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accordingly ad-din Afghan Agra Ala-ad-din Khan amirs appointed arrived arrows attack Bahrah Balban banks battle booty brought Burhan Aghlan caliph camp chief command conquest court crossed the river Daulat death defeated elephants emperor encamped enemy favour Firoz Shah fled flight forces Gakkar gave Ghazi Khan Ghazni gold Gwalior halted Hati hills Hind Hindus Hindustan holy honour horse Humayun hundred Ibrahim Imad-ad-din India infidels inhabitants Islam Jahan Jahan Shah Jahangir Jaipal Jumna Kabul Kashmir Khorasan Khwaja king Kutb-ad-din Lahore Lakhnauti leagues Mahdi Khwaja Majesty Malik Malik Kafur Mallu Khan marched Mirza Ghiyas Beg Moghuls Mohammad Mohammedan mountain Mu'izz-ad-din Muharram Mussulmans Nasir-ad-din night nobles officers ordered palace plundering prayers princes prisoners Rabi'-al-awwal raja Raziya reached reign religion returned royal army rupees Sayyids sent Shaikh Shawwal Siwalik Hills soldiers Sultan Mahmud Sultan Raziya Sultan Shams-ad-din sword thousand throne Timur tomb took troops Turks Uchh Ulugh Khan victory
Page 319 - Destitution at length reached such a pitch that men began to devour each other, and the flesh of a son was preferred to his love. The numbers of the dying caused obstructions in the roads, and every man whose dire sufferings did not terminate in death and who retained the power to move wandered off to the towns and villages of other countries. Those lands which had been famous for their fertility and plenty now retained no trace of productiveness...
Page 162 - Among the gifts which God bestowed upon me, His humble servant, was a desire to erect public buildings. So I built many mosques and colleges and monasteries, that the learned and the elders, the devout and the holy, might worship God in these edifices, and aid the kind builder with their prayers.
Page 280 - ... principle. Thus a faith, based on some elementary principles, traced itself on the mirror of his heart, and, as the result of all the influences which were brought to bear on His Majesty, there grew, gradually as the outline on a stone, the conviction in his heart that there were sensible men in all religions, and abstemious thinkers, and men endowed with miraculous powers, among all nations.
Page 280 - Night and day people did nothing but inquire and investigate. Profound points of science, the subtleties of revelation, the curiosities of history, the wonders of nature, of which large volumes could only give a summary abstract, were ever spoken of. His Majesty collected the opinions of every one, especially of such as were not...
Page 167 - Under the guidance of the Almighty I arranged that the heirs of those persons who had been slain in the reign of my late lord and patron, Sultan Muhammad Shah, and those who had been deprived of a limb, nose, eye, hand, or foot, should be reconciled to the late Sultan and be appeased with gifts, so that they executed deeds declaring their satisfaction, duly attested by witnesses.
Page 168 - Musulman should be exempt from the jizya, or poll-tax. Information of this came to the ears of the people at large, and great numbers of Hindus presented themselves, and were admitted to the honour of Islam. Thus they came forward day by day from every quarter, and, adopting the faith, were exonerated from the jizya, and were favoured with presents and honours.
Page 251 - ... more troops. But God Almighty directed everything for the best. He had not the heart to satisfy even his own army; and would not part with any of his treasure. Indeed, how was it possible that he should satisfy his troops, when he was himself miserly to the last degree, and beyond measure avaricious in accumulating pelf? He was a young man of no experience. He was negligent in all his movements; he marched without order; retired or halted without plan, and engaged in battle without foresight.
Page 316 - I require nothing beyond a sir of wine and half a sir of meat." It is impossible to describe the beauty and wisdom of the Queen. In any matter that was presented to her, if a difficulty arose, she immediately solved it. Whoever threw himself upon her protection was...
Page 157 - So low did they fell that they were not valued more than pebbles or potsherds. The old coin, from its great scarcity, rose four-fold and five-fold in value.
Page 271 - ... Eighth, to the courtiers and some of the King's personal attendants. Seventh, to the attendants in general. Sixth, to the harems and to the well-behaved female attendants. Fifth, to young maid-servants. Fourth, to the treasurers and stewards. Third, to the soldiers. Second, to the menial servants. First, to the palace guards, camel-drivers, and the like. Each of these arrows or orders had three grades ; the highest, the middle, and the lowest.