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cipation of what Walpole supposed to be a Jacobite there any evidence extant as to how he obtained epitaph upon Frederick, Prince of Wales

this rectoryship, through whose interest, &c.; and “ Here lies Fred,

if not, what is the most likely place or book in Who was alive and is dead," &c.

which to search for information ? Is any other version or application of these lines

HENRY FLOWER. known?

5, Carlton Terrace,

Lower Park Road, Peckham. Walpole, in describing the character of this prince, says, “his chief passion was women," and

NORDEN'S “SURVEY OF KIRTON IN LINDSEY."furnishes some illustrations of this

. Can any of I am extremely anxious to consult, for an antiyour readers say whether he left any natural quarian purpose, John Norden's Survey of the children; and, if so, where any notices of them Manor and Soke of Kirton in Lindsey, co. Lincoln. are to be looked for?

F. P. It was taken in or about the year 1616. This

great manor was, until very recent days, a part of HANGING IN THE BELL-ROPES. – In looking the possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall. I am over some old family letters, written upwards of however informed, that this survey is not to be a century ago, I came upon the following odd found among the records of the duchy. An abphrase in one of them. The writer, in speaking stract of it is preserved among the Moore MSS. in of his intended marriage, says—“ So what so long the Public Library at Cambridge. I think it is has been hanging in the bell-ropes will at last be not probable that the original document has brought to a happy period.” I do not remember perished. If it exists in any of our public offices, to have ever met with this expression elsewhere. or in private hands, I shall be very much obliged Has any reader of “N. & Q.” ever heard it, and to anyone who will direct my attention to it. was it in use during the last century ?

CORNUB. JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

PAXTON FAMILY.-In what year was a Mes. LAWRENCE, OF WAVERTREE HALL, LIVER Paxton, Esq., sheriff of Coventry ? Where can POOL. — This lady, a sister of the late General Sir an account of his family be found ? and what were Charles D’Aguilar, was an intimate friend of Mrs. the names of his children, one of whom married Hemans, and well known in the literary circles of the Rev. George Hughes, one of the ejected minLiverpool forty years ago. She was herself au isters ? She died at Exeter during the civil war. thor of several literary works, both original and Is any stone or memorial to her memory extant; translated-riz. 1. Goetz von Berlichingen, a drama if so, in what church ? GEORGE PRIDEAUX. translated from Goethe, 1799. 2. S. Gessner's

QUOTATIONS WANTED Works, in three vols, translated from the German,

“Each soldier his sabre from him cast, 1802, published anonymously. 3. Last Autumn

And bounding hand in hand, man linked to man, at a favourite Residence, Sc. containing miscel

Yelling their uncouth dirge, long danced the kirtled laneous poems, 1829; second edition in 1836 clan." contains recollections of Mrs. Hemans, &c. &c. “ With gentle hand and soothing tongue, 4. Cameos, 1833, Liverpool; second edition, 1849.

She bore the leech's part ; The object of my present inquiry is to ascertain

And while she o'er his death-bed hung, whether Mrs. Lawrence is the author of a little

She paid him with her heart." anonymous volume containing Saul, a tragedy, “Now welcome, lady, exclaimed the youth, translated from Alfieri, and Jephtha's Daughter, a

This castle is thine, and these dark woods all." drama, 1821, by a Lady. The profits for the benefit

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. of the Bible Society. This little book was printed REFERENCES WANTED.by McReery, of Liverpool, and published by

St. Bernard. Cadell, London, the printer and publisher of the translation of Gessner named above. Am I right

“ Dicitur certe vulgari proverbio : Qui me amat, amat in supposing the anonymous volume of 1821 was

Inter seculares nugæ nugæ sunt; in ore Sacerdotis. by the translator of Gessner's works published in blasphemiæ." 1802?

St. Augustin.
Mrs. Lawrence died about the year 1858. Can “ Multi adorantur in arâ qui cremantur in igne.
any Liverpool correspondent give the exact date ? Anima magis est ubi amat quam ubi animat.
I think Mrs. Lawrence had a son who was a Libera me ab homine malo, a meipso.

Misericordia Domini inter pontem et fontem. clergyman in the Church of England, but I do not

Aliquem fortunæ filium reverentissime colere ac veneknow whether any of her family are still resident

rari, in Liverpool.

R. I.

Qui laborat orat." FRANCIS MERES.- Francis Meres, author of the

{* The name of Paxton does not occur in two lists of Wit's Treasury, 1598, was made rector of Wing the sheriffs of Coventry we have consulted. In 1622–3 in Rutlandshire in 1602. He died in 1646. Is John Patston was sheriff.—ED.]

et canem meum.

Gregory Agrigent.

Queries with Answers. “ Non mihi sapit qui sermone, sed qui factis sapit."

GEORGE HALYBURTON, BISHOP OF DUNKELD.St. Ambrose.

I am desirous of ascertaining the relationship of “ Nulla ætas ad perdiscendum est.”

the bishop to Professor Thomas Haly burton, of St. Cyprian.

St. Andrews. The professor's father, George “ Ad unum corpus humanum supplicia plura quam Haly burton, was of the family resident at Pitcur, membra."

co. Angus, and married Margaret Playfair, and Boethius.

was minister of Aberdalgy, from which he was “ Da pater augustam menti conscendere sedem;

ejected in 1662" by his near kinsman the bishop." Da fontem lustrare boni."

Your correspondent Marion made an inquiry Macrobius.

in “N. & Q.” (3rd S. i. 347) as to the family, but “ Bonæ leges malis ex moribus procreantur." no precise information has yet been forthcoming. Celsus. The Grove, Henley.

John S. BURN. “ Succurrendum parti maxime laboranti."

M. W.

[We have submitted this intricate point of family his

tory to our valued correspondent Mr. GEORGE VERE Can any one supply me with the remainder of Irving, who has kindly forwarded the following obsera passage beginning –

vations: “ Before thy sacred altar, Holy Truth,

“ I am afraid I can give you very little assistance as to I bow in manhood as I knelt in youth."

this query. The principal's father, who was George ALFRED AINGER. Haliburton, minister of the united parishes of Aberdalgie

and Dupplin, is sometimes referred to as the clergyman “ Humility, the fairest, loveliest flower That bloomed in Paradise : the first that died.

of one and sometimes of the other. (See Wodrow, Dr. It is so frail and delicate a thing,

Burns's edit. 1840, vol. i. p. 328, and vol. ii. p. 333.) He That if it think upon itself it's gone."

remained in the parish, but lived in great privacy in a

F. G. W. house provided for him by Mr. George Hay, of Balhousie, SHEKEL.— I have a shekel of which I should be latter parish, as his son is said to have been born there.

Aberdalgie and Dupplin. This must have been in the glad to know the probable age and value. It is

From the last notice in Wodrow he appears, however, to apparently of somewhat the same type as that have got into trouble again in 1676. figured in Akermann's Numismatic Illustrations of

“ He first went to Aberdalgie as assistant and successor the New Testament, p. 7. The inscriptions are the

to a Mr. Playfair, whose daughter Margaret he married. same, viz., on the one side Serpen Spoo, and on

Their son, the principal, was born in Dec. 1674. It the reverse swip Dwin', except that the would be an important point to asce rtain if the principal letters are not quite so ancient in form. The cen was the first son of the marriage, or if he had an elder tral portions, however, are considerably different. brother, who however might have died in infancy — the The vase is not so distinctly a vase, but might custom in Scotland being to name the eldest son after pass for an altar, and has smoke ascending from it; the paternal, and the second after the maternal grandwhile on the opposite side, instead of a stalk with father. three flowers merely, there is a branch, apparently “ It is a most remarkable and curious fact that in olive, with many twigs and leaves or flowers. Wodrow's list of ejected ministers George Haliburton is The whole is in good preservation, and is about described as younger of Duplin. In the New Statistical the size of a florin.

GAMMA. Account of the united parishes, the following explanation THE GENEALOGY OF THE USSHER FAMILY. - I

is given : He was named junior to distinguish him from have good reason to know that the genealogy of became Bishop of Dunkeld.'

his cousin, minister of Perth, who, afterwards conforming, this family, as given by the late Sir William

“Although cousins in Scotland is often used in a very Betham, and printed in Dr. Elrington's valuable

extended sense, Life of Archbishop Ussher (Dublin, 1848), is by

and although the two parishes are adjoinno means accurate or complete ; and also that ing, so that some distinction was necessary, I think that your correspondent Mr. Loftus TOTTENHAM has

the adoption of the word younger indicates a very near

connection, it in his power, and is well qualified, to correct what is wrong in the document, and to supply de

“ Lady Cowpar's letter about the bishop shows he was ficiencies. May I hope that he will favour the

cousin also of the Pitcurs; but in those cases of intercespublic with a proper genealogy of the family of sion the so-called relationship is often more distant than one of the brightest ornaments of the Irish church ?

the expression would now import. ABABA.

“ The bishop's son was served heir to him in extensive properties in the counties of Forfar, Kincardine, and Perth. (Inquis. Spec., Nos. 423, 509, an d 749 respectively.) As neither a Scotch bishop nor clergy man had large re

venues at that time (nor indeed any time after the Refor.

Replies mation), it is almost impossible to conceive that he could bave purchased these with his savings. They must,

SOLOMON AND THE GENII. therefore, either have been conveyed to him by his father,

(3rd S. xii. 46.) or purchased with money derived from him. * From experience I know that our parish registers in

The stories of the pre-Adamite Jins, Peris, Divs, Scotland are worth little till after the Revolution, having and Tacwins have come down to us through been kept on loose sheets; indeed, the presbytery records Jewish traditions. (Sale, Prelim. Dis. iv.) But are full of injunctions to the Book Sessions to get bound

the Koran and its commentators have something books.-GEORGE VERE IRVING.”]

to say on the subject of Solomon and the Jins

(Genii) or devils (ch. ii. p. 13; xxi. p. 270 ; xxvii. FIRST SABBATH SCHOOL IN ENGLAND. I have p. 310, Sale). In Surat, xxxviii. (p. 374, Sale), seen it recently recorded that the first Sabbath Allah says: school in Great Britain was formed by Mr. Robert

“We also tempted Solomon and placed on his throne Raikes in Gloucester in 1781:

a devil in human form."...“We made the wind subject "As Robert Raikes walked out one day,

to him ; it ran gently at his command, withersoever we To see if children were at play,

directed. And we also put the devils under him and Some boys were seen on Sabbath day

among them, such as were every way skilled in building, A playing, playing-ah me,

and in diving for pearls, &c.". Then away, away.”

The Talmudists have the following fable of The Golden Shower, p. 104. May I ask what is known of Mr. Raikes, and if Asâf and Sakhar. (See Sale's note to the above

quotation.) it is true that he was the first to establish Sab

Solomon having taken Sidon, and slain the bath schools in England ?

W. W.

king of that city, brought away his daughter Malta. [Robert Raikes was born in 1735, and succeeded his she ceased not to lament her father's loss, he

Jerâda, who became his favourite ; and because father as a printer and editor of the Gloucester Journal ordered the devils to make an image of him for He received a liberal education, and prospered in trade. her consolation ; which being done, and placed in He formed a plan of bestowing upon the prisoners in her chamber, she and her maids worshipped it gaols moral and religious instruction, and regular em

morning and evening, according to their custom. ployment; but his greatest recommendation is, in con

At length Solomon, being informed of this idolatry, junction with the late Rev. Thomas Stock, the institution

which was practised under his roof, by his vizir of Sunday schools in 1781. He died at Gloucester, Asâf, he broke the image, and having chastised April 3, 1811, aged seventy-five years. Most recent

the woman, went out into the desert, where he biographical dictionaries give some account of him. wept and made supplications to God, who did not Consult also the European Magazine, xiv. 315 (with por- think fit, however, to let his negligence pass withtrait) ; xv. 350* ; Gentleman's Magazine, vol. ci. (pt. ii.), out some correction. It was Solomon's custom, pp. 132, 294, 391, and Joseph Ivimey's Memoir of William while he eased or washed himself, to entrust his Fox, 18mo, 1831.]

signet, on which his kingdom depended, with a VULGATE BIBLE, 1491.—I have a copy of the concubine of his named Amina. One day, thereVulgate Bible, about the rarity and value of fore, when she had the ring in her custody, a which I shall be glad if you or any of your cor

devil named Sakhar came to her in the shape of respondents can give me any information. It has Solomon, and received the ring from her; by no title-page, but seems in other respects quite virtue of which he became possessed of the kingcomplete and in good order, with old wooden dom, and sat on the throne in the shape which boards. At the end of the Book of Revelation he had borrowed, making what alterations in the there is the following colophon (I do not give law he pleased. Solomon, in the meantime, being the contractions) :

changed in his outward appearance, and known to “ Impensis attamen et singulari cura spectabilis viri none of his subjects, was obliged to wander about Nicolai Keslers civis Basiliensis Anno Legis Novæ Mil- and beg alms for his subsistence; till at length, lesimo quadringentesimo Nonagesimo primo. Nona after the space of forty days, which was the time Januarii."

the image had been worshipped in his house, the The first letter of each chapter is coloured. devil flew away, and threw the signet into the

GAMMA.

sea; the signet was immediately swallowed by a [This is the second edition of the Biblia Sacra Latina, fish, which being taken and given to Solomon, he printed at Basil by Nic. Kesler. The first edition ap- found the ring in its belly, and having by this peared in 1487, and is described in Bibliotheca Susseriana, means recovered the kingdom, took Sakhar, and vol. i. part ii. p. 338; and some account of the second edi- tying a great stone to his neck, threw him into tion is given by Panzer, Annales Typographici, i. 169, as the lake Tiberias. (Talm. En Jacob, part ii, et well as by Masch, pt. ii. vol. iii. p. 134. Both editions Yalkut in Lib. Reg. p. 182; Al Beid. Jallal. are extremely rare.]

Abu'lfeda.)

T. J. BUCKTON.

THE SONGS OF BIRDS.

sider the king of English feathered songsters) evi

dently practising his song with great care, and (3rd S. xi. 380.)

trying new cadences and variations, and very inBesides the works of Kircher and Bechstein, teresting it was to listen to the performance. The referred to by the editor and correspondents, I may lark may be said to have the greatest execution, mention that a very interesting and entertaining but the quality of the thrush's voice and its exbook called The Music of Nature, Mr. Gar- pression I think rank it as a whole above the diner, appeared between thirty and forty years ago, Iark. The blackbird's tone is good, but its song in which this subject was treated on.

The author is monotonous. It will repeat the same strain converted into musical notation almost all the without altering a note for a whole evening. The sounds under the sun, ranging from the inflexions robin is a sweet and accomplished songster, and, and modulation of Edmund Kean's voice down to considering its size, has plenty of power. Indeed the bray of a donkey! If I recollect right, he the great distance to which birds with their tiny also set to music the colours of the prism! No throats can send their sweet songs shows a condoubt his musical enthusiasm carried him great struction of their organ as one of the most wonlengths. Nevertheless there is much that is derful of the numberless wonderful works of the noteworthy in the book. Having been myself Almighty.

M, H, R. musical from my very cradle, and having made long and frequent observations of the songs of birds, I have come to the decided conclusion that

DOCTOR WOLCOT. the natural songs of English birds (the only birds with which in a state of nature I am acquainted)

(3rd S. xi. 450, 526; xii. 39.) are never capable of musical notation-are never, In the English Encyclopaedia (Biogr.) vol. vi. in fact, in tune with our musical scale. People p. 781, I find it stated that, before leaving Eng. may be startled by such an assertion, which is, in land with Sir W. Trelawney for Jamaica, “Wolother words, that all birds sing out of tune. But cott (sie) procured the degree of M.D. from the I think that any musical man with what is com University of Aberdeen." The same paragraph monly, but erroneously, called a good ear * for adds that, “having his hopes of a lucrative pracmusic, and also an ordinary amount of musical tice in Jamaica dispelled,” “ Dr. Wolcott proscience, will, on trying the experiment, find that ceeded to England, and was ordained by the the intervals of birds notes do not correspond Bishop of London." with ours, and that they never sing according to If this account of the English Cyclopedia be any key corresponding with ours. I have care

correct, it sets at rest MR. MACKENZIE WALCOTT's fully guarded my assertion by restricting it to doubt of Peter Pindar's medical degree ; and also natural song, and therefore it is hardly necessary invalidates the statement which E. S. D. has to add that it does not relate to piping bullfinches, quoted from the memoir prefixed to the works of &c., which may be taught by their power of imita- Peter Pindar in 4 vols. 12mo, 1809. Also, it leads tion to sing correctly in tune. Ny observations me to conclude that Wolcot was spelt indifferlead me to suppose that birds have not only great ently with a single or a double t, although the pleasure in singing, but some of them are endowed latter shocks Mr. Walcott's accuracy. with not only a talent for imitation but also with a In Rose's Biographical Dictionary (vol. xii. spirit of emulation. I have frequently, listened art.“ Wolcott"), it is stated that he graduated for a length of time to a little robin imitating M.D. at Aberdeen, and further, that on his return the cadences of a thrush in a neighbouring tree, from Jamaica he took orders. repeating them with a fair degree of accuracy, In Chambers' Cyclopædia of English Literature and evidently straining its little throat (but in (vol. ii. p. 78) it is stated distinctly that "the vain) to equal the superior power and richness of Bishop of London ordained the graceless neophyte, the larger bird.

and Wolcot entered upon his sacred duties.' I have seen it remarked somewhere--very My own edition of the Doctor's poems is a likely in that charming little book, White's quarto of the date 1787. It has no preface or Natural History of Selborne—that early in the introduction, nor can I hit upon any internal eviseason singing birds appear to be out of practice, dence bearing upon the question at issue. But and perform but poorly; but as the spring ad- this at least may be said, that there is a consensus vances, and they exercise their voices, they improve of authority that the Doctor was an Aberdeen in quality and execution. This observation I can M.D., and 'not a soi-disant doctor; also, that the contirm. I have heard a thrush (which I con error of spelling, if it be one, into which I fell The musical faculty is undoubtedly an intellectual

in my first reply to a query, is one which such one--not depending on the external organ. Many musi

accurate men as Rose and C. Knight have shared cal geniuses, like Beethoven, have been stone deaf, and with me.

J. B. DAVIES. many unmusical people have the most acute hearing. Moor Court, Kington.

The

In the Dictionary of Universal Biography, edited but there is no notice again of any graduation. br John Francis Waller, Esq., there is an article He also says that “ Wolcot had scarcely qualified on Wolcott (spelt with two t's) by Mr. Francis for the office” [a colonial living], " when he reEspinasse, in which it is stated that

signed it.” The Scots' Magazine (iv. 192) and * After a course of schooling in various places, diver- Mr. Cyrus Redding spell his name with one t; sified by a year's residence in Normandy, he removed to the European Magazine gives two ts. The one Fowey in Comwall, where a kind uncle, a medical man, ascertained fact remains that MR. DAVIES should who had already defrayed the expenses of his education, have written Wolcot or Wolcott, not Walcott. adopted him as his heir, and brought him up to his own profession. He was anxious to see the world, and at

MACKENZIE E. C. Walcott, B.D., F.S.A. his request his uncle persuaded Sir William Trelawney, appointed governor of Jamaica, to take Wolcott with him. On his arrival in Jamaica he practised medicine,

Memoirs of persons written during their lifeand-strange episode in the history of such a man-he time are seldom of much value. Little confidence actually went to England, and was ordained by the can, I think, be placed in the

memoir prefixed to Bishop of London, that he might accept a cure of souls Peter Pindar's works, 1809. The language of the in Jamaica. The duties of his new charge were, of course, but indifferently performed, and after the death of the

extract given by E. S. D. shows clearly that Dr.

Wolcot himself could not have sanctioned it. governor of Jamaica, Wolcott returned to England. After various ineffectual attempts to obtain a medical Moreover, it is exceedingly improbable that a practice in Cornwall, he removed to London.”

member of the household of the Governor of In Chambers' Cyclopædia of English Litera- Jamaica would have been permitted to act in a

manner so irregular as stated in the memoir. ture, vol. ii. p. 78, it is said that “Wolcot's (with one t here) uncle, a respectable sur Wolcot in the Penny Cyclopædia is very circum

The following passage from an article on Dr. geon and apothecary at Fowey, took the charge of his education. 'He was instructed in medicine, and walked stantial: the hospitals' in London, after which he proceeded to “ Before leaving England, Wolcot procured the degree Jamaica with Sir William Trelawney, governor of the

of M.D. from the University of Aberdeen. island, who had engaged him as his medical attendant.

Incumbent of a valuable living in the island being dan... His time being only partly employed by his profes- gerously ill, the Governor suggested to his young friend sional avocations, he solicited and obtained from his that he might obtain preferment in the Church. Wolcot patron the gift of a living in the church, which happened upon this hint proceeded to England, and was ordained to be then vacant. The Bishop of London ordained the by the Bishop of London; but on his return the clergygraceless neophyte, and Wolcot entered upon his sacred man whom he was to succeed had recovered, and he was duties. . . . Bidding adieu to Jamaica and the church, obliged to remain contented with the curacy of Vere.” Wolcot accompanied Lady Trelawney to England, and established himself as a physician at Truro."

The authority for this article is stated to be Mr. Espinasse says that there is a copious the Annual Biography and Obituary for 1820. memoir of 'Wolcot in the Annual Biography and Dr. Wolcot was certainly not an estimable, but Obituary for 1820. If E. S. D. will refer to this

, has been raised with regard to his ordination

he was a remarkable man, and the question which he will probably obtain the information he is seeking as to whether or no Peter Pindar really ought to be settled. The only way to do so took orders. JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

authoritatively, is to examine the records of ordi5, Selwood Place, Brompton, S.W.

nations in the diocese of London. Perhaps some of

your readers have access to them, and will do this.

H. P. D. I did not accuse MR. DAVIES of being incorrect to a “t," but of misspelling Wolcot's name

The variations in statement with regard to as “Walcott," thus confounding two families

" Peter Pindar" in the notes of several of your essentially distinct. As regard's Wolcot's qualifications for a degree, the European Magazine says authorities for their different statements, may be

correspondents, and their reference to different that he was appointed physician-general to the settled by turning to the Annual Biography, 1819, island of Jamaica," but gives no hint of his place in which periodical is a memoir, evidently drawn of graduation, and touching his amateur clerical function (to use the gentlest term for the act), He was, as the Gentleman's Magazine states,

up by an intimate friend, after Wolcot's decease. the same authority adds :

"John Wolcot, M.D., painter and poet." He “ This circumstance of his life honest Peter has always obtained a doctor's degree (1767) at Aberdeen in been unwilling to acknowledge, but as impartial biographers we think it our duty to reveal it to our readers.” Scotland,

and in the same year went with Sir (1787, vol. xii. 92.)

William Trelawney to Jamaica, and at his decease Mr. Redding says:

returned to Cornwall and practised as a physician.

He never“ took orders," i. e. was not ordained by * He completed his studies at Paris, and had quitted the paternal roof at an early age to reside with an uncle

a bishop of the church in England, though he at Fowey .... there he was to be initiated in the art of might have officiated clerically in Jamaica from manslaying secundum artem,”

the want of clergy in that island. In 1780 he

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