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“ Baptism, 1 Septem., 1648. Sir Alexander Dalmahoy, “ MANUSCRIT VENU DE ST HÉLÈNE" (3rd S. xi. FIER, of that ilk, Dame Marie Nisbet-a daughter named 520.)—In reply to LORD LYTTELTON's query, I Agnes. - With Sir Luis Stuart of Kirkhill"; Sir John beg to transcribe the following, which appeared Dalmahoy of that ilk."
in the French “N. & Q." L'Intermédiaire, Here we have, in the same document, two per- Oct. 31, 1864:sons described as Dalmahoy of that ilk; but the
“ Les Confessions de Napoléon Ier.-Je vois annoncé addition of the word fier in the case of the first comme sorti de presse le mois dernier l'ouvrage suivant : named, makes the matter perfectly clear. In the Les Confessions de l'Empereur Napoléon, petit mémorial same way William de Carmichael might be most écrit de sa main à Sainte-Hélène, parvenu en Angleterre, properly described as of that ilk, and as Dominus traduit et publié chez John Murray, à Londres (1818)
Traduit sur le texte anglais, l'original ayant disparu, et ejusdem during the lifetime of his father Sir John. augmenté de notes par Halbert d'Angers, suivies d'une
In the feudal system you can have no testamen notice historique sur le Duc de Reichstadt, 1864. In-18 tary destination of lands. Every conveyance must de 166 pages. Metz, imprim. Jangel et Didion. Qu'est-ce be inter vivos. The mode in which an arrange
que ce livre ? L'énoncé du titre dit-il vrai? Serait-ce 'ment to take place after the death of the present qui fit tant de bruit et qui mystifia si bien tout le monde.
par hasard le fameux Manuscrit venu de Sainte-Hélène, proprietor is effected, is as follows:– He conveys y compris le Duc de Wellington, lorsqu'il fut publié par his estate simpliciter to his intended successor, but le même libraire Murray ? S'il en est ainsi, je rappeladds a clause reserving his own life-rent and the lerais que Napoléon fut obligé de désavouer cet habile power of alteration. Under these circumstances,
postiche afin de détromper l'Europe, et qu'il n'y a guère both the grantor and the grantee would be pro- plus de vingt ans que l'on en a découvert l'auteur.
“ Le Genevois Lullin de Châteauvieux, l'ami de Maperly described as of that ilk.
dame de Staël, se trouvant à la campagne dans l'automne Nothing could be more probable than that Sir de 1816, avait amusé sa solitude de ce jeu d'imagination, John de Carmichael, when on the point of going puis avait jeté le paquet à la poste à l'adresse de Murray, abroad on a dangerous service, should have made sans indiquer qui faisait cet envoi, et sans se douter proa settlement of his estate in the manner described ;
bablement du succès que sa ruse devait avoir. Il était and I may add that, looking to the personal ser
parvenu à garder son secret, qui aurait pu périr avec lui,
comme celui de Junius, si en 1841, ses enfants ayant été vices which were due to the crown by its vassals mis sur la trace par une circonstance fortuite, il n'avait in the fifteenth century, permission to serve
lui-même révélé l'aventure et ouvert le tiroir où dormait abroad could only be obtained by an arrangement depuis un quart de siècle le brouillon de son ouvrage." providing an efficient representative of the baron
P. A. L. to call out and command the contribution to the national army which the barony was bound to tablet in Landulph church several years ago.
PALÆOLOGUS (3rd S. xii. 30.)-I examined the furnish. And what better representative could The impression on my recollection is that it is Sir John de Carmichael have than his eldest son?
coeval with the date inscribed. I took a rubbing who would as a matter of course, in all deeds with which his father had no connection, be
at the time, and if RHODOCANAKIS will favour thereafter simply described as Dominus ejusdem.
me with a direct communication, I will let him
H. T. ELLACOMBE. As to the claim of the Bishop of Orleans to be
Rectory, Clyst St. George, Devon. the hero of Baugé, J. R. C. has not answered my questions:
RHODOCANAKIS, I am glad to find, sustains 1. If he was in holy orders at the time? in what I have for many years considered a just which case he could not have used a lance.
scepticism. 2. In what manner is he to be dovetailed into
The burial register of St. Michael, Barbados, is the pedigree of the Carmichaels of that ilk? a copy of an older original, and therefore it is
3. How in those days, when heraldry was a extremely doubtful whether the latter contained science guided by the most stringent rules, and
the double row of asterisks which follow the before arms could be found and engraved for a
entry of “Palæologus," as it now appears. very moderate honorarium, he could transmit the
There were many Greek merchants at the time broken
in Barbados; besides which, I fancy that “PalæIn regard to the Carmichaels of Meadowflat, it ologus” is no more exclusively “royal” than is true that, in the History of the Upper Ward of Stewart, Stuart, Tudor, &c. Lanarkshire (vol. i. p. 470), I state that John, the
The whole story from beginning to end, inthird son of Sir John Carmichael of that ilk, ob- cluding the reputed "sojourn” in Ferrara, seems tained a charter of these lands in 1511. J. R. C., to me to be a modern invention not later than however, omits to state that I give as my autho- the time of Ligon, whose History of Barbados rity the Register Mag., Sig. LxvIII. 169;
and that, Schomburgk quotes, and who is, so far as I am in the immediately preceding sentence, 'I mention aware, the first quasi authority on the subject. that this only occurred on the failure of an earlier
Sp. family of the same name, to members of which “ OLYMPIA MORATA” (3rd S. xi. 465.) — Likeall his extracts refer. GEORGE VERE IRVING. wise consult M. Jules Bonnet's very interesting
little volume: "Olympia Morata : Episode de la blow to it; in fact, brought about its extinction. Renaissance en Italie. Chez Grassart, Paris.” Some of Caddell's pistols were richly ornamented
I possess a volume of this celebrated woman's with silver, gold and jewels, and have been known works, together with her husband Cælius S. to sell as high as sixty guineas a pair. The last Curio's letters, printed at Basle molxx, with a representative of the Caddell family. (Doune dedication by the latter, of 1562, to Queen Eliza- branch) was drowned near Stirling in 1800. beth. On the back of the red morocco binding is There is in existence an — repeated five times a crowned heart, surrounded “ Inventory of writs of certain subjects in and about . by rays, and fleur-de-lys at the four corners. Doune, which formerly belonged to Thomas Caddell, Could I be informed whom the book originally senior, gunsmith, there'; afterwards to Thomas Caddell
, belonged to ?
gunsmith, there; his son, Thomas Caddell, gunsmith ;
his grandson, and Thomas Caddell, manager of the Cotton BOURBON SPRIG (3rd S. xi. 299, 461 ; xii. 38.)— Mill at Corsley, his great grandson, and which were As the subject has been introduced into “N. & Q.,"
afterwards acquired by adjudication at the instance of
James Smith, manager of the Deanston Works, on a trust it may interest some readers to pursue it in the bond granted by Robert Caddell, slater, in Stirling, cousin same; on which account I prefer answering in german and heir of the said Thomas Caddell at Corsley," these pages, to sending MR. PINKERTON a private &c. communication, which otherwise I should have
Pistol-making is now a lost art in Doune. A had much pleasure in doing. I am glad to have John Campbell tried to carry it on after the Cadelicited the valuable information which he has dells had retired; but the trade gradually declined, given of the French name of this pattern, and and finally became extinct in the hands of a place of its manufacture. As I observed before, John Murdoch. About twenty years after MurI possess the identical coffee-cup and saucer which doch's death a John Paterson attempted to rethe Abbé Deterville brought over at the first vive the trade; but although he turned out a revolution; and also the greater part of the set good article, there was no demand, and with which he had manufactured for him in Stafford
Paterson, pistol-making in Doune became a lost shire in imitation of it. The flower is not so well art. As to the “F. H." after whom MR. DAVIES designed as on the French set: the handles of the
inquires, we have nothing but conjecture to fall cups are less graceful, and the saucers rounded in back upon. The owner may have been one of the common shape; while the French saucer the Hays of Errol, among whom Francis was a rather turns in, and is more elegant.
favourite name, and is at present borne by the In answer to the inquiry about the marks, my Hon. Francis, who was born in 1864. Or they French coffee-cup has no mark at all, but the may have belonged to one of the Hamiltons, who saucer has underneath it an oval, surmounted by were created Earls of Haddington in 1619. Or a ducal coronet; and in the oval is a cypher,
they may have been the property of one of the which I have now made out: it contains the let- Homes, or possibly again of the Hays of Tweedale, ters G. and A.,-all is marked in red. In my one of whom at present bears the name of FreEnglish set, every piece is marked underneath ; derick. All this, however, is mere conjecture, but with a W between two curved and crossed and must be taken quantum valeat. Anon. lines, like Hogarth's line of beauty, all in blue colour.
ROBERT BROWNING's “ BOY AND ANGEL": F. C. H.
“Kynge ROBERD OF CYSILLE” (3rd S. xii. 6.)HIGHLAND PISTOLS (3rd S. xi. 519.)—In answer
According to Warton (ii. 22.), “Sir Gowther" to the query put by MR. DAVIES, I may state that is only another version of “Robert the Devil,” the Thomas Caddell to whom he refers was a and therefore of “Kynge Robert of Cysille.” If famous pistol-maker at Doune, Perthshire, Scot- there be verbal similarities between the two menland. Which Thomas Caddell, however, is the tioned by MR. ADDIS, they are as nothing comThomas after whom MR. Davies inquires, will be pared with the close following of the old poem in a difficult matter to settle, seeing that there were the modern version of “King Robert of Sicily” three generations of pistol-makers—father, son, and in Longfellow's Tales of a Wayside Inn—so close grandson, all of whose names were Thomas. The as almost to call for some acknowledgment of the Caddell family came from Muthill in Strathearn, source whence the modern“ King Robert” is and settled at Doune, in 1647. The head of the taken.
LYDIARD. family was a blacksmith, but he subsequently became a pistol-maker, and reached such a pro
THE WORD "DOLE" (3rd S. xii. 7.) — The folficiency in the art as to make the Doune pistols lowing is an instance of the use of the word dole famous throughout Scotland. The trade was
by a living author:
" Her father laid the letter in her hand, carried on by successive generations of the family
And closed the hand upon it, and she died. till near the close of the last century. The sup So that day there was dole in Astolat.” pression of the rebellion in 1746, and the sub
Tennyson's Elainc. sequent disarmament of the Highlands, was a great
CHEVERS FAMILY (3rd S. x. 403, 462.)—It has transferred to the beginning of such word, and not, I believe, been shown clearly who immedi- this transfer took place not only in the dative and ately succeeded Edward Chevers, who was created accusative cases, but often in all cases for the mere Viscount Mount Leinster by James II. Upon sake of euphony, so that we not only find “the this point our leading authorities appear to me neyes” in the oblique cases, but even in the obscure and contradictory. According to Burke nominative case. Nor did this addition of n stop (Extinct, Dormant, and Abeyant Peerages, 3rd here; we may go a step further, and dismiss the . ed.), Lord Mount Leinster had an only brother, article altogether, and speak of “two pinke neyes.” Jerome, succeeded by his sons Christopher and To add to the confusion thus introduced, we have Francis, of whom there are now no male descend- numerous instances of the rererse process, the ants. This statement is confirmed in “N. & Q." taking away of an n, so that instead of a nadder, 3rd S. x. 462, by Mr. John D’Alton. We are, we now absurdly write an adder. See Ulphilas's however, told elsewhere by this authority (King translation of Luke iii. 7—“kuni nadre," 1. e. O James's Irish Army List, vol. ii. p. 788), that kin of nadders, O generation of vipers. Other in
" After much litigation, Andrew and John Chevers, stances are, an auger, an umpire, miswritten for the brother and heir” [sic] “ of Viscount Mount Leinster, a nauger (a gnawing or biting tool), and a numpire succeeded in preserving a portion of the estates allotted (0. Fr. noumpere). WALTER W. SKEAT. to the family in Galway ; and the male line of Andrew
Cambridge. becoming extinct on the death of his son Hyacinth, John Chevers became the representative of the house of Kil LAYING GHOSTS IN THE RED SEA (3rd S. xii. lyan."
8.) — Addison, in No. 12 of The Spectator, alludIt appears difficult to reconcile these two sets ing to his London lodgings at a good-natured of statements. Had Lord Mount Leinster more widow's house one winter, observes that on one than one brother? If so, what were their names ? occasion he entered the room unexpectedly, when
CALCUTTENSIS. several young ladies, visitors, were telling stories JOHANNES Scotus ERIGENA (3rd S. xii. 7.)—A of spirits and apparitions ; when, on being told complete edition of the works of this great man
that it was only the gentleman, the broken conwas published by the Abbé Migne at Paris in versation was resumed, and 1853. The price is about eight or ten francs. ". I seated myself by the candle that stood at one end There is a copy of it in the London Library, of the table; and pretending to read a book that I took 12, St. James's Square.
K. P. D. E.
out of my pocket, heard several stories of ghosts that,
pale as ashes, had stood at the bed's foot, or walked over DRYDEN QUERIES: “NEYES” (3rd S. xii. 7.) a churchyard by moonlight; and of others that had been I have not Dryden's plays to refer to, but pro- conjured into the Red Sea, for disturbing people's
c. bably neyes means eyes. There is an undoubted instance of this in a quotation given in Jesse's
Brand, vol. iii. p. 72 (Bohn), gives a long exHistory of the British Dog, vol. ii., where, at a
tract from Grose: a small portion of which I will bear-baiting, the bear is described " with his two cite, referring E. L. to that article for the rest : pinke neyes. Is not this, by the way, the ety “A ghost may be laid for any term less than a hunmology of the name Pinckéney? It is an instance dred years, and in any place or body, full or empty-as of the “epenthetic n,”
so common in old English. the solid oak; the pommel of a sword; a barrel of beer, if In my new edition of Piers Plowman, the first esquire or a justice. But of all places, what a ghost least
a yeoman or a simple gentleman; or a pipe of wine, if an volume of which is just ready, the various read- likes is the Red Sea ; it being related in many instances ings furnish several instances. Thus, in the pro- that ghosts have most earnestly besought exorcists not to logue, l. 42, instead of " at the ale," some MSS. confine them in that place. It is nevertheless considered have"" at the nale” or “at nale”; and again, in perhaps from its being a safer place than any nearer at
an undisputed fact that great numbers are laid there, Passus V. 1. 115, instead of “at the oke (oak)'
hand, though neither history nor tradition give any most MSS. have " at the noke or “atte noke.'
account of an escape thence before their time." Hence the explanation of the phrase “ for the nonce,” which simply means
it for the once
I think we may perceive a mixture here of the (A.-S. for than anes), but which so puzzled men; and the miracle of the casting out of the
classic fable of the wandering ghosts of unburied Tyrwhitt, one of our greatest scholars, that he was driven to conjecture a derivation from the devils, and their request to our Lord in the Gospel Latin pro nunc.
J. A. G. The history of this n seems to be simply this,—that the dative of the article takes
Carisbrooke. the form than in the masculine and neuter in early
In the form of exorcising persons possessed by English, and the accusative masculine takes the the devil, prescribed in the Roman Ritual, the forms then, than, thane, thene. But when the evil spirit is thus adjured by the exorcist:noun following began with a vowel, this n was “Cede ergo Deo +, qui te et malitiam tuam in Pharaone,
et in exercitu ejus per Moysen servum suum in abyssum Hence, Johna Noakes, or John Vukes.
This probably was the origin of laying a ghost bearer to William the Conqueror, bore eagles for in the Red Sea. In an amusing poem, entitled their arms. I shall be very much obliged for an "The Ghost of a boiled Scrag of Mutton,” authority for this statement, as it appears from a which appeared in the Flowers of Literature about Roll of Arms of the reign of Edward I. in the sixty years ago, there was the following verse possession of the Society of Antiquaries, and pubembodying the idea :
lished in The Archaologia (vol. xxxix. pp. 402-421) “The scholar was versed in all magical lore,
that the arms of Rauf Thorney were argent a Most famous was he throughout college; maunch gules. I notice (p. 420) that to Lucas To the Red Sea full many an unquiet ghost,
Thani are assigned-azure, three bars argent; and To repose with king Pharaoh and his mighty host,
to Richard Thani-argent, six eagles displayed, He had sent through his powerful knowledge.”
sable. I conceive that the last-mentioned persons F. C. H.
were of a different family, and that the descendCaptain Grose, in his Provincial Glossary, ants of the Conqueror's standard-bearer bore the says:
arms first blazoned. Any definite information “ Of all places the most common, and what a ghost upon this point will be esteemed a favour. least likes, is the Red Sea: it being related, in many
JOHN MACLEAN. instances, that ghosts have most earnestly besought the Hammersmith. exorcists not to confine them in that place. It is nevertheless considered as an indisputable fact that there are
JOINNY PEEP (3rd S. xii. 5.)-In reply to the an infinite number laid there, perhaps from its being a query of H. K., I beg to state that assigned the safer prison than any other near at hand.”
story to Drummond of Hawthornden on the authoAlthough this passage does not answer the rity of Ruddiman, the poet's biographer, as quoted question, it may be of use to your correspondent in Chambers's Lives of Illustrious Scotsmen. 'I was E. L.
R. F. W. S. quite aware that the anecdote had been popularly
connected with Burns, and that it was also asENGRAVED OUTLINES: No. VIII. (3rd S. viii. signed to some other poets. Whether the story
is correctly attributed to Drummond I cannot say, " Suenan chirimias, y sale escuchando el Arzobispo Don but most certainly it has been erroneously given BERNARDO, y en acabando de tocar, cantan dentro.
to Burns, unless we are disposed to accuse the * Music. En el pozo está el tesoro
great Scottish bard of plagiarism, of which he was Mas rico que la plata, y mas que el oro,
certainly incapable. It is, I find, extremely diffiBebed, bebed, que nativa Está la mina en el del agua viva,
cult to obtain the original version of a story. The Calderon, La Virgen del Sagrario, Jorn. iii.
anecdote about Burns and the Cumberland yeot. i. p. 420, ed. Keil, Leipsique, 1827.
men I feel satisfied had no foundation whatever.
CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D. The stage-direction and the verses correspond
2, Heath Terrace, Lewisham, S.E, 80 nearly, that I think there can be no doubt that the outline is intended to illustrate the above.
THE LATE REV. R. H. BARHAM: “DICK's LongLa Virgen del Sagrario is not one of Calderon's TAILED COAT” (3rd S. xi. 476, 531.)—I have just prominent dramas, and I am not aware that it has had the number of Blackwood sent me in which been translated into English. Further inquiry is Dick's Long-tailed Coat” appears. It is headed desirable.
"Family Poetry, No. 1.” April
, 1831, No. CLXXIX.
vol. xxix. The first verse is this: The engraving No. vii. does not suit any passage in La Virgen.
H. B. C. “ Zooks! I must woo the Muse to-day, U. U. Club.
Though line before I'd never wrote.
On what occasion ?' do you say? BISHOP BUTLER'S BEST Book (3rd S. xii. 23.)—
Our Dick has got a long-tail'd coat!" The passage referred to, but somewhat inaccurately, “My Cousin Nicholas " was begun in Blackwood, by Nr. Froude, occurs in the preface to Bishop No. ccxx., April, 1834, vol. xxxiv.
It is possible Butler's Sermons :
the title may have been altered to“Nick's Long" For the sake of this whole class of readers, for they tailed Coat,” but still I should be glad of any inare of different capacities, different kinds, and get into this formation as to why it is omitted from the Inway from different occasions, I have often wished that it goldsby Legends, amongst which it seems to deserve had been the custom to lay before people nothing in matters of argument but premises, and leave them to draw
a place quite as much as “ Misadventures at Marconclusions themselves; which, though it could not be gate,” or “ Nursery Reminiscences," &c. &c. done in all cases, might in many."
R. C. S. W. S. L.
WALSII OF CASTLE HOEL (3rd S. xii. 14.) FAMILY OF DE TONI: ARMS (3rd S. vii. 497.)— Apart from the question of family, I should be It is incidentally stated in the discussion on “Al- glad if PINGATORIS would favour me with the bini Brito: the Heraldic Puzzle” that the De details of his reference (Harl. MS. No. 1143), as I Tonies, descended from Ralph de Toni, standard am unable to consult it. May I ask at what
period, and by whom, the arms mentioned were drawn with one side of the face like Alexander, assigned to Kadwalader ap Gronwy,—for this and the other like Caracalla.” ARCHIMEDES. reason, that heraldic ordinaries, I am inclined to believe, were of Norman introduction, and are, so
PLAYS AT Eron (3rd S. xi. 376, 467.) — Having far as I am aware, never found in the arms of looked in vain for an answer to the question of ancient Keltic (?) families ? I lately heard some
R. I. respecting plays at Eton, I beg to tell him very suggestive remarks, by an Irish scholar, on all I recollect on the matter, which, however, is the question of the latter arms, but should scarcely but little. I left at election 1831, and early in be warranted in bringing them forward in aid of that year, or late in 1830, a play was acted in my hypothesis. The prototype of the arms of Long Chamber. We rehearsed for The Rivals; I Walsh of Castle Hoel, according to my suggestion, say " we,” for I was at first a member of the corps are amongst the most ancient in the kingdom (as dramatique, but was soon found to be so hopewill be seen by a reference to a copy of Dugdale's lessly bad, that the manager was compelled to reWarwickshire, in the British Museum), and there- ject my services, and I resigned at once and for fore there is no disparagement of Walsh.
ever all pretensions to histrionic fame. If my re
collection does not fail me, after several rehearsals BUTTERFLY (3rd S. xi. 342, 449, 506.)—Perhaps this play was given up, because “ Bob Acres ” was it is worth while to add to the quotations already not satisfied with his performance of that part. given, the following one from one of the “old What other play was substituted I am not quite masters" of the English language:
sure, but I am confident it was not an original “And so befel that as he cast his eye
piece, written or adapted for the occasion. I think Among the wortes on a boterflye,
I heard afterwards that " Keate" expressed his He was war of this fox that lay ful lowe.” disapprobation of the theatrical attempt in such a Chaucer: Nonne Prestes Tale, 1. 453.
manner as prevented any recurrence of the Long WALTER W. SKEAT. Chamber stage.
C. Y. CRAWLEY. Cambridge. TOMB AT BARBADOS (3rd S. xii. 9.)—There was
OLD SEALS ON CHARTERS, ETC. (3rd S. xii. 25.) a full account of this tomb, or rather vault, of the Bees' wax was used for the more ancient seals. Chase family, with a drawing of the position of What is now used is lac. (See Kitto, Matt. xxvii
. the displaced coffins, in The Spiritualist Maga- 66; also “N. & Q." 3rd S. xi. 527.) The method zine about three years ago, and another by my- of the Arabs at the present day is of great anself in No. 335 of the Dublin University Magazine tiquity; "The seal-ring is used for signing letters (1860). The builder and first owner of the vault and other writings; and its impression is conwas a Mr. Elliott. After a lapse of many years,
sidered more valid than a sign manual.” (Gen. xli. there being no representative in the island of the 42, Job ix. 7.) The modern Egyptians “dab a Elliott family, Colonel Thomas Chase took posses
upon it with one of the fingers, and it is sion of the vault, and then commenced the phe having first touched his tongue with another
the person who uses it nomena in question.
finger, and moistened the place on the paper A. C. M. will find this mystery related and dis- which is to be stamped.” (Lane’s Mod. Egyp., cussed in Once a Week, 1st series, vol. xii. pp: 319, L. E. K., i. 44.) The necessity of sealing arose 476, 560. At p. 476 it is suggested that an influx from the universal ignorance of writing: of water might cause the disturbance of the
T. J. BUCKTON. coffins.
John ADDIS, Jun.
“MORNING'S PRIDE” (3rd S. xii. 36.)- If MR. TWO-FACED PICTURES (3rd S. xi. 257, 423, 510.) HOSKYNS-ABRAHALL will look again at his ChrisThere have been signs constructed on this prin- tian Year he will see it is almost inevitable ciple in this city, except that three faces were
that Mr. Keble referred to the rainbow, mentioned presented. A person coming up the street would in verse 2, as the context to the word pride in see the likeness of one person, and when directly
verse 3, which runs on without any break in the opposite of another, whilst one coming down the language; thus we have "from thee," i, e. from, street would see a third likeness. A brewer's the rainbow, “the swain takes timely warning, firm, consisting of three persons, had their names &c. Shower and rainbow, rainbow and showers placed upon their sign in this way. UNEDA.
frequently alternate with great rapidity. I rePhiladelphia.
member to have counted three different rainbows I have just found what is perhaps the oldest in one mountain ramble of about ninety minutes, recorded instance of a two-faced picture in a note in Westmoreland ; but in my former remarks I reon the absurd apeing of Alexander by Caracalla, ferred more particularly to the counties of Middlein Gibbon's Decline and Fall, Oxford ed. 1827, sex, Bucks, and Berks. It appears that “Morning's chap. vi. p. 165. Caricatures had been seen by He- Pride” is called a shower by some, a mist by rodian (lib. iv. p. 154), “ in which a figure was others; do we not all mean the same? A mist