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AN END TO ALL THINGS.—The following, which ESPARTO GRASS. - The following, taken from appeared in The Leisure Hour for July 6, 1867, is the Newcastle Daily Chronicle, July 8, may be inworthy of a corner in “N. & Q.:”.

teresting to many of the readers of “N. &Q.”:“ EDINBURGH JOURNALISM.—The Caledonian Mercury, “Last week the “Melancthon' arrived in the Tyne which began in 1662, ceased on Saturday the 20th of

Dock with a cargo of Esparto grass, and in addition to April, 1867.

the usual cargo of cut grass the 'hold' contained two LIOM. F. large tubs of live grass, sent as a present to Captain Ran

dells. The grass is very handsome, and, though drooping Coat CARDS, OR COURT CARDS. — In an article in the head, owing to being confined during the royage, in Macmillan's Magazine for April last, Professor

the whole seemed very strong and healthy at the roots.

We understand that Captain Randells has very generMax Müller states, as an illustration of the meta- ously sent one of the tubs to Sir Wm. Hooker, Kew Garmorphic process in language, that coat cards have dens, London. This is the first specimen of Esparto grass been exalted into court cards. I am not aware ever brought over to this country. The first cargo of Eswhat the usage may be there at present, but parto was brought into the Tyne in 1861, and the imports thirty years ago they were in East Cornwall during the first year reached between 16,000 and 17,000

tons; every year has witnessed a rapid increase in the invariably called coat cards, at any rate by the imports until last year, when the shipments exceeded middle and lower classes. WM. PENGELLY. 50,000 tons." Torquay.

Newcastle-on-Tyne.

J. MANTEL. LETTER FROM KIMBOLTON LIBRARY.—The en

EMIGRATION.-I send a few notes on this head. closed copy of a letter, which has no address or The total emigration from the United Kingdom date of year, and which contains much puzzling for the last fifty years—that is, from 1815 to 1866 matter, may perhaps be worthy a place in your inclusive, has been as follows: columns, and may elicit some explanation from To the United States

3,758,789 some one of your numerous readers. I met with

N. American Colonies 1,286,020 it in the library at Kimbolton Castle:

Australia and N. Zealand 929,182 “ My Lord,

other places

132,401 “I acknowledge your favor, not only in the delivry of my Leter, but that you have a desyer to oblidge me

Total

6,106,392 by a visite wch cold I resayve it ... trouble to you it Or an annual average of 117,430 emigrants. For wold have brought me much satisfaction. I finde such cause for ye vallewe I have of my Lord Admirall, and between 1847 and 1854, the average is 305,600.

the ten years ending 1866, the average is 163,607; such inclination of my owne to love and esteeme his Lo: as I know not what it maye groe to war I not so old I

The great bulk of the emigration has conthink it might arrive to ... the action that Co: Go: and sisted of Irish, the number who emigrated bethos that accompaned him was such a on as seuets well tween 1847 and 1854 being 1,056,044. In the with them, and discovered great Corage to incounter following eight years the number fell to 479,915, broome-men and pinne-mackers, and a rabble of such poore averaging 53,987 a-year; whilst in the last four resist but their hands: it may be that this is to ingratiat years it has increased to 431,381, or 107,846 per themselves, and that is as meane as the other is foolishe. annum. I wish myselfe with you, but I can not come till the Taking the emigrants of 1866, I find their nalater end of next weak, if then and thar is fair cause. tionality

to be in this proportion :Black Tom has more corage than his Grase, and therefor will not be so apprehencive as he is, nor suffer a Gard to

Irish

98,890 atend him, knowing he hath terror enough in his bearded

English

58,856 browes to amaze the prentises.

Foreigners

26,691
&c.
Scotch

12,307
“SX.
Not distinguished

8,138 Pergo, the 16 of Maye.”

F.
The latter are chiefly cabin passengers.

The

foreigners are generally Germans, Norwegians, or SOURCE OF QUOTATION WANTED.

Swedes. Of the above, there proceeded – " Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat.”

To the United States

161,000 Former references in “N. & Q.," 1st S. i. 351,

Australia and N. Zealand

24,097 421, 476 ; ii. 317; vii. 618; viii. 73; 2nd S. i. 301. British N. America

13,255 The Bishop of Down, in his speech in the House other places ·

6,530 of Lords, June 24, 1867 (as reported in The Times The money remitted by settlers in N. America of the following day), gives a source hitherto, as to their friends in the United Kingdom from 1848 far as I know, unnoticed, at any rate in any of to 1866 inclusive amounted to 13,893,975l. ; the the notes above referred to. He speaks of " the highest remittance being in 1854, 1,730,0001. ; the warning contained in The Sibylline Leaves: 'Quos lowest in 1848, 460,0001. (See General Report of Deus vult perdere prius dementat.'” H. K. the Emigration Commissioners for 1866 recently 5, Paper Buildings, Temple.

laid before Parliament.) PHILIP S. King.

.

* I am,

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Queries.

find
any text of Scripture on which it may

have

been founded. I would gladly learn the allusion ALFRED'S MARRIAGE WITH ALSWITIIA.—There they were designed to bear.

J. G. N. is a tradition among the inhabitants of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, that the nuptials of Alfred

NAME, ETC. WANTED.—I have a very old seal the Great with Alswitha, daughter of Ethelred, with these arms-viz. sa. a fesse ar. between three Earl of Gainsborough, were celebrated in 868,

cinquefoils ar. I shall be greatly obliged if any when he was twenty years of age, at a “wonder- of your readers can inform me to whom these ful old hall” in that neighbourhood. The mar

arms belong; also, the crest and motto, and when riage is mentioned by the old chroniclers, Asser granted.

ADAMAS. Menevensis, Roger de Hoveden, Roger of Wen NATIONAL PORTRAIT EXHIBITION: THE FORdover, Florence of Worcester, and Matthew of TUNE TELLER.- In the National Portrait ExhibiWestminster, but not one of them specifies the tion of this year there is a picture described in locality where it took place. On what authority the catalogue as “ The Fortune Teller,” without is the above-named tradition founded ? Is it any mention being made as to whose portrait recorded in any document, either printed or in it is. Can any reason be assigned why it is MS.?

LLALLAWG. placed in an exhibition devoted entirely to por

traits ? Surely the authorities would not have AUTHORS WANTED.-Can you inform me where I shall find the epitaph on the Marquis of Angle allowed it to be placed there had they not been sey's leg (shot off at the battle of Waterloo), the readers of “ N. & Q.” may be able to elucidate

aware that it was a portrait? Perhaps some of which commences

the mystery attached to the picture in question. " Here rests—and let no saucy knave

EDWARD C. DAVIES.
Presume to sneer or laugh
To learn that mouldering in the grave

Cavendish Club.
Is laid-a British calf;'

POEMS, ANONYMOUS. I have lately added to and also the poem-I think the title is “Man”. my collection a small MS. book containing several one of the couplets of which runs

poems, mostly written on some passage from the “ If you just saw him walk

Bible. No author's name is given. Perhaps some I'm sure you would burst,

of the numerous readers of “N. & Q." would For one leg or t'other

kindly say if either of the specimens I subjoin Would always be first ” ?

F. J. J.

have ever appeared in print. *The MS. also con

tains other matters of a commonplace nature. At Liverpool.

the end is the date 1703 : BATTLE OF BUNKER'S HILL. — I shall be very

Prov. xviii. 14. much obliged to any of your readers having access

“ • A wounded spirit who can bear?' to a list of the killed and wounded in this battle

“ Is't possible who will believe, who will kindly ascertain if the name of “Staf A spirit can be wounded, add and grieve ? ford” occurs in the list, and acquaint me with What hath no body needs no blows to fear; the result by letter.

D. M. STEVENS.

Yet 'tis most true, God's word tells you, Guildford.

• A wounded spirit who can bear?'

“One thing there is a Soul will wound INSCRIPTION AT BLENHEIM. - I have a volume

So deeply, that 'twill bleed and sound, of epigrams (London, 1751), on which a former And even die for grief, for shame, for fear; owner has made some good notes. Against Dr.

Sin is the thing Evans's “Inscription for the Bridge at Blen

Doth all this bring. heim"

• A wounded Spirit who can bear?' &c.

“An old stale widdower quite past the best, * The lofty arch his high ambition shows;

That had nothing about him in request,
The stream, an emblem of his bounty, flows,"

Save only that he carried in his purse,, he has written “v. Anthol. Gr. xcii. 75.” I cannot Would have a tender wench to be his nurse," &c. find any similar Greek epigram, but perhaps some

R. C. correspondent familiar with the Anthology may Cork. assist me.

T. E. C. THE POPEDOM.—A writer in the Saturday “LEO PUGNAT CUM DRACONE.”—Mediæval seals Review, in an article called “The Pope and the with this legend, and with a corresponding device Bishops,” states that there is a tradition among of a lion fighting with a dragon, are of not infre- the Roman populace that St. Peter reigned as quent occurrence. I have always imagined them pope for twenty-five years, and that none of his to have a religious significance, but am unable to

successors is destined to exceed the term. Can

any reader of “ N. & Q." inform me where I can [* The epitaph on the Marquis of Anglesey's leg is by find any particulars of the “ tradition” referred Mr. Thomas Gaspey, and is printed in * N. & Q." 3rd $. to?

EDWARD C. DAVIES. ii. 320, 339.-ED.]

Cavendish Club.

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PORTRAITS OF PERCY, BISHOP OF DROMORE. those Genii who obeyed him, and ordered him to cast me I am surprised that the National Portrait Gallery into the sea, which, to my great grief, he performed does not contain one of the editor of the Reliques

directly.” of English Poetry, and have a great desire to Many other Oriental tales likewise make menknow where the fine portrait of him by Sir tion of “Solomon's” dealings with the Genii. I Joshua Reynolds is supposed to be, as one of the would ask if it is not a mistake of the story-tellers good bishop's grandsons has informed me that the to attribute such acts to the son of David ? Do representatives are ignorant of its location. It is they not rather belong to the mythical race of certainly not in Christ Church Hall, where it might pre-Adamite princes, who bore the common name naturally be expected to be found amongst those of Solomon, and, according to the Mahommedan of the numerous eminent alumni of the house ; creed (set forth in the preliminary discourse to and it might not have a niche from the fact of his Sale's Koran), ruled over the troublesome beings not having been a student, for though presented called Genii, who occupied an intermediate place with a college living (Easton-Maudit in Nor- in the scale of creation, between angels and devils? thamptonshire), it might have come to him as

St. SWITHIN. chaplain, as it is of very small value. Perhaps on this point some Christ Church correspondent Art, vol. i. p. 141, is a drawing of a jar of porcelain

SPROUTING PLATES AND JARS. — In Nature and might throw light. The engraving from this

portrait is still to be found, representing him in a

exhibiting the curious phenomenon of the enamel plain black gown and bands, a loose black cap on

rising in lumps on the outside and inside of the his head, and in his hand the celebrated Ms. vessel

. Mr. Frank Buckland, in the second vol. of Folio of Ballads, the very existence of which was

his third series of Curiosities of Natural History, denied by the sceptical Ritson.

describing a plate with the same peculiarity,

says: The original of another portrait of him, in

“At first sight one would imagine bits of common crayons, is somewhere supposed to be hidden. A

washing soda had been scattered over the plate, and atcopy of this is in the possession of his grandson,

tached to it by gum; but on close examination with a Major Meade, and an excellent engraving of it magnifying glass, I observed numerous excrescences of a is to be found in Dr. Dibdin's Decameron, vol. iii. whitish opaque substance, apparently growing or extendIt

represents Percy at the close of life, and when ing themselves out of the centre and rim of the plate. totally blind, feeding his swans in the palace size of a fourpenny-bit, and it has raised up a portion of

The largest eruption (if it may be so called) is about the garden at Dromore. Information in regard to the

the enamel above the surface of the plate to about the location of both is sought by OXONIENSIS. height represented by the thickness of a new pennyAlvechurch, co. Worcester.

piece."

Mr. Buckland goes on to say the proprietor told PORTRAIT OF MRS. SHELLEY.—May I use your columns to learn whether or not any portrait pounds for his specimen.

him that he had refused a cheque for a thousand of Mary W. Shelley, the poet's second wife, has ever appeared in any form ? It seems strange that Nature and Art above alluded to, offers the follow

Mr. George Chapman, author of the article in there should not be one, when Mrs. Shelley was living so lately.

ing as a probable explanation of the phenomeSOLOMON AND THE GENII. - When the Fisher “Carbonate of soda was used in the enamel as a flux, man of the Arabian Nights liberated the Genius the soda forming a glass with the siluric acid or silica. from the vase, that worthy related the following (the carbonate of soda being most likely in excess), a

The quantities not having been accurately proportioned story:

slow decomposition (not necessarily on the surface) has “I am one of those spirits who rebelled against the been going on for a long time. There is hardly a medisovereignty of God. All the other Genii acknowledged æval window where such decomposition may not be obthe great Solomon the prophet of God, and submitted to

served. The atmosphere of all large towns, London him. Sacar and myself were the only ones who were

especially, contains sulphuric acid, the result of the comabove humbling ourselves. In order to revenge himself

, bustion of sulphur in the coal. The acid has by slow this powerful monarch charged Assaf, the son of Barako degrees combined with the soda and formed sulphate of hia his first minister, to come and seize me. This was

soda, the moisture of the air supplying the water of crysdone, and Assaf took and brought me in spite of myself tallization. Every equivalent of sulphate of soda takes before the king his master. Solomon, the son of David,

ten equivalents, or more than half its weight of water commanded me to quit my mode of life, acknowledge his

of crystallization; the increase, therefore, in the bulk of authority, and submit to his laws. I haughtily refused salt on crystallizing is very considerable, and hence the to obey him, and rather exposed myself to his resent

sprouting." ment than take the oath of fidelity and submission

I wish to know if any specimens exist in any of which he required of me. In order, therefore, to punish me, he enclosed me in this copper vase; and to prevent

our public museums. It would be worth while my forcing my way out, he put upon the leaden cover

to look over china-closets, and see if any of the the impression of his seal, on which the great name of articles have grown since they were deposited God is engraven. This done he gave the case to one of there.

John PIGGOT, JUN.

W.

non :

STAINS IN OLD DEEDS, ETC. – I have a very old fall of Satan, Milton took Lucifer as the title of his map or plan of an estate with the buildings, &c. demon of pride, and this name of the pure pale herald of painted on vellum, and another on parchment. daylight has become hateful to Christian ears (History They are dreadfully stained. How can I get out of Christian Names, i. 289). the stains without injury ?

ADAMAS. There is an allusion to the fabled palace of Lucifer in JOAN STEPHENS published Dialogues intended

Milton's elegy upon the death of Bishop Andrewes. The for Sunday School Reading and Recitation, 1828.

“Luciferi domus" alluded to, we learn from a note in the Can any reader who has seen this book inform me

Aldine edition of Milton (iii. 263), is the palace of the whether these Dialogues are written in a dramatic

sun; and not, as conjectured by T. Warton, the abode of form, after the manner of Sacred Dramas, and

Satan. Milton, however, in the Paradise Lost (book v. whether they are composed by Mr. Stephens ?

ver. 757), appears to have adopted the popular gloss upon Any information regarding the author and his Isaiah xiv. See “N. & Q.” S. v. 275, 352. other writings would be acceptable. R. I. HOPS IN BEER.—How long have hops been

WALLACE. — When was William Wallace, the used in brewing of beer? In the Harleian MS. hero in Scottish history, knighted, and by whom ?

No. 980, fol. 279, it is stated Can any of your readers refer me to an undoubted

" That about the 4th of Henry VI. [1425-6] an informaauthority ?

F. J. J.

tion was exhibited against one for putting an unwholeLiverpool.

some kind of weed called an hopp into his brewing."

M. Queries with Answers.

[The hop is probably indigenous in England, and in

common with alehoof, or ground ivy, has been used from LUCIFER—This word is now used as a poetical very ancient times for a bitter condiment to beer ; though synonym for Satan. Can any correspondent say perhaps its cultivation for the purpose may be of more when the use began, and whether it now extends recent date, at which time a foreign name may have beyond the English language ? Lord Byron, ad- superseded its vernacular one. Fuller, in his Worthies dressing Napoleon after his overthrow, says — (art. Essex) notices a petition to parliament in the reign " Since him, miscalled the morning star,

of Henry VI. against “that wicked weed called hops." Nor man nor fiend hath fallen so far.

He says, “ They are not so bitter in themselves as others I doubt not there are earlier examples. But how have been against them, accusing hops for noxious ; preearly? It is certain that in the fourth century serving beer, but destroying those who drink it.” In the there was no such use, as Lucifer was then a Northumberland Household Book mention is also made of Christian name and borne by a very celebrated hops as being used for brewing in England in the year Bishop of Cagliari.

1512. In 1528 their use was prohibited under severe My own theory is, that the practice has arisen penalties. In Rastell's Collection of Entries it is stated from a popular misunderstanding of the text of that “an aleman brought an action against his brewer the Prophet Isaiah, in which, addressing the King for spoiling his ale, by putting a certain weed called a hop, of Babylon, the Prophet describes him as falling and recovered damages against his brewer.” Even Bluff from his throne, as if the morning star should Harry, who loved a sparkling glass, appears to have been fall from heaven: “How art thou fallen, 0 prejudiced against hops ; for in a MS. dated Eltham, Lucifer, son of the morning !” I suspect that January, 1530, occurs an injunction to his brewer “not persons who heard this chapter read in church, to put any hops or brimstone into the ale ! ” and did not understand the allusion, imagined An interesting series of articles on the history of hops that it referred to the fall of the angels from appeared in Vol. ii. 2nd Series, of “ N. & Q.,” of which heaven. I bave no books within reach to enable the foregoing is a compendious account.] me to support or discard this conjecture. Does

GIDEON OUSELEY.—The name of this worthy Milton anywhere appear to know the word as a

man, mentioned by CUTHBERT BEDE in his inname of his “ hero". I believe not. Johnson, teresting article in 3rd S. xi. 493, induces me to I find, does not admit it at all in his dictionary.

ask when and where Mr. Ouseley died? I think MALVERN WELLS.

he was an English gentlemen, and a relative of the (“Lucifer is, in fact,” says Miss Yonge, “no profane English baronet of that name. In early life he of Satanic title. It is the Latin Luciferus, the light- became attached to the Wesleyans; was apbringer, the morning star, equivalent to the Greek pointed a minister; but not liking the bondage of Suspópos, and was a Christian name in early times, obedience to the Conference in matters of resiborne even by one of the popes. It only acquired its dence, he broke the bonds, and itinerated in Irepresent association from the apostrophe of the ruined king land on his own responsibility. He was remarkof Babylon, in Isaiah, as a fallen star : How art (thou able for his controversial zeal, on account of fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!' which he suffered many things. At different Thence, as this destruction was assuredly a type of the times, from personal violence, he lost an eye, had

his arms and legs broken and injured, his ribs of Spalato, the first Sunday in Advent, Anno 1617, in were broken two or three times, and his life often the Mercers Chappel in London, to the Italians in that endangered. I think this was his only title to be City, and many other Honorable Auditors then ascalled an Irish missionary. When I was a boy sembled, upon the 12. verse of the 13. Chapter to the RoI well remember hearing him preach in the West mans, being part of the Epistle for that day. First pubof Ireland, at the house of a friend.

lished in Italian by the Author, and thereout translated

GEORGE LLOYD. into English. London, Printed by John Bill, 1617, 4to.” Darlington.

Copies of both the Italian and English editions are in the [Mr. Gideon Ouseley died at Dublin on May 14, 1839. British Museum and in the Bodleian.] In 1847 was published “ A Memorial of the Ministerial

24TH OF FEBRUARY.— Will any of the wellLife of the Rev. Gideon Ouseley, Irish Missionary: com

informed correspondents of your valuable journal prising Sketches of the Mission in connection with which he laboured, under the direction of the Wesleyan Con- say if the year of the nineteenth century in which ference ; with notices of some of the most distinguished Tuesday, and also the day of the month, Feb. 24,

a document bearing in it the day of the week Irish Methodist Missionaries. By' William Reilly."

can be discovered? The only result that I can 12mo.]

obtain from Nicolas's Chronology of Histury, p. 49, BIRTHPLACE OF CROMWELL'S MOTHER. - The 50, “ Tables of Dominical Letters, tables D and late Hugh Miller, in one of his Essays, p. 36, E,” is, that it was in one of certain given years of mentions an old house near Queensferry, in which the several solar cycles the present century. Oliver Cromwell's mother, Elizabeth Stuart," first

Th. saw the light.”

[We find no difficulty in our correspondent's question. Probably be alludes to Rosyth Castle, once the If the 24th Feb. be a Tuesday, the 22nd is a Sunday. Sir seat of the Stuarts of Rosyth, "a branch (as the Harris Nicolas's Table E, in his Chronology of History, at guide-books tell us) of the royal house of Scot p. 50, shows that whenever the 22nd Feb. is a Sunday the land." But I venture to ask on what authority Dominical letter is D; and his Table D, at p. 49, shows, the statement rests of Oliver's mother having that during the nineteenth century, the years 1801, 1807, been born in Scotland ? It is not to be found in 1812, 1818, 1824, 1829, 1835, 1840, 1846, 1852, 1857, and Noble's or Carlyle's memoirs of Cromwell. Her 1863, have been the years on which D, either alone or family belonged to the town of Ely, and had been jointly, has been the Dominical letter. In one of these long settled there, if we may judge from a pas- years, therefore, the document in question was written. sage in Principal Tulloch's English Puritanism.

Our correspondent will find the same information, given A. COVENTRY.

in perhaps an easier form, in Mr. Bond's Handy Book [This tradition is thus noticed in the New Statistical of Rules for Verifying Dates, 8vo, 1866.] Account of Scotland, ix. 240 : “ The Castle of Rosyth is said by Sir Robert Sibbald to have been the seat of

LEASINGS LEWD.—What is the meaning of this Stewart of Rosyth or Durisdeer, a descendant of James expression in the Prologue to Gay's “ Shepherd's

Week"? Stewart, brother to Walter, the great Steward of Scotland, and father of Robert II. There is a tradition that

“ Ye weavers, all your shuttles throw,

And bid broadcloths and serges grow, the mother of Oliver Cromwell was born in it, and that

For trading free shall thrive again the Protector visited it when he commanded the army in

Nor leasings lewd affright the swain.” Scotland. It is now [1836] the property of the Earl of

BAR-POINT. Hopetoun.” The genealogists assure us, that Elizabeth Philadelphia. Steward, the mother of the Protector, was “indubitably [This passage from Gay is quoted among the examples descended from the Royal Stuart family of Scotland," under the word " Leasing," both in Todd's Johnson and and could still count kindred with them. Carlyle's in Richardson's Dictionary. The word leasing is there Cromwell, i. 31.]

explained as meaning "lying rumour, false report; lying, ARCHBISHOP OF SPALATRO'S SERMON ON Ro

falsehood ; leasing-mongers, dealers in lying." The word MANS XIII. 12.-In a sermon before me, preached

occurs in Psalm iv, 2. ] in July 1618, reference is made to a sermon by QUOTATION.—Can you tell me whence the wellthe celebrated Mark Antony De Dominis, “ Arch. known lineof Spalat. Ser. on Rom. 12, 13.” As the page

is

“Pleased with a feather, tickled with a straw," added, it seems to be a separate publication. I should be much obliged to any one who would is taken ?

C, P. M. give me the title and date of this sermon, and [Pope, Epistle ii. line 275, has the following couplet :should be glad to get a sight of it if possible.

“Behold the child, by Nature's kindly law, Q. Q.

Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw."] [It is entitled “A Sermon preached in Italian, by the most Reverend father, Marc' Antony De Dominis, Archb.

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