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nesse writt of Subpena, to bee directed vnto the saide cordinge to the said Proviso if the said complaint or any John Shakespeare, Thomas Shakespeare, Edmond Fowler, other for him were there to receiue y', and if neither the & Thomas Sadler, comaundinge them & eu'y of them at said Complaint nor any other for him were there, yet to a certayne day & vnder a certayne payne therein to bee stay in the said porch intill the last instant of the howers lymitted psonnall to bee & appeare beefore yof excellent in the said Bill of Complaint and surrender mentoned, Matie & the Lordes of your most Hoble privie Counsell and then and there to tender the said Fourety shillinges in the high Court of Starr Chamber, Then & there to to the Complaintes vse, and as this defend' thinketh, and answer the p'misses & to receive condigne punishment as he hath already proved in the said high Court of for the same as to the Lordes of the most honorable Chancery, the said Thoms Shakespeare did tender the privie Councell shalbee thought meete. And yor saide said Fourety shillinges accordingly, and that neither the subject accordinge to his bownden duty shall allwayes complain' nor any for him were then & there ready to pray to God for yor highnesse longe to raigne ouer vs. receiue y'. And this defendi Thoms Shakespeare for him
“MERE." self saith, that he, according to the direction and autho[ Endorsed] “Martis nono die Junij anno decimo sexto rity to him given as by the Answere of the said John Jacobi Regis Harker.
Shakespeare is sett forth, was prsent in ye church porch Shakespeare visus Shakespeare et at
afores at the last instant of the howers before menconed, Trin. 16° Ja. Regis."
& did then & there tender to the complaintes use the sa Fourety shillinges, but neither ye complain' nor any for
him were there ready to receiue (the same) weh said ten“ Jur. Jouis vndecimo die Junij Anno Deciino sexto
der this def did so make in the psence of Edmond Fowler Ja. Regis.
& Thoms Sadler two other of ye deftes. And these deftes “HARKER. The Joint and seu'all answeres of John Edmond Fowler & Thoms Sadler for themselues say y
Shakespeare Thoms Shakespeare Edmond they were prsent in the Church porch aforesd at the tyme
shillinges to the complaintes vse, but neither the complaint “ The said defendte saveing to them & eu'y of them nor any for him were there ready to receiue ye. And as now and at all tymes hereafter all advantage of excepcon to all & eu'y the piuries, subornacons of periury, falsities to the incerteinties & insufficiencies of the said Bill of corruptiones, false corrupt and vnlawful deposicons & Complaint, for Answere therevnto saie that it is true that other the offences & misdemeanors in the said Bill of this defend' John Shakespeare did exhibite a Bill of Com- Complaint menconed, these defendtes and every of them plaint into his Matles high Court of Chauncery against say that they & eu'y or any of them is of them or any the Complaint in such sorte as by the said Bill of Com of them not guilty in such sort manner and forme as the plaint is sett forth; wherevnto the said Complaint an same are in the said Bill of Complaint sett forth, wthout swered in such sort as by the said Bill also appeareth, in that that any other matter cause or thing in the said Bill wch suite witnesses were examined, and these defendtes of Complaint conteyned materiall or effectuall in the law Edmond Fowler and Thomas Sadler being examined as to be answered vnto by these defendtes & herein by these witnesses did speake theire knowledges and did truely defendtes not sufficiently answered confessed & avoided depose in such sort as by theire said deposicons may ap trauersed or denyed is true, all wch matters these defendtes peare. Whererpon the said Cause comeinge to hearing, and every of them is & are ready to averre & proue as the said Court of Chauncery did decree the messuage
this honourable Court shall award, and humbly pray to landes and Tenemtes then in question and in the Bill of be dismissed hence wth theire reasonable costes and charges Complaint menconed, vnto this defend', John Shakespeare, on theire behalfes wrongfully susteyned. as by the proceedinges of the said cause remayning of
« Ric. Westos." record in the said high Court of Chauncery, whereto these defendtes for more certeyntie referre themselues, may appeare. And this defend John Shakespeare for himself further saith that the complaintes vnthrifty & badd
ARTHUR WOLFE, LORD VISCOUNT courses, and his disobedience to his Father and mother,
KILWARDEN. were the cause his said Father did dishenheritt him the said complain', and conveighed the said premisses to this As a fair specimen of the inaccurate writing defend in such sorte as by the said Bill of Complaint which we frequently meet with in the current is recited, and further this defend' saith, That aboute literature of the day, I select the following short con of our Lady wca was in the Thirteenth seare of the paragraph from Sir Cusack P. Roney's How to Raigne of our Soueraigne Lord the King that now is of Spend a Month in Ireland, p. 49, London, 1861 :his Realme of England, this defend did come into the “ In this street, also [ Thomas Street, Dublin), Lord Church porch of Rowington in the Bill of Complaint 'Kilwarden was dragged from his carriage by a mob, inmenconed, and according to the provisoe conteyned in furiated by the execution of Robert Emmett (whose the surrender in the Bill specified, and in observance memory has been preserved in more than one of Moore's thereof did then and there tender the some of Fouretie beautiful lyrics), and was rescued with difficulty, and shillinges to the vse of the Complain', but neither the only after his nephew [the Rev. Mr. Wolfe) had been complaint nor any for him were there to receaue it. And brutally murdered." shortlie after for that this defend' heard it reported that the Complain' had threatned to cutt of an arme or a legs
These words would lead us to suppose that of this defend" (this defendant ] well knowing the mali Robert Emmet (not Emmett) had suffered the tious mynd of the said Complaint against him, this defend' extreme penalty of the law; and that while Lord did therefore for that tyme depart, but before this defendte Kilwarden's nephew was murdered, as was the departure he this defendt did in the said porch deliuer the said Fourety shillinges, to Thoms Shakespeare the
case, his lordship's life was saved with difficulty defend', wth direction and authority to paie the said
from the fury of his assailants. But what were Fourety shillinges to the said complain', or to his vse ac- the facts ? A very few words will suffice to prove
that there is no little inaccuracy on the part of A FEW MORE NOTES ON HANNAH LIGHTFOOT. Sir C. P. Roney. The attack on " the great and good” Lord
Thanks to the kindness of a gentleman to whom Kilwarden (as Lord Avonmore justly styled bim I took the liberty of addressing some inquiries in his address to the grand juries of the county a few weeks since, I have just been put in posand city of Dublin) took place on July 23, 1803, session of the following documents, which show as is mentioned, for example, in Maxwell's His us what were the steps taken by the religious tory of the Irish Rebellion, p. 409; but the sentence body of which Hannah Lightfoot was a memof death passed on Emmet was not carried into ber, on discovering that she had transgressed the execution until the 20th of the following Sep- rules of the society in being married by a priest. tember, his trial having been held only the day It is, as will be seen, a series of extracts from the before. Therefore most certainly it was not the Proceedings of the Society's Meetings for Westcase, that the mob had been “infuriated by the minster. execution of Robert Emmett."
“ Fourth Quarter.-At a Quarterly Meeting for Westof the attack on Lord Kilwarden, with whom minster, held at the Savoy, the 1st of 1st mo., 1755. his daughter and nephew were at the time, Dr. This meeting being informed that it is currently reR. R. Madden has supplied full particulars in the ported that Hannah Lightfoot is married by the Priest, third volume of his United Irishmen ; their Lives and since absconded from her husband, on which this and Times, London, 1860. To his work I refer Mary Keene, to visit her thereon and make report.
meeting appoints Michl. Morton, Jms. Marshman, and those who may wish to have more information upon the subject than I would ask space for in "N. & Q.; and I shall merely state, that
At a Monthly Meeting for Westminster, held at the Mr. Wolfe was murdered on the spot; that Miss Savoy, 5th of 2nd mo., 1755. Wolfe had a wonderful escape ; and that Lord
Michl. Morton, James Marshman, and Mary Keene continued to visit Hannah Lightfoot and make
report. Kilwarden, having been mortally wounded, "lived for about an hour after he had been carried to the watch-house” in an adjoining street — not
M. M. 5th, 3rd mo., 1755. exactly, I think, what is to be inferred from Sir
Minute in same words.
James Marshman continued to speak to Hannah Light
foot. I hare in my possession the duplicate of Lord Kilwarden's will, dated December 25, 1800; and also a codicil, in his lordship’s handwriting, dated
M. M. 7th, 5th mo., 1755. July 31, 1802. From the latter, which is a highly
The friends appointed to speak with Hannah Lightfoot
continued. interesting document, and one that does honour to the writer, I gladly make an extract :
M. M. 4th, 6th mo., 1755. * Whereas my beloved daughter Elizabeth Wolfe hath
Present (9 names), which not making a sufficient nurr.been long afflicted by a cruel disease, from which there
ber, could not proceed on business. is no reasonable ground to hope she will recover, and it therefore becomes necessary, upon a due consideration of my affairs, to make a different provision for my said
Second Quarter.-Q. M. 2nd of 7th mo., 1755. daughter Elizabeth from that which I make for her Minute as in 5 mo. sister Marianne), I therefore, with grief of heart (for never did father love a daughter more dearly, nor ever
M. M. 6th, 8th mo., 1755. did or can a daughter better merit a father's love), revoke
Similar minute. the legacy of six thousand pounds by my said will given to my said daughter Elizabeth ; and I give the sum of six thousand pounds to the said William [afterwards M. M. 3rd, 9th mo., 1755. Lord] Downes and Robert French, their executors, ad The friends appointed to visit Hannah Lightfoot reministrators, and assigns, upon trust,” &c.
port they have made inquiry concerning her, were inDr. Madden furnishes the following notice of formed by her mother that she was married by a priest,
but was not fully satisfied she was absented from her Miss Wolfe's death, and with it I conclude : husband. “Miss Elizabeth Wolfe, youngest daughter of Lord
The friends before appointed continued to visit her.
Third Quarter.-Q. M. 1st of 10t! mo., 1755.
M. M. 5th of 11th mo., 1755.
M. M. 3rd of 12th mo., 1755.
have been called for the Crown, and would have The friends appointed to visit Hannah Lightfoot con- produced a certificate of the birth of Henry tinued, and are desired to acquaint her that this meeting Wheeler, witnessed by Hannah Lightfoot. This intends to give forth a testimony of denial against her.
I presume to be the fourth document referred to
by Mr. Jesse in his communication to The AtheFourth Quarter for 1755.-Q. M. 7th, 1st mo., 1756.
næum, and described by him as "the parchment The friends appointed to visit Hannah Lightfoot re
birthnote' of Hannah Lightfoot's first cousin port they have made inquiry after her, and cannot hear where she can be spoke with, or where she is, on which Henry Wheeler.” But the same gentleman was this meeting appoints said friends, with Wm. Donne and also to have produced a letter from Hannah Natbl. Might, to prepare a testimony of denial against Lightfoot to her aunt, showing that she had been Hannah Lightfoot for marrying by a priest, against the secretly married without the consent of her relaknown rules of the society, to be brought to our next tions, but which letter contains nothing on the mo. meeting.
face of it to show that the marriage was to a
person much superior in rank to herself. M. M. 4th of 2nd month, 1756.
say I have not been able to get & The friends appointed to prepare a testimony of denial sight of this very interesting paper; but as it against Hannah Lightfoot continued.
would appear to be in the same custody with the
fourth document referred to by Mr. Jesse, I preM. M. 3rd of 3rd mo., 1756. A testimony of denial against Hannah Lightfoot was
sume that when that gentleman inspected the brought in pursuant to the direction of last meeting,
one he did not overlook its far more interesting which was read and approved, and is as follows, viz. : - companion. If he has seen it, it is a pity that he
"Whereas Hannah Lightfoot, a person educated under has not thought it right to tell us its date and our profession, and who for several years past resided something about its contents. within the compass of this meeting, did then enter into a
WILLIAM J. THOMS. state of marriage by the priest with one not of our society, which is directly repugnant to the good rules and orders well known to be established amongst us, on which this meeting appointed friends to visit her, who several times
SWEAT LIKE A BROCK: CUCKOO SPITTLE.-On endeavoured to find where she was, in order to speak the tips of hedges, flowers, grass, &c. there apwith her, but to no purpose, nor could they obtain any pears in summer a white froth. In some parts, intelligence where she is: We therefore being desirous and especially in Ireland, this is called "cuckoo (as much as in us lies) to clear the truth which we pro spittle," and in other places “brock sweat," the misconduct of the said Hannah Lightfoot may be cast originating the saying which will be met with in upon friends, do hereby testify against such her pro- inland counties, “To sweat like a brock.” This ceedings as aforesaid, and disown her for the same, as one "brock” is a small green insect like a grain of with whom we can have no fellowship until, from a peni- wheat, and in the warm weather throws out the tent mind and true contrition of heart, she shall be in- froth above mentioned.
Liom. F. duced to signify her unfeigned sorrow for her offence, and that this may be her case is what we truly desire.'
“TAE ROSE of Dawn."-In Tennyson's Vision Nathl. Might or James Marshman is desired to carry of Sin, the line — a copy hereof to the next 6 weeks' meeting.
“ God made himself an awful rose of dawn,”— First Quarter.-Q. M. 7th of 4th mo., 1756.
occurs twice. The simile always appeared to me Nathl. Might reports he delivered a testimony of denial far-fetched; and I remember seeing somewhere that against Hannah Lightfoot to The Six Weeks' Meeting.”
it comes originally from the Persian, and is to be found in Hafiz.
In Tannhäuser (a poem published a few years I need scarcely point out to the reader that, in- back), there is the same simile, copied I suppose teresting as the extracts are, there is nothing in from Tennyson : them in the slightest degree to contradict the
«« That mellowing morn blown open like a rose.” opinion which I originally expressed and still maintain that, as far as George III. is concerned,
Keats, however, in his Hyperion (book i.), uses " the story of Hannah Lightfoot is a fiction, and the same rose-simile, applying it curiously not to nothing but a fiction, from beginning to end.'
dawn, but to sunset: Would I had been enabled to lay before the
“ And like a rose in vermeil tint and shape, readers a still more interesting paper, the exist
In fragrance soft, and coolness to the eye,
That inlet to severe magnificence ence of which I have only recently ascertained. Stood full blown, for the god to enter in." About a fortnight since I was informed, upon
JOHN ADDIS, JUN. authority which could not be doubted, that if the
Rustington, Littlehampton, Sussex. trial Ryves v. The Queen had not broken down so signally, a gentleman of high position in the City, TRADITION ABOUT TAMERLANE. — M. Semenoff
, whose name it is not necessary to state, would the Russian geographer, who in 1857 visited Lake
Issykkul, in Central Asia, on his way from thence completeness of the embodiment quickly impressed the to the Thian Shan range, crossed a marshy plateau public
, and so permanent was the effect, that Lord Dun5500 feet above the sea level, called the Santasch, dreary remained on the Haymarket boards for the extrawhere he found a curious mound of stones; which, American Cousin' the longest run recorded in theatrical
ordinary term of 496 nights, thus securing for Our according to a tradition of the mountain Khir- history. When it is recollected, in connection with this gese, was raised by the soldiers of Tamerlane. circumstance, that Mr. Sothern had previously given 800 On his march from Samarcand to the valley of representations of the same character in America, we the Ili (A.D. 1400), that Tartar Khan, wishing to
arrive at a fact which, merely regarded as a curiosity of count his numerous host, ordered each man to
computation, is wholly without a parallel in Thespian
annals. On these very practical grounds, accepting the throw a stone on this spot. Returning from his result as a simple arithmetical deduction, it is plainly to expedition, he again crossed the Santasch ; and be perceived that Mr. Sothern has accomplished a feat desiring to know the number of troops hé had which had no precedent, and which it is probable will lost, ordered his men as they passed to take each be long remembered as a solitary instance of histrionic a stone from the mound, which, thus reduced to
CUTHBERT BEDE. its present size, gave the number of warriors that had fallen in the campaign, and formed at the same INDEX: MARGIN.—Readers of “N. & Q.” know time their monument. Descendants of Tamer- the value of both. For the use of the next collane's troops exist at Kuldja, the capital of the lector of “ Curiosities of Literature,” I notice the Chinese western frontier province of Ili: these following: Dzungani, as they are called, are a Mahometan 1. History of Kingston-upon-Hul, by J. J. race, who, while retaining their own faith, have Sheahan. 1864. In the index (contained on adopted the customs and language of the Chinese, pp. 689—704), I find “Index to this volume, but many of whom still speak the Tartar lan- | 689.” How considerate ! guage.
I have made this note on perusing a 2. Reflexions upon Ridicule ; or, what it is that recent Report on the Tea Trade of Russia, by makes a Man ridiculous. 8vo. London, 1706. Mr. J. Savile Lumley, Secretary of Embassy On p. 365, the use of thee and thou is declared to at St. Petersburg — a most ably written docu- be “extreme finical.”. Certainly a foreigner must ment, and which contains much interesting in- have compiled the index, for there it is recorded : formation that is new concerning the little known “ Thee and coffee, the use of it very finical, 365.” countries of Central Asia, Amooria, &c. (See What would Dr. Johnson have said to this? “Reports by Her Majesty's Secretaries of Èm
Margins.--In a title-deed dated 1750, it is bassy and Legation on the Manufactures and margent; in another, 1758, relating to the same Commerce of the Countries in which they reside," property and prepared by the same person, margin. No. 7, 1867.)
PHILIP S. King.
Was this the period of the change, or were the
DRYDEN'S MORECRAFT: “CUNNING” OR
“ CUTTING"? prietor and founder of the Durham Chronicle, published his Metrical Essays. In an “Elegy on
Who and what was Morecraft, referred to in
Dryden's Prologue to the Marriage à la Mode ? a lonely Grave,” first verse, we read –
He is called “cutting Morecraft” in all the mo“ Ah! who beneath this scanty heap
dern editions, and it is so printed in the 4to ediOf earth, with moss and weeds o'ergrown,
tion of the play of 1691, the earliest I have seen. Is laid in that unstartled sleep The living eye hath never known.”
But in a copy of the Prologue printed in Covent
Garden Drollery, 1672, it is cunning Morecraft," The lines in italics) are often quoted with
which seems unobjectionable, and is more easily Moultrie attached; but surely Mr. Williams is
understood. The copy in the Covent Garden their real author.
J. H. Dixon.
Drollery has several variations from the Prologue “LORD DUNDREARY.” — The following is an as sinca printed, some of which are improvements; extract from a theatrical critique in The Daily but it has also some obvious errata. The play Telegraph, July 2, on Mr. Sothern's impersona was produced during the Dutch war of 1672, and tion of “ Lord Dundreary”; and the facts which the Prologue describes the theatres as deserted. it gives seem to be worthy of preservation in The lines are here printed as in Covent Garden these columns :
Drollery, the variations of Scott and Bell's edi" Originally introduced to the metropolis on the 11th tions, which follow the 4to of 1691, being interof November, 1861, the singular humour and artistic lined :
For seis presumed}
come, “Our city friends so far will hardly
side of the wall of a part of the house that had roam,
been used as a kitchen since 1757. At about sixThey can take up with pleasures nearer home,
teen inches below the surface of the ground, we And see gay shows
came upon a pavement, which had no doubt been
a part of the mediæval building. Of this pavethey seldom come to hear ;
ment some of the stones had been removed, and a But they have now ta’en up a glorious trade,
great quantity of iron-such as fork heads, broken And s cutting) Morecraft
s struts / i cunning )
in masquerade. scythes, bars, axes, and bits of chain- buried in There's
These things were all deposited in Here's ] all our hope, for we shall show to-day
once place, just outside a doorway which was A masking ball to recommend our play.”
made in 1757. There were far too many of them, Strut may be a misprint; but it is quite as
and they were arranged too neatly to have come
EDWARD PEACOCK. likely that it should be « cunning Morecraft's strut together by chance. in masquerade.” Now, who and what was More Bottesford Manor, Brigg. craft ? Mr. Robert Bell says, 6 a fashionable hair RICHARD DE CHOLMONDELEY. -Ormerod, vol. dresser.” Scott says that it is a reference to iii
. p. 189, says that David Crewe of Pulcroft Morecraft, an usurer, in Beaumont and Fletcher's (3 llenry IV.) married Ellen, daughter and coplay of The Scornful Lady, who “turns a cutter, heiress of Richard de Cholmondeley, and had or, as we now say, a buck.” It is certainly More- issue Thomas, father of David, &c. I do not find craft, an usurer, whom Dryden introduces in his this Richard in the Cholmondeley pedigree. Who translation of the second Epode of Horace:
H. S. G. “ Thus Morecraft said within himself: Resolved to leave the wicked town
Clan TARTANS.—What is the earliest example And live retired upon his own,
of these in existence ? I do not inquire for written He called his money in :
descriptions, as I am pretty well up in these, but But the prevailing love of pelf Soon split him on the former shelf,
for actual preserved specimens the date of which He put it out again.”
can be proved to be earlier than the commenceOldham's Morecraft would seem also to be an
ment of the seventeenth century. Neither do I Mr. R. Bell , who edited Oldham also stripes at the ends of various colours. What I
care for examples of plaids with more or fewer again calls him there"
a fashionable hairdresser”: want to obtain is a description of any piece of “Let thriving Morecraft choose his dwelling there, tartan which can be shown by trustworthy evi, Rich with the spoils of some young spendthrist heir." Imitation of third Satire of Juvenal.
dence to have existed before the year 1600, and Now, should it be cunning or cutting Morecraft? Wat is called the general set indicates a particu
in regard to which there is any evidence that And is there any authority for Bell's statement lai clan or sept. GEORGE VERE IRVING. that he was a fashionable hairdresser ?
The Covent Garden Drollery copy of the Pro COURTS OF QUEEN'S BENCH AND EXCHEQUER.logue to Marriage à la Mode has two lines which “The Chief Justice of this Court is always appointed do not appear in the other editions. After the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when that office becomes sixth line come
vacant by death or unexpected resignation.” “ Those that durst fight are gone to get renown,
Beatson's Political Index says this, speaking of And those that durst not, blush to stand in town." the Court of Queen's Bench. Is this a fact nowAnd lines 4 and 5 which stand in the modern a-days, or when was such a rule abolished? The editions
same authority tells me, with regard to the Court
of Exchequer, that
“When at any time the Barons are of different opinions
concerning the decision of any cause, they call to their appear in the Covent Garden Drollery, line 4 the assistance the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who decides same, but line 5
in favour of one of the parties by his casting vote.” “ While wig and vizard masks no longer jar.” How long is it since this was a fact ? Tizard-mask would be a decided improvement;
R. C. L. while may be a misprint for white.
СН. DONIZETTI AND BELLINI. - Do portraits of the
Italian composers Donizetti and Bellini exist; BURYING IRON FRAGMENTS. — Can any reader
and if so, where can I see them ? of “N. & Q." tell me if there is, or was, any
JONATHAN BOUCHIER. superstitious belief connected with the practice of FREDERICK, PRINCE OF WALES.-In common, burying fragments of iron under door stones? In I believe, with a large body of your readers, ! making some recent alterations at this place, it have been surprised and interested by Mr. Sandys' became necessary to lower the earth on the out-curious note on Hals's Cornwall and Hals's anti