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2. In Zech. xi. 7, 11, we find the expressions So the tomb of Scipio is now used as a trap in 7883 razy, 229

, and it's ugy. 12. The suggestion of which they catch porcupines. The following is Jahn was simply to join two words into, one,

the method they pursue :—They dig holes, and without altering a letter, writing is "ya? and

cover them slightly with straw and earth, when 1833??, and rendering in verse 7 " for the

the porcupines passing over drop in, and are thus

caught. This is the only part of Ítaly where I dealers in sheep,” and in verse 11 “the dealers in

heard of porcupines, though I believe that they sheep.". The alteration proposed in the text has the authority of the LXX. As to the rendering, an

are found in other parts of the country. Wbat

kind of ground is suited to them, perhaps some of esteemed English commentary dismissed it with

your correspondents will be able to tell us. The the remark that it “is plausible, but cannot be land along the coast here is marshy from the philologically sustained."

The writer of that overflowing of the rivers known to the ancients commentary translates the received reading by the exclamation, "Truly miserable sheep," although brushwood, such as it was in the time of Strabo

as Clanius and Liternus, being covered with low there is no instance where 2 has the meaning of (v. 243): I saw nothing of any pine wood, truly, so that his objection is applicable to his own Gallinaria pinus, such as Juvenal (iii. 305) version. The argument against Jahn's explana- talks of as the abode of brigands, but I found the tion is, that 'y? (originally meaning “ Ca

name still lingering in the " Pineta di Castel Volnaanite," and afterwards used occasionally in the turno." If this be the spot where Scipio passed sense of " merchant”), never so far loses its pri- lies low, and must from the natural lay of the

his voluntary exile, I cannot praise his taste, as it mitive sense as to mean before the name of which it is placed in regimine. ground have been

always subject to malaria fever. It is true we never meet with another instance of marshes have all a pale sickly look. The cattle

peasantry who tend the cattle in these this construction. But it is in an author like Zechariah, who wrote when the language was fast

are plump and healthy: to man alone nature becoming corrupted, that we should naturally ex

seems to have forbidden this spot. You find a pect to find innovations of this kind; and, com

few straggling huts for the herdsmen, and where

hunters leave their horses when they come down pared with some others that we do find there, this is a very slight innovation indeed. And it is ob- from Naples, pescare quaglie,to fish quails," as vious that this explanation gives a far more clear they say in Italy, when they mean to shoot

quails. and connected sense than any which is founded on

The tomb is now called Le Rotte, the ruins." the existing reading.

C. Q. R. M.

It is a vaulted chamber fifteen feet by twelve, plastered with pozzolana, the cement found at

Pozzuoli, mixed with pieces of brick, and is more SCIPIO'S TOMB, A TRAP FOR PORCUPINES.

than half filled with earth. There are no columWhile I was at Naples I made a pilgrimage to baria in the walls, and nothing indeed to show the tomb of Scipio Africanus the elder, which is that it was ever a tomb. It is evident that some supposed to have been situated at Patria, where large building has been connected with it, and a few huts are found four to five miles beyond at a short distance from Le Rotte there are six the ruins of Cume. You pass along the Via large mounds, rising like towers, called "TorDomitiana, the huge lava blocks of which are rioni ;” but it is impossible to say from their still found here and there, and on the left you appearance what they were originally, and there see the remnants of the canal which it is said the have been no excavations. I made every inquiry mad Nero had begun to cut, and which he in respecting the inscription" Ingrata Patria'” giving tended should end at Ostia, the mouth of the Tiber. name to the spot, but it has long since disapof this mad scheme Tacitus (Ann. xv. 42) says, peared if it ever existed. About two miles dis“Manent vestigia irritæ spei,” but to the eye it tant I found a spot called “Pitafio”—that is, appears a lake, being much broader than would be “Epitaphio," where sepulchral inscriptions have at all likely if it had been intended merely for a

been found ; and it seems not unreasonable to canal.

suppose that Scipio may rest here, if his body was It is of the tomb of Scipio, however, of which I not conveyed to Rome to be placed in the tomb wish to speak, and the use to which I found it of his family. CRAUFURD TAIT RAMAGE. put. When I saw in what way the present degenerate race employed it, I was forcibly reminded of the base uses to which Sbakspeare (Hamlet,

THE MSS. OF Thomas DINGLEY. — May I be Act V. Sc. 1) imagines the dust of Cæsar might "N. & Q." that I have not hitherto been able to

allowed once more to state in the


of be turned : " Imperial Cæsar, dead and turn’d to clay,

recover any trace of the Commonplace book of Might stop a hole to keep the wind away.”

Thomas Dingley and his friend Theophilus Alye,

which was sold in the year 1864 from the shop of stay there, and I heard of another. The jumart Messrs. Lincoln in London (described at p. 42 of came into Smyrna several times, and I had made my Introduction to Dingley's Iristory from Marble). preparations to get a photograph, but it always Though advertised publicly in The Times news- escaped me. The description fully conforms to paper and elsewhere, it would seem that the pre- that given in books of natural history of the sent possessor of this MS. volume has not become alleged jumart. This one was said to be the aware of my inquiry: Since my Introduction to offspring of an ass and a cow; whereas the juthe first volume of Dingley's History from Marble marts recorded in books are said to be the offwas printed, I have met with the following pas- spring of bulls with mares and she asses. The sage at p. 74 of The English Topographer, written existence of the jumart is doubted by most natuin 1720 by Dr. Richard "Rawlinson:

ralists. The alleged jumarts as yet examined “In a private Hand is a Collection of the Monuments, have been hinnies.

HYDE CLARKE. &c. in the Cathedral Church (of Hereford ), made by Mr. 32, St. George's Square, S.W. Dingley in 1680, which has preservd some few Inscriptions now lost; but is most remarkable for the fine

WHAT BECOMES OF PARISH REGISTERS ?Draughts of Monuments, and the original Characters “In making the extracts necessary for my purpose, I wherein the Inscriptions are wrote.”

found that the early registers of this parish (Christ I am not able to determine whether this alluded Church, Hants) had been destroyed, as I was informed, to the History from Marble, now in Sir Thomas them, and would most likely have consumed the whole

by the late curate's wife; who made kettle-holders of Winnington's library, or to a book containing only parish archives in this homely way, but that the forthe monuments at Hereford, and therefore a du tunate and timely interference of the present clerk resplicate copy of that portion of Dingley's work.

cued what now remain from destruction."-Bell's HurtIf the latter, which I am inclined to suspect from ingdon Peerage, p. 295.

E. H. A. the mention of the exact date, 1680, I should be glad to ascertain that it is still preserved. Mr. SINGULAR DISCOVERY OF A CROMWELLIAN Gough does not notice it in his British Topo- DOCUMENT.—Please preserve the following relic graphy, nor any of Dingley's productions. I fancy of Oliver Cromwell in your pages; I have cut it that the " private hand "may have been Rawlin- from the Leeds Mercury of December 7, 1867:son himself, or some one nearly connected with

A curious old military pass has been recently dishim, and that it was actually the groundwork of covered pasted to the cover of a copy of the first edition the Svo volume which goes by his name, viz. The of George Fox's Journal, a folio volume printed in 1694. History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of The fly-leaf had been pasted over the document, and thus Hereford, 1717, which would account for the close

concealed it. Mr. II. T. Wake, bookseller, of Cockercorrespondence I have found between that book mouth, who found the pass in the book, has carefully

restored it, and the reading is as follows: and the History from Marble, both in the descrip

• Permitt the Bearer hereof, George Illingworth, of tion of the monuments at Ilereford and in the Kirkbye, Esqr., to passe about his lawfull ocasions, he copies of their inscriptions.

being no ways disaffected towards the P-liamente. Joux Gough NICHOLS. Given under my hande and seale this 1 day of February 16-18.

. 0. CROMWELL. Slang PARASES: FEEDER. This seems to have

• To all officers and souldiers and others whom it may been the former equivalent for “ crammer”: concerne.'

" A feeder a person who crams into the head of “ The signature is a fine bold one, but the seal is torn a candidate for a (legree certain ideas which, if he can away:- Carlisle Journal," remember will bring him off with credit.”—Gent.

EDWARD PEACOCK Mag., lvii. 869.

Bottesford Manor. None but schoolboys now use

" thick" as mean

MARRIAGE OF WOMEN TO MEN. — In marriage ing "intimate”: yet the word must once have been commoner, for the Bishop of Carlisle is made frequently see, instead of the bridegroom war

announcements, fashionable and unfasbionable, I to say (Gent. Mag., lvii. 745): “We begin now. . ried to the bride, the bride married to the brideto be pretty thick." "Pert" seems to bave formerly been equivalent Rev. B. C., Anne, daughter of John Smith, Esq.,

groom: as, “By the Rev. A. B., assisted by the to our “sharp.” The author of Tales of To-day to Thomas Jones, Esq." These announcements (1825) quotes an advertisement from a newspaper of 1697, of a servant wanting a place : “a pert fashionables have taken to them. I cannot find

are becoming increasingly prevalent; and Jewish boy, can write, read, and be very well recommended."


any principle in which this inversion proceeds.

One may be pretty sure that it is not becalise the VITALITY OF TRADITIONS: THE SUMART.—The bride acknowledges herself to be older than the jumart, or hybrid between the bovine and equine bridegroom. Some are heiresses, but the others race, is still believed in through all the southern are not; some are of superior station to the bridecountries. There was a reputed jumart at Seide- groom, but some are not; and, as before said, no kene, near Smyrna, in Asia Minor, during my principle can be traced. It may be in connection

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with the two recent attributes of the nuptial language is at fault, and we can make no impres-
knot—"assistant clergymen” and “no cards” sion on our feline friend.
as these are not uncommonly introduced in such Dog-language is more useful to make acquain
advertisements; and the ladies are not doctorettes, tance with a dog, or to drive him off; but without
and do not require a husband to nurse the baby, horse-language we often get on but badly, and not
nor is there evidence that the “breeches” have unfrequently, beyond oaths, the chief portion of
passed in the marriage settlement. As one of the vernacular of a country an English traveller
those who are not versed in the mystery of mar- acquires is the horse-language.
rying women to men, I submit it to your readers. It is very awkward not to know these terms.

L. K. To meet in a parrow street or a small road be-

tween hedgerows in Turkey, when on horseback Dr. Ferdinand Keller, in one of his valuable archæ

or afoot, a string of camels, and not to know the open sesame

to clear the way, may bring the ological summaries, mentions the occurrence of fragments of pottery in Celtic tumuli; and that sides and heads. At the word " Ach!” (open), the

packs of all the camels banging on our unlucky so regularly that, when he found none, after pene- civil beasts most commonly turn to the other side, trating a couple of feet into what he had sup; and leave room for the passenger. Some people posed might be a barrow, he at once abandoned think the word is “Ooch !” but this means "Fly!", further research as useless. He supposes that the Celts broke their vessels (to them objects of Greece, will turn tail at the ominous cry “Oost!”

A barking dog, over most parts of Turkey and value), and placed the fragments on the graves as

which is so often accompanied by a stone. offerings to the dead.

I have been struck with a copious animal vocaA curious corroboration of the correctness of bulary in Georgian, as for cats, tsit sitsi ; then there this view may be found in the fifth number

are calls for horses, goats, hogs, cows, geese, and (1866) of the Missions Blatt aus der Brüderge- fowls.

HYDE CLARKE. meine (Moravian Missions' Journal); in which

32, St. George's Square.
there is a detailed account of a journey to the
tribe of Aukaner Indians in Dutch Guyana, un-
dertaken by a certain Johannes King, himself a

native of the tribe in question, but who had be-
come a Christian, and in baptism received the

AMERICAN “NOTES AND QUERIES.”—There are name of John King. From his journal I translate two American magazines for this purpose. Can the following passage :

any of your correspondents inform me of their In the morning they (the Aukaner) brought plates, title, their mode of publication, and their pub

lisher ?

H. TIEDEMAN. calabashes, spoons, cups, &c., laid them on the banana

leaves, and with sticks broke them all into small pieces
(scherben), exclaiming : • These we break for the dead,

THOMAS BENTHAM AND SAMUEL SMITH. - It that they may take them with them.”

will very much oblige if any reader of “N. & Q." Nothing is more natural than that superstition could inform, me of any public or private library should manifest itself by like observances in all wherein I might see either or both of the followages and countries.

OUTIS. ing books: (1) On the Temptation of Christ, by Risely, Beds.

Thomas Bentham, 1591 ; (2) On Hosea, Chapter

VI., by Samuel Smith, 1617. Also the latter's POPIANA. - In the Reliquie Hearniane, pub- Christian's Guide.

A. B. GROSART. lished by Dr. Bliss, occurs the following passage 308, Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool. (p. 90):

CURATE AND CONDUCT. — I find a person so “ 'Twas a memorable saying of my Lord Bacon, that described about ninety years ago. Was the phrase a little learning makes men atheists, but a great deal

a common one? Did it mean “curate in sole reduces them to a better sense of things."

charge of,” &c. ?

CYRIL. Does not this point to the original of the famous line:

DEGREES OF CONSANGUINITY.-A decree of di“ A little learning is a dangerous thing” ?

vorce was issued in Scotland, in 1541, against a P. W. TREPOLPEN.

man and his wife on account of "their being re

lated in the fourth and fourth degrees of consanLANGUAGE FOR ANIMALS. — The application of guinity.”. What were the degrees of relationship words to animals comes so naturally to us in our

between them ?

ANGLO-SCOTUS (2). language, that it hardly suggests any considera FOREIGN DRAMATIC BIBLIOGRAPHY.—Is there tions of interest. “Puss ! Puss !" will bring any any work, in either the English, French, or German cat in England to the call; but when we want to languages (the only three with which I am acbe familiar with a French or German cat, our ! quainted), which contains a catalogue of all the

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serious dramas of historical or legendary interest the celebrated Grossetête, Bishop of Lincoln, of the northern nations of Europe, especially the 1234-53, I am desirous, before giving it to the Russian, Swedish, Danish, and French, similar to world, of adding to it, if possible, the confirmation Mr. W. C. Hazlitt's Dramatic Bibliography of' derivable from his armorial bearings; and for that England, and Von Schack's of Spain ?

purpose would be glad to obtain information ream engaged on a work of singular poetical specting any seal that may exist of his official interest (at least to me), a “ History of Poetical dignity, from which they may be deduced. There Inventions," with especial reference to the drama; is one seal of the bishopric of Lincoln in the tracing the history and development of every cele- British Museum assignable to his date, but it brated dramatic (or poetical) theme through its presents only the arms of the see, and may have various authors, from its earliest to its latest been issued at an early period of his episcopacy, dramatist. My knowledge at present is limited after which he may have had one executed with to the English, Spanish, and German dramas, with his own personal bearings in pale, in like manner a partial knowledge of the French. But it is pro as several other bishops of the same and subsebable that much of these has been derived from quent ages. I have been told that several charother nations, or been developed by them into | ters, grants, or leases bearing his signature, and new and perhaps improved forms.

possibly his seal, are to be found in the archires The subject has already been amply treated, of the cathedral of Canterbury and elsewhere. and perhaps exhausted, in the case of Shakspeare The arms—those of Copley—ascribed to him in and Milton; also of Virgil in lleyne's edition, the recently-published Blazon of Episcopacy are especially his “Disquisitio de rerum in Aneide merely inferred from the, now known to be false, tractatarum Inventione.” It has also been occa- presumption of his connection with that family. sionally touched on in “N. & Q.," as in the notices

T. M. V. of Falconer's Shipwreck, and the Cid of Corneille

INDIAN BASKET TRICK. — Has any reasonable and Calderon.

ARCILÆUS. explanation of the famous Indian “ basket trick” FRENCH King's BADGE AND MOTTO.—Fleming, ever been suggested? A relative who has lately in his famous work on Prophecy, says, "the returned from India had a description of it from French king takes the sun for his emblem, and an officer who had actually seen it performed; this for his motto, Nec pluribus impar." (Edit. and I must confess it positively, to use an expresof 1809, p. 41; edit. of 1849, p. 75.)

sive phrase, staggers one! Though no believer in Can any of your readers supply evidence cor- spiritualism or animal magnetism, it seems diffiroborative of either part of this statement ? cult to account for this trick on merely natural

W. ROBINSON. grounds. I may add that, on the above occasion, Cambridge.

the regimental doctor subjected some of the blood David GARRICK.-I see, among your notices in to analysis, and it was really human blood. Perthis volume, a “Life of David Garrick" announced haps some Anglo-Indian will reply to this query. as just ready for publication. The other day,

YOUNG ITALY. whilst looking on, and listening to the sound of

IRISH STAR CHAMBER.-In 1562 Queen Elizahorns and the huntsman's exhilarating “Tallyho!” beth instructed her Lord Lieutenant that a place as the hounds dashed along through our peaceable should be appointed in Ireland“ like the Starvalley, the beautiful lines started again into my Chamber at Westminster” for the open hearing memory, where they were lodged some forty and determining of great riots, perjuries, and such years ago, which were put into the mouth of like public offences; and that the Lord Lieutenant King Henry VI., in the Tower, in Shakespeare's and other principal officers of that realm should play of King Richard ye 3

devise means for that purpose. Can any of your “ What is there in this world but Grief and Care ! correspondents inform me whether such a court What noise and bustle do Kings make to find it,

was appointed, and what became of it? When Life is a short Chase our game-Content :

JOHN S. Burs.
Which most pursued is most compellid to fly;
And he who inounts him on the swiftest Hope

The Grove, Henley.
Shall often put his Courser to a Stand :

EARLY MS. I have found a MS. consisting of While the poor peasant from some distant hill,

202 pages. It contains Undanger'd and at ease, views all the sport,

1. A Kalendar (in French). And sees Content take shelter in his Cottage.”

2. The Hours of the Blessed Virgin. These lines are as applicable at the present day 3. The Penitential Psalms. as they were four hundred years ago. Are they 4. A Litany of the Saints. really by the great English Roscius, as I was 5. The Way of the Cross. assured when I first heard them? P. A. L.

6. The Dirge. BISHOP GROSSETÊTE. — Being in possession of

There are also some other devotions, and a short evidence almost conclusive as to the parentage of office (eridently deficient at the beginning) con


taining a lesson from each of the four evangelists, The lines are part of the description of a rough commencing with St. John. With the exception rude serving-youth.

F.J. FURNIVALL. of the Kalendar, all is in Latin. There are pic WM. Peck's MSS.—Where are the manuscript tures of

collections of W. Peck, the historian of the Isle a. The Annunciation.

of Axholme ? In 1815 he published the first b. The Nativity.

volume of his topographical account of that disc. David kneeling.

trict. In the advertisement he says, "the topod. A Calvary.

graphy of the separate parishes will succeed as e. The B. V. M. surrounded by nine apostles.

soon as possible. It never did “succeed,” howf. A group of monks and nuns. There is also another picture, which evidently be found of considerable interest.

I have reason to believe that they would

K. P. D. E. does not belong to the volume. The illuminations are chiefly remarkable for the quantity

PYNACKER. — Is there a catalogue of this and the brilliancy of the burnished gold employed, painter's works, or most noted works? Have they the letters being eridently those of the fifteenth been engraved or etched seriatim, or sparsely? century. I should be glad of any information re


any of them engraved in the French Musée ? specting the date of the MS. and its value.

SIGISMUND THE SEEKER, J. T. WATSON. REEVESLY.-Is a chartulary of the Abbey of MAWE: SURNAME. – A family called De la Reevesly, Lincolnshire, known to be in existence ? Mawe lived in Suffolk in the time of Edward I. If so, where ?

K. P. D. E. (See Rotuli Hundredorum, vol. ii. pp. 168, 169).

THE SABRE. — As your valuable miscellany does Can any one suggest the origin of their surname?

not contain any information anent this weapon, I It is clearly one of the class like De la Pole, De venture to inquire if it is known by whom, in la Mare, De la Le, De la Field, derived from England, the steel was manufactured and forged, some common object, not from territorial posses- and the instrument finished for the first supply tó sions. I do not think Mawe occurs in any of the British troops ?

J. MANUEL glossaries with a meaning that will help me.


THE SKYRACK OAK.-In the village of HeadTHE OPERA HOUSE. Half a century ago and ingley, near Leeds, Yorkshire, there stands all more I was told by Mr. Waters, for some time that remains of an ancient oak-tree, known as the lessee of the Opera House, that there were pipes “Skyrack Oak.” The county of York is divided opening into the orchestra by which the sound into sections called “Wapentakes,”. or, as some was conveyed to all parts of the house, and hence

say, “ Wapon-tacks”; and the division in which its extraordinary merits. Can any of your stands the Headingley oak is named from the readers give me any further information on the venerable tree, "'The Wapontake of Skyrack." subject ?


Most probably the Skyrack Oak was the place Tom PAINE.—It is said, in the Protestant Dis- where the men of the district, a sort of local eenters' Magazine (ii. 167), that

militia, periodically mustered to show that they “ A small French piece, entitled 'Le Christianisme dévoilé, were well armed with weapons of defence. Hence par feu M. Boulanger' ("Christianity Unveiled, by the late the term “Wapon-tack," or, as it is called in M. Boulanger,' London, 1767), contains the substance of Scotland,“ Wapon-schaw." There is a place near Paine's Age of Reason; and that his witticisms are at best the poor plagiarisms of a miserable performance. ..

Worksop, in Nottinghamshire, called “Shirenot written by M. Boulanger.”

Oaks”; and I conjecture that “Skyr-Ack” has the

same meaning: for in old writings, shire, which of your readers seen this book ? If so, is the Age of Reason suspiciously like it?

means a share, is sometimes spelt scire and skire. CYRIL.

Ack evidently means oak, which is commonly

pronounced in the Yorkshire dialect yack. UpHow TO RESTORE PARCIMENT OR VELLUM IN

wards of fifty years ago, when I first saw the JURED BY FIRE.—I shall be much obliged if any

Skyrack Oak, it was a large and venerable ruin, one will kindly inform me how and by what

pro throwing out a coronet of slender green boughs : cess I can best unfold a large vellum MS. roll now, as I am informed by the courteous landlord which by the action of fire has become distorted of the Skyrack Hotel, close by the tree, it puts and perfectly hardened.

C. J.

forth no leaves, but is clad in ivy. It is of inPASSAGE IN “ BOOK OF CURTESYE.".

terest to know when, and in whose reign, Yorkone give me an illustration of the following lines shire was divided into Wapontakes, as it is quite from a MS. Lytil Johan, or the Book of Curtesye, possible that the Skyrack Oak may have witnessed supposed to be that printed by Caxton

the event.

G. H. OF S. “ Like to a prysoner of saynt malowes,

A sonny busshe able to the galowes."

Have any

Can any

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