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the steerage, while another man throws cayenne

Queries. pepper upon it as he is moving along. In the words of an officer, the effect is perfectly won “ BLESSING OF THE BELLS." - The Editor of derful, for the fumes make the emigrants bolt, the Washington Republican states that he is inwhen coaxing and loud-mouthed orders would be debted to Mr. Ellis, 310, Pennsylvania Avenue, perfectly useless.

W. W. for a copy of a beautiful sacred song, “Blessing Malta.

of the Bells,” which had reached its second ediMOTTOES OF COMPANIES. - The following are tion. It is gratifying to know that bells are blessed curious and apropos :

in any quarter, for they certainly are not by Wiredrawers' Company-Amicitiam tel:it amor. strangers who are passing through this island in Order of Neighbourly Love-Amor proxnni.

the summer time, when they are so incessantly Fruiterers' Company-Arbos vitæ Christus, fructus per


W. W. fidem gustamus.

Malta. Blacksniths' Company-By hammer and hand all arts John BRUEN, OF BRUEN STAPLEPORD, CHESHIRE, do stand.

is the subject of an engraving well known to Innholders' Company-Come, ye blessed, when I was Granger collectors. Can any one direct me to an harbourless ye lodged me. Merchant Tailors' Company-Concordia parvæ res

original portrait of this worthy? If one were for

sale I should like to be informed of it, and its crescunt. Tailors' Company, Exeter-Discordia maximi dila


price. buntar.

5, Upper Gloucester Street, Dorset Square. Glaziers' Company-Da nobis lucem, Domine, and CAP-A-PIE. -- Can you or any of your correLumen umbra Dei.

spondents inform me whether the compound word Amicable Society, Esto perpetua.

cap-a-pie is to be found anywhere except in Paviours' Company-God can raise to Abraham chil Hamlet in early English literature? I should be izren of stones.

glad to be informed further, whether it occurs in Silk Throwers' Company—God in his least creatures.

French writirgs of the same period? As I am Founders' Company-God the only founder,

inclined to doubt the correctness of our dictionaries Foundling Hospital-Help.

with respect to the derivation of the word, I am Sadlers' Company-Hold fast, sit sure.

desirous of ascertaining where it is to be found, in Gardeners' Company-In the sweat of thy brow shalt

order to judge how far the spelling or context thou eat thy bread.

may throw light upon the etymology. D. P. S. Order of the Bee-Je suis petite, mais mes picqûres sont profondes.

CHINESE NEWSPAPER. — In the city of St. Armourers' and Braziers’ Company - Make all sure. Francisco, United States, a journal is published Royal Fishery Company-Messis ab alto.

in the Chinese language, and called the Flying Butchers' Company—Omnia subjecisti sub pedibus, Dragon. I wish to inquire if there is any other and Oves et boves.

place in the world (outside of China) where a Apothecaries' Company-Opiferque per orbem dicor.

journal is published in the Chinese language ? Bakers' Company-Praise God for all.

W. W. MURPHY. Hudson's Bay Company-Pro pelle cutem.

Frankfort-on-Main. Patten-Makers' Company-Recipiunt fæminæ sustentacula nobis.



understand the meanSalters' Company-Sal sapit omnia.

ing of the word classic. Dr. Johnson defines it in Scriveners' Company-Scribere scientes.

two ways, first as relating to antique authors and Clock-Makers' Company–Tempus rerum imperator.

literature, and second as appertaining to persons Woodmongers' Company, London-The axe is laid at

and things of the first order or rank. The sphere the root of the tree.

in which the term is used has of late years been Smiths' Company, Exeter-Tractent fabrilia fabri. much enlarged, so that it is customary to hear it Trinity Honse Guild-Trinitas in trinitate.

said that such and such a musical composition is Wax-Chandlers' Company—Truth is the light.

classical music. Granted the designation to be Stationers' Company – Verbum Domini manet in correct, to what kind of composition is it to be Eternum.

applied, and are vocal works, such masterpieces Weavers' Company-Weare truth with trust. as the oratorios of Handel and the operas of MoAnd of towns :

zart, to be excluded. A question has arisen on

this subject, and I would venture to solicit the Corporation of Poole, Dorsetshire-Ad morem villæ de opinion of some one or more musical readers and Poole.

contributors to “N. & Q." upon it. Town of Cardigan-Anchora spei Cereticæ est in te,


J. VANUEL. MARQUIS D’AYTONE. Will you or any of the Nereastle-on-Tyne.

readers of “V. & Q." oblige me by referring to

any information regarding the Duke de Moncada, but does require a good deal of hasting, or stirring, the Marquis D'Aytone ? His portrait is, I think, in latter is probably the meaning of the name." the Louvre. How came a Spanish nobleman to Can any one inform me if the word " hasting" have for his second title an Anglo-Saxon name?

is still in use in this sense; and if not, furnish On the French coast there are but two names other examples of its having been so used? derived from Anglo-Saxon. Are there any in

R. F. W. S. Spain? I do not find any Aytone amongst the IMMERSION IN HOLY BAPTISM.-Prince Arthur, names of places in Spain, is given in Keith John- eldest son of llenry VII., King Edward VI., and ston's Royal Atlas.


Queen Elizabeth, were all baptised by immersion.

Simpson observes that the first instance of pouring “EXCELSIOR.” — Ilas any one drawn attention to the fact—many must have noticed it--that the being allowed in public baptism is in the first strange device on the banner of Longfellow's the child be weake, it shall suffice to pour water

Prayerbook of Edward VI., which says, “ And if hero ought to have been not Excelsior but Er

upon it.” It is strange that the exception has, in celsius? The youth does not mean to vaunt himself as being higher than his fellows, but proclaims permitted use of ordinary bread in the Holy Eu

the English Church, become the rule; just as the his aspiration to higher things. J. Dixon.

charist has supplanted the customary wafer. Font INSCRIPTION.-I shall be much obliged

W. H.S. if some correspondent would send to “N. & Q.”

Yaxley: the Latin inscription on the font in Threckingham IMMORTAL BRUTES.—Mahomet allows that into church, Lincolnshire. I may add that it is given Paradise will be admitted Abraham's calf, Jonah's by F. Simpson, Jun., in his now rare Series of whale, Solomon's ant, Ishmael's ram, and Mosex' Ancient Baptismal Fonts, p. 35; but the editor or. To these will be added Mahomet's ass, the could not then (1828) decipher it.

Queen of Sheba's ass, the prophet Salech's camel, The celebrated palindromic font inscription in and Belkis' cuckoo. What are the incidents conGreek (which has frequently appeared in the nected with the animals in italics ? QUERY pages of “N. & Q.”) was not given quite correctly, “NOMASTICON CISTERSIENSE." — Can any one p. 38. It should be as follows:

tell me where I may be able to see a copy of NoΝίψον ανόμημα, μή μόναν όψιν.

masticon Cistersiense, edited by Julien Paris. Paris, 1664, folio ?

Ayos. I should be glad to know of an instance where it Junior Athenæum. has been found on a “holy-water vessel.”

W. II. S.


would be glad to know whether a man can take

his mother's maiden name, or can only add it to Rev.J.GUTHRIE.-Can any reader of “N.&Q.' his own surname? What are the best steps to inform me whether the Rev. J. Guthrie, late take to effect such a purpose, and the costs ? vicar of Calne, is the author of Alphonso, or the Bury St. Edmund's. Beggar Boy, a comedy in verse, 1827 (London: SURNAME OF “Parr." - I have long been inRidgway) It is briefly but favourably noticed quiring as to the origin of the name Parr, but in the Gentleman's Magazine. The comedy is hitherto without success. dedicated to the Marquis of Lansdowne, and, as certainly derived from a manor in the parish of

As a patronymic it is appears from the preface, was partly written at Prescot, in Lancashire ; but the question is, what Bowood. Some lines in the comedy are mentioned is the meaning of the term ? The derivation of as being intended to represent the character of local names is commonly obvious: “Radclyffe," the late marquis. At the time this drama was “ Stanley," "Towneley," &c., speak for themprinted Mr. Guthrie, if I mistake not, was the selves; but why a place should be called “Parr" Marquis of Lansdowne's chaplain.

Another is not apparent. The name is not found in Domescomedy, called Athens, by the author of Alphonso, day nor in the Testa de Nevill. I first meet with was published about 1825.

R. I.

it in the case of Henry de Parr, who was witness Hasty PUDDING. — The following note appears

to a deed in 1318, and also to one, without date, in the Scientific American of the 6th July, and apparently, earlier. Mr. Lower

, in his English Surmay be of use to some of your readers :

names, derived the name from “ Peter" (through

Fr. Pierre), but he was not then aware of its local “ It does not appear to be commonly understood, and This I pointed out to him, and he acknownot even by Webster, that the above title has any other ledged my coinmunication in his later work, Padish is prepared. It has its origin in the vernacular of tronymica Britannica, but without adding any inEngland, where the word hasting' is used in the sense of formation on the point. Any suggestions will be stirring or agitating a liquid mass. As hasty pudding gladly received.

HENRY PARR. cannot be made with laste unless it is to be eaten raw, Yoxford Vicarage, Suffolk.


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QUOTATIONS.—Some years since I met with a daughter and heir of John de Sound, married poem at the commencement of which occurred David Crewe, one of whose coheiresses married the following lines :

Roger Chetwode, &c. Under Worleston, pp. 189* The chain thou hast spurned in thy moment of power 190, he states that David Crewe of Pulcroft, by Hangs heavy around thee at last.”

Johanna, daughter and heiress of Sounde of I have understood it was written on the Union, Sounde, had issue Alice, married—(1) Geoffrey by Furlong. Can the reader favour me with a de Boydell; (2) Thomas Brindley (p. 190), and copy or information where one can be met with? Margaret, wife of John Chetwode of Oakley

Lion. F. In the Harl. MS. 1412, is a list of arms from Where does this line occur ?

the Visitation of Cheshire in 1580, among which * In the clear heaven of her delightful eye,” &c.

appears, immediately following Chetwode, Sound, E. P. C.

B. a lyon ramp. or. SMITH QUERIES.–Of what family was Anthony the Heraldic Dictionaries, nor are they given by

I have not found the arms of Sound in any of Smith, whose daughter and coheiress, Emma, is Ormerod, but it seems pretty clear that they stated' to have married, in the early part of the should be gules, a lion rampant or. The lastsixteenth century, Edward Watson, ancestor of named MS. has evidently confounded Crewe and the Lords Rockingham ? Smith, “ sometime Governor of Virgina," to whom, for Crewe was of Sound in right of descent from Where can I find the pedigree of Captain John Sound, while Betham has fallen into a similar

error in confounding two Margarets or Margerys, in 1623, was granted an allusive coat of arms

that family. viz. Vert, a chevron gules between three Turks' heads-by "Sigismundus, King of Hungarion”? coat first named (which looks very like a concoc

I wish to ask on what authority the elaborate He was born 1579; died 1631. Where can I find a copy of the grant of arms to and also whether any of your readers can bear

tion of a Tudor Herald) is assigned to Sound; Tbomas Smith of Hough, county Chester, dated

me out in the opinion that the true coat of that July 7, 1579 ? (See Guillim.) Who was John Smith of Newcastle-under- family is a lion rampant or, on a field gules ?

H. S. G. Lyme, to whom was granted, in 1561, the following coat of arms :- Barry ermine and gules, over STUART OF THE Scotch GUARD. — Amongst all a lion rampant sable crowned or?

the very many rare and curious articles scattered

H. S. G. over the kingdom, upon the dispersion of the ARMS OF SOUND, ETC. — In the Collectanea To- books in the library of the learned author of Calepographica et Genealogica, iv. 101, is described donia, was a little tract in French, consisting of an escutcheon of Richard Chetwode, who died eight pages 12mo. The following is a copy of in 1559-60, consisting of six quarterings-viz. 1st the title : Chetwode; 2nd sable, fretty argent, a fesse ermine, “ Discours sur le Suject de la mort du Seigneur on a chief gules, three leopards' faces or; 3rd, Struard Escossois, decapitè deuant le Chasteau du Louvre Okeley; 4th, argent, a lion rampant gules, crowned l’Imprimerie d'Anthoine du Brueil, entre le Pont Sainet

a Paris, le Lundy, 27 de Februarier dernier. A Paris. De azure; 5th, Nowell'; and 6th, Foulhurst.

Michel, et la rue de la Harpe a l'Etoile couronnée The 2nd and 4th quarterings are assigned, with M.DC.XVII." a query, to Sounde and Lyons. Betham (Baronetage, iii. p. 123, &c.) states that

Who this Scotch “ Seigneur” was, is not exJohn Chetwode, living 36°Edw. III., married an

plained in this moral discourse upon his deheiress of Okeley, and had a son John, whose capitation, beyond that he seems to have been wife's name was Margery. His son Roger married

one of the garde particulière de la personne de Margery, daughter and coheiress of David Crewe

sa Majesté,” and that he was one of the Scotish of Pulcroft, and was father of Thomas, whose guard which, for nearly seven hundred years, had

been chosen to protect the persons of the French wife was Margaret, daughter and heiress of “

monarchs. Sounde, Lord of Sounde, co. Chester.”

What was the act of treason for which this According to a pedigree of Brindley in the Harl. MS. 1535, fo. 32, David Crewe of Pulcroft unworthy Scotch guard suffered death ? Moremarried“ Johanna fil: and bæ: . . Sounde," and over, to which of the numerous races of Stewart had Alice, the wife of Thomas Brindley (22 Rich. II. unique, but in this I may be wrong.

did he belong?. I presume the brochure is

J. M, 1399), and Margery, wife of Roger Chetwode; and the arms quartered by Brindley are—

-(1) TITLES OF THE JUDGES.-I am not aware that Bressy; (2) Crewe; (3) gules, a lion rampant or the title of “ Reverend” was ever given to the (evidently for Sound).

Judges individually, as one to which they had a Ormerod, iii. 216, says that Sound or Soond right by their position, although we read of them gave its name to a family, and that Johanna, collectively as " the Reverend the Judges.” I

know not whence the editorial note (antè, p. 26)

Queries with answers. quotes the expression, “and as the Rev. Sir Edward Coke, late Lord Chief Justice of His Sir John BOURCHIER. — Can any correspondent Majesty's Bench, saith”; but I apprehend that it of “N. & Q." give me some particulars relative is there used more as a mark of respect, in the to Sir John Bourchier, Knight, whose name apsame way as the complimental terms learned ”pears among those who signed the death-warrant or “ respected” are used, than as a designation of of King Charles I.?. I particularly wish to know style to which he was entitled.

when and how he died. I cannot find any menI observe that the word “Honourable" is now tion of him in Caulfield's Memoirs of the Regicides, prefixed to the name of each of the Judges; and 1817, nor yet in the Trials of the Regicides, 1714. I would ask when the custom was introduced, I should also be glad to know if he was in any and by what authority?

D. S. way related to the Sir James Bourchier whose DUDLEY WOODBRIDGE, Esq. was the eldest son

daughter the great Protector married. of Rev. Benjamin and Mrs. Mary (Ward) Wood

JEAN VALJEAN. bridge, and a grandson of Rev. John and Mrs. [Neither Sir John Bourchier, a Yorkshire knight, one Mercy (Dudley) Woodbridge. He was born at of the King's judges, nor the loyal Mr. George Bourchier, Windsor, Connecticut, Sept. 7, 1677,* and was who was inhumanly shot at Bristol, were related to the graduated at Harvard College in the class of 1696. Protector's wife. (Noble's House of Cromwell, i. 131, ed. He removed to Barbadoes, where he was Director 1787.) On Monday, June 18, 1660, Sir John Bourchier General of the Royal Assiento Company of Eng- surrendered himself to the Speaker, and was committed land, agent of the South Sea Company, and Judge- to the custody of the serjeant-at-arms. (Kennett's ReAdvocate of the island. He was also a member gister, p. 183.) He must have died shortly after his comof the Society for Propagating the Gospel in mittal, for on Feb. 2, 1660–1, Sir Henry Cholmeley proForeign Parts. His portrait, painted by Kneller duces His Majesty's commission authorizing him to give in 1718, was engraved the same year by Smith. pardon and security to any whom he engaged to forward He died Feb. 11, 1720. There is little doubt the Restoration ; but he used it only in the case of his that he was the “Mr. Woodbridge, a New Eng- nephew, Barrington Bourchier, whose late father was enland man,” whom Governor Hutchinson calls “the

gaged in the sentence of the late king. (Calendar of State projector” of paper money in Barbadoes. I

Papers, Domestic, 1660-1661, pp. 146, 501, 557.) In the He had at least two children-namely, Dudley History of King-Killers, 1719, Part v. p. 38, as well as in and Benjamin, the latter of whom was killed at

Winstanley's Loyall Martyrology, p. 112, it is incorrectly Boston, July 3, 1728, aged nineteen years and two

stated that Sir John Bourchier died before the Restoramonths. The former I take to be the Rev.

tion.] Dudley Woodbridge, rector of the parish of St. Philip, in the island of Barbadoes, on whose wife GENERAL OGLETHORPE.—If General Oglethorpe an epitaph is printed in the Gentleman's Magazine was born (according to most accounts) in London, for 1747, p. 393. He died between March 15, on the 21st of December, 1688, or (according to 1747-8, and July 20, 1748, leaving a widow Ruth, his recent biographer, Mr. Robert Wright) in who died at Boston (Mass.) between Dec. 23, 1689, I should be glad .if any one would inform 1748, and the 9th of the following month. me who was the James Edward, son of Colonel

I wish to learn the Christian and maiden names Theophilus and Eleanora Oglethorpe, who was of the wife of Dudley Wood bridge, Esq., and born on the 22nd and baptized on the 23rd of also desire to ascertain whether he left any other December, 1696, at St. Martin’s-in-the-Fields, children besides Dudley and Benjamin. Rev. where I saw the entry a few days ago. J. L. C. Dudley Woodbridge, rector of St. Philip, mentions, in 1748, in his will , a “sister Mary Alleyne the birth of the celebrated General James Edward Ogle

[This entry conclusively settles the disputed date of of Boston, N. E., widow of Major Abel Alleyne, thorpe, who was the son of Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe formerly of” Barbadoes ; but she may have been

and Eleanor, daughter of Richard Wall, Esq. See the a sister-in-law, though I think not.

pedigree of the Oglethorpes of Westbrook in Manning JOHN WARD DEAN.

and Bray's Surrey, i. 614. It also clears up two other Boston, Massachusetts, U. S.

points in Mr. Wright's interesting Memoir of Oglethorpe* Stiles's History of Ancient Windsor, Ct. p. 837.

first, why Oglethorpe's birthday was " kept in Georgia on † Noble's Continuation of Granger, vol. iii. p. 260. the 21st of December;” whereas the James, whose baptis

| History of Massachusetts Bay, vol. i. 1st and 2nd ed. mal certificate at St. James's was found by Mr. Wright, p. 402 ; 3rd ed. p. 356.

turns out, as that gentleman shrewdly suspected, to have § See Sargent's Dealings with the Dead, vol. ii.

been an elder brother, who probably died young, was pp. 550-64; Drake's History of Boston, Mass., p. 579 ; and Bridgman's Pilgrims of Boston, p. 191.

born on June 1; and, next, it furnishes the second Christian name, Edward, which appears on the monument erected by his widow in Cranham church. We may also

found :

call attention to the fact that it proves that the gallant to the Privy Council. David did not appear, and old general was eight years younger than was supposed letters of horning were issued against him. (Dohe being only eighty-nine, and not ninety-seven, at the mestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i. p. 346.) time of his decease.]

In the Abbreviation of Special Services of RICHARD" DUKE (3rd S. xii. 21.) – I would Heirs for Scotland, the two following will be humbly submit that this chronology requires some confirmation. The hero is represented to have

“ Dec. 12, 1643, James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, been bound apprentice in 1595; we will assume

heir of Alison Sinclair, daughter lawful of John Sinclair him to be then thirteen years of age; he thus

of Wodislie, his grandmother in the one half part of the

10 merk lands of Spotts of old extent called Kingsgrange becomes warden of his company at twenty-five in the Lordship of Galloway-E 141. 14s. 7d. in fee farm. (this is unlikely); his youngest child is born in Dec 12, 1643, Alison Hamilton, relict of the deceased 1668, when he must be eighty-six years old; he Gavin, formerly bishop of Candida Casa, heiress of Isomarries thrice, and outlives all three wives. This bell Sinclair, daughter lawful of John Sinclair of Wodis possible ; but is it not more probable that the dislie, her mother in the one half part of the 10 merk

lands of Spotts of old extent called Kings grange in the entries refer to two or more individuals ? H.

Lordship of Galloway-E 141. 14s. 7d. [We must thank our correspondent H., as well as Mr. These writs of succession show that Isobel SinWILLIAM BLADEs, for their suggestive corrections. The clair and Alison Sinclair, the wives of James primary object of the writer was to supply the exact Hamilton and David Hamilton of Bothwelldate of the birth of Richard Duke. He has since ex- baugh, were owners of the lands of Spots called amined the manuscript more critically, and is now of Kingsgrange in the parish of Urr, stewartry of opinion that the entries previous to 1641 were made by Kirkcudbright. One of these services shows that members of the Macro family, into which family Richard Alison Hamilton had been married to the Bishop Duke, father of the poet, married, as appears by the of Galloway. In Hamilton of Wishaw's History entry under 1644. The remaining entries are all in the of the County of Lanark, p. 133, the editor has same handwriting.]

stated in a note that Mr. Gavin Hamilton was The Blacas COLLECTION.—Can you help me

Provost of Bothwell in Feb. 1590 and Feb. 1591. in the search for any catalogue or description of Mr. Innes, in his Origin of Parishes, vol. i. p. 505, the Blacas Collection of Gems in the British

mentions that the synod of Glasgow complained, Museum ? There is an article in the current

in 1591, that the Provost of Both well had not Number of the Intellectual Observer, which I pos- old Statistical Account of Scotland, parish of Both

built the choir of the kirk of Schotts. In the #ss. Is there not something fuller and better?


well, vol. xvi. p. 324, it is stated that Mr. Gavin

Hamilton was minister in 1604. Keith, in his (Perhaps the best description of the Blacas Museum at

Catalogue of Bishops, p. 166, states that Gavin present published is that contained in the parliamentary Hamilton was a son of John Hamilton of Orbispaper recently printed by order of the House of Commons | ton, and promoted to the bishopric of Galloway of the Accounts, Estimates, &c. of the British Museum. in 1606. "Keith also says King James VI. gave Nearly all the most valuable gems in this collection him the abbey of Dundrennan and a grant of came from the Strozzi Cabinet, noticed in the Museum Whithorn annexed to the see of Galloway. He Florentinum of Gori, published in 1731, Preface, p. 14; died in 1614. His widow, Alison Hamilton, must also, H. K. E. Köhler, Gesammelte Schriften, St. Peters- therefore have survived her husband at least burg, 1851, vol. iii.]

twenty-nine years. Spottiswood, in his account

of Religious Blouses, says that Whithorn, or CanReplies.

dida Casa, was a bishop's seat in Galloway, and

Dundrennan Abbey was situate on Solway Firth, JAMES HAMILTON OF BOTHWELLHAUGH, about two miles from Kirkcudbright. ASSASSIN OF REGENT MORAY.

mention that the lands of Orbiston and Bothwell(3rd S. xi. 453.)

haugh, where Gavin Hamilton and Alison IIamilI wish to add a little more information to my John Hamilton, the father of Gavin Hamilton,

ton were brought up lie contiguous, and that communication (3rd S. xii. 10) concerning the members of the family. On February 10, 1601, Hamilton (the assassin), father of Alison Hamil

was slain at the battle of Langside, and James David Hamilton, younger, of Bothwellhaugh, serFant to the Laird of Innerwick (eldest son of ton, was there taken prisoner on May 13, 1568.

DAVID SEMPLE. Alison Sinclair), along with an armed company,

Paisley. invaded the tenants of Woodhouselee, assailed them with furious language, threatening to take The weapon used in the assassination of the their lives unless they desisted from labouring the Regent is still preserved at Hamilton Palace. said lands; and on February 19 following, Sir It is a carbine with a brass rifled barrel. Yet James Bellarden, of Broughton, made a complaint we are told that Bothwellhaugh loaded it with

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