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Pieces Oak,


15,811 Pine,


68,500 Elm,

1,803 Feet Deal,

124,197 1,181,877 Staves and Heading,

764,407 2,579,539 Deal ends,

102,834 Mąsts and Spars,


4,349 Ships,


629 Tons,


149,314 Men,


9,262 This account was made out to 4th November last year, while 50 ships remained to clear out with cargoes, in the same trade, before the close of 1819, which must greatly add to the above amount. From these and similar reasons, it appears to us, that the United States cannot afford to receive the same quantity of imports ; and that those who calculate upon supplying her markets with European, and more particularly with British manufactures, to the same degree as formerly, must only accelerate their own ruin, and embarass and distress her in all her rising manufactures. Of the exports of the United States, we may add, that 26,908,038 dollars goes to Great Britain and her dependencies, consequently it is their interest to remain on friendly terms with us.

With the countries and places which we have enumerated, the chance of any rapid increase of our trade is therefore small indeed. It certainly will increase; but it must be by gradual and slow degrees, and not in a ratio equal to what we have supplied, or can afford to supply. European influence must continue to increase in the Mediterranean, and consequently European trade, a large share of which we certainly have the best chance to obtain. Sanguine hopes were entertained of a great outlet to our manufactures, by a free trade with France. But even if France were to grant us a reciprocity in trade, (which she will not) there are various reasons which lead us to believe, that the advantages to our manufactures would not be equal to what is at present anticipated. It seems to be a question, whether the introduction of their silks, and other articles, amongst us, might not decrease the consumpt of the finer articles of our Cotton Manufactures, in a way that would entirely overbalance every advantage likely to be gained by us. All the nations of continental Europe will, most assuredly, endeavour to encourage their own internal trade and manufactures, in place of those of foreign countries. Of this we can have no just reason to complain, and our merchants and manufacturers would do well to bear this in mind, and act accordingly. We have two serious things to contend against, and these are, the poverty of other nations, and the industry and skill of other nations. The first must force them to lessen their expenditure for foreign commodities ; and the next, to render themselves indepen. dent of foreign supply. We may attempt to contend against one or both, and particularly the latter; but we will find it a dangerous and a hopeless contest, and one which, if persevered in, we will throw away all the profits of those years of industry and activity, in which we had almost exclusively the trade of the civilized world. We fear also, that British manufactures, in many instances, have suffered, from more attention being paid to quantity than to quality—to cheapness than to durability.

With all these disadvantages and drawbacks, however, which we have enumerated, still there is no serious ground for despondence or alarm. Great Britain has, in her own possesșions, a wide and a valuable field. A great portion of the trade of almost all nations, must,

defiance of every competitor, still remain hers. The only thing that is requisite, is to regulate her manufactures in a judicious manner, so that at no period they may become overdone or misdirected. There are many markets in the world yet to be opened, and which can be opened to our commerce. Masters of the ocean, we can gain access into every country, and to every land. A vast field is certainly to be found amongst the fine islands in the Eastern Archipelago ; in Tonquin and Cochin China ; along the vast stream of the Irrawady, Eastern Asia, and the islands in the Southern Ocean. It is true, for a time much of this trade must be carried on by barter, betwixt place and place, island and island, bringing ultimately such part of the produce of each to the European market, as may suit or sell to advantage in it. Still this would be a valuable and a profitable trade, and one in which we might disperse all our coarser manufactures to advantage. There is a great field open in the Persian Gulf, and all along the south west coast of Arabia ; and both shores of the Red Sea, and all the eastern coast of Africa, once famous in the annals of commerce. The ossession of Suakim and Massowah on the west shores of the Red Sea, would lay open the whole trade to Abyssinia ; a country which, from being highly civilized and powerful, is become in some measure barbarous and unchristianized, from being cut off from the Christian world, by these two ports being in possession of its ignorant and inveterate enemies the Turks. A small British force would secure them-a small force maintain them and a little exertion might obtain from the Turkish government their cession to this country, as they are scarcely of any use to the Sublime

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Porte. Possession of the latter place would also lay open to us the trade to Nubia, Sennaar, and countries southward and westward of that place, which would Aourish and increase by intercourse with great Britain.

We are happy to learn, that Captain Ashley Maude, of the ship Favourite, in 1816, surveyed the coasts, and took possession of six Islands in the entrance of the Gulf of Persia, which completely command that gulf, and consequently the trade of it. It is also said, that Lord Valentia has for several years past been employed by our government in surveying the coasts of Africa from Melinda to Abyssinia, which must be of the greatest advantage to the future navigation of that coast. We learn also, with satisfaction, that the British have taken possession of the island of Sacotora, near Cape Guardafui, which completely commands the entrance to the Red Sea, and enables us to control the trade of the fertile kingdom of Aden in Arabia, and assist its friendly sovereign, surrounded with unprincipled enemies; and in doing which, we may at no distant day, without much trous ble and expense, open up a road, safe and easy, to the centre of Arabia, hitherto almost a blank to Europe. In short, we anticipate, and that soon, a flourishing commerce, and extended knowledge and civilization in these still interesting and once famous countries

On the west coasts of Africa, but particularly from Sierra Leone, along the Gold Coast, through the Bights of Benin and Biafra, and southward to the Congo, a wide field for commercial enterprise remains to be opened up. From Benin and its adjoining countries, we are convinced that an opening (and that soon) into the interior of Africa will disclose it self, which will astonish the world, and accelerate a trade of the first magnitude and importance. Britain may secure it. We have already alladed to this subject, and may take an early opportunity to go at greater length into it. The reports at present in cirá culation (if happily confirmed, as we fondly anticipate) that the discovery ships have penetrated through Baffin's Bay, and gained Copper Mine River in the prosecution of their voyage, for discovering a north west passage into the Pacific Ocean, augur well for ultimate success, and may give a new turn and impulse to the affairs of commerce. If they have reached thus far in safety, and even should they make no farther, still their voyage may become of the utmost importance to this country, for it may disclose a way by which, communicating with the northern extremities of America by sea, we may secure to our country the fur trade, or a great portion of it, at present threatened to be wrested from us by the exertions of our southern neighbours in the United States.

The attention of this country is called forth to our invaluable settlement at the Cape of Good Hope. It is impossible to calculate the advantages which the trade of Great Britain will derive from the increase and prosperity of this colony. It lays all the Eastern World open to us, and makes it dependent on us. We cannot do too much for its prosperity. New Holland continues to advance in prosperity, and most important discoveries, in the interior of that vast country, have lately taken place, and are at present puro sued with industry and skill. We allude particularly to the discovery of a great river beyond the Blue Mountains, which, even in the latitude of 32° South, and at a distance of 2000 miles from the nearest part of the sea coast, where it can possibly disembogue, is found 700 to 800 feet broad ; and running North, it is of a depth sufficient to bear a line-of-battle ship. It is impossible yet to calculate what advantages this river may afford to New Holland, to trade and commerce, when its junction with the ocean is ascertained, which, indeed, cannot be long a secret. Every year, the prosperity and trade of this colony must continue to increase ; and from the outcasts of British society, a race of men be produced which will do honour to the English name ; perpetuate this name and our language to the remotest period of time; and fill with knowledge, and all the arts of civilized life, a mighty country, which had long been a blank amongst the countries of the world.

With these remarks, we proceed to give the Tables of the principal imports into Great Britain ; and also the exports and consumpt of colonial produce for the year 1819, which eannot fail to be interesting to our readers. Sugar Imported, 1819.

cases, bags, &c.

166,316 14,105 124,837 Liverpool,

38,805 5,846 40,224 Bristol,

23,543 2,448 Clyde and Leith,

24,534 1,178 4,603 Lancaster and Whitehaven,



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Into London,

(a) Total, 256,574 24,229 169,664 (a) of this quantity, 223 tierces and 4,412 cases were imported from the Brazils and South America ; 1329 casks and 158,395 bags were from the East Indies ; the remainder was the produce of our West India Colonies, viz. : From Jamaica,

111,700 casks. other Islands,

124,400 tenderenden Deinerara, &c.




The exports of Sugar from Great Britain, in 1819, were 19,892 tons, equal to 24,867 ' hhds. of 15 cwt each, being a decrease of 4,133 tons from the preceding year. Of the quantity exported, 5,195 casks were from the West India Warehouses, London.

Sugar paid Duties on 1819.

Cwts. B. Plantation. Cwts. Foreign.
At London,

2,166,070 67,609

429,213 26,644 · Glasgow,

250,426 Leith,

6,655 At Bristol, &c. say (a)


3,192,364 94,253 (a) From Bristol, &c. we have no returns ; but we may judge of it in proportion to the imports and consumpt in other places. Cotton imported 1819.

Exported in 1819. bags & bales.

bags & bales. Liverpool, 366,633

22,543 London, 138,520

44,859 Clyde, 43,567

Total, 548,720

Bags 69,199 of 250 lbs.
From whence Imported.
New Orleans,

44,310 bags, &c.
Other parts United States,

161,869 Brazils and Portugal,

130,600 East Indies,

185,847 Demerara, &c.

West Indies,


Other parts,


Total, 548,720 Decreased in imports, 106,076 bags, &c. ; increased in consnmpt, 13,500 bags, &c; Stock on hand in 1819, 349,300 bags and bales, being an increase of 144,500 bags, &c.

Coffee imported.

hhds. & tierces. bars. & bags. At London,

25,010 74,082 - Liverpool,

7,058 42,278 Bristol,


208 Lancaster, &c.


11 Clyde and Leith,



Total, 20,100 tons, or 36,025 126,188
Paid Duties 1819.

Exported 1819.
At London,
49,680 cwts. Liverpool.

4,500 tons. - Liverpool,

London, &c.

15,150 Glasgow,

2,153 Leith, 1,065

Total, 20,650, –

Total, 69,898 The stock of Coffee on hand, January 1st, is about 6000 tons. Last year it was 10,000 tons. The supply would thus appear inadequate to the demand ; but we must bear in mind, that the export decreased considerably last year, arising, perhaps, from the introduction of Coffee into the Continent through other channels than Great Britain. Cocoa imported.

Paid Duties.

Exported. bls, & bags. At London, 303 6347

2100 cwts.

10,772 cwts. Liverpool,

7 3783 Bristol,


294 - Clyde, &c.


hhds. & tierces.



10,659 The internal consumpt of Cocoa is increased 900 cwts, and the export is nearly doubled.


Rum imported in 1819.

Paid Duties in 1819.

galls. At London, 37,793 942 13,568 casks, say

1,301,886 Liverpool, 8,807 412 3,836

403,687 Bristol,

2,188 79 Lancaster, &c. 1,505 250

Suppose 3000 casks,

330,000 Clyde and Leith, 5,405 372


55,698 2055

2,183,732 Exported. From London,

21,901 puns. Liverpool, 2,900 Glasgow, about 2,550

26,151 puns. of 110 galls. each, or 2,876,610 galls. We have no returns from Bristol, &c. The consumpt of Rum in Glasgow is greatly decreased ; that in London is considerably augmented ; and in Liverpool is perhaps nearly the same, could we learn the different kind of casks.

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Total, 3,252 | 2340 & 59 bars. The import is greatly increased, and the export, in proportion to the quantity, greatly So also.

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Tobacco imported.

Exported. Paid Dut. for Irel. hhds.

hhds. At London,




4,949 - Glasgow,

610 and 185 bales,

567,495 lbs.

724,273 at Leith. 19,505

11,291,768 lbs. The imports have decreased very considerably, while the export is nearly trebled ; and consequently, the stock on hand very much reduced.

Grain imported 1819.

Foreign. Foreign. Foreign.

90,144 131,319 114,004 335,467 Oats,

6,163 267,322 132,699 406,184 Barley,

31,572 149,600 122,101 303,273 Rye,

8,469 5,344 5,692 19,505 Beans,

26,906 159,273 22,207 208,386 Pease,

6,447 11,021 14,956 32,424 Malt,

Other ports.

Wheat, qrs.

For. 169,701 723,879 411,659 1,305,239
Flour, Foreign, 43,175 barrs. 6,082 barrs. 3,088 barrs. 52,245.

Imported, 1819.

Exported, 1819.
6,8231 tons.

809 tons.


5,849 Necaraguawood,


458 Barwood,


2192 Camwood,


1135 Sandarswood,

156 Ebony,


6,4504 tons. Elephants' Teeth,

4,150 number.

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Imported, 1819. Ashes,

44,427 barts. Barilla,

7,7754 tons. Brimstone,

4,758 tons. Currants,

3,340 butts, &c. Figs,

299 tons. Flax,

12,467 tons. Flaxseed,

116,563 quarters. Ginger,

85,598 packages. Hemp,

15,112 tons Hides,

455,636 number. Indigo,

13,936 seroons & chests. Lime and Lemon Juice, 1,987 galls. Madder,

3,025 casks. Madder Roots,

5,668 bales and casks. Olive Oil,

3,437 casks. Palm Oil,

9,888 ditto and bags. Pimento,

22,444 barrs, and bags. Quercet. Bark,

2,749 casks. Raisins,

4,3994 tons. Rice,

24,626 tons. Saltpetre,

86,519 bags. Shumac,

29,270 bags. Tallow,

25,217 tons. Tar,

65,274 barrs. Turpentine,

75,016 casks. Valonia,

2,393 tons.

Exported, 1819.
45,901 cwts.

933} tons.

663 tons. 1,711 cwts. 2,300 cwts.

764 tons.
16,745 quarters.
18,443 cwts.

1,585 tons.
* 215,094 number.
30,369 cwts.
3,973 galls.
1,582 cwts.

246 cwts.
84,714 galls.

149 tons 19,389 cwts.

9,861 cwts. 12,934 cwts. 7,589 tons. 1,441} tons. 3,520 cwts. 2,2314 tons. 9,988 barrs. 2,155 cwts.

306 tons.

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Imports from the East Indies, 1819. Tea, 275,940 chests.


1,254 bags. Coffee, 19,209 bags. Cloves,

14 bags. Sugar, 113,840 bags. Mace,

46 packs. Cotton, 113,835 bags Nutmegs,

437 packs. Indigo, 12,270 boxes & chests Saltpetre,

53,516 packs. Rice, 241,643 bags.

Piece Goods, 11,356 bales. 43,638 bags.


12,658 packs.
11,022 cwts.

4,584 packs.
Grain, of all kinds, imported in 1819.

Wheat, quarters,

443,438 | Quarters, 221,902 Wheat, Irish, 589 barrs. Barley, 383,786 Ditto,

62,364 | Ditto, British, 19,582 qrs. Malt, 162,406 Ditto,

36,604 Barley, Irish, 1,294 barrs. Oats, 887,705 Ditto,

321,692 Ditto, British, 13,028 qrs. Rye, 6,021 Ditto,

8,497 Oats, Irish, 217,440 barrs. Beans, 159,388 Ditto,

32,029 Ditto, British, 13,070 qrs. Pease, 48,102 Ditto,

6,648 Flour,

8,640 bàrrs. Tares,

5,290 Clover Seed, casks, &c. 590- Ditto, 8,637 bags. Linseed, 64,860 | Flax do. hhds, 2,000 Rice,

1,489 tierces. Rapeseed, 9,201

Ditto, 6,145 bags. Brank, 3,639

Flaxseed, 1,521 casks. Mustard,

5,331 Various Seeds, 15,865

N. B. From the Custom-house

books it appears that, in the Flour, sacks, 381,968 Sacks,


year ending the 5th Jan. last, Ditto, barrels, 12,944 Barrels,

43,175 26,799,369 bushels foreign Oatmeal,



corn and grain were imported
duty free,

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Imported into Liverpool, 1819. Beef,

4,048 tierces. Ditto,

3,204 barrels. Pork,

15,252 barrels. Ditto,

2,185 ditto. Butter,

204,292 firkins. Ditto,

16,179 Aditto.

Exported from Liverpool, 1819.

2,816 quarters. 4,150 ditto. 2,563 tons. 4,276 barrels. 10,280 ditto.

17,736 cwts. Earthenware, 16,704 crates, & 3,413 hhds.


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