The Waning of the Renaissance, 1550-1640

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Yale University Press, Jan 1, 2002 - History - 304 pages
Historians have conventionally viewed intellectual and artistic achievement as a seamless progression in a single direction, with the Renaissance, as identified by Jacob Burckhardt, as the root and foundation of modern culture. But in this brilliant new analysis William Bouwsma rethinks the accepted view, arguing that while the Renaissance had a beginning and, unquestionably, a climax, it also had an ending.

Examining the careers of some of the greatest figures of the age--Montaigne, Galileo, Jonson, Descartes, Hooker, Shakespeare, and Cervantes among many others--Bouwsma perceives in their work a growing sense of doubt and anxiety about the modern world. He considers first those features of modern European culture generally associated with the traditional Renaissance, features which reached their climax in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. But even as the movements of the Renaissance gathered strength, simultaneous impulses operated in a contrary direction. Bouwsma identifies a growing concern with personal identity, shifts in the interests of major thinkers, a decline in confidence about the future, and a heightening of anxiety.

Exploring the fluctuating and sometimes contradictory atmosphere in which Renaissance artists and thinkers operated, Bouwsma shows how the very liberation from old boundaries and modes of expression that characterized the Renaissance became itself increasingly stifling and destructive. By drawing attention to the waning of the Renaissance culture of freedom and creativity, Bouwsma offers a wholly new and intriguing interpretation of the place of the European Renaissance in modern culture.
 

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Contents

The Cultural Community of Europe
1
The Liberation of the Self
20
The Liberation of Knowing
35
The Liberation of Time
52
The Liberation of Space
67
The Liberation of Politics
86
The Liberation of Religion
100
The Worst of Times
112
The Reordered Self
165
From Skepticism to Science
179
The Decline of Historical Consciousness
198
Order in Society and Government
215
Order in Religion
232
Order in the Arts
246
Conclusion
259
Notes
261

Renaissance Theater and the Crisis of the Self
129
Toward a Culture of Order
143

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About the author (2002)

William J. Bouwsma was Sather Professor of History at the University of California, Berkeley.

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