« PreviousContinue »
T o B E ;, ;.'
Adapted To The
Rules of the -latin Grammar,
". r ..*.'. - '' . .
OiV /fo Publication of the Introduction to the Latin Tongue, lately printed at this Press, it was found necessary to form new Examples for Latin Exercises, adapted more particularly to the Rules of that Grammar.
To fay nothing at present of former Colletliens of this Kind, let it suffice to observe, that the Examples of this Book are almost all founded on Classical Authorities.
Tor the farther Benefit of Tuition, a new Publication for the instruction of 2'outh in Antknt History, is published under the Titlt of
$ <> <> O O <> O O <> <> f
The Agreement of the Nominative Case and the Verb.
Verbum Personale concordat, &C.
A Verb Personal (or, a Verb that has Persons; -" as, sirst, second, and third,) must be of the fame Number and Person with the Nominative Case;. as, '.
1. Virtue excelleth all Things in itself, all gotd 'Things are at Hand, with whom is Virtue.
2. GoodAlen hate to Sin, from a Love of Virtue.
3. Wicked Men fancy that they can appease the Gods with Gifts and Victims, but they lose both their Labour and Cost.
4. Dear are Parents, Children, Kinsfolks, Friends, but our Country alone contains the Affections of all these: What good Man therefore would scruple to die, if he can be serviceable tef his Country?
5. No Man enjoys perpetual Good;
6. Play suits not every Age.
A:*. 7. Where
7. Where prudent Counsellors are wanting, a Nation goes to wreck, as a Ship does without a Pilot: Nor is one sufficient; for then only is a Country safe, when many wise Men govern Affairs.
8. The Physcian who has done his best, is aequitted, tho' the Patient die, and so is the Advocate, tho' the Client lose his Cause.
9. It is better to be called too liberal than ungrateful; good Men will praise the one, and bad Men will condemn the other.
10. Too much Liberty will end at last in some great EviL .'. --.',.-, , ,
Note, If two or1 more Nominative Cases singular, with or without a Conjunction copulative, come before a Verb; the Verb may be rendered in the Plural Number,
1. Food and Apparel must be adapted to tlie Health of the Body, not to Pleasure.
2. The Wife and Husband ought never to be angry both at once.
3. Life, Death, Wealth, Poverty, baft great influence over all Men.
Nominativus Pronominum raro, &c.
CT3 H E Nominative Case of the Pronouns, Ego, -* Tu, Nos, Vos, are seldom expressed in Latin, unless for DifliniTion's Sake, or when an Emphasis (i. e. a particular Stress or Vehemence of Expression) requires it; as,
1. When / regard not your Business, do not you regard mine.
2. / knew
as. /'knew not the Way of speaking ill; but'ye are now my Leaders, and /am determined to follow you.
3. Certainly /am the unhappiest Man in the World; if any Mischief happens to our Family; /' feel it first, / know it first.
4. As we are happy or miserable, compared with others, so other People are miserable or happy, compared with-us.
5. / think you are of a mild Disposition towards your Children,, and that your Son is dutiful-; but hi' did notknow you enough, nor youhim; this often happens, where they live not well.
6. Ihu are a Judge; fee, that you are not ac-cased of any Thing.
7. We are Rulers of. the- State; ye, not even o£ Slaves..
So if He or They for Men, Persons, People, sffiben in general) come before a?Verb, you mujllt!ave out the Nominative Oast? in Latin,- unless as in the foregoing Rule if be 'required by some Distinction or - Emphasis -of. Expression-; as,-
n ffe'wss accounted noble among his Equals. 2. Ihey direct us well, who forbid us to d» what we doubt whether it be just'or unjust.
Aliquando Oratio est Verbo, &c.
gOmetimcs a whole Sentence, or Part of a Se'ntence, or an Infinitive Mood, stands instead of a Nominative Case to the Verb; as,
A 3 1. r«