Page images

improved the personal character of this together; for the Jacobins detested prince. But it is surely not too much M. D'Artois; yet, as we see, did him to say, that somewhat of his original some kind of justice; and why should and natural indolence and selfishness we take it for granted that they did not is likely still to adhere to him, and to also do justice to M. de Provence? But render him as indifferent to what may let us see what the Royalists thought of be the state of France under his him. In the 15th volume of the younger brother, as he was to what Actes des Apotres, p. 128, there is one of was the state of France under his el. those satirical songs called by the der brother.

French Noels : the verse in which In 1789, a patriotic wit attributes to Louis XVIII is described, may be each of the royal family a song, the quoted as an additional proof of what first line of which is supposed to be the public opinion even of the Royalists characteristic. The Count D'Artois of 1790, was with regard to him :sings,

Grand ami du silence, “ I am a soldier and a gentleman,"

Du bon vin, du repos.

Le Comte de Provence but the Comte de Provence (Louis

Balbutia ces mots ; XVIII.) only mutters,

“ Souffrez que promptement chez moi je “ I am no king ; and, what is worse, no

me retire, prince.”

“ Je crains trop de l'embarras;

Mon frère est dans un vilain pas,, Again-in another jeu d'esprit, also

Mais, helas ! qu'il s'en tire." from a patriot pen, where characteristic residences in the different streets of which may be thus imitated Paris are assigned to the royal family, Egalité is lodged in the Rue de Louis

· Very active at clearing his plate,

Very clever at holding his tongue; le Grand; the Count D'Artois (whose In size he is Louis the great, devotion to his brother was so honour. And thus he half.hiccupp'd half-sung: able that even his enemies respected

• Permit me to make my escape, it,) is placed in the Place Royale, " I'm a poor inoffensive good man? while Monsieur (Louis XVIII.) is

My brother, who's in add scrape, trundled into the Rue des Francs Bour.

“ Must get out o't as well as he can.": geoisa street, says St Foix, which We think one may now safely say, has its name from being inhabited by that it is no very great crime in the the lowest and meanest

of the people. French Royalists to be more Royalist These not unimportant trifles are to than Louis the XVIIIth, who seeing be found in the Memoires pour servir his brother, his king,

rin a dd a l'Histoire de 1789, p. 30 and 116. scrape,' is represented as leaving him

But this, you will perhaps say, is to get out of it as well as he could. the malice of the Jacobins. Not al


[ocr errors]



Protestant country-men, or women, as The godly book above mentioned late may not be too zealous in the cause of ly furnished me some important lese our reformed religion to think of asons, or familiar examples, relative to vailing themselves of the wisdom of the sin of usury, which you agreed the scarlet lady; and the first subject with me in thinking peculiarly appo- which I happen to hit upon is one site and instructive, on the eve of the which appears to me, of all others, to meeting of a new Parliament, where- afford an useful field for reflection at in it was apprehended that matters of the termination of a London season. this nature might undergo a great It is the following, deal of discussion, and require the sa

“ How damnable and detectable a thing, lutary check of ancient experience, to

And how odious to God, is vain and dissorestrain the too licentious spirit of lute dancing.” modern innovation. The close of the

Lib. I. Cap X. first session of the same Parliament in

“ Truly," observes our pious and eloduces me to refer again to the same

quent author, “one of the most singular valuable repertory of monastic lore with follies committed by man and woman a. a like view of benefiting such of my mong the vanities of this world, is light and

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

dishonest dancing ; which (as a learned construed into acts of undesigned, but doctor writes) it may be well said, is the nevertheless most impious, parody ; head and fountain of all sins and wicked, and he finishes his exordium by a warnnessor, at lcast,”—(and here we may well admire the scrupulous spirit of candour and ing, peculiarly terrible to the class of moderation in argument which distinguish. male and female dandies, that the es our author, and forbids him from assert. more curious and vain their attire at ing even so obvious a truism as this, with these indecorous exhibitions, the more out adding the due qualification, or, conspicuous will be the deformity and at least, of the greater part.”. To have rudity of their appearance" at the stated that the sin of dancing is the root day of judgment.' and foundation of all other sins without ex

We shall select the third of the ception, few persons would have carried their criticisms so far as to condemn for be these terrible denunciations. It shows

legends, or examples,” which follow ing hyperbolical ; but our author is too conscientious to assert, even as a general

“how certain persons, dancing on proposition, what may be liable to be dis Christmas eve, were unable to cease proved in particular instances, and I must dancing for a whole year afterconfess that, in my opinion, he has rather wards. strengthened than detracted ought from his It is written in the “ Speculum argument by the modest sobriety of the sub: Historiale,” how in a certain town in sequent qualification. Thus, “Tutti i Saxony, where was a church dedicated

a Francesi sono ladri" is a national remark, the justness of which no true Englishman to St Magnus the martyr, in the tenth could dispute even in this bold uncompro- year of the Emperor Honorius, just mising way of stating it but how much when the first mass was begun upon more forcible is it rendered by the qualify. Christmas Eve, some vain young peo ing clause_"Non tutti--ma Brona Parte.” ple, at the instigation of the devil, But to proceed, “ Inasmuch as," adds our were set a dancing and singing in a author, still following up the same sentence, dissolute manner hard by the church,

it is impossible ever sufficiently to express in such manner that they hindered how many and great are the evils which and disturbed the divine service. spring from dancing ; seeing that by it all human feelings are vitiated; the heart it. Whereupon the priest, moved with a self grows corrupt and hardened ; and, fi holy and just indignation, commanded nally, the poor and miserable soul utterly them to be still, and to give over this perisheths'

accursed vanity. But the aforesaid He proceeds to trace the origin and miserable sinners, for all that was said invention of this “ dissolute and lase to them, and commanded them, would civious exercise” to the devils in Hell, never cease from that execrable prowhat time the Israelites, after feasting faneness and devilish mischief. Upon and gorging themselves with wine, feli which the priest, inflamed with zeal, to dancing round the molten calf in the cried out in a loud voice" May it desert; and he then enumerates the please God and St Magnus that ye all several unbecoming actions, by which continue to sing and dance after this (as he strongly expresses it,) " young fashion for an entire year to come from men and maidens, while dancing, henceforward.” Wonderful to relate ! do (as it were) crucify again their So did these words of that holy man Redeemer." And first, he observes, prevail, that, by divine permission, “ they find a sort of sensual grati- these wretched persons, (being fifteen fication in, and moreover obtain the in number, and three of them females,) applause of the spectators by the act did, in fact, so continue dancing and of, leaping as high as they are able skipping about for a whole year togenot reflecting that in exact proportion ther; nor did any rain fall upon them to the altitude of every leap will be during all that time, nor did they feel the depth to which they are doomed cold, nor heat, nor hunger, nor thirst; to sink in Hell.”. Secondly, " it often- nor did they ever tire ; nor did their times happens that dancers spread out garments wax old, nor their shoes and extend their arms in order to give wear out. But as if they were beside greater energy to their performance, themselves, like to people possessed by which stretching out of the arms with phrenzy, or idiots, they kept in this profane amusement they dis- singing and dancing continually, night play a manifest disregard of the holy and

day. At the end of the year came crucifix, the figure whereof they so the bishop, who gave them absolution, irreverently imitate.” The lifting of and reconciled them before the altar the head and voice are in like manner of St Magnus. Which having been

[ocr errors]

done, the three women suddenly ex. would do so with the greatest alacrity, pired, and the rest slept for three days the good man therefore read her a serand nights successively, and afterwardsmon, (which I may be excused for not did such penance for their sin, that they inserting at length,) the object of were thought worthy to work miracles which was to prove that, by her preafter death. And some of them that sent denial of similar enjoyments on lived longest, manifested the punish- earth, she would secure to herself an ment of their offence in dreadful trem- eternity of them in heaven; and this blings of their limbs, which they suf- he founded upon three texts--1. From fered even unto the day of their death. the prophet Jeremiah,

66 Tu ornabeThe sixth example relates how a ris tympanis tuis, et egredieris chord virgin of noble family, and “ of mar- ludentium, &c.” 2. From the Psalms, vellous beauty, according to the flesh," Prævenerant principes conjuncti became extremely anxious to go and Psallentibus in medio juvenculorum join in the festivities and balls of this tympanistrianum.” And 3. From the world; and, being restrained in her Hymn of the Virgins, quacunque evil inclinations by her pious parents, deges, Virgines sequuntur, atque lauwaxed therefore very sad and sorrow- dibus post te canentes cursitant."ful indeed. In which state being vi- And with these sacred promises the sited by a holy man, to whom she simple maiden was so much moved made confession of her vain wishes, he that she instantly became influenced asked her, whether, if it were propos- with holy desires, and after dedicating ed to her, by the privation of a single her virginity to Christ, went, at the day's pleasure, to secure the enjoyexpiration of five years, to enjoy the ment of a whole year's dancing and literal accomplishment of her compact, junketing, without interruptions, she in footing and jigging it to all eterwould not agree to the bargain? And, nity. having answered that certainly she



p. 613.

It is rather curious to recall to our re- above named powers, to determine all collection the States of Europe as they differences by a kind of judicial deciexisted in 1737, and the ranks which sion, and thus to ensure eternal peace, they were, at that time, supposed to appears now-a-days much less visionhold relatively to each other. The


than it did in 1737. In truth, following list is extracted from the the Congresses of Vienna, Paris, and celebrated Abbé de St Pierre's plan for Aix-la-Chapelle, in which the four a European diet.-Ann. Polit. tom 2, great powers, Austria, England, Prus

sia, and Russia, (France being admit1. The Emperor of Austria

ted latterly to the conferences, settled 2. The King of France

all the questions relative to the divi3. The King of Spain

sion and policy of the great European 4. The King of Portugal

family, were diets upon M. de St 5. The King of England

Pierre's principle. And it will be well 6. The States of Holland

for mankind if a continuation of the 7. The King of Denmark

same system shall lead to the happy 8. The King of Sweden

result which the philanthropic Abbé 9. The King of Poland 10. The Empress of Russia

contemplated, of a general and lasting 11. The Pope

peace. Why should it not? Why 12. The King of Prussia

should a shot be fired in Europe 13. The Elector of Bavaria

when Austria, England, France, Hol14. The Elector Palatine

land, Prussia, Russia, and Spain, form 15. The Swiss

a tribunal to mediate between powers 16. The Ecclesiastical Electorates


may have a difference, and a unit18. The Republic of Venice

ed force to punish any country which 18. The King of Naples

should dare to commit aggression upon 19. The King of Sardinia.

another. The celebrated “reverie" (as Fleury Financial difficulties are the origin called it,) of a European diet to be of all national discontents and political formed of deputies from each of the revolutions. It would be hard to find


[ocr errors]

a serious sedition in European history also have created a military spirit, which has not had an immediate con- which has rendered war the favourite nexion with taxation. Now, war is speculation of great masses of the pothe great cause of financial difficulties, pulation of all Europe ; and they have and if the European congress shall unfortunately concluded with consolirender wars infrequent, and great dating the triumph of their mischiemilitary establishments, pro tanto, vous principles, by the impunity which unnecessary, they will raise more ef- has been extended to all, and the refectual barriers against future revolu- wards which have been lavished on tions than any other possible device of most of the surviving criminals of that human wisdom can create. But alas, atrocious revolution. this wise system (if even to be perse

Let us hope, however, that the vered in) is only for the future. The several governments have internal French revolution, and above all, the strength to enable them to weather gigantic ambition of " its child and the present difficulties, and that the champion,” Bonaparte, have entailed judicial union of the sovereigns may upon Europe a load of expense and continue to decide upon all national financial

pressure which may, perhaps, differences, and thus deliver mankind be the germ of new troubles. They from internal wars for the future.



the king;

Burns says,

1. Every one knows that in Burns' Arcum dola dedit, dedit illis alma Sagittam song which begins,

Francia, quis chordum, quem meruere, da.

bit? Howell's Fam. Epist. “ Is there for honest poverty ?”

Dole gave these monks the bow a shaft, the bard indulged in a levelling strain of sentiments, which some of his rea- But who will give, what they deserve, a ders have blamed ; yet one of the most string ! forcible stanzas might have been bor

The anagram is pleasant; but, it rowed (if Burns had ever borrowed) seems, the Jesuits know how to have from a person who was not likely to two strings to their bow. have encouraged levelling principles,

III. Pope exposes, in admirable or to have underrated the authority of poetry, the idle vanity of those whose the princes of the earth. I mean King

ancient, but ignoble blood, Lewis the XIV. of haughty and mag- Has crept through scoundrels ever since the nificent memory


But I never have met this folly more “ A king may mak a belted knight, strikingly exemplified than in an acA marquis, duke, and a' that;

count of the family of Rosencrantz, in But an honest man's aboon his might, Hofman's Historical Portraits of the Gude faith he maunna fa' that."

Worthies of Denmark. “ This family, Freron tells us, that Lewis, walking through a long train of descents of one day in the garden of Versailles, persons filling the highest offices, offers with all his nobles around him unco- few events worthy of attention, except vered, directed Mansard, an able are that one nobleman of this name was chitect and amiable man, who was, it executed for forging, and another baseems, unwell, to put on his hat-the nished for a libel.” courtiers looked astonished at so great IV. A curious Trial by Jury. a condescension, but the monarch re- Christiern the II. had a mistress named buked them by saying, “ gentlemen, Dyvele with whom he suspected one I can make as many dukes as I please, of his nobles, named Forben Oxe, to but I never could make a man like have been too familiar. She, however, Mansard." Freron, vol. ix. p. 36. died, and after her death the king

II. The Jesuits of Dole had two fine asked Oxe to tell him sincerely if his convents and estates, the one called suspicions were well founded. I own, L'Arc (the bow) in Lorrain, and La said Oxe, I tried, but never could sucFléche (the arrow) in Anjou ; when ceed with her. The furious king orthe latter was given them by Henry dered Oxe to be tried for this intendthe IV. the following distich appeared, ed crime before the senate he was, of


course, acquitted ; if, said the enraged of the most absurd self-love, as the story and disappointed tyrant, his neck were of Narcissus itself—But Ovid paintas thick as an ox's, I would have his ed his maniac with a soft and harmonious head. He called, therefore, together pencil ; Rousseau's portrait of himself treise peasants, and forming a square is in the style of Spagnoletto-Amongst with four spears, into which they en- other fine sentiments which he means tered, (an odd jury box,) he forbade for philosophy, he says, “ In labourthem to separate till they should have ing to acquire my own esteem, (it does agreed to their verdict upon Oxe. The not seem to have required much lapeasants, perplexed what to do, returned bour,) I have learned to do very well a special verdict which would have done without the esteem of others." "Thus no discredit to a jury of Jesuits-“We the clear and christian duty of satisfycannot try him," said they, “ when ing, in the first place, one's own conhis own confessions have already con- science is parodied by Rousseau into demned him.” This was enough for an expression of that morbid vanity Christiern, and poor Oxe did lose his which can extract internal satisfachead accordingly.-Frer. ix. 54. tion from the disapprobation of all V. That madman Rousseau wrote to a mankind.

M. farce called Narcissus a preface as full


No IV. Academicae Luctus, et Gratulationes. MR EDITOR, It has often struck me, that an interesting article might be supplied from the neglected (and, in some instances, rare) volumes, known generally by the titles Lectus and Gratulationes, of the two English Universities. From long desuetude it has now become matter of history,

that these learned bodies were accustored during nearly two centuries—for I cannot trace the practice to a remoter date to celebrate every event, sad or sprightly, which could be supposed to interest the nation or it's chief magistrate. An accession ; a royal marriage ; the birth, or the decease, of a prince or a princess; the recovery, restoration, or return of a sovereign; the successes of a war, or the conclusion of a peace; the restitution of a public library; nay, the deaths even of illustrious or ingenious subjects Sir Philip Sidney, Mr Camden, Mr Edward King (Lycidas), General Monk, Sir Bevill Grenvill, or Dr Radcliffe elicited the “ melodious tears," or the not less melodious smiles, of the Cambridge* and Oxford muses. My own shelves furnish almost all those of the following dates : 1. 1586. Death of Sir Philip Sidney. Acad. Cant. Lacrymæ, per A. Neryllum. 1587. 2.

_Peplus, &c. Oxon. 1587. 3.

-Exequiæ, &c. Oxon. 1589. 4 1603. Accession of James I.-Acad. Oxon. Pietas, &c. & 1612. Death of Henry Prince of Wales. Epicedium Cant. &c. 6. 1619.

Queen Anne.-Lacrymæ Cant. &c. 7. 1624.

William Camden.-Camdeni Insignia, &c. Oxon. 8. 1633. Birth of Duke of York.-Vitis Carolinæ Genma altera, &c. ad vada Isidis. 9. 1637.

maneno a Princess._uwdu Musarum Cant. &c. 10. Death of Edward King.–Justa Edouardo King, &c. Cant. 1638. 11. 1641. Return of Charles I. from Scotland. -- Irenodia Cant. &c. 12.

-Eucharistica Oxon. &c.

America herself, in at least one instance, has not disdained to copy the mother-island. In 1761 appeared, from the Boston press, in an elegantly printed volume, upon the subject of the Accession, “ Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis (Harvard College, Cambridge) apud Novanglos.” It's dedication, as contrasted wtth the grounds of the rupture which a few years afterward severed the two countries, supplies an additional in. stance, if indeed any such be wanting, of the short-sightedness of man. One passage, how. ever, with an unconscious equivoque affirms, that “ the commencing reign will form a new æra for North America !” All the compositions, thirty-one in number, with the exception of that of the President, are anonymous, though some of them would not have disgraced a scholar.

« PreviousContinue »