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London : C. J. CLAY, M.A. & SON, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE,
17, PATERNOSTER Row.
CAMBRIDGE: DEIGHTON, BELL, AND CO.
LEIPZIG: F. A. BROCKHAUS.
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This volume is respectfully dedicated to the memory of the warm
hearted man and accomplished scholar—to whose advice and encouragement not a little of the form and quality of this edition is due
WILLIAM MANDELL GUNSON.
It seems advisable to make the following additions to the remarks and acknowledgments contained in the Preface to my edition of the Olympian and Pythian Odes, 1879. Since that date there have been some important extensions of the Literature of Pindar, among which may be mentioned Pindar's Siegesliede erklärt von Friedrich Mezger, Leipzig, 1880. This volume has been found of great use. Though I have not always acquiesced in Prof. Mezger's views as to the structure of the odes, I fully admit the importance of his observation of the recurrence of the same or similar words and phrases in the same ode. He has applied to Pindar's poems the theory of Westphal (Prolegomena zu Aeschylus' Tragoedien, Leipzig 1869, pp. 81 f.), that they were framed on the lines of Terpandros' vóuos, the most perfect specimens, as Ol. VI. Pyth. I., consisting of προοίμιον, αρχά, κατατροπά, ομφαλός, μετακατατροπά, σφραγίς, εξόδιον. I agree with Prof. Seymour that “all this says little more than that each ode has an αρχή, μέσον, τελευτή, a beginning, middle and end, with the necessary transitions.” It is natural that the thought which introduced the middle of the ode should recur on its dismissal, and that at the close of the poem there should be echoes of the opening.