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A HIGHWAYMAN'S RIDE FROM LONDON TO few or none in England but what came from HolYORK (3rd S. xii. 418.) — Permit me to reply to land or Flanders. This gardener came from Sandthe concluding remarks of your correspondent wich with cabbages raised from seed, brought T. B. upon this subject, and to say that Nevison from Artois by the Flemish emigrants in 1561. House, in the township of Upsall

, still stands. It | Sir Anthony Ashley's cabbages, therefore, had not has the appearance of being built about the reign spread widely in the vicinity of London. of Charles II., and of being of a better class than “2 colley-flowers cost, in 1619, three shillings' those usually occupied by tenant farmers of that (bill of fare for the inauguration dinner of Dultime. It had a centre and two wings, the latter wich College, in Lysons's London). As eighteenlong fallen into decay. A partition wall, doing pence was the price then paid for mowing an acre duty for a main one, fell in the other day, and I of hay, which now costs five shillings, cauliflowers as owner rebuilt it, preserving as before therein the must have been a rarity at that date also. the large iron initials W. N. and the reversed horse

J. WILKINS, B.C.L. shoes. I have no sort of authority to say “ Swift Nick” was born atUpsall, but I do maintain such an

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL Nuts : WARD AND ALEXIS hypothesis is as good as Pontefract or Wakefield. OF PIEMONT (3rd S. xii. 389.)—The editorial note When Mr. Grainge was about to publish his given with my communication on the above sub

Vale of Mowbray great trouble was taken by ject alleges, and, so far as my means of reference go, several gentlemen and myself to glean any infor- correctly, that the edition of the Secrets of Aleris mation relative to this freebooter, whom Macaulay vouch, however, for the existence of such an edi

of 1614-15 is unknown to bibliographers. I can does not neglect to hand down to future ages. tion, for I possess a copy of it

. It is divided into “N. & Q." and every other available source were applied to without any avail. All we did find out

five parts, and has three titles, the third serving was that neither at Pontefract nor Wakefield did for the last three parts. The second and third any official record exist of Nevison being born at

titles have the date 1614, but the first and general either place. In the parish register, South Kil- title 1615. The imprint is as follows: vington, in which the township of Upsall is situ

"London : Printed by William Stansby for Richard ated, are

Meighen and Thomas Iones, and are to be sold at their

shop with-out Temple-Barre vnder St. Clement's Church, “1711. Eliz. ye daughter of Mr Will. Nevesson, bapt. 1615.” Nov. 7." 1720. Mr William Nevison, bur. Mar. 26.”

348 leaves, not including table, 14 leaves. It seems to me, therefore, that the birthplace of Ward's having written any substantive work on

The objection that there exists no trace of Nevison is as difficult to identify, as that of angling, is scarcely one at all, Lauson being in Homer.


precisely the same case, while even Markham HOMERIC TRADITIONS (3rd S. xii. 372.) – MR. was but a trader in other men's wits, as far as L'Estrange is uneasy because Sophocles ascribes his treatises on the sport are concerned. The to Ajax the preservation of the Grecian fleet from three men are not unfairly linked, and it must fire, whilst Homer ascribes it to Patroclus. The be remembered that at the period in question Times of November 25, 1867, says that the con (Hockenhull's verses were probably written bevict Larkin was supported on the scaffold at Man- fore the advent of Walton, and certainly of Venchester by a prison warder and the hangman's ables) a triad of original angling writers would assistant. The Daily Telegraph says that he was have been hard to find.

T. WESTWOOD. supported by the warder only. The Morning Ad LINLITHGOW PALACE (3rd S. xii. 430.)—“A vertiser says that the hangman's assistant only | TRAVELLER seems unaware of the fact that, held up the sufferer. When three special corre about three years ago, it was proposed to parspondents, specially admitted to give a correct tially restore this palace by converting its principal description, cannot unanimously describe what apartments into a county hall and public offices. passed before their eyes, I do not think that Mr. The proposal was seriously entertained, but was L'ESTRANGE need wonder at the disagreement ultimately abandoned, out of deference to the between Homer and Sophocles describing a fact | wishes of Scottish antiquaries. known to them only by tradition.


2, Heath Terrace, Lewisham, S.E. INTRODUCTION OF CABBAGES INTO ENGLAND BY JAMES TELFER (3rd S. xii. 451.) –I correSIR A. ASHLEY (3rd S. xii. 287.)—Hartlib (writ- sponded with Telfer, and published a sketch of ing 1650) states that old men, then living, re his life, with two of his songs, in 1859, in the membered the first gardener who came into Sur- fourth volume of the Modern Scottish Minstrel. rey to plant cabbages and cauliflowers, and to sow Telfer was, as stated by your correspondent, a turnips, carrots, parsnips, and early peas-all of man of strong literary tastes, and of no inconwhich at that time were great wonders, as having siderable genius. He subsisted for many years


on some twenty pounds a-year as teacher of an 80. The learned historian of the county of Peebles adventure school in Liddesdale. I have met most carefully guards himself by an “are said." several persons who were acquainted with him No one, however, has brought forward an inall of whom spoke most kindly of his talents habitant of the place as the prototype of Willie and amiable disposition. Yet with the single Wastle, which, considering the date when Burns exception of his dear friend, Mr. Robert White wrote, is hardly conceivable if the poet referred of Newcastle, a man of large-hearted benevo- to a real person and a real place. lence, I believe few persons sought to mitigate The records are entirely silent as to the existence to him the pressure of poverty.

About ten of such a place. It at the same time must not be years ago I originated an association in Scotland passed without notice, that the succession to the for the relief of literary Scotsmen in circumstances lands of Polmood, to which it appears to belong, of indigence. Lord Chancellor Campbell became was an exciting subject some fifty years ago, when our president. Lord Brougham and the present the idea of being sib to Polmood sent many 8 me couragement to the scheme and

Sir archibala to the fact is that Linkumdoddie, 'like so many Alison, Bart., became one of our vice-presidents. names which are household words in Scotland, There were about two hundred members, and our a creation of the poet's brain, like the fund was fully 2001. per annum. But some petty

“ Habies How" of Ramsay, about which so much differences occurred. I thought of allowing one ink has been spilt, to say nothing of the numerous of the dissentient parties to rule the institution in attempts to give a local habitation and a name to their own way, by retiring from the management. the scenes of Sir Walter Scott's novels, about After rescinding the original purpose of the in- which a book, and an entertaining one, might stitution, they allowed it to fall to pieces. The re- be written.

GEORGE VERE IRVING. maining funds and the books of the society, which was termed the Scottish Literary Institute, are, I

WILLIE WASTLE (3rd S. xi. 77, 491; xii. 361.) believe, in the hands of a lawyer or accountant in Another Willie Wastle figures in the following Glasgow. I have never ceased to regret the rhyme, long familiar to Scottish children, sent by downfall of this institution. I do so now, when

the governor of Home Castle, when summoned to I think of the indigent condition of James Telfer.

surrender by Colonel Fenwick, commander of

Cromwell's troops in 1650:-
2, Heath Terrace, Lewisham, S.E.

* I, Willie Wastle,
Stand firm in my castle,

And a' the dogs o' your town,
LADY NAIRN (3rd S. xii. 451.)--MR. SIDNEY

Will no' pull Willie Wastle down.” GILPIN refers to Lady Nairn. Beside the “ Land

W. R. C. o' the Leal," she was the author of " Caller Herrin',” “ The Laird o’ Cockpen,” “My ain

NOVEL VIEWS OF CREATION (3rd S. xii. 374.)kind dearie 0," “ weel's me on my ain man,

The theory propounded by your correspondent “ Kind Robin lo'es me,” “Saw ye nae my Peggy,"

seems to bear a close resemblance to that which “ Gude nicht and joy be wi' ye a',” “ Cauld kail is maintained in M'Causland's Adam and the in Aberdeen,” “ He's owre the hills that I lo'e Adamite. May I be allowed to ask another ques. weel,” “The Lass o' Gowrie,” “There grows a tion in connection with this subject? In St. Anbonnie brier bush,” “ John Tod," “ Will ye no selm's Cur Deus Homo (book i. chap. Iviii. sect. 6) come back again ?” “ Jamie the Laird,” « The the following sentence occurs: Hundred Pipers," and other popular songs. I had “ Si autem tota creatura simul facta est, et dies illi, in the satisfaction of publishing a memoir of Lady quibus Moyses istum mundum non simul factum esse Nairn in the Modern Scottish Minstrel (vol. i. 1855), videtur dicere, aliter sunt intelligendi, quam sicut videfrom information supplied by her ladyship’s quomodo facti sint Angeli in illo perfecto numero.” relations and surviving friends. She was a gentlewoman of remarkable diffidence, and to the

The context sufficiently explains what is meant last refused to be known as a song-writer. She by the perfect number of the angels ; but I should died in 1845, at the age of seventy-nine.

be glad if any of your readers could throw some CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D.

light on the theory of simultaneous creation

which is here propounded, and the non-literal 2, Heath Terrace, Lewisham, S.E.

acceptation of the Mosaic narrative which it seems to involve.

RESUPONUS. LINKUMDODDIE (3rd S. xi. 77, 491; xii. 361.)-The communication of V. S. V. is an instance of MISERICORDIA (3rd S. xii. 461.) – MR. LLOYD how statements are intensified in the process of wishes to know the origin of what he calls an being repeated by one person after another, like “old English apophthegm the old story of the three black crows. V. S. V.

“Mercy is to be found asserts positively that the place is situated so and

Between the stirrup and the ground.”

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I suppose that the source of the lines is the “PERISH COMMERCE ! LET THE CONSTITUTION epitaph which Johnson quoted to Boswell from (3rd S. ix. 453.)—These memorable words, Camden’s Remains. (Vide Croker's Boswell's Life long ascribed to Wm. Windham, but first proof Johnson, c. lxxvi. p. 729): –

nounced by George Hardinge, the Welsh judge, Boswell. When a man is the aggressor, and by ill usage sound very like the often-quoted “ Périssent les forces on a duel in which he is killed, have we not little colonies plutôt qu'un principe,” and " Périsse ground to hope that he is gone to a state of happiness ? " Johnson. Sir, we are not to judge determinately of the Agrippine (1653); who may very possibly have

l'univers, pourvu que je me venge,” in Cyrano's state in which a man leaves this life. He may in a moment have repented effectually, and, it is possible, may

taken the idea from Corneille's Rodogune (1648): have been accepted of God. There is in Camden's Re

“ Tombe sur moi le ciel, pourvu que je me venge.' mains an epitaph upon a very wicked man, who was

P. A. L. killed by a fall from his horse, in which he is supposed to say

SHELLEY'S “ Tall Flower" (3rd S. xii. 466.) “ • Between the stirrup and the ground

I think the foxglove is not the flower alluded to. I mercy ask’d, I mercy found.'”

It blossoms in summer, and he enumerates only Malone adds a foot-note:

spring flowers. I should rather suppose him to “ In repeating this epitaph Johnson improved it. The mean the daffodil, or its congeners, the jonquil original runs thus:

and narcissus. The daffodil is remarkable for hold“Betwixt the stirrup and the ground

ing wet, and scattering it when agitated by the Mercy I ask'd, mercy I found.'”



LITERARY PSEUDONYMS (3rd S. viii. 498.)– Has For the origin of the latter phrase, see Cam- not your correspondent, W. CAREW Hazlitt, den's Remains, p. 387 :

made a mistake in saying “Prefixed to Richard “A gentleman falling off his horse, brake his neck, Grenaway's (which, by the way, is spelled Grenewhich suddain hap gave occasion of much speech of his wey) translation of the Annales of Tacitus, 1598, former life, and some in this judging world judged the worst. In which respect a good friend made this good

there is an epistle signed ' A. B.'”? I have this epitaph, remembering that of Saint Augustine, Misericor- edition of the Annales in my library. It is dedidia Domini inter pontem et fontem :

cated in sufficiently laudatory terms “To the My friend, judge not me,

Right Honorable Robert Earle of Essex and Ewe." Thou seest I judge not thee :

There is a short address to the reader by GreneBetwixt the stirrop and the ground,

wey, but no epistle. Bound up in the same Mercy I askt, mercy I found.”

volume with the Annales, there is “The Ende of HERMEN TRUDE.

Nero and Beginning of Galba. Fower Bookes of THE WORD “ALL-TO" (3rd S. xii. 464.)—May the Histories of Cornelius Tacitus. The Life of I add two quotations of great importance ? Agricola. The Second Edition, MDXCVIII.” This The first is

translation was written by Sir Henry Saville, and Al to-tare his a-tir that he to-tere might." first appeared in 1591. Sir Henry dedicates his

William and the Werwolf, 1. 3884. work to Queen Elizabeth, and following the dediThat is, “he completely tare-in-pieces his attire, cation is " A. B. to the Reader.” This is no doubt whatever of it he could tear-in-pieces.”

the epistle referred to by your correspondent. Its And, if this be not thought decisive enough as energy and boldness of language quite prepare to the separation of the al from the to, here is me to believe that " A. B." was the Earl of another more decisive still

Essex. The importance of minute accuracy in “For hapnyt ony to slyd and fall,

“N. & Q.” forms my excuse for this note. He suld sone be to-fruschyt all."


J. S. G. Barbour's Brus, ed. Jamieson, p. 207.

“ HISTORY OF HADDINGTON” (3rd S. x. 168.) That is, “For, if any one had happened to slide This work appeared in 1844, in 8vo, with the foland fall, he would soon have been broken-in-pieces lowing title-page :utterly.

WALTER W. SKEAT. Cambridge.

“ The Lamp of Lothian ; or, the History of Hadding

ton, in connection with the Public Affairs of East Lothian YEMANRIE (3rd S. xii. 462.) – This question and of Scotland, from the Earliest Records to the Present turns on the etymology of yeoman. In opposition Period. By James Miller, ... Haddington : Printed to the theory that derives it from young man, a

and published by James Allan, and sold by Oliver and better idea is to explain the root yeo by the Ger- | Boyd, Edinburgh. 1844."

J. S. G. man gau, Moso-Gothic gawi, Anglo-Saxon ga, a province or shire. What the Anglo-Saxon ga MODERN ORIGIN OF SANSKRIT LITERATURE : was, and, by way of consequence, what a yeoman AGE OF THE VÂLMIKI RÂMÂYANA (3M S. xii. 444.) was, will be found explained at great length in 1. In the very important copy of this work disTurner's History of the Anglo-Saxons.

covered by M. M. at Oxford, is the date A.D. WALTER W. SKEAT. 1433, given for it, described in the work itself as

being of the Christian era; and if not, from what the late Thomas Crofton Croker's branch, are decorresponding Indian era has it been taken? duced from Edward, a younger son of Thomas 2. Does the work referred to contain any other Croker of Trevellas, in Cornwall

, and his wife dates, and can it be made use of for verifying Margery Gyll. Now, the visitation of Cornwall upwards of sixty historical dates given separately of 1620 allows only two sons of this Thomas and in the Bâl and Adhbhutya, or the Adhyâtma Râ- Margery—John and Hugh; so that if they had a mâyana, both purporting to be derived from the brother Edward, he must have been born after great original work by Vâlmiki ?

1620. But Edward, said to have come to Ireland, 3. Are the births of the brothers Lava, the had a son born about 1624, and a grandson born founder of the Bargujar dynasty of Lahor, and in 1653 ; so that he (Edward) could not hare Kusa of Kussoor, that of the Kachchwâhâs of been born after 1620, the date of the visitation, Kachchwâgâr and Jaipur, separately accounted which may be seen in the Harleian MS. 1142. for, or are they described in it as being twins? The visitations are particular in containing all of 4. What account does it give of the name,

the existing generation. It therefore will require parentage, and tribe, of the chief to whom it is strong evidence to support the above extraction of dedicated, or of the writer by whom it was

the family. transcribed ?

R. R. W. ELLIS. It is so easy to set a graft on an old stock, that

the point of divergence of branches is peculiarly BARONETCY OF GIB (3rd S. xii. 274, 362, 421.) open to suspicion. Many families who migrated To obviate further unnecessary discussion, I beg to Ireland have been tacked to old English pedito state the following facts, which I learned in grees without, I fear, any warrant. The Bernards, Edinburgh the other day on the very best autho now represented by the Earl of Bandon, have been rity. The patent creating Henry Gib of Carriber lately deduced by Sir Bernard Burke from a sup(in Linlithgowshire) a baronet about 1635, has posed very ancient and important and knightly been long lost, and the dignity became dormant family of Bernard of Acornbank, in Westmoreor extinct at his death without issue, about 1650. land, who, I verily believe, never existed. At His soi-disant successor has made nurnerous in- least they are not noticed in Nicholson and Burns' quiries regarding his descent and supposed re- History of that county, nor in any of the manulationship to Sir Henry, but has never presented scripts in the British Museum which have been his case publicly before the proper tribunal—the indexed by Mr. Sims,-nor, I may add, in Sir Court of the Sheriff of Chancery in Edinburgh. Bernard Burke's Armory. Acornbank was the Even this step, though it were to result in seat of the Dalston family.

C. D. proving collateral relationship to Sir Henry, would still be far from establishing a right to the dignity,

SEEING IN THE DARK (3rd S. xii. 106, 471.), which, in the absence of the patent, must be

HARFRA that in the case of the lady be menpre

says, sumed to have been taken to heirs male of the tioned, he said nothing about her having conbody of the patentee. It is entirely on public gestion of the brain.” Certainly he did not use grounds that I state these facts, having no per: S. xi. 178) that she was “ troubled with blood to

this precise form of words, but he told us (3rd sonal knowledge of the claimant; but at present he has clearly not established his right to dub the head.” Now really this is a distinction withhimself “ Baronet of Falkland.”

out a difference ; for one knows it was not an MR. IRVING (p. 421) has very strangely misled irregularity in the circulation of blood through EQUES AURATUS regarding the obsolete mode of the bones, or other parts composing the human

It service before a jury. The old writ or " brieve” head, that could influence this lady's sight. of inquest from the crown, with its attendant could be affected only by the blood-supply to the

retour by the jury, were abolished twenty brain and eyes, and therefore HABFRA'S " blood years ago by the act 10 & 11 Vict. c. 47, and to the head” and my “congestion of the brain": a claimant now presents a petition either to the

are really synonymous terms. sheriff of the county where his ancestor was do

MR. WETHERELL quotes Isidore as if he were miciled, or (in certain specified cases) to the

an authority on this subject of seeing in the sheriff of Chancery, whose judgment supersedes dark. Now all that Isidore of Seville in his the old procedure. (Seton, Scottish Heraldry, Origines had to do, was to give definitions of p. 304, note.) Mr. Seton's remarks on sham various words; and in the course of his work he baronets are worth reading. ANGLO-SCOTUS. explains the meaning of the word Nyctalopia, as

ụsed by writers on eye-diseases. He does not CROKER FAMILY. (3rd S. xii. 434.) --- Besides pretend to give any medical opinion of his own. completing the pedigree of this family, it would the physiological views of ophthalmic writers be well if C. J. R. would test the truth of that anterior to the seventh century, when Isidore of which is in print. The Crokers of Ballinagarde, Seville flourished, have of course no value whatin the county of Limerick, from whom spranz ever at the present day. OPHTHALMOSOPHOS.

MR. Gay's FABLES, WITH BEWICK'S W00D- very long one, was an easy even slope from top to CUTS (3rd S. xii

. 461.) – I have not the least doubt bottom, and was, in short, a smooth hill-side, that the wood-cuts in the small volume of Gay's needing more breath to get up than old people Fables, printed in 1806, are by Bewick, having could well spare. The peculiar character of the been familiar with them at that date, when we ground is continued on both sides, and will be used to read Gay's Fables as a school book. The above a quarter of a mile in extent, forming a wood-blocks have, moreover, been wonderfully high knoll at one and another point, for a good preserved, and done service in various editions, deal of it remains grass land. “Shay Field " was even so recently as 1834. For I have a small copy the only enclosure about that was not strictly printed in that year for Longman and Co., and private property, as the congregation of pig-sties from early recollections I am sure of the identity at the bottom sufficiently evidenced ; hence the of each one of the wood-cuts. I have also an edi- limited application of the local name. tion of that favourite old book, The Looking-glass

C. C. R. of the Mind, taken from Berquin's Ami des Enfans, which has also the original wood-cuts by At least the tradition of this as an old custom

PRAYING FOR HUSBANDS (3rd S. viii. 205.) Bewick. The engravings in both these works are very valuable, not only for their originality and may be inferred from the talk in some of the spirited, though rude, execution, but for their villages of North Yorkshire. The servant-girls

will tell you how that once one of their number exhibiting accurate delineations of the dress and habits of the latter part of the last century.

stipulated with a bargaining mistress at a statute

hiring, that she should be allowed ten minutes F. C. H.

every day at noon to go pray for a husband in. INSCRIPTION AT BAKEWELL (3rd S. xii. 461.)– The following story is current in one quarter :-The passage of Juvenal referred to (x. 172, 3) is

“Mrs. S—, who had lived as housekeeper with a

Catholic family near York (names and places “ Mors sola fatetur Quantula sint nominum corpuscula,"

being specified) for many years, had engaged one

servant who became an object of curiosity to the and the words “sola fatetur" are probably those rest of the maids; for as regularly as noon came, wanting to complete the first line of the inscrip- she would leave off work and go to her chamber. tion. The second line requires such a word as

By-and-by it was whispered about that their “perit,” “death is swallowed up in piety," or fellow-servant spent the time in praying for a perhaps “minor;" as, however small our mortal husband. One day one of the men hid himself in bodies may be, yet death, though subject to none,

a closet adjoining the devotee's room, and waited is yet overcome by, and so becomes less than piety. her arrival. At the usual time she came, and The writer having quoted one classical author, kneeling before her little framed picture of the may have had in his mind another, and the Virgin and Child, began, and continued for a “Victor jacet pietas” of Ovid. (M. i. 149), would length of time: "A husband ! a husband ! sweet supply an ending to the epitaph in the word Mary, a husband! Send him soon, an' he may be “jacet.” Adopting Gifford's version of the pas- lowt but a tailor-ought but a tailor. Nowt sage from Juvenal, the whole may be paraphrased [nothing] but a tailor!' the man at last shouted. thus:

She responded at once: 'Ho'd thee noise, little “ Death, the great teacher, Death alone proclaims Jesus, an' let thee mother speak. “Nowt but a The true dimensions of our puny frames ;

tailor!' as sharply replied the man again. Nay, Yet death, that now obedience yields to none,

owt but a tailor, owt but a tailor, but a tailor rather His conqueror in piety shall own,” &c.

than nowt, good Lord.'' I beg to share responW. E. BUCKLEY.

sibility here with somebody-I don't care who. THE NAME OF SHEFFIELD (3rd S. ix. 409.) –

C. C. R. I think W., the friend of your correspondent

JEAN ETIENNE LIOTARD (3rd S. ix. 473.)—In H. J., is likely to be correct in his assumption reply to J.'s query, I cannot say " whether Liotard that the name of Sheffield is a corruption of the painted life-size portraits in oil while in England”; Danish “Skjev-Fjeld,” signifying a sloping hill | but I saw in his family in Amsterdam, a few or mountain.” At Leeds, just on the outskirt of years ago, a large room hung round with a conthe town, there is, leading down from the locality siderable number of life-size crayons (pastel) by of Woodhouse to Woodhouse Carr, a piece of him, which were full of life: one amongst others ground which has been known as “Shay Field,” in a Turkish costume-a portrait of himself. for " time out of mind,” as the saying runs. There

P. A. L. are buildings there now, which may have given another. name to the place, but they are only of DORKING, SURREY (3rd S. xii. 461.) – I have recent erection, and "Shay Field” is in every- the second edition of this work, published 1823, body's mouth yet thereabouts. The field was a by John Timbs.

D. D. H.

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