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Old Britain was by degrees swept away, after much hard fighting; and the history of New England at length begins. Christianity, overspreading the land in the Seventh Century, did much to lighten the woes of the down-trodden Celts: a wonderful difference there was between the Christian conquest of Somerset and the Pagan conquest of Sussex. The new creed brought in its train scores of Latin words, such as candle, altar, church, &c., which have been employed by us ever since the Kentish King's baptism.

At this point I halt, finding no better opportunity for setting forth the grammar employed by our forefathers, traces of which, mangled as it is by the wear and tear of centuries, may still be found.

NOUNS.

DIVISION I.

CLASS I.

SINGULAR.
Masc.

Fem.
Nom. Steorra

Tunge
Gen. Steorran

Tungan
Dat. Steorran Tungan
Acc. Steorran

Tungan

Neut,
Eáge
Eágan
Eágan
Eáge

PLURAL.

}

Nom.

Steorran Tungan Eágan
Acc.
Gen., Steorrena Tungena Eágena

Dat. Steorrum Tungum Eágum and travail, were brought back to England by our Norman conquerors. Bother, a favourite oath of the ladies in our time, comes to us from the Irish; it means mente affligere. --Garnett, p. 161.

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SINGULAR.
Nom.

Sunu
Acc.
Gen. Suna
Dat. Suna

CLASS II.

PLURAL.
Nom.

Suna
Acc.
Gen.

Suna
Dat.

Sunum

}

We have still a few Plurals left, formed by vowelchange from the Singular. These are feet, teeth, mice, lice, geese, men. Three substantives, deer, sheep, swine, are the same in both numbers. Oxen is our one Plural in en that has come down from very early times.

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Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.

ge
eộwer

}às

eỘw

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INDICATIVE.
PRESENT.

PERFECT.
Sing. Plur.

Sing.

Plur. healde healdað

heôld

heôldon hylst healdað

heôlde

heôldon hylt healdað

heôld

heôldon

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