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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1867.

eagle eyes of some of our multitudinous inquirers, I hope I shall be pardoned for soliciting further

attention to them than (so far as I am aware) CONTENTS.-No 292.

they have hitherto received. NOTES:- The Shakespeares of Rowington, 81 - Arthur The facts I am about to state have come to

Wolfe, Lord Viscount Kilwarden, 86 - A few more Notes on Kannah Lightfoot, 87 — Sweat like a Brock : Cuckoo light in the following way. Among the many Spittle -- " The Rose of Dawn” – Tradition about Tamer- good deeds which are doing at the Public Record lane - "My Mother's Grave," by the Rev. J. Moultrie – "Lord Dundreary” - Index: Margin, 88.

Office under the direction of the indefatigable QUERIES: – Dryden's Morecraft: "Cunning' Cut

Deputy Keeper, Mr. Hardy, there is in progress a ting"? 89 -- Bursing Iron Fragments - Richard de Chol very useful and important work of arrangement mondeley - Clan Tartans - Courts of Queen's Bench and Eschequer - Donizetti and Bellini -- Frederick, Prince of

of the remaining Records of the Court of Star Wales - Hanging in the Bell-ropes - Mrs. Lawrence, of

Chamber. This work is being carried on by Wavertreehall, Liverpool Francis Meres Norden's "Survey of Kirton in Lindsey” – Paxton Family - Quo.

Mr. George Knight, a gentleman in the Record tations wanted References wanted - Shekel The

Office of great intelligence and accuracy. Mr. Genealogy of the Ussher Family, 89.

Knight happens to be absent at this time, and it QUERIES WITH ANSWERS :- George Halyburton, Bishop is on that account that I communicate with you of Dunkeld - First Sabbath School in England - Vulgate

on his behalf. It will be understood that I have Bible, 1491, 92.

no connexion with the matter, except as Mr. REPLIES:- Solomon and the Genii, 93 — The Songs of

Birds, 94 - Doctor Wolcot, Ib. - Consecration of a Church Knight's deputy in making this announcement. by an Archdeacon - Drawings - The Knave of Clubs - If there be any interest or value in these papers, "Leo pugnat cum Dracone" - Rev.John Darwell – Tomb in Barbados - Monument of O Piers Shonkes, at Brent

we are indebted for its discovery solely to Mr. Pelham, co. Hertford — “Magius de Tintinnabulis” – Ex- | Knight. traordinary Assemblages of Birds – Tennyson's Early As the facts which are here disclosed are Poems -Style of "Reverend " and "Very Reverend” – Seot, a Local Prefix - The “Victoria Magazine" – Source wrapped up in the tautology and formality which of Quotation wanted - Parc aux Cerfs - Scandinavian Li.

were the customary characteristics of our legal terature, &c., 96.

proceedings during the Tudor and Stuart reigns,

it will perhaps be as well that I should state Notes.

what appear to me to be the results, referring

your readers to the copies of the documents themTHE SHAKESPEARES OF ROWINGTON. selves, which I inclose, in proof of what I state.

It appears then that at Rowington, which is The Shakespeares of Rowington were at one a village in Warwickshire, lying about nine or time thought to have had amongst them the ten miles due north from Stratford-upon-Avon,* paternal grandfather of our great poet. Some there was seated a family of Shakespeares, the little evidence which looks like an approximation existence of which has been traced back to the to the truth has now directed the tide of opinion fifteenth century and down to the seventeenth. upon that subject towards a kindred branch of Among these sharers in a name which has become the same stock, which was settled at Snitterfield ; illustrious there was a Richard Shakespeare, who, but Shakespearean inquirers still look with in- from about 1564 to 1614, occupied his own copyterest to the Rowington branch, and gather up hold mesguage situate at * Turner's End or with pains-taking curiosity every little fact that Church End" in Rowington, and farmed half a “ turns up” respecting them.

yard-lands some ten or 15 acres - - which he held I have now to lay before you some particulars together with his house. In this place Richard which will, I think, be considered definitely to fix Shakespeare and Elizabeth his wife brought up a the status in the world of one family of the Shake- family of five children -four sons, named respeares of Rowington, and to determine some other spectively William, Richard, Thomas and John, interesting questions respecting them. They will and one daughter, named 'Joan. Of the sons, also go a long way towards removing from them William, the eldest, according to the custom of all claim to close family connection with the the times in such families as this, remained at poet, and towards disposing of an ingenious sug- home and devoted himself to the assistance of his gestion of MR. COLLIER (who was the first to father in the cultivation of his little estate; John, direct attention to the Snitterfield branch as the youngest, became a weaver, but continued to containing the poet's ancestors), that the Shake- live at Rowington, although not, after a time, in speares of Rowington and Snitterfield might in his father's house. Thomas perhaps migrated to fact be but one branch of the same family, which Kenilworth. Of Richard, the younger, there is had removed from the former of those places to little information. Joan remained at home, unthe latter at some unknown period. I am not married. aware that the following particulars have ever been published or noticed; but if it should turn

* Mr. Hunter says, “about three miles,” but surely

that was a mistake. He was probably thinking of Snitout that they have not altogether escaped the terfield,

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This state of things lasted until William, the and unkindness. The old man came to look upon eldest son, attained the mature age of forty years. William's conduct as a self-willed abandonment of During all that time he had worked with his his position. Quarrels, threats, and blows ensued. father in the labours of the farm, and had received William's access to his father was opposed. It was at his father's hand, in lieu of labourer's wages, even sought to close the door of his father's house his“ meat, drink, and apparel,” and nothing else. against him. The catastrophe may be anticipated. In those simple times there was nothing extraor- In the last month of the old man's life, he settled dinary in such an arrangement. It constituted at his little farm, after his own death and that of his once the reason and the excuse for what Gibbon wife, absolutely upon John, but subject to an terms “the insolent prerogative of primogeniture.” annual payment of 41. to William. The new heir It was the customary price paid by the eldest son had but a short time to wait for his inheritance. for the reversion of his father's land. The posi- The arrangement was legally completed in March tion of William Shakespeare was in truth pre- 1614; in the following month both the father cisely that of the elder son in the parable; and as and the mother went to their rest. if by way of following out the parallel, we are But in such cases the death of the principals is told that Richard Shakespeare, the father, always but the beginning of fresh troubles. The 41. per affirmed that his son William should have his annum was directed to be paid half yearly at lands, and that as he might bestow (that is, Michaelmas and Lady Day, in the porch of Rowsettle in life) the rest of his sons and his daughter, ington church, between the hours of ten and two. so his eldest son was, " in personal estate also, On the first occasion when a payment was to be like to fare the better." Nothing could well bé made, the parties met in the church-porch, and nearer to the meaning of the words of the Eastern the disinherited William received his forty shilapologue, “Son, thou art ever with me, and all lings from the hands of his brother John. On the that I hare is thine."

second occasion John Shakespeare went early into But after a service of forty years these prospects the church porch. His brother Thomas and two did not satisfy the eldest son. He yearned after of his friends Edmund Fowler, a tailor, and a present independence, and remonstrated with Thomas Sadler, a hemp-dresser, both from Cohis father. Again the terms of the sacred nar- ventry, joined him there. John produced the rative are applicable :—“Lo, these many years do money, and told it out on a bench in the church I serve thee, and yet thou never gavest me porch. Having done this, and influenced, as he not "a kid that I might make merry with my states, by former threats of violence on the part of friends,” but, in the words of the present docu- William, he left the money in the care of his ments, “any stock, or other thing, whereby I brother Thomas, and charged him and his friends might raise myself any means to live upon.” The to stay the necessary time. William alleged that father took the application unkindly, and resisted they did not do so; that they stayed only until it. The bright eyes of a certain Margery had twelve o'clock; and that by such breach of the probably some influence upon the decision of the stipulated condition his own right as heir had dissatisfied heir. After some contention, he quitted revived. He endeavoured to enforce his claim the paternal roof, and with his father's “very good by violence, in which he was assisted by Mrs. liking and allowance,” as he asserts, he went " to Nřargery. John then filed a bill in Chancery service.” His new way of life was prosperous. He against William to secure the possession of his

got some money into his purse.". He married lands. A commission was issued to take the eriMistress Margery, and moreover, was rich enough dence of Fowler and Sadler as to how long they to “ lend and bestow” much of his earnings upon remained in the church-porch. They swore that his brother Richard. But his absence occasioned they remained ready to pay

the

money until "the trouble at home. As the father's infirmities clock had stricken two," and upon their evidence increased with age, the removal of his eldest Sir Julius Cæsar, the Master of the Rolls, deson came to be more acutely felt. It assumed cided in favour of John. William contended that more the appearance of a desertion. And there the testimony of Fowler and Sadler was untrue, were those around the old man who magnified and filed a bill in the Star Chamber against all the what he thought to be his son's precipitancy, into parties. In the bill he states his case fully, and an act of unpardonable insubordination. Even in the joint answer of all the defendants-John his very success in his new way of life was turned and Thomas Shakespeare, Fowler, and Sadleragainst him. Joan, the only daughter, to whom their version of the story is reiterated. The result her father bore “extraordinary favour and affec- does not appear, but if there be any thing else tion,” the aged mother, who, next to the father, about it in these Star Chamber Papers, we may felt most forcibly the inconveniences attendant be sure that Mr. Koight will discover it. upon the loss of the service of the eldest son, and The papers appended are copies of the bill and the youngest son, the Benjamin of the family, answer in the Star Chamber. Mr. Knight inall united to keep alive and increase the irritation formed me that he had also found the Bill in

Chancery, and that it was accurately recited in of Roweington afforesaide, betweene the howers of Tenn the Bill in the Star Chamber. The latter bill, it

of the Clocke in the forenoone & too of the Clocke in will be perceived, was filed on June 9, 1618.

the afternoone of the same dayes, or to the like effecte,

As in & by the saide Originall surrender it selfe, JOHN BRUCE. made in the sd Twelveth yeere remayninge in the

handes of the high Steward of the saide Mannor or his " To the Kings most Excellent Maiestye. then Deputy may appeare, wch saide surrender beinge * In all humblenesse complayninge sheweth to your ex thus made in mannr & forme afforesaide, They the cellent Matie yor humble obedient & dutiefull subject saide Richard & Elizabeth shortly after, that is to say, William Shakespeare of Roweington in the Covnty of in the moneth of Aprill then next followinge after, did Warwick, husbandman, That whereas John Shakespeare both of them departe this lyfe, wherevppon the saide of Roweington afforesaide, weaver, did the first day of John Shakespeare, accordinge to the saide surrender, after May one thousand six hundred and sixteene exhibite a their deceasses did enter into the saide přmisses & bill of complaynt into the honble Court of Chauncery shortly afterwardes at the next Courte then after houlden against yor said Highnesse subject, Thereby complayn- for the Mannor afforesaide, in the sayde moneth of Aprill inge and sheweinge, That whereas one Richard Shake in the twelveth yeere of his Maties raigne afforesaide, The speare late of Roweington afforesaide deceased, father of saide surrender" was by the afforesaide Thomas Ley & yor saide highnesse subiect, was in his life tyme lawe George Whome two of the saide customary tennants of fully seized to him & his heires accordinge to the cus the Mannot afforesaide accordinge to the Custome of the tom of the mannor of Roweington affores'd of and in one saide Mannor brought into the saide Courte then & coppiehould or customary messuage or tenement & there houlden for the Mannor afforesaide, and p'sented kalfe yeared lande, wtb all & singular the appurtences beefore the Jurey or homage then & there sworne, vnto therevnto beelonginge, lyinge and beinge in Turners ende Henery Michell gentleman the Deputy steward of the or Church end in Rowington afforesaide, pcell of the saide Manno', who received the same surrender & mannor of Roweington afforesaide, And beinge thereof prsently of his owne heade added these wordes therevnto, soe seyzed and havinge issue fower sonnes : viz. William viz. (or else voyde &c) wch the saide Steward did wthout Richard Thomas & John Shakespeare, And hee the the consent of the afforesaide John Shakespeare. And saide Richard the Father bearinge an entyre love & afterwardes at the same Courte hee the saide then deputy affection to the saide John Shakespeare, more then to the Steward did admitt the saide John Shakespeare tennant saide William his eldest sonne or the rest, And especiall vnto the coppiehould messuage lande & pmisses, To hould for that hee the saide William had for many yeeres togei to him & his heires accordinge to the custome of the ther bin very disobedient & vndutiefull to his saide Mannor afforesaide, wherevppon the saide John ShakeFather & taken very vnnaturall and vncivell courseses speare payed his fyne then therefore assessed by the saide [sic] to his saide fathers great greefe, Hee the saide Steward, & did his fealty accordinge to the custome of Richard, the father, therefore for many yeeres toogeither the mannor afforesaide. And the same John Shakespeare beefore his death, That is to saye for the space of Ten farther shewed that his saide Father & Mother both of yeeres or there aboutes, intendinge after his death & the them dyeinge in the saide moneth of Aprill, Hee the saide death of Elizabeth his wyse to leave the saide coppie- John Shakespeare at Michaellmas then next followinge, houlde messuage Lande & pmisses vnto the saide John accordinge to the pviso or clause in the saide Surrender, Shakespeare, To hould to him & his heires accordinge beinge the first tyme & day of payment after their de[to the custom] of the Mannor afforesaide, And to that ceases, did accordinge to the saide Surrender tender & end & purposse, did, accordinge to the custome of the paye vnto the sayde William Shakespeare his brother, at saide Mando-, make severall surrenders, & beinge still or in the Church porch of Roweington afforesaide, besoe resolved & determyned did allso, in or about the tweene the howers of tenn & two of the clocke afforesaide, moneth of March in the twelveth yeere of his Mates raigne the some of Fouerty shillings of lawefull English monie that nowe is of Englande &c, att Roweington afforesaide, weh hee the saide William Shakespeare beinge then & surrender into the handes of the Lorde of the afforesaide there readye did receive accordingely. And at the AnManor, by Thomas Ley & George Whome his attor nuncation of or lady then next after, beinge annother day of neys, & iwo of the customary tennantes of the Manor payment, hee the saide John Shakespeare at or in the afforesaide, accordinge to the custome of the saide Mano", saide Church porch & betweene the howers afforesaide did All & singular the afforesaide messuge or tenement in like manner by himselfe or some other on his beehalfe halfe yearde lande & přmisses, wth all & singular the tender & offer to pay vnto him the saide William Shakeappurten'ces, to these severall vses followinge, That is speare the some of Forty shillinges more. And hee the to say, to the rse of him the saide Richard Shakespeare saide William Shakespeare not beinge their ready to re& Elizabeth his wyfe for & duringe the terme of their ceive or demaunde the same, or any other for him, benaturall lives & the longer liver of them, & after the tweene the saide howers of Tenn & two of the clocke deceasse of them the saide Richarde & Elizabeth then afforesaide, to the saide John Shakespeares knoledge, hee to the vse & beehoofe of John Shakespeare & his heires the saide John Shakespeare or such other as hee apfor erer, accordinge to the custome of the Mannot poynted on his beehalfe to tender & pay the same after afforesaide, wth this pviso clause or sentence therein con they had continued there till the hower of two of the teyned, That is to say, That the saide John Shakespeare clock was fully expired or neere there abouts, did depte his heires executors or assignes should yeelde pay or carse thence & went about other business supposinge that the to bee paide, yeerely and every yeere after the deceases of saide William Shakespeare or any other for him would then the saide Richard and Elizabeth, & not beefore, not have come thither at all that day, but would rather ynto the saide William Shakespeare, his eldest sonne as have sent or come himselfe to the saide John Shakespeares atforesaide, for & duringe the terme of his naturall lyfe, howse for the Same, never the lesse the saide John, beinge the some of Fower powndes of good & lawefull English very carefull & respectfull of the payment thereof, did mony, at two termes or feastes in the yeere, That is to say, allso on the morrow after the day of the saide tender of at the feast of Sainte Michaell the arke Angell & the Fouerty shillings as afforesaide, cavse one to goe to the Anunčation of or blesse Lady Saint Mary the vergin, by bowse of the saide William Shakespeare who did in like even & equall portions, The same allwaves to bee ten mann offer & tender the same there vnto him the saide dred & payde in the Church porche in the pish Church William in the saide John Shakespeares beehalfe. But,

nowe soe it is may it please yor good Lopp, that the saide Subpena to appeare in the saide Honorable Coto did apJohn Shakespeare haveinge on this manner duly tendred peare (and) vppon his corporeall oath given in the saide the saide Forty shillinge vnto 'him the saide William Courte of Chauncery did answer as followeth, That the Shakespeare vpon thannuncation of our blessed Lady Si saide Richard Shakespeare in the bill menconed, beinge Mary the vergin last was twelve monetbs, & on the mor the Complts Father, was in his life tyme, about Fyftie row after at the howse of the saide William as afforesaide, yeeres toogeither next beefore his death, seized to him & And hee the saide William beinge of a contencious & his heires accordinge to the Custome of the saide Mannor troublesome spirrit, & soe beinge & endeavovringe by all of Roweington, of & in the saide Coppiehould or cusmeanes to trouble & vex the saide John Shakespeare, & to tomary messuage or tenement & halfe yeard lande in the put him to vnnescessary charges & expences in the Lawe, Bill menconed wth thapp'tynces, & beinge soe thereof hath not wtb standinge the lawefull tender of Fouerty shil seized & havinge Issue Fower Sonnes, That is to say, The lings made as afforesaide, denyed to accept thereof or to re saide Willia' Shakespeare, his eldest sonne, Richard & ceive the same of the saide John, but alleadgeth that the same Thomas his second & third sonnes, & John Shakespeare was not at all tendred at the place & between the howers his youngest sonne, And beinge soe seized thereof the afforesaide, or that the saide John did not stey out vntill Complt said Father did, vntil the Compt was growen to two of the clock accordinge to the saide surrender, přtend the age of Forty yeeres or neere there abouts, yemploye inge that the saide messuage & p'misses are thereby for the comple in his service wthout ever bestoweinge vppon feyted. And there vpon hee the saide William Shake him any stocke or other thinge whereby the Complt might speare & Margery his wyfe or one of them at seuerall rayse him any meanes to live vppon, onely allowinge tymes sithence in most rude & vnlawefull manner bath vnto him meate, drincke & apparrell, allwayes affyrminge attempted & made diverse entreys into the saide coppie- vnto the Complt and to others, as well after such tyme as hould messuage Lands & p'misses, & endeavoured to get the nowe Complt went from him to service as beefore, the possession thereof, & hath sore brused and hurtt the that hee shoud have his Lande, & that, as hee might be saide John Shakespeare, & made diverse assaults vppon stowe the reste of his brothers & sister, so he was in him, & hath allso since hurte and beaten his beasts & psonall estate allso like to fare the better. And he sayeth other cattell beinge in the grownds pcell of the saide That about twelve yeeres scithence the complt by the přmisses, & turned them out of the said growndes. And very good likeinge & allowance of his saide Father, did lastly the saide John Shakespeare shewed ynto yor goe" to service & in such service haveinge gotten some good LOPP, that the saide William Shakespeare in or monie into his purse, did lende & beestowe much thereof vppon the sixth day of Aprill last, at a Courte then vppon Richard Shakspeare the Complts brother & other houlden for the Mannor afforesaide did in his owne pson wise helpe & assist him, & did allso, in all dutiefall mancome into the saide Courte, & in full Court beefore the ner, respect & vse his saide Father & mother, and did Stewarde then & there beinge, did make clayme & tytle him many services to his very good likeinge & acceptacon. to the saide messuage Lande & p'misses as eldest sonne But the Complt saide Father bearinge an extraordinary & heire of the saide Richard Sbakespeare p'tendinge the favour & affection to Joane sister of the Complt, did give sanie to bee forfeyted, For that the saide John did not much creadit to what shee vsed to say, wch shee the pay ynto him the saide William the saide some of Fourty saide Joane frindinge & loveinge the defi above all the shillings on the feast day of thanpunčation of of blessen? rest of her bretheren, the defi & shee combyned themLady Si Mary the vergin last was twelve moneth, ac selves toogeither howe they might obteyne the inhercordinge to the trewe meaninge of the saide surrender, ritance of the saide přmisses from the nowe comp!, & And thereby intendeth to sue the saide John at the beinge allwayes at home with him, And this Compit allComon Lawe vppon the saide prtended forfeyture, notwth. wayes abroade at service, soe farr přvayled wth him, by standinge the same haveinge bin lawefully tendred as some falce Informačons or other sinister meanes not well afforesaide, & all bee it the saide Jobn in or vppon the knowne to the Complt, As to get him to make surrenders Anuncation of of blessed Lady the vergin St Mary last from tyme to tyme of the saide přmisses to some such was twelve moneth, beinge the saide p'tended day of for effect as by the bill is set set (sic) forth. But by such feyture, did tender at the saide Church porch of Rowe surrenders there was as this compli hath creadibly harde ington afforesaide, betweene the howers of tenn & two & doeth beleeve to bee trewe allwayes a greater yeerely of the clocke (and before the same] weare fully expired, some appoynted to bee payde vnto the Complt & his or neare there abouts. And there beinge none other dur heires then is menconed in the Surrender in the Bill inge duringe [sic] that tyme (to this defend's knoledge) specified & haveinge soe brought their purposses to passe, for or on the beehalfe of the saide William to demaund or The deft vsed all the meanes hee coulde to keepe the receive it, yet did the saide John Shakespeare like wise Comple from comeinge to his saide Father, & many tymes sende the same to the saide William at his howse on the when the Comple was sent for by his saide Father to come morrowe after. And allso hee the saide John haveinge to him did violently assault the Comple and offer to shut in like manner at Michaellmas last, & at thannuncation of thee doore vppon him, & was soe borne out & embouldned or blesse Lady last, made seu’all tenders of Forty shillinges by the Complis mother & the saide Joane their favours duely at the vsuall place afforesaide & beetweene the howers woh they had wth the Complis Father, as that hee afforesaide, to & for the vse of him the saide William, & threatned the defend' in the life tyme of their saide Father, there beinge ready to receive it [sic] bath allso in very That yf he did lett him from haveinge the saide pimisses, gentle & curteous manner by him & others on bis bechalie hee would keepe the Complt in prison as longe as he lived. desired of him the saide William Shakespeare to receive All weh charges of the Complus saide sister & brother & accept of the same, toogeither wth all the arrearages the deft weare gen'ally very bardely spoaken of by the thereof, yet that to doe hee the saide William Shake- | neighbours there dwellinge. And hee sayeth bee taketh speare hath alltogeither refused, & still doeth refuse, & it to bee trewe that the saide Richard Shakespeare the p'tendeth & soe giveth out that the saide John Shake- Complts Father did at or neare about the tyme in the speare bath forfeyted the same, And prayeth to bee bill menconed in that bee halfe, surrender into the handes releeved tuchinge the same forfeyture, & prayeth proces of the Lorde of the saide Manno". by Thomas Ley & of Subpena against the same William Shakespeare yor | George Whome his attorneys & then two Customary highnesse subject, as by the same bill of Complt re tennants of the saide Mannor, accordinge to the Custome mayninge in recorde more at large appeareth. After wch of the saide Manno, the saide Messuage & přmisses with yor saide highnesse subject beinge served wth pces of thapp'tences to the vse of the saide Richard Shakespeare

& Elizabeth his wyfe the Complts Father & Mother, for there tender the some of Forty shillinge in the prsents of & duringe the terme of their naturall lives & the longer this depont & the saide Thomas Sadler. And that this liver of them, & after their deceasses to the vse & bee- depon did tell the saide monie to bee payd to William hooffe of the defendant & his heires, wtb such pviso in Shakespeare the deft or to any other to his vse, & that effect & substance as by the bill is set forth. And further the saide Thomas Shakespeare & this depont & the saide the then defen' & nowe comiplaynant confesseth the sur Thomas Sadler did there continue ready to pay the same render of the saide p'misses & the estates expissed in the monie as afforesaide vntill the clocke bad stricken two & bill of the then Complayn' & the condicon conteyned in then there depted. And hee farther sayeth that duringe the saide surrender & grant, but denieth that the saide all the saide tyme neither the saide defenê nor any other Forty shillinge was tendred accordinge to the saide Con- for him did come to receive the saide monie. And after dicon in [sic] the feast day of Thannuncacon of Se Mary the same thirteenth day of January the saide Thomas the vergin at such tyme & in such manner as is men Sadler being pduced a wytnesse on the pt of the plt in coned in the bill of Complt. But the same was tendred the saide cavse beefore the Comissioners by vertue of the the same feast day betweene the howers of Elleaven saide Comission & sworne vppon the holy Evangellists & Twelve, & not afterwarde as by the saide answer of God by the saide Comissioners to testifie the truth of amongest other thinge appeareth. To weh answer the all such matters as hee should bee examined of tuching saide then Complt replied amongest other thinges mayn the cavse in question, beinge examined vppo the saide tayninge the saide tender of Forty shillinges vppon the Eighth Inter. most falcely vntruely wickedly & corsaide feast day to bee made & tendred agreeable to the ruptly & vnlawefully, by the subornacon of the saide trewe meaninge of the saide Condicon. And there beinge John Shakespeare & Thomas Shakespeare, did yntruely & pfect Issue vppon the saide tender, a Comission was falcely corruptly and vnlawefully depose beefore the awarded out of the Honoble Court of Chauncery vnder the saide Comissioners, the same thirteenth day of January great seale of England in vsuall manner vnto John in the Fowerteenth yeere of yor bighnesse raigne of EngNorton gent. Francis Collins gent. Thomas Warner clarke land &c. To the eighth Interr. this depont sayeth that & John Greene gent., givinge power & authority to them vppon or Lady day was twelve moneth, beinge the thirthree, or any two of them, to examine such wytnesses as teenth yeere of the Kings Mats raigne that now is, at the as should bee pdaced on the pt of the plt or deft tuchinge request of Thomas brother of the Complayn', Hee this the same cavse, wherevppon & by vertue of the saide depont & one Edmond Fowler did come from Coventrey comission the thirteenth day of January one thousande to meete the saide Thomas Shakespeare at Rowington, & six hundred & sixteene, in the fowerteenth yeere of you when they weare come wthin about a quarter of a mile of Highnesse Raigne of England, &c., The saide Comis Rowington they did meete with the saide Thomas Shakesioners did sit to execute the same at Warwick in the speare, & that theie went all togeither to the Church County of Warr, at wch day & place by the wicked vn porch of Roweington, & that the saide Thomas did there godly & vncorrupt subornacon of the saide John Shake in the prsents of this deponent & the saide Fowler, on the speare & Thomas Shakespeare one Edmonde Fowler of beehalfe of the saide compli John Shakespeare, tender to the Citty of Coventrey taylor, & Thomas Sadler hempe pay the some of Forty shillings to the vse of William dresser of Coventrey afforesaide weare pduced beefore Shakespeare the deft. And sayeth that they came thither the saide comissioners, wyttnesses on the beehalfe of the about halfe an hower after one of the Clocke, & stayed saide John Shakespeare & by vertue of the saide Comis there vntil the clocke had stricken two, & then they sion weare then & 'there sworne vppon the Evangellist of tould the mony & sawe it was just Forty shillings, web God to answer the truth & noethinge else but the truth, all the tyme of their beinge their did lie vppon a bench to all such Inter’gat. touchinge the p'misses as they in the saide porch, but this depone did not see the saide should bee examined of, Soe helpe them God. And there William Shakespeare, nor any other for him, come to vppon they beinge examined to the Eighth Inter', wch demaund or receive the saide monie. And soe this dewas: It[em), wheither did the Complt or you or yor selfe pon the saide Thomas Shakespeare, & the saide Fowler or any other for or on his the saide Complts beehalfe, went there way togeither, till they had gon' about a vppon the feast day of Thanunciation in the Thirteenth quart'r of a mile, & then the saide Thomas Shakespeare yeere of the Raigne of the Kings Matie that now is, in depted from them & went towards Killingeworth, & this the Church porch of the parrish Church of Roweington depone & the saide Fowler went towards Coventrey. afforesaide make tender or offer, & was in readinesse to Whereas in very deede the tender was made onely beepay the some of Forty Shillings, accordinge to the effect twine the howers of elleaven & Twelve of the Clocke of of the afforesaid surrender or pviso therein conteyned, the same day & not after. And therefore the saide debeetwine the howers of Ten of the clocke in the fore posicon was most falce vntrewe & corrupt, to the great noone & two of the clocke in the after noone of the same displeasure of Allmighty God & contrary to the lawes & day, as yow knowe have credibly hard or do verily bee statuts of this Realme, & contrary to yor highnesse leere; declare the whole truth of yor knoledge heeresay peace yor Crowne & dignity, & to the great prjudice & & beleeffe & the cavses & reasons thereof. To wch Inter. ou'throwe of yor saide subject & his cavse dependinge the saide Fowler answered falcely vntruely corruptly & then in Courte of Chancery; wch deposicons weare shortely vnla wefully, that (vppon the feast day of thannuncacon after the takeinge certified into the saide Courte of Chanof of blessed Lady the vergin St Mary in the thirteenth cery by the said Comissioners in vsuall manner & there yeere of the Kings Matie that now is of England, &c. To published, & the cavse pceedinge to hearinge, by reason the Eighth Inter. he sayeth, that] * vppon the feast day of the saide deposicons, The cavse at the hearinge was of thannuncaron of of Lady in the thirteenth yeere of decreed against yor saide subject in the saide Courte by ibe Kings Maa raigne that now is, the deponent at the

the honoble Sr Julius Cesar, Knight, master of the Rolles, request of the saide Thomas Shakespeare came wth the in Easter terme last, to the great damage of yo saide taide Thomas Shakespeare & one Thomas Sadler to the subject for wch yor saide Subject had [hath ?) noe rechureh porch of Roweington afforesaide, about halfe an leeffe but in the High Court of Starr Chamber, where he bower after one of the clocke in the after noone of the humbly prayeth that hee may bee releeved, & severe same day, And this depone sayeth that the saide Thomas punishment adjudged vppon the saide deftes accordinge Shakespeare in the beehalfe of the complt did then & to their severall offences & agreeable to the Lawes &

statuts of this Realme. In tender consideracon whereof • The words within brackets appear to be surplusage. may it please yor excellent Majesty to graunt yor high

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