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tuo bullets. What would they think of such a said the traveller," that must be worth knowing. proceeding at Hythe or Wimbledon? It is curious, I'll give you a guinea if you will tell it me.” however, to observe the apparently universal ten “I will,” said the shepherd, “when you give me dency of persons attempting the lives of dis- the guinea.” It was handed to him at once, and tinguished persons to overload their weapons, he said : “ Why, sir, I take Moore's Almanac, which generally results in injury to themselves and he said it would be a fine day: now I always as, for instance, the infernal machine of Fieschi, find the contrary to what he says is right; so I and the recent attempt on the Emperor of Russia knew it rould be a rainy day." —Now the train the Bois de Boulogne.

veller, according to my old man's account, was GEORGE VERE IRVING. actually Francis Moore himself. I left him con

siderably astonished, by telling him that it was

very doubtful if such a person ever existed at all; MORNING'S PRIDE.

but that if he did, it was near upon two centuries

ago. (3rd S. xi. 457, 529; xii. 36.)

F. C. H. This expression is, I believe, common in most It would indeed be a curious coincidence, if the parts of England; but I have always heard it as expression in The Christian Year * the pride of the morning,” and applied to abso

“ Pride of the dewy morning!”lute rain, and not merely to grey mist or dew,

were as much a child of the poet's brain as which are too common to be much noticed as indications of fine weather. I have heard it said Zeus. I take it that Mr. Keble, who was born

Athena sprung, in full array, from the head of of a smart shower, and even of drizzling rain

and bred in the country, became acquainted in falling early on a spring or summer morning. I Gloucestershire with the charming rusticism ; and remember one instance in particular. juvenile days – long, long ago—I had started it up, adopted it, and, decking it with the approIn my with a poet's keen sense of the beautiful

, caught panions for a long walk to Ilagley Park, in Wor: priate and graceful epithet dewy," gave it a cestershire. When we set off, it rained formid- splendid home in his “immortal verse.

It would seem that he laboured under the ably, and we were all very low and disappointed, slight, and not unnatural error, of supposing that except one, who endeavoured to cheer us up

with

“ the pride of the morning" is not the mist itself, the assurance that it was only the “ Pride of the

but the rainbow – which sometimes, but not morning.” He was right: the rain soon ceased, necessarily, accompanies it. and we had a delightful day of sunshine. I be

It is clear that he alludes to, and expands, the lieve the expression has the same significance as

first couplet of the old saw which runs thus: another which is commonly known, and applied in the summer months - « Rain before

6 rainbow in morning, seven,

Is the shepherd's warning; over at eleven”; to which is often added, “ Rain

A rainbow at night, at eleven goes on till seven.”

Is the shepherd's delight." While upon the subject of weather signs, it

In the rusticism under discussion—“the pride may amuse your readers if I relate what an old man told me this day. I fell in with a

of the morning"—the word "pride” is, I take it,

equivalent to ornament.” So Spenser says of fine old labourer of eighty-four, trudging cheerfully along with a scythe over his shoulder, and “ The lofty trees yclad with summer's pride." looking, as I told him, like the figure of old Time. The use of the English word “pride" in the He told me this anecdote, which he had heard in sense of ornament,” may be illustrated by the his youth :-A gentleman on horseback met an signification of the Icelandic prydi and pryda; old shepherd, and asked him what he thought of the Danish pryde and prydelse; the Swedish pryda, the weather, as he had a long journey before him. ' pryduad, and prydning; and the German pracht The shepherd said he believed it would turn out (akin to the Gothic brehen, to illuminate, to a rainy day. “Why so ?” said the gentleman ; ' shine); which last is, I take it, of the same “it's very fine now, and I can see no signs of rain family. In the Welsh language, prydus means coming." _“Well, sir," said the shepherd, "you "comely." may depend upon it that the day will be wet With Spenser's use of the word "pride” may before long." So the rider went on his way, and be compared that of the Latin word honor of was well drenched with rain before his journey's Virgil, Georg. ii. 404, Æn. i. 591 ; Horace, Od. end. On his return he saw the same shepherd, , i. 17, 16, Epod. 11, 6, 17, 18, Sat. ii. 5, 13; Ovid, and said to him: “Well, you were right: but' Ars. Am. iii. 392 ; Statius, Theb. ii. 160, vii. 225, what did you go by? You must have some x. 788; Valerius Flaccus, Arg. vi. 296, viii. 31, valuable rules for the weather.”—“ Yes, I have; 237; and Silius Italicus, Pum. iii. 487, xü. 244. one at least that never deceives me.”—“Well,” Joux FIOSKYNS-ABRAHALL, JUN., M.A.

ENGLISH CARDINALS.

(3rd S. xii. 2.) In the list there given I find several omissions, which I venture to supply from memoranda long since gathered together for my own consultation, chiefly compiled from Richardson's edition of

Godwin's Præsulibus Anglicana, 1743, and Ciaconius's Vite Rom. Pont., &c. &c., 4 tom., Rome, edit. 1677. Where I have repeated the name it has been only to rectify some error, or to elicit an additional fact as to place of birth, burial, &c.

PINGATORIS.

Reign.

Creation.

Died.

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Cliric, Archbishop of St. Andrews, in Scotland

Henry I. Geoffrey of Monmouth, Bishop of St. Asaph

Stephen Boso, nephew to Pope Adrian IV. Buried at Rome

Henry II. Henry Blois, brother to King Stephen, Bishop of Winchester. Buried s Stephen at Winchester

Henry II. Matthew, not given by Godwin (Ciac., tom. i. col. 1096)

Henry II. John Cummin, of Evesham, Archbishop of Dublin. Buried in St.

Henry II.

Richard I. Patrick's Church, Dublin, which he had built

John For“ Robert Somerset” read “ Somercote," sive Ummarcote. Buried at St. Chrysogonis, at Rome

Henry III. Ancherus, Archdeacon of London. Born there, died at Rome

Henry III.

Edward I. William Bray, Archdeacon of Rheims. Buried there

Henry III.

Edward I. For “ Kelwardley" read “ Kilwardby.” Buried in Italy

Edward I. For “Hugh Atratus read “ Hugh of Evesham," surnamed Atratus,

Edward I. a native of Worcester. Died at Rome of the plague Theobald Stampe

Edward I. Bernard de Anguiscello, Archbishop of Rheims ...

Edward I. Bernard, sire Bloco, a native of Yorkshire

Edward I.

Edward I. ? Amadus de Cantilupo, Dean of St. Paul's

Edward II.

Edward I. Leonard Guercinus

| Edward II. William Macclesfield, native of Coventry, of Oxford University. Buried

Edward I. in London Walter Winterburn, born at Salisbury. Buried at the Friars Preachers

Edward I. in London, aged 80 Thomas Joyce, a native of Oxfordshire, brother to Walter, Archbishop Edward I.

of Armagh. Buried at the Friars Preachers at Oxford .j| Edward II. Sartorius of Wales

Edward III. William Grissant, afterwards Urban V. Pope 1362

Edward III.

2 Grimoaldus de Grisant, brother to Pope Crban V. Died at Avignon

Richard II.
Thomas, not mentioned by Godwin (Ciac., tom. ii. col. 666) Richard II.
For “ William Anglicus” read" William Courtenay,” Bishop of Here- Richard II.

ford, London, and Archbp. of Canterbury. Buried at Canterbury )
Henry Chicheley, Archbishop of Canterbury: Buried at Canterbury Henry VI.
John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury. Buried at Canterbury Henry VI.
Christopher Urswicke, Dean of York and Windsor, Bishop elect of
Norwich. Buried at Hackney, Middlesex

IIenry VIII.

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THE PUZZLE OF THE LATE ARCHBISHOP OF | loss, and yet he died worth nothing. I told his DUBLIN.

grace that I remembered the question and its

answer, as it was put to the candidates for the (3rd S. xi. 456, 530.)

Professorship of Political Economy when I was

a student in Trinity College. The professorship Your correspondents on this subject are not was founded by Archbishop, Whately; he was quite correct, and, as I had the story from the one of the examiners, and Judge Longfield was late arch bishop at his own house, I may be con elected. I told him I thought the case was a fictisidered good authority on the point. He asked tious one, invented to show the nature of a certhe company after dinner-How do you account tain kind of property, but he assured us it had for the following fact? A man inherited an actually occurred. The owner of the estate sold estate of 5001. a year, lived upon 3001. ; he never it. He bought an annuity on his own life; he gave anything away, and he never met with any saved all his income except 3001. a year, and every

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year invested his savings in another annuity. Of man's natural weakness by every aid and all the course at his death all the annuities ceased. helps (and few enough they are) that exist around

A clergyman present remarked that he made them ? Certainly, then, as long as they want his whole property a present to an annuity com- rhyme, good poets are to use rhyming dictionaries, pany. This would be the case if he had bought as Byron did. MR. Tuos. KEIGHTLEY does not every annuity from the same company. But sup- say whether rhyme altogether be not to a great posing him to have bought from a different com extent a puerility. I should incline to pronounce pany every year, each company seems to give it so, were it not that all sanction, especially all value, and yet the property is all lost. In this modern sanction, lies the other way. If it be not case it is not easy to say who was the gainer, or a puerility, I see no reason why he should style it what became of the property. I told a story a puerility in Campbell to end every stanza in which illustrates the opposite description of pro “ Hohenlinden," with a trissyllable. If you

take perty. It was taken from a Scotch newspaper; it away. “Hohenlinden,” “The Mariners of Engwas headed

land," and one or two more lyrics, from CampThe best Investment ever made for a Guinea, bell, you do indeed reduce him to'“ the small“ Died at - aged 90, Mrs. Mac widow of the

beer that Cobbett and others considered him late Surgeon Mac This gentleman was married at to chronicle. To many it has appeared that there the age of 21, his wife being 19. On the day of his mar is something both grand and new in the rhythm riage he paid one guinea to an Amicable Annuity Company; of the two closing lines of the first stanza : He died before the end of the year. His widow survived him 70 years, and received an annuity of 201. a year.

"And dark as winter was the flow The guinea, therefore, paid many thousands per cent."

Of Iser rolling rapidly." These stories represent extreme cases of life But it was too good for Campbell to follow up annuities and life insurance.

in rhyme through seven consecutive verses. Many of the rhymes that follow are open to MR. KEIGHT

LEY's criticism of puerility. I think it might be POETIC PAINS.

shown, however, that had Campbell broken the (3rd S. xii. 22.)

trammels and made this fourth line an unrhymed Few, few shall part where many meet!

one throughout, we should have had a war ode The snow shall be their winding-sheet.

that would far better have satisfied the intellect And every turf beneath their feet Shall be a soldier's sepulchre."

as well as the ear, than we have in the present In regard to the use of rhyming dictionaries to card the idea of rhyme, and "sepulchree,” which

version. As a proof of this, if a reader will dissave the poet's agony or pleasure, whichever it is ridiculous, and read it in the ordinary way as be called, it is the mania of many men of genius the poet's instinct (in spite of his judgment, as to eschew all help, for fear of impairing their Mr. Redding tells us) wrote it, he will find that originality. We laugh at mediæval“ mortifica- the last comes out a really fine stanza with a tions ” as superstitious; but the same fatal folly, grand

terminal pause, and a thousand times better under a diferent shape, haunts human nature than MR. KEIGHTLEY's wretched, though quite now. A man will not use interest tables nor

correct, jingle would make it. C. A. W. ready reckoners. A translator will not use translations, for fear he should be biassed. Some

While quite agreeing with MR. KEIGHTLEY in speakers and writers will only make use of Anglo- the propriety of his transposition of Campbell's last Saxon words. There are novelists who avoid any line, I cannot give the same approval of the altercurious incident that has actually taken place in ation of the word sepulchre; and MR. KEIGHTthe course of human life, lest their inventive LEY's reasons for the substitution of resting-place faculty should suffer diminution. In all the arts rather (it appears to me) strengthen the reasons it is the same thing, and the sciences are not free for retaining the poet's own term, from the tendency by any means. Vanity, self It seems to me that, as sepulchre may mean love, and inordinate conceit lie at the bottom of grave, tomb, or any other synonymous word, all this. Such geniuses as these ought all to live sepulchre is peculiarly appropriate, as giving in one-storied huts : what right have they to go when covered with snow the appearance to every upstairs to bed, stairs that another man built ? grassy turf or mound of a stone sepulchre It is a foolish principle, this, of independence. whitened sepulchre for the winter season in which Every man should borrow everything that the the slaughter took place. But MR. KEIGHTEgyptians can lend him, and as an original cellule LEY's change of arrangement of words has this of littleness must suck in help and nutriment from objection still: that two words are called in by it far ages and near neighbourhoods. It is a pri- to compose the three syllables which it was vilege of those who come into the later world to Campbell's desire should terminate each stanza, find a great deal done to hand; are they not to and those formed by one word only. By referring use it as they would an estate, and so to fortify to the poem it will be perceived that the poet has

in every instance succeeded in selecting such a he calls the Letters "performances to which I am word, and in every instance but one it is strictly a stranger.” trisyllabic—the exception is in the fourth verse And, lastly, Mr. Townshend having doubted artillery. This would be trifling, but that we whether his former letter conveyed an absolute perceive that the ingenious poet preferred violating denial, Burke writes to him, “I now give you my his rhyme, which he could not find, to his syllabic word and honour that I am not the author of number, which he could.

Junius." See Burke's Correspondence (by Lord Had this specimen of termination occurred in Fitzwilliam, &c.), i. 269, 270, 275. some such Scottish psalmody as I have occasion

LYTTELTON. ally met with, I should have been inclined to lean “ WHEN ADAM DELVED," ETC. (3rd S. xi. 192, to the ridiculous idea of the author intending to 323, 429, 486; xii. 18.)—Of course, any idea of a sound it sep-ul-cree—and then in his view all reference to lameness here is a mere blunder. had been right.

J. A. G.

Lam is the regular old spelling of loam, the Carisbrooke.

A.-Sax. form being lam or laam. This is made

yet more certain by the account of Adam's death I agree with MR. KEIGHTLEY, that it was a

given in the “Oil of Mercy:" see Morris's Specipuerility, if not an affectation, in Campbell to end

mens of Early English, p. 144. An angel tells the stanzas of his fine poem of “Hohenlinden” Seth the following message: with such words as rapidly, revelry, canopy, &c.,

Adam, which do not legitimately rhyme at all. The Thi fader (he said) than sal thou say, rhyme should fall on the last syllable but two: That he sal dei the thrid day thus a proper rhyming word for revelry would be Efter that thou be commun ham (come home), devilry. But with respect to the word sepulchre And, as he was, turn into lam (loam)." in the last line, I have no doubt he intended it to That is, Adam was made of loam at first, and to be sounded sepulchree, as we have often heard loam he should return. This settles the point, I old-fashioned people pronounce massacre massa

think, beyond all further controversy.

The story eree, and thus it would in some measure correspond of the “Oil of Mercy is from the “Cursor with the concluding words of the preceding Mundi,” about A.D. 1320. stanzas. F. C. H.

WALTER W. SKEAT. Cambridge.

The original query (“Whence the proverb?") STOOL BALL (3rd S. xi. 457.) – In reply to a

has become merged in the new query started by very courteous letter signed H. H., I beg to say MR. BLADON as to the lameness of Adam ; and that I saw the apparatus for playing this game from this latter, yet another query branches forth for the first time in a field adjoining the vicarage in MR. KERSHAW's researches as to the loamat Horsham, and there received the information I element in Adam. then forwarded to “N. & Q.”

I leave untouched the original query, and also The parties who gave me the information seemed the general question of Adam's lameness. The surprised that I was not aware of the facts they latter must stand over until Mr. Bladon, or some informed me of, and assured me, as I have before other for him, can recover his lost authorities. I written, that it was a very common game played address myself to prove (as has been already sugall over Sussex. I remarked at the time I had gested) that Mr. BLADON's quotation from the never seen it in Kent, with which county I am Early English Text Society book has no reference much better acquainted than with Sussex, but whatever to Adam's lameness; and, secondly, that was told the game was often played in West Kent.

loam did really (according to popular belief) enter Probably some of your numerous readers will be into our protoplast's

composition. able to give us more local information as to this

Line 5, p. 79, of E. E. T. S., No. XXVI. — interesting subject.

“ Of erthe and lame as was Adam,"I think there is a song of Herrick's especially devoted to the game.

A. A.

is explained at once by turning up “lame” in the Poets' Corner.

glossary of the book. There we find : " Lame, s.

loam, clay, p. 79, 1.5." JUNITS, BURKE, ETC. (3rd S. xii. 34.) – It is Let me premise, before going further, that true that in the long letter which Burke addressed, “Robert Thornton's MS." (Lincoln Cathedral but did not send, to Bishop Markham, there is no Library), in which the above-quoted line occurs positive denial of the authorship of Junius. is “ a genuine specimen of the old Northumbrian

But in the same collection, à very few pages dialect" (see E. E. T. S., No. xx., Preface, p. v.) before, Burke says, in answer to Charles Towns Of this Northumbrian dialect Mr. Morris treats, hend," I have been as ready as I ought to be in in his Preface (p. xxvi.) to Hampole's “ Pricke of disclaiming writings," &c.

Conscience" (Philological Society's Early English Next, in writing to the same Bishop Markham, Volume 1862-4). I quote from him:

66

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Characteristics of the Northumbrian Dialect from the latter CURFEW AT NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE (1st S. ü.

Half of the Thirteenth to the End of the Fourteenth 312.)— The custom of ringing the curfew here Century:

was discontinued about two years ago. Various “ 1. The most striking peculiarity perhaps, is the pre

reasons are assigned, none of which are satisfacservation of the long a in words of A.-Sax. origin containing this vowel, which the Southern dialects changed

tory. Truly into a long o: A.-Sax. lúm; Northumb. lame ; Southern

“ Many precious customs of our ancestry form, loam,"

Are gone, or stealing from us." Mr. Morris gives this among many other ex

It was last rung in St. Nicholas' church. amples, but it is enough for our purpose.

J. MANUEL In his notes to this same " Pricke of Conscience"

Newcastle-on-Tyne. (p. 272), he gives the following quotation from PUNNING MOTTOES (3rd S. xi. 32, 145, 262, the Northumbrian “Cursur 0 Werld” (Cott. MS. 366.) – Allow me to add the following to your Vesp. A. III.):

list: “ He that es laverd of erth and heven,

“ A white man never wants a weapon "-Wightman. Mai o that ilk selvin even,

“ Ardua petit ardea "-Heron. That first was molten into lame

“ At spes solamen”—Hope. Mak a wel fairer licam," &c.

" Chéris l'espoir"-Cherry. The subject is the resurrection of the dead in

“ De hirundine”_Arundel.

* De monte alto"-De Mont Alto. the body.

“ God be in my bede"-Beedham. Lame, then, we may conclude for the future, is

Läto ære florent” and “ Lighter than air"-Ayre. the legitimate Northern form, as loam is the “ Latet anguis in herba” and “ Anguis in herba " Southern.

Anguish.

Let Curzon holde what Curzon helde" - CurzonSecondly, to bring the matter home to Adam

Howe. himself; and to show that (whether halt or not Light on "-Lighton. so) he was made of lám, lame, or loam :

“ Magnum in parvo”—Little. In Specimens of Early English (Clarendon Press “ Mex memor originis "-Manson.

“ Nec triste, nec trepidum "-Trist. Series), Mr. Morris gives other quotations from

Nil moror ictus" -Money. the same Northumbrian “ Cursor Mundi.” One

Non pas l'ouvrage, mais l'ouvrier"-Workman. of these he calls “The Oil of Mercy”; and of “ Oriens sylva"-Eastwood. this, lines 550-554 run thus :

“ Sae bauid”-Sibbald. Adam

“ Sera deshormais hardi” and “Trop hardi"-Hardie. Thi fader," he said, • than sal thou say,

“ Sit saxum firmum "-Saxby. That he sal dei the thrid day,

“ Solus Christus meus rupes' -Orrock. Efter that thou be commun ham,

“ Sumus" -Weare. And, als he was, turn into lam,' &c."

« Toujours gai”-Gay.

“ Ut palma justus "- Palmes. The cherubin-porter of Paradise-gate is giving

J. MANTEL. his final commands to Seth, who is returning to Newcastle-on-Tyne. the decrepit and life-weary Adam.

There is always something entertaining in Joan ADDIS, JUN.

glimpses at these curious and often obscure meFUNERAL Custom (3rd S. xi. 276.) – It is said moranda of other times. “Quod dixi dixi," was that the Society of Free Masons were formerly in once translated of a very absolute Dixie : “What the practice of throwing gloves into the grave of a Dixie has said, he will swear to." The “ Ascendit deceased brother. In this country sprigs of ever cantu” of the Cockburns would hardly apply to green plants are now substituted, as emblematical the modern corruption of their patrimonial parish, of immortality.

BAR-Point. Cockburnspath, now Coppersmith. Of the old raid Philadelphia.

times, the Border mottoes were tolerably descripBishop NICOLSON (3ru S. xi. 459.) – It was a

tive: “Furth fortune, and fill the fetters,” was great fault of mine to omit the printers and date

not meaningless; but the “Ye shall want ere I of my copy of the Exposition of the Catechism of want” of the Cranstouns was still more plain and the Church of England, &c., by the above-named comprehensive. The ancient joke of "Quid rides," bishop. I will now supply the deficiency:

for the coach panel of an enriched tobacconist, “ London : Printed for Nathanael Webb, at the Royal

was good, and has been the hint for numerous Oak, and William Grantham, at the Black Bear, near the

imitations.

BUSIEY ILEATH. little North-door in St. Paul's Church Yard. 1663," “Form" (3rd S. xii. 24.)-I am not a “sport

On the fly-leaf of this edition is the design of ing reader of ‘N. & Q.,'" but perhaps JAYDEE the “Royal Oak," named in the last query. It will not merely on that account scout my theory also contains thé following autograph : “E lib. as to the signification of " form." It is, that it Guliel. Waddon, pret. 78 80.” GEORGE LLOYD. means the style or manner in which a thing is Darlington.

done, as in "They rowed in good form down to

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