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to fome holy office. From the French word Sacrer, to confecrate or dedicate to the fervice of God.
SAD is frequently ufed for grave, fober, ferious.
To SAGG is (properly) to fink on one fide as weights do when they are not balanced by equal weights on the other. A SALLET or SALADE, a helmet. Span. Celada. Fr. Salade.
SALTIER, a term in Heraldy, one of the ordinaries in form of St. Andrew's crofs.
SANDED, of a fandy colour, which is one of the colours bebonging to a true blood-hound.
SAN DOMINGO, St Dominick. Span.
SANS, without, a French word.
To SCAN, to canvafs, to examine, to weigh and confider well any business.
SCARFED, pieced or joined clofe together; a term used by
SCATH, harm, mifchief.
A SCONCE, a fort, a fortrefs; alfo a man's head. To SCOTCH, to hack, to bruife, to crush. Ital. Schiacciare. SCROYLES, the difeafe call'd the King's evil. Fr. Ef croüells; here given as a name of contempt and abufe to the men of Angiers; as we fometimes fcurriloutly call meş Scabs.
To SCUTCH, to fwitch, to whip, to fcourge. Ital. Scuticare. SEAM, tailow, fat.
A SEA-MALL, a kind of gull, a bird haunting the fea
To SEFL, a term in falconry, to run a filk though the eyelids of a young hawk, and to draw them near together in order to make the hawk bear a hood.
SESSA OF SESSEY, peace, be quiet. Lat. Ceffa.
A SHARD, a tile or broken piece of a tile: thence figuratively a fcale or fhell upon the back of any creature. The Shard-born beetle means the beetle that is born up by wings hard and glazed like a pot-fheard.
To SHARK UP, to pick up in a thievifh manner. Fr. Chercher,
SHEEN, clear, bright; also brightnefs, luftre: used in both fenfes by Spencer.
To SHEND, to blame, to reprove, to difgrace, to evil-intreat.
A SHIVE, a flice.
A SHOWGHE, a rough coated dog, a shock.
To SHRIVE, to confefs.
A SIEGE, a feat: alfo the fundament of a man, in which fenfe the French often ufe it; Mal au fiege: une fiftule au fiege.
SIZES, certain portions of bread, beer, or other victuals, which in public focieties are fet down to the account of particular perfons: a word still used in the Colleges of the Universities.
SIZED, bedawbed as with fize, which is a glewish compofition ufed by painters. Ital. Sifa.
To SKIRR, to fcour about a country.
SLEADED OF SLEDED, carried on a fled or fledge.
SLOP, wide-knee'd breeches.
SLOUGH, an hufk, an outward skin.
SMIRCH'D, fmeared, daubed, dirtied.
To SNEAP, to check, to inub, to rebuke.
SOOTH, true or truth: alfo, adulation, in the sense of the verb to footh,
To SowLE, to lug or pull.
A SOWTER, a cobler. Lat. Sutor. In this paffage it is intended as the name of a dog.
TO SPERR, Prol. to Tr. and Cref. to bolt, to barricado, or any way faften.
SPLEEN is often used for a fudden start, a hafty motion, a momentary quickness.
A SPRAY, a young tender fhoot or branch of a tree.
To SQUARE, to jar, to wrangle or quarrel. For the derivation fee the next word.
A SQUARER, a fwaggering blade. This word is taken from the French phrafe, fe quarrer, which fignifies to strut with arms a-kembo, (anfatus incedere) an action which denotes a character of an hectoring braggadocio. The French fay, Les jeuns fanfarons fe quarrent en ma:cbant. A SQUIER, the fame as a íquare.
ASTANYEL, otherwife called a Ring-tail, a kind of buzzard, or kite.
STATION, attitude, prefence, perfon.
A STATIST, a ftat: fman. Ital. Statifia.
STICKLER-LIKE; Sticklers were feconds appointed in a
duel to fee fair play, who parted the combatants when they thought fit: and this being done by interpofing with a ftick, from thence came the name.
STIGMATICAL, branded with marks of difgrace. Lat. Stigmaticus.
A STITHY, an anvil. TO STITHY, to beat upon an anvil. STOCCATA, a thruft in fencing; an Italian word.
A STOLE, a robe, a long garment, a mantle, a woman's gown: ufed alfo by Spencer. Lat. Stold.
To SUGGEST, to prompt or egg on.
SUMPTER, a beaft which carries neceffaries on a journey. SURCEASE, this generally fignifies the fufpenfion of any
act, but in this paffage it ftands for the total ceafing after the final execution of it. Fr. Surfeoir.
A SWABBER, an inferior officer in a fhip, whose business it is to keep the fhip clean.
ATABOURINE, a drum. Fr. Tabourin.
TO TAKE, to blait, to ftrike with infection. Fr. Attaquer. TALL is very frequently ufed for eminent, notable, confiderable.
To TARR ON, to provoke, to urge, as they fet on dogs to fight.
ATASSEL-GENTLE, a particular kind of hawk, the male of the faulcon. In frictnefs it should be fpelt Tiercelgentle. Fr. Tiercelet.
TEEN, trouble, grief.
TESTED, tried, put to the teft.
A TETHER, a long rope with which horfes are tied to confine their feeding to a certain compafs, and prevent their trefpaffing further.
THEWES, finews, mufcles, bodily ftrength.
TINY, fmail, fender Lat. Tenuis.
To Tozɛ, to break in pieces to draw out, or pull afunder, as they do wool, by carding it to make it foft. Tozzare: thence figuratively, by artful infinuations to draw out the fecrets of a man's thoughts.
To TRAMELL UP, to ftop; A metaphor taken from a tramel-net which is ufed to be put crofs a river from bank to bank, and catches all the fish that come, fuffering none to país. Fr. Tramail.
TRICK is a word frequently used for the air, or that pecuharity in a face, voice or gesture, which diftinguishes it from others.
TRICKSEY, dainty, curious, fleight.
TRIGON, a term in a trology, when three figns of the fame nature and quality meet in a trine afpe&t.
TROLL-MADAM, a game commonly call'd Pigeon-holes. TROUSSERS, a kind of breeches wide and tucked up high, such as are still worn in the robes of the order of the garter, Fr. Treufe: but strait trouflers" in this paffage has a jefting fenfe and means the natural skin without any breeches. To TRUSS, is a term in falconry, when a hawk near the ground raiseth a fowl and foaring upward with it feizeth it in the air.
To TRY, a term in failing: a fhip is faid to Try when the hath no more fail abroad but her main-fal, when her tacks are close aboard, the bowlings fet up and the sheets haled clufe aft; when alfo the helm is tied clife down to the board and fo fhe is let lie in the fea.
TUB-PAST, the ancient difcipline of the fweating-tub and fafting for the cure of the French difeafe.
TUCKET, a prelude or voluntary in mulick, a flourish of inftruments. Ita!. Toccata.
TURLURU, a crack-brain, a fool, a Tom of Bedlam: ap Italian word.
TO VAIL, to let down, to drop, to stoop.
VANTBRACE, defenfive armour for the arm. Fr. Avant-brą. VARY, variation, change.
VAUNT-COURIERS, fore-runners. Fr. Avant coureurs. VAWARD, the fame as van-guard, the first line of an army: and from thence the forward or leading part of any thing. VELURE, velvet, Fr. Velours.
VENEW, a reft or bout in fencing.
A VENTIGE, a vent or paffage for air. Fr. Ventoufe.
VICE, "Vice's dagger," and "Like the old Vice." This was the name given to a droll figure her tofore much shown upon our ftage and brought in to play the fool and make fport for the populace. His dref's was always a long jerkin, a fool's cap with affes-ars and a thin wooden dagger, fuch as is ftill retained in modern figures of Harlequin and Scaramouche. Minshew and others of our more modern
criticks ftrain hard to find out the etymology of this word
and fetch it from the Greek: probably we need look no farther for it than the old French word Vis, which fignified the fame as Vifage does now: From this in part came f dafe a word common among them for a fool, which Menage fays is but a corruption from Vis d'afne the face or head of an aís. It may be imagin'd therefore that Vidaje or Vis d' afne was the name first given to this foolish theatrical figure, and that by vulgar use it was shorten'd down to plain Visor Vice. TO VICE, to hold fast as with an inftrument call'd a vice. UMBER, a colour ufed by painters, a dark yellow. UNANAEAL'D, unprepared. To anneal or neal in its primary and proper fenie is to prepare metals or glafs by the force of fire for the different ufes of the manufacturers in them and this is here applied by the author in a figurative fenfe to a dying perfon, who when prepared by impreffions of piety, by repentance, confeffion, abfolution, and other acts of religion, may be faid to be anneal'd for death.
UNANOINTED, not having received extreme unction. UNBARBED, bare, uncover'd. In the time of Chivalry when a horfe was fully armed and accoutered for the incounter, he was faid to be barbed; probably from the old word Barbe which Chaucer ufes for a veil or covering. UNBATED, unabated, unblunted.
UNBRAIDED, unfaded, fresh.
UNBREECH'D, not yet in breeches, a boy in coats.
UNHOUSEL'D, without having received the facrament. Houfel is a Saxon word for the Eucharift, which feems derived from the Latin Hoftiola.
UNNEATH, hardly, fcarcely.
An URCHIN, an hedge-hog, which was reckon'd among the animals ufed by witches as their familiars: hence figuratively, a little unlucky mifchievous boy or girl.
UTAS OF UTIS, the eighth and last day of a feftival, for fo long the great feftivals were accounted to lait, the conclufion being kept with more than ordinary merriment: from the Fr. Huit.
To th' UTTERANCE, to the utmost, to all extremity. Fr. à Outrance. At UTT'RANCE, at all extremity.
To WAGE, to combat with, to enter into conflict with, to