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of the Gospel; its objects are coextensive with those of its fellow labourer; its managers are the Bishops of our church, and the superior clergy resident in the metropolis. Here we have a sufficient pledge that its operations will be carried on with wisdom, and we know that its labours have, under the blessing of God, been successful. We know, indeed, that in the Committee of the other Society, there are excellent and pious men, but still the security, in our opinion, is not so ample: we doubt their judgment in formally recognising the sermon preached before them at their last anniversary, and in annexing it to their annual Report; thus adopting a Calvinistic confession, and declaring, that in the pulpit of the Church of England, the gospel is not preached. In making these remarks, we fear not the charge of jealousy and aversion, for we feel none. May the heathen be converted! May the kingdom of God come! Whoever advance this cause, our prayers are with them. And we honestly and truly believe, that we best perform our part in this great work, by supporting the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts.
We are induced to give here a short statement respecting Bishop's College, and we beg to say, that our information is derived from a history of the establishment, read at the request of Bishop Heber, at a Meeting of the Bombay District Committee.
"The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, is the body to whose influence and exertions this foundation is to be attributed." In 1818, the Society placed a sum of 5000l. in the hands of Bishop Middleton, to be appropriated in whatever manner might seem to him best for the propagation of the gospel in India. The Bishop suggested the establishment of a mission college near Calcutta; and this proposition was immediately adopted by the Society. A petition, accompanied by a memorial of the Society's past proceedings, was presented by the President the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Archbishop of York, to the Prince Regent, who was graciously pleased to authorise a collection throughout England "in furtherance of the eastern operations
of the Society." The sum collected amounted to upwards of 50,000l.
"It was under these auspices, and with that confidence of a permanent endowment, which these new resources of the Society and the liberality of the British nation afforded, that the first Prelate of our Indian diocese commenced the foundation of Bishop's College." An appropriate piece of ground for the site of the College was granted by the Government of India to the Incorporated Society; and among several smaller gifts to the building fund, we must notice the splendid donation of 5000/. by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and of the same sum by the Church Missionary Society to Africa and the East. draft of the proposed statutes was prepared by Bishop Middleton, and forwarded to England; and these, with a few alterations, were adopted and ordained by the Incorporated Society. We will give one extract:
THE COLLEGE PROPERTY.
The College Estate, granted to the Incorporated Society by the Supreme Government of British India, in the name and on the behalf of the Honourable the East India Company, together with any additions to the same already made, or which may hereafter be made, as also the fabric, with its appurtenances, and all funds destined to the support of the College, or to the carrying on of its designs, and all property, real or personal belonging to, or connected with the Society's Missions or Schools, are vested in the Incorporated Society for ever; with whom also is the government, and the absolute and entire controul of the College, except so far as any power, jurisdiction, or authority, is or may be otherwise delegated by these Statutes, or by any other authentic act of the said Society.
In these statutes, too, the Society declares, that it "endows 20 theological scholarships in the College for students, from any part of the continent and islands of Ásia, under British protection and authority," to be employed as missionaries, schoolmasters, or catechists. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge has founded five scholarships at 50%. each per annum, for clerical students, to be denominated Bishop Middleton's Scholars, and has established one Tamul teacher at the same salary; and
it is with the highest gratification we state, that the Church Missionary Society in 1821, approving of the plan and reposing a generous confidence in the Incorporated Society, gave a further donation of 1000l. to the College, adding a confident expectation that the same grant would be annually repeated. In the same excellent spirit, a vote of 5000l. was made by the British and Foreign Bible Society, "in aid of that important branch of the proposed operations of the College, the translation of the Scriptures into the languages of India." As soon as the buildings were completed, the Incorporated Society sent out a collection of books to the value of about 1000%. for the use of the College. The annual expenditure of the Society, on behalf of the College, is at present above 4000/.
It is most satisfactory to record the following resolution agreed to by the Bombay Committee; for it gives the opinion of persons who were capable, by their own experience, of estimating the prospects and object of the College:
RESOLVED, That this meeting, being impressed with a high sense of the principles and proceedings of the Society, is further persuaded that Bishop's Mission College, founded by the Society near Calcutta, presents a safe and practicable method of propagating the Gospel among the nations of this country, by the gradual diffusion of knowledge, the superintendence and publication of religious tracts, the Liturgy and versions of Scripture, and the education of persons qualified to act as preachers of the Gospel, and schoolmasters.
We will now give a few extracts from the proceedings of the meeting at Newcastle. The worthy Vicar read an excellent account of the Societies, for which we must observe the public are primarily indebted to a pamphlet, ascribed to the Rev. J. C. Wigram, the exemplary Secretary of the National School Society, and noticed in our number for June last, page 353: this publication cannot be too generally known and circulated.
William Chapman, Esq. in conclusion, observed,
I am now reminded of the last words uttered but very lately by a faithful minister, and bright ornament of our church, on VOL. X. NO. I.
taking leave of a Christian brother of the same devoted spirit with himself. He held his hand, while, with the eye of faith, he appeared to penetrate within the veil, and earnestly exclaimed, in reference to his service to his Master, "we are but half awake!!" I am certain nothing but the Spirit of Christ can awaken us to our spiritual duties-can alone give us any apprehension of the love of God, of the value of an immortal soul, and of the glories of redemption. He alone can impress His love on our hearts, of which we may easily speak, but not so easily feel; and until it be felt, we are very slow to appreciate his example, and obey his divine command, 'as I have loved you, love ye one another.'
The Rev. J. B. Sumner, after reading the names of the officers of the intended District Society, remarked,
We look abroad into the world, and see men engaged in pursuing their own advantage, often with very little attention to the interests of others. We see them following up the concerns of time, and too frequently losing sight of the far more important concerns of eternity. Looking on the surface of the community, this is the aspect it presents. But these Societies shew that there is another aspect; something below the surface: they shew us a voluntary association of persons united with no view to their own advantage, but solely for the benefit of their fellow-creatures: united with no view towards the present world, but solely towards the interests of another. May I not add, especially when I consider the persons of whom the committee now before me is composed, that we see the same persons who are actively employed in the needful duties of life, leaving, for a while, their business, and neglecting their pleasures, that they may serve the cause of God and mankind, and not without effect.
We are quite sure the advocates of the Societies never serve their cause so effectually, as when they give their hearers information respecting their past and present operations. General observations, however excellent, create not so permanent an interest as facts. Hence, on this account especially, we have read with much satisfaction the speech of the Rev. Robert Green. We regret we can only extract the concluding paragraph:
In England, certainly, there is no need of that question of St. Paul,-"How shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard, and how shall they hear without a preacher?" For in the terms of the
same apostle,-"The word is nigh you, even in your mouth, and in your hearts." The gospel of Christ, thanks be to God, has gone over the whole of this blessed land; and the poorest man in the nation may, if he so pleases, hear it on every returning Sabbath-day, from the readingdesk and the pulpit. But it is not so in those countries in which the Society's missionaries are labouring; and anxious as they are to render it so, anxious as they are to increase and extend their operations, that cannot be done unless we come forward and furnish them with the means of carrying their benevolent designs into execution; if we do not so, perhaps thousands of souls may perish for lack of knowledge, and then will not the sin lie at our door? I trust, however, that an appeal will never be made in vain to the British public; more especially, when the object of that appeal is to enable others to provide for the spiritual wants of our fellow-creatures. And I augur well for the success of the general designs of the Society, from the alacrity manifested by the laity throughout the empire, to co-operate with the clergy in spreading the knowledge of the gospel. We know enough, I think, to excite us to join heart and hand in this pious work, and to stimulate us to fervent prayer, that the Lord of the harvest, who alone can bless the increase, would send forth more labourers into his vineyard. With a boldness, then, which my station in this town can alone warrant, I would now venture to ask you to give your aid to this Society, not merely by donations, but also to come forward with annual subscriptions, and join us, your ministers, in forming and supporting a District Committee for this town and neighbourhood. By so doing, you will most effectually co-operate with this Society; by so doing, you will be the means, under Divine Providence, of giving to others, what I am persuaded you yourselves consider as the choicest of God's gifts-the blessing of the everlasting gospel.
The Rev. W. S. Gilly observed, that public meetings and public appeals accorded with the manners, the tempers, and the wishes of the people of England; according first with the spirit of the constitution, the principle of them had intermingled itself with the concerns of religious and charitable bodies, which, if they desired the public to take an interest in them, must cheerfully and openly tell the public, at public meetings, what they had been about, what they had done, how it had been done, and what remained to be done.
The reverend gentleman proceeded to say, that, in turning over some of the former Reports of the Society for Pro
moting Christian Knowledge, he had found the following lamentation over the inadequate success of that Society :—“ It commenced its labours with firm, but unassuming confidence, trusting in the intrinsic excellence of its designs for success in a Christian land. But while, amidst its manifold exertions, it refrained from display and parade, noiseless and unobtrusive, they attracted but little of public observation. A knowledge of them was confined, for the most part, to the persons who were actively engaged in the cause; and thousands of those who were daily receiving their benefits, were ignorant of the source from which they were derived. Hence, though occupied in all that is grand in human projects, the advancement of the temporal and eternal happiness of man, it not only missed that fulness of patronage to which it reasonably looked, but has certainly, in proportion to the sphere of its operations, and the importance of its views, been less generally known to the public, than perhaps any other charitable institution in the kingdom." This eloquent exposé spoke volumes. It shews why our two most ancient Church Societies have not received that fulness of patronage to which they may reasonably look; not because their sphere of operations is contracted, or their utility questionable, but because they have refrained from giving sufficient publicity to their proceedings. "Refrained from parade and display-noiseless and unobtrusive," are the nicely chosen words in which that well-written Report signifies the Society's abstinence from any appeal like that to which they were then having recourse. But if its want of success be attributable solely to its unobtrusiveness, to "the noiseless tenour of its way," then, in the name of all that is stirring and active, let it keep silence no longer, but let its eulogists be " trumpettongued," and make its name and praises resound at public meetings, from one end of the kingdom to another. They had been taught, by painful experience, not to trust entirely to the intrinsic excellence of any cause for success, but "after the manner of men," to have recourse to such rational and ordinary means, as usually promote the ends we may have in view. An unanswerable argument in defence of giving the greatest publicity to their proceedings, was derived from the fact, that the Friends of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge had increased fivefold since the establishment of Diocesan and District Committees. Shall it be called parade and display, to tell the world, that two Church Societies had been
at work for 125 years, in doing all the good they could, not to Churchmen only, but to all mankind? There is nothing more in throwing themselves upon the public consideration, than saying, we will remain in darkness and in a corner no longer, because Charitable Societies, like tender plants, to which the utmost care is administered in doors, require to be brought to the light, or they languish and perish. Therefore, let it be said, our hearts have burned within us long enough, we have mused long enough; therefore, let us now speak out, and tell it abroad with our tongues, as well as our pens, that the Church has not been asleep, when others have been awake; that she, too, has been vigilant and active, if not in collecting money, yet in burnishing the arms of the spiritual panoply against the spiritual enemy, both at hoine and abroad.
S. P. G.-LIVERPOOL COMMITTEE.
Mr. Buddicom's Speech.
Everton, Liverpool, 11th Dec. 1827.
MR. EDITOR,-I have this day read the number of the Christian Remem
brancer for September last, containing
an account of the establishment of a Liverpool District Committee in aid of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The meeting, at which our excellent Diocesan presided, was addressed by other clergymen much more competent than myself to inform and interest it; but as the few remarks which I was called upon to make have been noticed at some length, I shall feel greatly obliged if you will permit me to correct an error into which your reporter has fallen, and which I should not wish to remain without an amendment. I did not make use of the expression attributed to me, "that the sun never set upon the British flag, as certainly an old saying, about the time of Richard the Second." The very alphabet of history would have abundantly contradicted such an assertion. The remark, that the sun never set upon our nation's flag, was made by the Reverend Gentleman who preceded me; and in noticing it, I merely observed, that it held good with much greater propriety in reference to Britain at this time, than to the kingdom of Spain under Philip the Second, of whose extensive
dominions it had been averred. May I beg the favour of having this note, or its substance, inserted in your next number. I remain, Sir, Your very obedient servant, R. P. BUDDICOM.
NATIONAL SCHOOL SOCIETY.
Vestry Room, St. Martin's in the Fields. 5th December, 1827.
Ar the monthly meeting of the General Committee of the above Society, the following grants were made for the usual purposes; viz. Shepton Mallet, Somerset, 100% conditionally; Peckham, 70%.; St. Matthew's district, Manchester, 150.; Burnley, Lancashire, 1007. in lieu of the former grant, the conditions of which could not be fulfilled; Helston, Cornwall, 60%. additional; Llanvrechva, Carnarvon, 25l. ; Brighthelmstone, 500l., the school in that town to which a former grant was made having been established without calling on the Society for the assistance which had been promised; Horsley, Derby, 601. conditionally. Several
cases were deferred till the meeting on the first Wednesday in January.
Report on the State of the Fund for the Relief of the Vaudois Protestants of Piedmont. London, June, 1828.
We are gratified in being able to call attention to the results of certain efforts which commenced about three years since in favour of the above interesting people. The Committee have at length published a report on the state of the funds of a most satisfactory nature. Before, however, we point out its leading features, we must express a hope that this is not all the Committee mean to give the public. A voice, loud and earnest, was lifted up in behalf of these people throughout the land. It was answered readily and liberally 64567. was placed at the disposal of the Committee. We admit they have rendered a faithful account of their stewardship: but we presume, meanwhile, some interesting correspondence has taken place; details have been brought to light; Vaudois practices and habits have been
elucidated; and, we doubt not, some accounts obtained of the manner in which our charitable efforts in their behalf have been witnessed. All these, we trust, are not to be kept in darkness. Therefore, while we thank the Committee for their prudential management of funds, we invite them to furnish us with something more palatable than a catalogue of names, a debtor and creditor account, and four meagre memoranda extracted from the minutes of the meeting. The Report is, however, highly satisfactory as to essentials. We have a full catalogue of contributors; and a good specimen of what may be effected by a little zeal in the separate list of Lichfield contributors.
"The Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury have been pleased to issue 1000l. in aid of the Vaudois, being a sum equal in amount to the arrears due to such pastors as were actually in the exercise of their functions between 1804 and 1807; and this sum has been divided between such of the said pastors as are now living, and the descendants of such as were then living but are since deceased." "The treasurer has received from the same quarter 2777. being the net annual amount of the royal pension formerly paid to the Vaudois pastors of Piemont." Of the gross amount of contributions, about 300l. have been transmitted to the pastors; 42691. invested in the stocks for the hospital fund; 1055% similarly secured for a school fund; and 5641. for a fund for the education for the ministry. The gross expenses of management have
been about 3 per cent. which we consider small.
The following facts are important:
"The hospital at La Tour, in the valley of Lucerne, was opened in the month of May 1816. During the course of the first year the number of patients admitted was sixty-four; of which forty-three were cured, seven died, and fourteen remained in the house. For the support of this establishment, London and Berlin send each annually 1207.; Holland, 1007.; and land purchased with the contributions in the Swiss Cantons, Genoa, Turin, &c. brings a return of 801. per
"A house in Pomaret, at the junction of the valleys of Perouse and St. Martin, has been fitted up as a dispensary, to be considered as a branch of the hospital; to this also London and Berlin contribute equal sums of 30l. per
"Hitherto children of both sexes have been assembled in the same schoolroom, and all such schools have been supported by Holland. On 1st August 1826, four schools for girls only were established by the London Committee in the most convenient points of the Vaudois territory. Some assistance has also been afforded for young persons intended for the ministry, and who pursue their studies at Lausanne and Geneva. The expense of these individuals, as well as that of the schools throughout the territory, has for some time been principally, if not entirely, defrayed by the liberality of the Dutch." W.
BOOKS IN THE PRESS.
Illustrations of the University of Cambridge, being a series of Picturesque Views, representing the Colleges, Halls, and other Public Buildings, especially such portions of them as are of recent erection, &c. &c.; together with different Parochial Churches, and some specimens of the domestic architecture which formerly obtained in Cambridge, many curiosities, &c. deposited in the Museum, and in different Colleges, by Messrs. T. STORER.-An Historical and Biographical Atlas, for the use of Schools and Students in History, by John Bruce, author of an Introduction to Geography and Astronomy.-The Fourth and conclud
ing Volume of the Rev. H. SOAMES' History of the Reformation of the Church of England. A new and improved edition of Debrett's Peerage. A new edition of the Christian Year, in one volume.-A new edition of the Tragedies of Eschylus, in 8vo., edited by Professor SCHOLEFIELD.— An Exposition of the Morning, Evening, and Communion Services in the Liturgy of the Church of England, in Thirteen Lectures, by the Rev. E. PATTESON. — A second edition of the Rev. GEORGE CROLY'S New Interpretation of the Apocalypse of St. John.-An Essay on Marriage, by the Rev. H. C. O'Donnoghue, of St. John's, Cambridge.