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Of the language of Spain, as it existe derable one neither, was exerted over ed under the reign of the Visigoth the whole world of Spanish thought kings, we possess no monuments. and feeling-and, therefore, over the The laws and the chronicles of the whole world of Spanish language and period were equally written in Latin- poetry-by the influx of those orienand although both, in all probability, tal tribes that occupied, for seven long must have been frequently rendered centuries, the fairest provinces of the into more vulgar dialects for the use peninsula. of those whose business it was to un- Spain, although of all the provinces derstand them, no traces of any such which owned the authority of the Caversions have survived the many storms liphs she was the most remote from and straggles of religious and politi- the seat of their empire, appears to cal dissention of which this interesting have been the first in point of civiliregion has since been made the scene. zation ; her governors having, for at To what exact extent, therefore, the least two centuries, emulated one alanguage and literature of the penin- nother in affording every species of sula felt the influence of that great encouragement and protection to all revolution which subjected the far those liberal arts and sciences which greater part of her territory to the first flourished at Bagdad under the sway of a mussulman sceptre--and sway of Haroon Alraschid, and his how much or how little of what we less celebrated, but, perhaps, still at this hour admire or condemn in the more enlightened son Al-mamoun.poetry of Portugal, Arragon, Castille, Beneath the wise and munificent is really not of Spanish but of Moor- patronage of these rulers, the cities ish origin-these are matters which of Spain, within three hundred years have divided all the great writers of after the defeat of king Roderick, literary history, and which we, in had been everywhere penetrated with truth, have little chance of ever seeing a spirit of elegance, tastefulness, and accurately or completely decided. philosophy, which afforded the strongNo one, however, who considers of est of all possible contrasts to the what elements the Christian popula- contemporary condition of the other tion of Spain was originally composed kingdoms of Europe. At Cordova, -and in what shapes the mind of Granada, Seville, and many now nations, every way kindred to that po- less considerable towns, colleges and pulation, was expressed during the libraries had been founded and enmiddle ages can have


doubt that dowed in the most splendid mansome influence, and that no inconsi• ner where the most exact and the VOL. VI.

3 P



Yet can I say that I repent it—no ! That in my bosom smothers u And were the flames of hell ninefold more of kindling pleasure ? Is it bu hot,

Mistrustful of mine host's, in Without Sophia never could I live !

chance, SCENE IV.

My unexpected entrance raised Walter, Sophia, Emilius, (Sonn after, the Yet, from a stranger's lips awi Stranger.)

The glad announcement of pro Soph. (coming in hastily.) Walter ! - Is it because, at some unlucky Wal. (startled.) What is it?

I came, that from the well-kn Soph. There is here a stranger

seems As if to visit us.

That some dark spirit frowns 2 Wal. So much the better

ther His presence will beguile the time. A gloom prophetic from the real Knocking loudly.) Come in !

That spreads around me this Em. An old man this !

terror ? Stran. God save you, friends.

Came I not here to die? Wal. Amen.

It matters no Your greeting, friend, is good ; and of thy When the tree withers, where

! worth

reared, Affords a pledge. So art thou truly wel. And evermore the river hastes ay come.

From the first fountain-head. Stran. (putting off his cloak.) You see a spheres

traveller who has lost his way. The path is closed ; and man, w Will you permit

is thither, Wul. i seeing the stranger at a loss with Dies not in peace, but in his nati his hat.) Shake off the snow, good friend. Born for eternity, he pictures for (Soph. (coming forward.) Walter, I Her emblem in the page of time feel a strange misgiving here.

pent, Wal. Um! So do I-wherefore I cannot That wreathes into a circle,)-50 tell

Is like his entrance. Happy if Soph. (to the stranger.). You are not A grave where stood his cradle well acquainted with the way ?

SCENE VI. Stran. 'Tis long since I was here before. (He looks about him, and seems to pray in

(The Stranger. Walter with silence.) Soph. So then ?

phia with glasses on a salver Wul. (in a soothing tone to Sophia.) seats himself on a chair in the bar He seems a travelling preacher. In the and looks at the light of the lan forest

puts it out, and falls asleep.) You went astray ?-

Wal. Drink, my friend, Strani Methinks, in truth, I did not- Wine renovates the spirit. Your name is Jacob Horst ?

Stran. Pledge you!
Wal. He is no more-

Wal. Thanks.
I am his son; and Walter is my name. Now to your business.
You knew my father ?

Stran. (sitting down at the Stran. Aye.

Walter.) Presently.--You had Wal. But yet, methinks

An uncle in America ?
You should have better guess'd his age-

Wal. 'Tis true,
If now

My father had a brother there. He lived, he must have been as old as thou hood art!

I heard of him. Has business brought thee hither ?

Stran. Would you not like Stran. Aye.

His heir-at-law ? Wal. But not

Wal. Whoever knows to ear Of evil import?

His bread by labour, never will Stran, No.

The death of those that are to Wal. Pray, would you choose

What Heaven decrees will com To join our supper ?

Stran. Already Stran. Thank you.

It is decreed and past; and Le Wal. Wine ?

Has named you for his heir. Stran, In truth,

Wul. (mistrustfully.) Indec Your offer is well timed.

Soph. (working at her net Wal. (taking keys.) Where aremy keys? This would be fortune! We have some bottles close at hand.

Stran. Named you and you Em. Wait, father,

WhomI'll bring the light

Wal. Nay, there you are in SCENE V. (He takes the lantern, and goes with his Stran. How ! know you nou father. Sophia sets the table, and exit at a Wal. I never had a sister side door.)

Stran. Ah ! like the first Stran. Whence is the dark oppression,


Murray, John, merchant, grocer, and innkeeper, Young, David, wright, Calton of Glasgow

Young, Thomas, wood-inerchant and ship-owner, Nicol, William, bleacher, Gateside

Irvine Penman, Andrew, bookseller and stationer, Glas


Baird, Thomas, merchant, Glasgow; a final diriRobertson, James, flax-dresser and manufacturer, dend, Jan. 14. Dysart

Crawford, John, & Co. carrying on business under Robey, George, merchant, Anstruther

that firm at Port-Glasgow-at Newfoundland, Sym & Langmuir, corn-merchants and spirit- under the firm of Crawfords & Co.-and at Lisdealers, Glasgow, as a company, and as indivi- bon, under the firm of J. T. Crawford & Co. ; a duals

dividend on 1st February Stewart, Charles, & Co. merchants and manufac- M'Grouthers & Coats, merchants, Greenock; a

turers, Glasgow, and Charles Stewart and James dividend on 5th January Forbes, the individual partners

Garthew Mill, near Balfron; a final dividend on 7th Stiven, Alexander, flour-merchant at Newmills, February

near Dalkeith, and lime-merchant at Burdie. Oughterston & Co. late merchants, Greenock; a house-mains, near Edinburgh

dividend on 9th January Tassie, James, leather-dresser, Pollockshaws Saunders and Mellis, merchants, Aberdeen; a diri Wilson, Thomas, mason and builder, Glasgow dend on 27th January

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London, Corn Exchange, Jan. 3.

Liverpool, Jan. 4.

S. S.
Wheat, S. d.

$. d. Wheat, red, new 56 to 60 Boilers

44 to 50

Pease, grey 42 0 to 46 0 Fine ditto. 60 to 63 New.

White . 50 0 to 56 0 Superfine ditto 64 to 66 Small Beans . 40 to 42 English, new 9 6 to 10 6 Flour, Eng. pr. 240 lb. White 56 to 60 | Tick 34 to 37 American . 8 6 to 8 9 Fine

46 0 to 48 O Fine ditto . . 62 to 66 Foreign

36 to 38 Dantzic

9 3 to 10 0

44 0 to 16 0 Superfine 68 to 70 Feed Oats . 18 to 20 Dutch Red 90 to 9 3 Amer. p. 196 lb. old ditto ... 75 to 78 Fine.

20 to 22 Riga

3 to 8 6 Sweet, U.S. 35 0 to 40 Rye 30 to 32 Poland do 21 to 23 Archangel 8 O to 8 4


33 0 to 34 0 Barley 26 to 3

24 to 26 Canada... 8 6 to 8 10 Oatmeal, per 240 lb. Fine. 30 to 32 Potato do. . 23 to 25 Scotch

9 0 to 9 61

English 31 0 to 33 0 Superfine. . 34 to 35 Fine 26 to 28 Irish, new , 8 10 to 9 4 Scotch

... 28 0 to 31 0 Malt, . 50 to 60 Flour, p. sack 55 to 60 Barley, per 60 lbs. Irish

26 0 to 31 Fine 63 to 70 Seconds

50 to 55 English . 50 to 5 9 Bran, p.24 lb. 1 1 to 12 Hog Pease. . 40 to 42 North Country 45 to 50 Scotch 4 6 to 50 Maple . 42 to 44 Pollard

20 to 28 Irish.

4 0 to 4 9 Butter, Beef, fc. White pease 42 to 45 | Bran

8 to
4 0 to 4 9 Butter, per cwt. s.

3. Oats, per 45 lb.


83 to 85 Seeds, fc.-Nov. 5. English pota. 3 3 to 3 7 Newry

82 to 83

3. Irish, do. 33 to 3 5 Waterford, new 76 to 77 Must. Brown, 15 to 20 Hempseed

to Scotch do. 3 4 to 5 6 Cork, pick. 2d 77 to 78 -White 6 to 11 Linseed, crush. to Rye, per qr. 38 0 to 40 0

68 to 70 Tares.

0 to

0 New, for Seed to Malt, p.b.fine 10 3 to 10 9 Beef, p. tierce 108 to 110 Turnips . .. 14 to 20 Ryegrass,

15 to 401 Middling, 8 3 to 8 9 Tongu. p. firk. 30 to 34 -New 0 to 0 Clover, Red, . 60 to 98 Beans, pr qr.

Pork, p. brl. 84 to 85 -Yellow.

0 to

White. 60 to 100 English. . 50 0 to 55 0 Bacon, per cwt.
Carraway . 48 to 50) Coriander 10 to 12 Irish ... 44 0 to 46 0 Short middles 57 to 58
80 to 100) Trefoil

30 to 63 Rapeseed £30 to £32 Hans, dry, 55 to 56 New Rapeseed, 334 to £36.

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Average Prices of Corn in England and Wales, from the Returns received in the Week

ended 25th Dec. 1819. Wheat, 645. 11d.-Rye, 42s. Od.--Barley, 36s. 3d.-Oats, 25s. Od.-Beans, 48s. 1d.-Pease, 50s. 6d.

Beer or Big, Os. Od.--Oatmeal, 26s. 2d. Average Prices of British Corn in Scotland, by the Quarter of Eight Winchester Bushels,

and Oatmeal, per Boll of 128 lbs. Scots Troy, or 140 lbs. Avoirdupois, of the Four

Weeks immediately preceding the 15th Dec. 1819. Wheat, 645. 60.-Rye, 378. Od.-Barley, 29s. Ed.-Oats, 21s. 11d.-Beans, 333. 3d.- Pease, 338. 2d.

Beer or Big, 258. 50.Oatmeal, 18s. Od.

1st,......33s. Od.
2d, ....31s. Od.
3d, .26s. Od.


Pease & Beans.
Ist,...... 18s. Od.
2d, ......17s.6d.
3d,...... 15s. 6d.


1st,......22s. 6d. 1st,...... 18s. Od.
2d, ......21s. Od.

..17s. Od.

.17s. 6d. 3d, ......15s. 6d.
Average of Wheat, £1:11: 3d.

Tuesday, January 4.
Os. 5d. to Os. 8d. Quartern Loaf
Os. 60. to Os. 8d. Potatoes (28 lb.)
Os. Od. to Os. Od. Butter, per lb.
Os. 8d. to Os. 10d. Salt ditto,
Os. 6d. to Os. 8d. Ditto, per stone
98. Od. to 9s. 6d. Eggs, per dozen

Beef (174 oz. per lb.)
Lamb, per quarter
Tallow, per stone

Os. 8d. to Os. 9d. Os. 8d. to Os. Od. ls. 2d. to Os. Od. ls. Od. to Is. 4d. 16s. Od. to Os. Od. ls. 4d. to Os. Od.



Beans. Ist,......32s. Od. 1st,......21s. Od. 1st,......18s. Od. | 1st,......16s. Od. 1st, .....16s. Od. 20, ......30s. Od. | 2d, ......18s. Od. 2d, ..16s. Od. | 2d, .14s. Od. 2d,...... 14s. Od. 3d,.. .28s. Od. | 3d, ......16s. Od. 3d, ......14s. Od. | 3d, ...12s. Od. | 3d,......12s. Bd.

Average of Wheat, £1:9:9:8-12ths.


DURING the first week of December the Thermometer never sunk to the freezing point. On the night of the 8th it stood at 24h; on the 9th at 23}; and on the 10th at 9}. Be. tween the 10th and 16th the frost was more moderate, though uninterrupted ; but on that day the weather became open, and continued so till the 21st. On that night the thermometer stood at 29, and the frost continued till the end of the month. During this period the greatest depression of temperature took place on the 26th and 30th, the former being 16}, and the latter 14. The consequence of this continued frost is, a considerable depression in the mean temperature of the month, which is about six degrees lower than December last year. The mean height of the Barometer is about a tenth below the annual average, and the mean daily range a little greater. The greatest depression of the mercury took place during the fresh weather about the middle of the month, accompanied by a fall of rain amounting to one inch. On the 10th the ground was covered with snow to the depth of 6 inches. A second fall took place on the 28th, amounting to 3 inches, and a third on the evening of the 29th. The Hydrometer frequently indicated complete saturation ; and the hoar frost was at times very heavy. The mean of the extreme temperatures is again lower than that of 10 and 10. The greatest depression of temperature generally took place about 8 in the evening.

METEOROLOGICAL Table, extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of

the Tay, four miles east from Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.



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THERMOMETER. Degrees. Mean of greatest daily heat,

37.0 Maximum,

19th day,

51-5 .....cold, 37.4 Minimum,


9.5 temperature, 10 A.M. 33.6 Lowest maximum, 26th

27.0 .... 10 P.M.

Highest minimum, 19th

39.5 of daily extremes,

Highest, 10 A. M.

47.0 ............ 10 A.M. and 10 P.M.

32.8 Lowest ditto,

27th ..... 4 daily observations,

32.5 Highest, 10 P. M.


50.0 Whole range of thermometer,

296.5 Lowest ditto


18.5 Mean daily ditto,

Greatest range in 24 hours, 10th

19.0) temperature of spring water,

Least ditto,



Inches. Mean of 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 40) 29.566

Highest, 10 A. M.


30.295 ............ 10 P.M. (temp. of mer. 40) 29.583 Lowest ditto,


28.840 ..... both, (temp. of mer. 40) 29.574 Highest, 10 P. M.


30.250 Whole range of barometer,

7.585 Lowest ditto,


29.075 Mean ditto, during the day, .122 Greatest range in 24 hours, 4th

.705 night,

Least ditto,


.010 ................. in 24 hours,


Leslie. Highest, 10 A. M. 13th

17.0 Rain in inches,

Lowest ditto, 30th

0.0 Evaporation in ditto,

........... Highest, 10 P. M. 7th

16.0 Mean daily Evaporation,

Lowest ditto, 30th

0.0 Leslie. Mean, 10 A. M.


Anderson. P. of Dep. Highest, 10 A.M. 20th 46.4

5.2 ......... 10 P. M.

Lowest ditto, 11th 19.6 both, 5.3

Highest, 10 P.M. 19th 47.4 Anderson. Point of Dep. 10 A.M. 29.5

Lowest ditto, 10th 18.6 10 P.M.


............ Relat.Hum. Highest, 10 A.M. 30th 100.0 both, 28.8 ................. Least ditto,

13th 62.0 Relat. Humid. 10 A.M.


........... Greatest, 10 P.M. 30th 100.0 ........ 10 P. M. 88.3

........... Least ditto, 11th 67.0 both,

87.8 ...... Mois. 100 cub. in. Greatest, 10 A.M. 20th .217 ........Grs. mois. in 100 cub. in air, 10 A.M. ,127

Least ditto, 11th .089 ..10 P.M. .121

Greatest, 10 P. M. 19th .225 both, .142

................ Least ditto, 10th ,086 Fair days, 18; rainy days, 13. Wind west of meridiani, 19; cast of meridian, 12.

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