scipio's anyone show to the contrary ? Ralph THOMAS.
shield, upon which is engraved a similar device. BIOGRAPHICAL QUERIES.— I shall feel obliged
J. MANUEL if any of your readers can send me any biogra Newcastle-on-Tyne.
DORKING, SURREY. – Who was the author of Domini inter pontem et fontem,” and is of a A Picturesque Promenade round Dorking, in Surrey, kindred spirit with the old English apophthegm :small 8vo. London, 1822 ?
“ Mercy is to be found Guildford.
Between the stirrup and the ground.” Mr. Gay's FABLES, WITH BEWICK'S Wood I want to know the origin of the latter phrase, CUTS. I have a small volume of Fables by the late and chapter and verse of St. Augustine ? Mr. Gay, printed in London by Savage and Eas
GEORGE LLOYD. ingwood, 1806, which contains sixty-nine wood
Darlington. cuts. Am I right in supposing that these cuts NAVAL Songs. — I would feel obliged if any are by Bewick? In an old-book catalogue I lately correspondent could tell me where I can find the saw advertised (as extremely rare), under the words of an old English naval song, the chorus of head of “Bewick,” a copy of Gay's Fables, in which is somewhat to the following effect : every respect like mine except the date, which
“ We'll rant and we'll roar was given as 1816.
Like true British sailors ; HER.–Are there instances of the use of her in
We'll rant and we'll roar
Across the salt sea, lieu of the genitive termination es,'s in old writers,
Until we strike soundings with names of females, as it is common to find his
In the Channel of Old England. with names of male persons ? Any example given
From Ushant to Dungeness would oblige.
-ty three.” HERALDIC QUERIES.—Will any of your heraldic
I am under the impression they are to be found readers inform me what were the armorial insignia in a sea novel of some thirty or forty years old, of the families of Sanceto, Venieri, Sommariva, introduced into the mouth of one of the characRhodocanaki, Giustiniani, Carcerio, Zeno, Moce
J. L. nigo, Rocca, Barbarigo, Gateloussi, Acciaiuoli,
I have an old manuscript song with these Azani, Lusignan, Malatesta of Rimini, De Flor, words: De Yochis, Spinola, and Crispi, who reigned for “As I walked through Bristol city, I heard a fair maid centuries over the islands of Rhodes, Cyprus, sing Lesbos, Chios, Corfou, Naxos, Paros, &c. in the In behalf of her sailor, her country, and king; Greek Archipelago ?
And she did sing so sweetly, and so sweetly sang she,.
That of all the sorts of a calling, why a sailor for me." INSCRIPTION AT BAKEWELL. In July, 1858, The tune is so quaint and pretty that I should when at Bakewell, I made a careful drawing of be obliged to any one who would give me the the mutilated top of a coped tomb in the church rest of the verses, doggrel as they may be. porch. There was no ornament or moulding by
HARFRA. which its date could be surmised, but there were two lines of inscription (of which I enclose a PRIOR OF THE Lazar House. — In examining tracing from my copy), one running on either side one of the miscellaneous volumes relating to the ridge, engraved in Anglo-Saxon character. the Duchy of Cornwall in the Public Record One end of the stone being gone, both lines were Office, I found the following receipt, which is, I left imperfect, and stood thus:
think, sufficiently curious to deserve a place in “ QYTVLA SINT HOMINVM CORPVSCVLA S..
your columns. We are in the habit of thinking
that the title of Prior ceased with the ReformaThe first is evidently from Juvenal (Satire x.
tion. It would be interesting to know whether 1. 173.) I should be glad to know what words the head of the Lazar House of St. Leonards is were added to the lines originally, in order to yet so distinguished. Davis Gilbert, in his Parocomplete the sense and metre, and whether there chial History of Cornwall, vol. i. p. 422, informs are other instances of quotations from the classics
us that “Richard, Earl of Poictiers and of Cornon early Christian tombs.
J. F. wall [King of the Romans), made a free borough
[of Launceston],” and granted to the townsmen Latin Roots.—Can any of your readers kindly the power to choose their own bailiffs. They inform me if there is still a class-book used in
were to pay, among other things, one hu dred shilthe boys' department of the London University, lings to the lepers of St. Leonard of Launceston. Gower Street, for the roots of the Latin language? This receipt is no doubt for the above payment. The words were denuded entirely, I think, of pre- The seal is evidently a mediæval one. It is fixes and affixes, as cornu, lupus, vulpes, written vesica-shaped, charged with what seems to be a corn. lup. vulp.
C. A. W. saint in a Gothic niche. It is impressed on a May Fair.
wafer between two sheets of paper. The referMISERICORDIA.—The following happy sentence ence to the document is “Augmentation Office, is said to be from St. Augustine :-"Misericordia Miscell. Books, vol. lxix.":
MORS XVLLI PARENS MORS PIETATE..