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Morford v. Chicago, oto., R. Co.

listening could have heard, an approaching train in time to have avoided injury, it will be presumed, in case he is injured by collision, either that he did not look, or, if he did look, that he did not heed what he saw. The law will assume in such case that such person actually saw what he could have seen if he had looked, and heard what he could have heard if he had listened. Pittsburgh, etc., R. Co. v. Fraze, 150 Ind. 576, 579, 65 Am. St. 377, and cases cited; Lake Erie,' etc., R. Co. v. Stick, 143 Ind. A49, and cases cited; Oleson v. Lake Shore, etc., R. Co., 143 Ind. 405, 411, 412, 413, 32 L. R. A. 149, and cases oited; Chicago, etc., R. Co. v. Hedges, 118 Ind. 5, 10, 11.

The special finding of facts made by tho jury clearly show that the deceased could have seen the hoadlight of the approaching locomotive in time to havo avoided said injuries if he had looked, and that he hoard the noise of said south bound train, and knew it was approaching said crossing from the north when he was at Hiatt's barn, about ten minutes before the collision, and could have heard the noise of said train at any time thereafter until the collision if he had listened. He had an unobstructed view of the track to the north, and he either did not look and listen, or if he looked and listened he did not heed what he saw and heard, but took upon himself the risk of attempting to cross in front of an approaching train. Cones v. Cincinnati, etc., R. Co., 114 Ind. 328, 330, and cases cited. Such conduct is, under the authorities cited, negligence per se. See cases cited supra.

It is not material, therefore, that there is no finding that he did not look, for the result is the same as if such finding had been made. As the deceased knew said train was approaching, it can not be claimed that the failure to ring the bell and sound the whistle misled him.

Apppellant insists that we must indulge the presumption that the finding that it was “snowing and blowing'' shows that it was a blinding snow, and shut out the view of objects a few feet away. The jury, however, found that the

Hays v. Pagh.

deceased could have seen the headlight of the locomotive for a distance of one-half mile. There is no conflict between these two findings, and we are not required to indulge any presumptions as to either that will make it conflict with the other. The two findings show that, while it was blowing and snowing, the decedent could see the approaching train at the distance of one-half mile.

As the special finding of facts show that the deceased was guilty of contributory negligence which directly contributed to his injury, the court did not err in rendering judgment thereon in favor of appellee. $556 Burns 1901, 8547 R. S. 1881, and Horner 1901.

Judgment affirmed.

500

549

Hays v. PUGH, TRUSTEE, ET AL.

158 170

[No. 19,526. Filed May 20, 1902. ] APPEALS. — Vacation Appeal.-Death of Appellee Before Service of Proce88.Dismissal.-A vacation appeal will be dismissed, where one of the appellees, who had appeared in the court below in the capacity of trustee for creditors, had died after transcript had been filed, and before he was served with notice of appeal and his successor had not been made an appellee. From Hancock Circuit Court; C. G. Offutt, Judge.

Action to quiet title by Emma Hays against Joseph W. Pugh, trustee for the benefit of the creditors of Samuel Cassell, and others. From a judgment for defendant, plaintiff appeals. Transferred from the Appellate Court, under $1337u Burns 1901. Appeal dismissed.

A. C. Carver, M. E. Forkner and G. D. Forkner, for appellant.

W. A. Kittinger and W. S. Diven, for appellees.

Monks, J.-This action was brought by appellant against appellees to quiet title to real estate described in the complaint. A trial of the cause resulted in a judgment in favor

Hays v. Pagh.

of appellees for costs, and that appellant take nothing by her said action.

The Alexandria National Bank, one of the appellees, insists that as this is a vacation appeal, it must be dismissed because Joseph W. Pugh, trustee, one of the appellees, died after the transcript was filed and before he was served with notice of the appeal, and his successor, Jacob L. Crouse, has not been made an appellee, and served with notice of the appeal.

The transcript was filed December 3, 1900, the day before the expiration of the year allowed for appeal. Process was issued by the clerk December 3, 1900, and returned January 8, 1901, showing service on all the resident appellees except Joseph W. Pugh, trustee for the benefit of the creditors of Samuel Cassell, who died December 28, 1900, without any notice being served upon him. The other appellees being non-residents, notice was given them by publication.

Jacob L. Crouse was appointed trustee for the creditors of Samuel Cassell, to succeed Pugh, deceased, on January 4, 1901. No steps were taken to make said Crouse, trustee, an appellee, or to give him notice of the appeal until July 1, 1901, when appellant filed an application suggesting the death of said Pugh, trustee, and asking that Crouse, his successor as trustee, be substituted, and that notice be issued and served upon him. On October 9, 1901, said application was denied by the Appellate Court where the appeal was then pending. Said Crouse, trustee, has never been made an appellee or brought into court.

It has been uniformly held by this court that the parties to a judgment appealed from, adverse to appellant, must be made appellees; that in vacation appeals this court only acquires jurisdiction over the parties to a judgment adverse to appellant who are named as appellees in the assignment of errors and who appear, or are properly served with notice. Capital Nat. Bank v. Reid, 154 Ind. 54, 56; Ex

Hays v. Pugh.

parte Sullivan, 154 Ind. 440; McClure v. Shelburne, etc., Co., 147 Ind. 119, 121, 122; Garside v. Wolf, 135 Ind. 42, 43, 44, and cases cited; Loucheim v. Seeley, 151 Ind. 665, 666, 667; Abshire v. Williamson, 149 Ind. 248, 251, 252, and cases cited; National, etc., Assn. v. Huntsinger, 150 Ind. 702; State, ex rel., v. East, 88 Ind. 602; Hunderlock v. Dundee, etc., Co., 88 Ind. 139; Ewbank's Manual, $149.

It is also settled by the above authorities that, if parties to the judgment adverse to appellant are not made appellees, or in a vacation appeal if made appellees, do not appear, and are not notified as required by law, this court has no jurisdiction to determine the appeal upon its merits.

Rule thirty-six of the Supreme and Appellate Courts, in force since November 26, 1900, provides that "where a case appealed in vacation has been on the docket ninety days or more, and there is no appearance by the appellee, and no steps have been taken to bring him into court; or where a notice has been issued and proves ineffectual from any cause, and no steps are taken for more than ninety days after the issuance of such ineffectual notice to bring the appellee into court, the clerk shall enter an order dismissing the appeal.”

It was held by this court in O'Mara v. Wabash R. Co., 150 Ind. 648, 650, 651, under said rule that, if an ineffectual notice for any cause requires additional steps to be taken by an appellant, he is not entitled to an indefinite time to take such steps. See, also, Cole v. Franks, 147 Ind. 281, 283, 284; Farwell Co. v. Newman, 17 Ind. App. 649.

In this case the process issued was ineffectual because not served on Pugh, trustee, who died December 28, 1900. His successor was appointed January 4, 1901, and no steps were taken to make him an appellee until July 1, 1901. · The Appellate Court, by overruling the application then made, held that appellant was not entitled to make said Crouse, trustee, an appellee on July 1, 1901, more than six months after the year allowed for appeal had expired.

Modern Woodmen v. Noyes.

It follows, from what we have said, and the authorities cited, that Pugh, trustee, not having appeared nor having been served with notice of the appeal as required by law, and his successor not having been made an appellee, we have no jurisdiction to determine this appeal upon its merits, and the same must be dismissed.

Appeal dismissed.

MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA V. NOYES ET AL.

158 503 63 393

[No. 19,810. Filed May 20, 1902. ) INSURANCE. — Foreign Fraternal Company. - Process. - In an action

against a foreign fraternal and beneficial corporation on a benefit
certificate, service of process on the chief officers of the local
lodge is sufficient, where such corporation had failed to comply
with 849148 Burns 1901, by filing with the Auditor of State its
consent that service of process might be made apon such officer.
pp. 504-506.
SAME.Liability on Policy.--Exception. —Pleading.Where in a life

policy the engagement to pay is general, it is not necessary in
an action on the policy that the complaint should negative a pro-
vision of non-liability in the nature of an exception, since that is
a matter of defense. pp. 506, 507.
From Steuben Circuit Court; E. D. Hartman, Judge.

Action by Cora B. Noyes and another against the
Modern Woodmen of America on an insurance policy.
From a judgment for plaintiffs, defendant appeals.
Transferred from Appellate Court, under $1387u Burns
1901. Affirmed.

J. W. White, D. R. Best, E. A. Bratton and C. A. Yotter, for appellant.

J. G. Yeagley, W. G. Croxton and F. M. Powers, for appellees.

GILLETT, J.—The appellees brought this action against appellant in the court below upon a policy of insurance or benefit certificate issued by appellant to appellees, insuring the life of one Frank Noyes. On the 14th day of

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